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Literary structure (chiasmus, chiasm) of Book of Deuteronomy

Chiasmus and Concentric Structure of divided by 2


2-1

1 Events at Horeb recalled (1:1-8)
  2 Appointment of Tribal Leaders (1:9-18)
    3 Israel's refusal to enter the Land (1:19-33)
      4 The penalty for Israel's rebellion (1:34-45)
        5 The desert years (1:46-2:25)
          6 Defeat of king Sihon (2:26-37)
            7 The land of king Sihon and Og (3:1-22)
              8 Moses views Canaan from Pisgah (3:23-29)
                9 Exhortation to keep the law (4:1-14)
                  10 Against idolatry (4:15-31)
                    11 Mighty acts of God (4:32-40)
                      12 Cities of refuge East of the Jordan (4:41-43)
                        13 Transition to the second address (4:44-49)
                      14 The ten commandments (5:1-22)
                    15 Moses the mediator of God's will (5:23-33)
                  16 Don't forget the Lord (6:1-9)
                17 Caution against disobedience (6:10-25)
              18 Destroy them (7:1-5)
            19 God chooses Israelites (7:6-15)
          20 Don't be afraid (7:16-26)
        21 God's care in the wilderness (8:1-20)
      22 Warning about perish (9:1-6)
    23 The consequences of rebelling against God (9:7-29)
  24 The second pair of tablets (10:1-11)
25 The essence of the law (10:12-22)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 Events at Horeb recalled (1:1-8)
1:5Moses began to explain the law in the land of Moab beyond the Jordan,
Explaining the law25 The essence of the law (10:12-22)
10:12 "And now, Israel, what does the LORD, your God, ask of you but to fear the LORD, your God, and follow his ways exactly, to love and serve the LORD, your God, with all your heart and all your soul, 10:13 to keep the commandments and statutes of the LORD which I enjoin on you today for your own good?
2 Appointment of Tribal Leaders (1:9-18)
1:15 So I took outstanding men of your tribes, wise and experienced, and made them your leaders as officials over thousands, over hundreds, over fifties and over tens, and other tribal officers.
Calling24 The second pair of tablets (10:1-11)
10:8 At that time the LORD set apart the tribe of Levi to carry the ark of the covenant of the LORD, to be in attendance before the LORD and minister to him, and to give blessings in his name, as they have done to this day.
3 Israel's refusal to enter the Land (1:19-33)
Betrayal at Kadesh-barnea
Betrayal at Kadesh-barnea23 The consequences of rebelling against God (9:7-29)
9:23 he sent you up from Kadesh-barnea to take possession of the land he was giving you, you rebelled against this command of the LORD, your God, and would not trust or obey him (9:23)
4 The penalty for Israel's rebellion (1:34-45)
1:43 I gave you this warning but you would not listen. In defiance of the LORD'S command you arrogantly marched off into the hill country. 1:44Then the Amorites living there came out against you and, like bees, chased you, cutting you down in Seir as far as Hormah. 1:45On your return you wept before the LORD, but he did not listen to your cry or give ear to you.
Being destroyed by the LORD22 Warning about perish (9:1-6)
9:3 you can drive them out and destroy them quickly, as the LORD promised you (9:3)
5 The desert years (1:46-2:25)
2:7 The LORD, your God, has blessed you in all your undertakings; he has been concerned about your journey through this vast desert. It is now forty years that he has been with you, and you have never been in want.
God is concerned about the journey for forty years 21 God's care in the wilderness (8:1-20)
8:4 The clothing did not fall from you in tatters, nor did your feet swell these forty years.
6 Defeat of king Sihon (2:26-37)
2:34 At that time we seized all his cities and doomed them all, with their men, women and children; we left no survivor. 2:35Our only booty was the livestock and the loot of the captured cities.
No survivor is left20 Don't be afraid (7:16-26)
7:16 You shall consume all the nations which the LORD, your God, will deliver up to you. You are not to look on them with pity, lest you be ensnared into serving their gods.
7 The land of king Sihon and Og (3:1-22)
3:19 Only your wives, your children, and your livestock--I know that you have much livestock--shall stay behind in the towns that I have given to you.(3:19)
Many children19 God chooses Israelites (7:6-15)
7:13 he will love you, bless you, and multiply you; he will bless the fruit of your womb and the fruit of your ground, your grain and your wine and your oil, the increase of your cattle and the issue of your flock, in the land that he swore to your ancestors to give you.(7:13)
8 Moses views Canaan from Pisgah (3:23-29)
3:26 But the LORD was angry with me on your account and would not hear me.
The wrath of the Lord18 Destroy them (7:1-5)
7:4 For they would turn your sons from following me to serving other gods, and then the wrath of the LORD would flare up against you and quickly destroy you.
9 Exhortation to keep the law (4:1-14)
4:1 "Now, Israel, hear the statutes and decrees which I am teaching you to observe, that you may live, and may enter in and take possession of the land which the LORD, the God of your fathers, is giving you.
Observe the law17 Caution against disobedience (6:10-25)
6:17 But keep the commandments of the LORD, your God, and the ordinances and statutes he has enjoined on you. 6:18 Do what is right and good in the sight of the LORD, that you may, according to his word, prosper, and may enter in and possess the good land which the LORD promised on oath to your fathers, 6:19 thrusting all your enemies out of your way.
9 Exhortation to keep the law (4:1-14)
4:9but teach them to your children and to your children's children.
Teaching to children17 Caution against disobedience (6:10-25)
6:21 you shall say to your son,
10 Against idolatry (4:15-31)
4:29 From there you will seek the LORD your God, and you will find him if you search after him with all your heart and soul.(4:29)
With all your heart and soul16 Don't forget the Lord (6:1-9)
6:5 You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your might.(6:5)
11 Mighty acts of God (4:32-40)
4:33 Did a people ever hear the voice of God speaking from the midst of fire, as you did, and live?
Speaking from the midst of fire15 Moses the mediator of God's will (5:23-33)
5:24We have heard his voice from the midst of the fire and have found out today that a man can still live after God has spoken with him.
12 Cities of refuge East of the Jordan (4:41-43)
4:42 that a homicide might take refuge there if he unwittingly killed his neighbor to whom he had previously borne no malice, and that he might save his life by fleeing to one of these cities:
Long life14 The ten commandments (5:1-22)
5:16 'Honor your father and your mother, as the LORD, your God, has commanded you, that you may have a long life and prosperity in the land which the LORD, your God, is giving you.
12 Cities of refuge East of the Jordan (4:41-43)
4:42 that a homicide might take refuge there if he unwittingly killed his neighbor to whom he had previously borne no malice, and that he might save his life by fleeing to one of these cities:
Killing14 The ten commandments (5:1-22)
5:17 You shall not kill.

2-2

25 The essence of the law (10:12-22)
  26 Great deeds of the Lord (11:1-9)
    27 Blessings and curses (11:10-32)
      28 Correct place for worship (12:1-12)
        29 A prescribed place of worship (12:13-28)
          30 Slaughtering animals (12:29-13:19)
            31 Regulations (14:1-25:16)
              32 Destroy Amalek (25:17-19)
                33 First fruits and tithes (26:1-15)
                  34 Concluding exhortation (26:16-19)
                    35 The inscribed stones and altar on Mount Ebal (27:1-10)
                      36 Twelve curses (27:11-26)
                        37 Blessings for obedience and warnings against disobedience (28:1-46)
                      38 Warning against descendants (28:47-68)
                    39 The covenant renewed in Moab (28:69-29:28)
                  40 With heart and soul (30:1-14)
                41 Life and death (30:15-20)
              42 Joshua becomes Moses' successor (31:1-8)
            43 The law to be read every seventh year (31:9-13)
          44 Introduction to Song of Moses (31:14-23)
        45 Moses prepares to recite his song (31:24-29)
      46 The song of Moses (31:30-32:44)
    47 Moses' death foretold (32:45-52)
  48 Moses' blessing on Israel (33:1-29)
49 Israel mourns the death of Moses (34:1-12)
Former halfRelationLatter half
25 The essence of the law (10:12-22)
10:21 He is your glory, he, your God, who has done for you those great and terrible things which your own eyes have seen.
The terrifying power49 Israel mourns the death of Moses (34:1-12)
34:12 and for the might and the terrifying power that Moses exhibited in the sight of all Israel.
25 The essence of the law (10:12-22)
10:15 Yet in his love for your fathers the LORD was so attached to them as to choose you, their descendants, in preference to all other peoples, as indeed he has now done.
Love of the Lord49 Israel mourns the death of Moses (34:1-12)
34:10whom the LORD knew face to face.
26 Great deeds of the Lord (11:1-9)
11:2 Remember today that it was not your children (who have not known or seen the discipline of the LORD your God), but it is you who must acknowledge his greatness, his mighty hand and his outstretched arm,(11:2)
Mighty hand of the LORD48 Moses' blessing on Israel (33:1-29)
33:27 He subdues the ancient gods, shatters the forces of old; he drove out the enemy before you, and said, "Destroy!"(33:27)
27 Blessings and curses (11:10-32)
11:29 When the LORD your God has brought you into the land that you are entering to occupy, you shall set the blessing on Mount Gerizim and the curse on Mount Ebal.(11:29)
Climbing a mountain47 Moses' death foretold (32:45-52)
32:49 Ascend this mountain of the Abarim, Mount Nebo, which is in the land of Moab, across from Jericho, and view the land of Canaan, which I am giving to the Israelites for a possession;(32:49)
28 Correct place for worship (12:1-12)
12:3 Break down their altars, smash their pillars, burn their sacred poles with fire, and hew down the idols of their gods, and thus blot out their name from their places.(12:3)
Idolatry46 The song of Moses (31:30-32:44)
32:16 They made him jealous with strange gods, with abhorrent things they provoked him. (32:16)
29 A prescribed place of worship (12:13-28)
12:19 you do not neglect the Levite as long as you live in the land (12:19)
Levites45 Moses prepares to recite his song (31:24-29)
31:25 Moses commanded the Levites who carried the ark of the covenant of the LORD, saying,(31:25)
30 Slaughtering animals (12:29-13:19)
12:30 take care that you are not snared into imitating them, after they have been destroyed before you: do not inquire concerning their gods, saying, "How did these nations worship their gods? I also want to do the same."(12:30)
Idolatry44 Introduction to Song of Moses (31:14-23)
31:16 Then this people will begin to prostitute themselves to the foreign gods in their midst, the gods of the land into which they are going (31:16)
31 Regulations (14:1-25:16)
Regulations
The book of the law43 The law to be read every seventh year (31:9-13)
31:9 Then Moses wrote down this law, and gave it to the priests, the sons of Levi, who carried the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and to all the elders of Israel.(31:9)
32 Destroy Amalek (25:17-19)
25:19 you shall blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven; do not forget. (25:19)
Gentiles are cleared away42 Joshua becomes Moses' successor (31:1-8)
31:4 The LORD will do to them as he did to Sihon and Og, the kings of the Amorites, and to their land, when he destroyed them.(31:4)
33 First fruits and tithes (26:1-15)
26:3 I have come into the land that the LORD swore to our ancestors to give us. (26:3)
The land of ancestors41 Life and death (30:15-20)
30:20 the land that the LORD swore to give to your ancestors, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob (30:20)
34 Concluding exhortation (26:16-19)
26:16 This very day the LORD your God is commanding you to observe these statutes and ordinances; so observe them diligently with all your heart and with all your soul.(26:16)
Wth all your heart and with all your soul40 With heart and soul (30:1-14)
30:2 and return to the LORD your God, and you and your children obey him with all your heart and with all your soul, just as I am commanding you today,(30:2)
35 The inscribed stones and altar on Mount Ebal (27:1-10)
27:3 You shall write on them all the words of this law (27:3)
Writings of the LORD39 The covenant renewed in Moab (28:69-29:28)
29:20 All the curses written in this book will descend on them, and the LORD will blot out their names from under heaven.(29:20)
36 Twelve curses (27:11-26)
Twelve curses
Disasters of the LORD38 Warning against descendants (28:47-68)
28:59 then the LORD will overwhelm both you and your offspring with severe and lasting afflictions and grievous and lasting maladies.(28:59)

Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

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Literary Structure of the Bible by Hajime Murai is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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