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Literary structure (chiasmus, chiasm) of Book of Leviticus

Chiasmus and Concentric Structure of divided by 4


4-1

1 Offerings (1:1-3:17)
  2 Sin Offerings (4:1-5:13)
    3 Offerings With Restitution (5:14-26)
      4 Instructions Concering Sacrifices (6:1-7:10)
    5 Further Instructions (7:11-38)
  6 The Rites Of Ordination (8:1-36)
7 Aaron'S Priesthood Inaugumented (9:1-24)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 Offerings (1:1-3:17)
regulations about burnt offering
Holocaust7 Aaron'S Priesthood Inaugumented (9:1-24)
9:2"Take a calf for a sin offering and a ram for a holocaust, both without blemish, and offer them before the LORD.
2 Sin Offerings (4:1-5:13)
4:31Thus the priest shall make atonement for him, and he will be forgiven.
Command to make atonement6 The Rites Of Ordination (8:1-36)
8:34 The LORD has commanded that what has been done today be done to make atonement for you.
3 Offerings With Restitution (5:14-26)
5:15 "If someone commits a sin by inadvertently cheating in the LORD'S sacred dues, he shall bring to the LORD as his guilt offering an unblemished ram from the flock, valued at two silver shekels according to the standard of the sanctuary shekel.
Regulations about offerings5 Further Instructions (7:11-38)
7:37This is the ritual for holocausts, cereal offerings, sin offerings, guilt offerings, (ordination offerings) and peace offerings, 7:38which the LORD enjoined on Moses at Mount Sinai at the time when he commanded the Israelites in the wilderness of Sinai to bring their offerings to the LORD.

4-1-1

1 Offerings (1:1-3:17)
  2 Sin Offerings (4:1-5:13)
  3 Offerings With Restitution (5:14-26)
4 Instructions Concering Sacrifices (6:1-7:10)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 Offerings (1:1-3:17)
1:17over the wood on the fire, as a holocaust, a sweet-smelling oblation to the LORD.
Instruction about holocaust4 Instructions Concering Sacrifices (6:1-7:10)
6:2This is the ritual for holocausts.
1 Offerings (1:1-3:17)
2:15On this cereal offering you shall put oil and frankincense.
Instruction about cereal offering4 Instructions Concering Sacrifices (6:1-7:10)
6:7"This is the ritual of the cereal offering.
2 Sin Offerings (4:1-5:13)
4:20Thus the priest shall make atonement for them, and they will be forgiven.
Ritual of atonement3 Offerings With Restitution (5:14-26)
5:26the latter shall make atonement for him before the LORD, and he will be forgiven whatever guilt he may have incurred."

4-1-2

4 Instructions Concering Sacrifices (6:1-7:10)
  5 Further Instructions (7:11-38)
  6 The Rites Of Ordination (8:1-36)
7 Aaron'S Priesthood Inaugumented (9:1-24)
Former halfRelationLatter half
4 Instructions Concering Sacrifices (6:1-7:10)
6:13"This is the offering that Aaron and his sons shall present to the LORD (on the day he is anointed):
Aaron's first offering7 Aaron'S Priesthood Inaugumented (9:1-24)
9:1On the eighth day Moses summoned Aaron and his sons, together with the elders of Israel, 9:2and said to Aaron, "Take a calf for a sin offering and a ram for a holocaust, both without blemish, and offer them before the LORD.
5 Further Instructions (7:11-38)
7:12When anyone makes a peace offering in thanksgiving, together with his thanksgiving sacrifice he shall offer unleavened cakes mixed with oil, unleavened wafers spread with oil, and cakes made of fine flour mixed with oil and well kneaded.
Unleavened cakes (hlh)6 The Rites Of Ordination (8:1-36)
8:26from the basket of unleavened food that was set before the LORD he took one unleavened cake, one loaf of bread made with oil, and one wafer; these he placed on top of the portions of fat and the right leg.

4-2

7 Aaron'S Priesthood Inaugumented (9:1-24)
  8 Nadab And Abihu (10:1-20)
    9 Clean And Unclean Foods, Animals (11:1-47)
      10 Purification Of Women After Childbirth (12:1-8)
    11 Leprosy (13:1-14:57)
  12 Concerning Bodily Discharges (15:1-33)
13 The Day Of Atonment (16:1-34)
Former halfRelationLatter half
7 Aaron'S Priesthood Inaugumented (9:1-24)
9:2"Take a calf for a sin offering and a ram for a holocaust, both without blemish, and offer them before the LORD.
Bull and ram13 The Day Of Atonment (16:1-34)
16:3He shall bring a young bullock for a sin offering and a ram for a holocaust.
8 Nadab And Abihu (10:1-20)
10:10You must be able to distinguish between what is sacred and what is profane, between what is clean and what is unclean;
Unclean12 Concerning Bodily Discharges (15:1-33)
Concerning bodily discharges
9 Clean And Unclean Foods, Animals (11:1-47)
Unclean food
Unclean11 Leprosy (13:1-14:57)
Lepers and leprous house

4-2-1

7 Aaron'S Priesthood Inaugumented (9:1-24)
  8 Nadab And Abihu (10:1-20)
  9 Clean And Unclean Foods, Animals (11:1-47)
10 Purification Of Women After Childbirth (12:1-8)
Former halfRelationLatter half
7 Aaron'S Priesthood Inaugumented (9:1-24)
9:2"Take a calf for a sin offering and a ram for a holocaust, both without blemish, and offer them before the LORD.
Sin offering and holocaust10 Purification Of Women After Childbirth (12:1-8)
12:6she shall bring to the priest at the entrance of the meeting tent a yearling lamb for a holocaust and a pigeon or a turtledove for a sin offering.
8 Nadab And Abihu (10:1-20)
10:10You must be able to distinguish between what is sacred and what is profane, between what is clean and what is unclean;
Unclean9 Clean And Unclean Foods, Animals (11:1-47)
Unclean food

4-2-2

10 Purification Of Women After Childbirth (12:1-8)
  11 Leprosy (13:1-14:57)
  12 Concerning Bodily Discharges (15:1-33)
13 The Day Of Atonment (16:1-34)
Former halfRelationLatter half
10 Purification Of Women After Childbirth (12:1-8)
12:6she shall bring to the priest at the entrance of the meeting tent a yearling lamb for a holocaust and a pigeon or a turtledove for a sin offering.
Sin offering and holocaust13 The Day Of Atonment (16:1-34)
16:3He shall bring a young bullock for a sin offering and a ram for a holocaust.
11 Leprosy (13:1-14:57)
Lepers and leprous house
Unclean12 Concerning Bodily Discharges (15:1-33)
Concerning bodily discharges

4-3

13 The Day Of Atonment (16:1-34)
  14 The Slaughtering Of Animals (17:1-16)
    15 Ritual And Moral Holiness (18:1-20:27)
      16 The Holiness Of Priests (21:1-15)
    17 Handicapped Priests (21:16-24)
  18 The Use Of Holy Offerings (22:1-16)
19 Acceptable Offerings (22:17-33)
Former halfRelationLatter half
13 The Day Of Atonment (16:1-34)
16:30Since on this day atonement is made for you to make you clean, so that you may be cleansed of all your sins before the LORD,
Sacred people19 Acceptable Offerings (22:17-33)
22:32and do not profane my holy name; in the midst of the Israelites I, the LORD, must be held as sacred. It is I who made you sacred
14 The Slaughtering Of Animals (17:1-16)
17:10And if anyone, whether of the house of Israel or of the aliens residing among them, partakes of any blood, I will set myself against that one who partakes of blood and will cut him off from among his people.
Regulation about eating offering18 The Use Of Holy Offerings (22:1-16)
22:3If any one of you, or of your descendants in any future generation, dares, while he is in a state of uncleanness, to draw near the sacred offerings which the Israelites consecrate to the LORD, such a one shall be cut off from my presence.
14 The Slaughtering Of Animals (17:1-16)
17:15"Everyone, whether a native or an alien, who eats of an animal that died of itself or was killed by a wild beast, shall wash his garments, bathe in water,
Don't eat animal that died18 The Use Of Holy Offerings (22:1-16)
22:8He shall not make himself unclean by eating of any animal that has died of itself or has been killed by wild beasts.
15 Ritual And Moral Holiness (18:1-20:27)
20:3 I myself will turn against such a man and cut him off from the body of his people; for in giving his offspring to Molech, he has defiled my sanctuary and profaned my holy name.(20:3)
Not to defile the sanctuary17 Handicapped Priests (21:16-24)
21:23 Only, he may not approach the veil nor go up to the altar on account of his defect; he shall not profane these things that are sacred to me, for it is I, the LORD, who make them sacred." (21:23)

4-3-1

13 The Day Of Atonment (16:1-34)
  14 The Slaughtering Of Animals (17:1-16)
  15 Ritual And Moral Holiness (18:1-20:27)
16 The Holiness Of Priests (21:1-15)
Former halfRelationLatter half
13 The Day Of Atonment (16:1-34)
16:1 After the death of Aaron's two sons, who died when they approached the LORD'S presence, the LORD spoke to Moses (16:1)
Uncleanness of priests16 The Holiness Of Priests (21:1-15)
21:9 "A priest's daughter who loses her honor by committing fornication and thereby dishonors her father also, shall be burned to death.(21:9)
14 The Slaughtering Of Animals (17:1-16)
17:3 Any Israelite who slaughters an ox or a sheep or a goat, whether in the camp or outside of it, 17:4without first bringing it to the entrance of the meeting tent to present it as an offering to the LORD in front of his Dwelling, shall be judged guilty of bloodshed; and for this, such a man shall be cut off from among his people.
Regulation about meat of sacrificed animals15 Ritual And Moral Holiness (18:1-20:27)
19:6it must be eaten on the very day of your sacrifice or on the following day. Whatever is left over until the third day shall be burned up in the fire. 19:7If any of it is eaten on the third day, the sacrifice will be unacceptable as refuse; 19:8whoever eats of it then shall pay the penalty for having profaned what is sacred to the LORD. Such a one shall be cut off from his people.

4-3-2

16 The Holiness Of Priests (21:1-15)
  17 Handicapped Priests (21:16-24)
  18 The Use Of Holy Offerings (22:1-16)
19 Acceptable Offerings (22:17-33)
Former halfRelationLatter half
16 The Holiness Of Priests (21:1-15)
21:6 To their God they shall be sacred, and not profane his name; since they offer up the oblations of the LORD, the food of their God, they must be holy.(21:6)
The food of the God19 Acceptable Offerings (22:17-33)
22:25 nor receive from a foreigner any such animals to offer up as the food of your God; since they are deformed or defective, they will not be acceptable for you." (22:25)
17 Handicapped Priests (21:16-24)
21:17 "Speak to Aaron and tell him: None of your descendants, of whatever generation, who has any defect shall come forward to offer up the food of his God.(21:17)
Priest who is excluded from rituals18 The Use Of Holy Offerings (22:1-16)
22:4 "No descendant of Aaron who is stricken with leprosy, or who suffers from a flow, may eat of these sacred offerings, unless he again becomes clean. Moreover, if anyone touches a person who has become unclean by contact with a corpse, or if anyone has had an emission of seed, (22:4)

4-4

19 Acceptable Offerings (22:17-33)
  20 Appointed Festivals (23:1-44)
    21 The Lamp And Bread (24:1-9)
      22 Blasphemy And Its Punishment (24:10-23)
    23 The Sabbatical Year And Jubilee (25:1-55)
  24 Obedience And Disobedience (26:1-46)
25 Votive Offerings (27:1-34)
Former halfRelationLatter half
19 Acceptable Offerings (22:17-33)
22:18a holocaust as a votive offering or as a free-will offering to the LORD,
Votive offering25 Votive Offerings (27:1-34)
27:2When anyone fulfills a vow of offering one or more persons to the LORD, who are to be ransomed at a fixed sum of money,
20 Appointed Festivals (23:1-44)
23:43that your descendants may realize that, when I led the Israelites out of the land of Egypt, I made them dwell in booths. I, the LORD, am your God."
Bringing out of the land of Egypt24 Obedience And Disobedience (26:1-46)
26:45their forefathers, whom I brought out of the land of Egypt under the very eyes of the Gentiles, that I, the LORD, might be their God."
21 The Lamp And Bread (24:1-9)
24:8Regularly on each sabbath day this bread shall be set out afresh before the LORD, offered on the part of the Israelites by an everlasting agreement.
Sabbath23 The Sabbatical Year And Jubilee (25:1-55)
Sabbatical year and Jubilee

4-4-1

19 Acceptable Offerings (22:17-33)
  20 Appointed Festivals (23:1-44)
  21 The Lamp And Bread (24:1-9)
22 Blasphemy And Its Punishment (24:10-23)
Former halfRelationLatter half
19 Acceptable Offerings (22:17-33)
22:32and do not profane my holy name;
The name of the Lord22 Blasphemy And Its Punishment (24:10-23)
24:11This man quarreled publicly with another Israelite and cursed and blasphemed the LORD'S name.
20 Appointed Festivals (23:1-44)
23:13Its cereal offering shall be two tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil, as a sweet-smelling oblation to the LORD;
Two tenths of an ephah21 The Lamp And Bread (24:1-9)
24:5"You shall take fine flour and bake it into twelve cakes, using two tenths of an ephah of flour for each cake.

4-4-2

22 Blasphemy And Its Punishment (24:10-23)
  23 The Sabbatical Year And Jubilee (25:1-55)
  24 Obedience And Disobedience (26:1-46)
25 Votive Offerings (27:1-34)
Former halfRelationLatter half
22 Blasphemy And Its Punishment (24:10-23)
24:16whoever blasphemes the name of the LORD shall be put to death.
Killing25 Votive Offerings (27:1-34)
27:29 All human beings that are doomed lose the right to be redeemed; they must be put to death.
23 The Sabbatical Year And Jubilee (25:1-55)
25:2When you enter the land that I am giving you, let the land, too, keep a sabbath for the LORD.
Sabbath for land24 Obedience And Disobedience (26:1-46)
26:43But the land must first be rid of them, that in its desolation it may make up its lost sabbaths,
23 The Sabbatical Year And Jubilee (25:1-55)
25:3For six years you may sow your field, and for six years prune your vineyard, gathering in their produce.
Harvest of grape and grain24 Obedience And Disobedience (26:1-46)
26:5your threshing will last till vintage time, and your vintage till the time for sowing,

Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

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Literary Structure of the Bible by Hajime Murai is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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