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Literary structure (chiasm, chiasmus) of Books of Samuel

Chiastic Structure and Concentric Structure and Parallel of each pericope

[1]Prologue Of Samuel's Birth  (1 Sam 1:1-8)
 
  A(1:1)  Genealogy of Elkanah
    B(1:2)    Hannah was childless
      C(1:3a)      Every year
  A'(1:3b)  Sons of Eli
    B'(1:4-6)    "The LORD had made her barren" (1:5)
      C'(1:7-8)      Every year
 
   A: Lineage. B: Hannah was childless. C: Every year.

[2]Samuel's Birth  (1 Sam 1:9-28)
 
  A(1:9-18)  Dialogue between Hannah and Eli
    B(1:19-20)    I asked Yahweh for him. (1S1:20)
  A'(1:21-23)  Dialogue between Hannah and Elkanah
    B'(1:24-28)    Yahweh has granted me what I asked of him (1S1:27)
 
   A: Dialogue with Hannah. B: Fulfillment of a wish.

[3]Hannah's Prayer  (1 Sam 2:1-10)
 
  A(2:1-2)  
"my horn is exalted in my God" (1S2:1)"   
(קרני)
    B(2:3)    "a God who judges deeds" (1S2:3)
      C(2:4-5)      Reversal
        D(2:6-7)        "The LORD puts to death and gives life" (1S2:6 )
      C'(2:8a)      Reversal
    B'(2:8b-9)    "He will guard the footsteps of his faithful ones, but the wicked shall perish in the darkness" (1S2:9)
  A'(2:10)  
"exalt the horn of his anointed" (1S2:10)"   
(קרן)
 
   A: A horn is exalted. B: Judgement. C: Reversal. D: The power of the LORD.

[4]The Child Samuel At Shiloh  (1 Sam 2:11-26)
 
  A(2:11)  Samuel served to the LORD
    B(2:12-17)    
Sins of Eli's sons   
(חטאת)
      C(2:18-19)      Samuel was consecrated to the LORD
        D(2:20)        "May the LORD repay you with children from this woman for the gift she has made to the LORD!" (1S2:20)
      C'(2:21)      Hannah bore a child
    B'(2:22-25)    
Eli admonished his sons   
(יחטא)
  A'(2:26)  The LORD was rejoiced by Samuel
 
   A: Samuel served to the LORD. B: Sins of Eli's sons. C: Children of Hannah. D: Prayer of Eli.

[5]Prophecy Against Eli's Household  (1 Sam 2:27-36)
 
  A(2:27-28)  
"I chose them to be my priests" (1S2:28)"   
(לכהן)
    B(2:29)    
Condemnation against Eli's sons   
(בניך)
      C(2:30)      "I will honor those who honor me, but those who spurn me shall be accursed" (1S2:30)
    B'(2:31-34)    
Curse against Eli's family   
(בניך)
  A'(2:35-36)  
"I will choose a faithful priest" (1S2:35)"   
(כהן)
 
   A: To choose a priest. B: Eli's sons. C: Judgement of the LORD.

[6]Samuel's Calling And Prophetic Activity  (1 Sam 3:1-4:1a)
 
  A(3:1)  
"a revelation of the LORD was uncommon and vision infrequent" (1S3:1)"   
(ודבר)
    B(3:2-10)    
"The LORD called to Samuel, who answered, "Here I am." "(1S3:4)"   
(ויקרא)
      C(3:10-14)      The words of the LORD
    B'(3:15-18)    
"Eli called to him, "Samuel, my son!" He replied, "Here I am." (1S3:16)"   
(ויקרא)
  A'(3:19-4:1a)  
"he manifested himself to Samuel at Shiloh through his word" (1S3:21)"   
(דבריו)
 
   A: The LORD told Samuel. B: To call Samuel. C: The words of the LORD.

[7]The Ark Of God Captured  (1 Sam 4:1b-22)
 
  A(4:1b-2)  Defeat of Israel
    B(4:3)    Consultation to carry the ark of the God
      C(4:4-5)      To carry the ark of the God
        D(4:6-9)        Philistines feared the ark of the God
      C'(4:10-11)      The ark of the God was deprived
    B'(4:12-18)    Report about the ark of the God
  A'(4:19-22)  "Gone is the glory from Israel" (1S4:22)
 
   A: The glory is gone from Israel. B: Speaking about the ark of the God. C: Transportation of the ark of the God. D: Philistines feared the ark of the God.

[8]The Pilistines and the Ark  (1 Sam 5:1-5:12)
 
  A(5:1-5)  "The Philistines, having captured the ark of God, transferred it from Ebenezer to Ashdod" (1S5:1)
    B(5:6-8)    
Moving the ark of the God   
(יסב)
    B'(5:9-10)    
Moving the ark of the God   
(הסבו)
  A'(5:11-12)  "Send away the ark of the God of Israel" (1S5:11)
 
   A: Capturing the ark of the God / Sending away the ark of the God. B: Moving the ark of the God.

[9]The Ark Returned To Israel  (1 Sam 6:1-7:1)
 
  A(6:1-2)  Philistines wished to send back the ark of the LORD
    B(6:3)    "You will then recover and will realise why he continually oppressed you" (1S6:3)
      C(6:4-9)      
"What guilt offering ought we to pay him?" (1S6:4)"   
(האשׁם)
        D(6:10-12)        
"The Philistine chiefs followed them as far as the boundaries of Beth-Shemesh" (1S6:12)"   
(וסרניפלשׁתים)
          E(6:13-14)          "they looked up and saw the ark and went joyfully to meet it" (1S6:13)
        D'(6:15-16)        
"The five chiefs of the Philistines, having witnessed this, went back to Ekron the same day" (1S6:16)"   
(סרניפלשׁתים)
      C'(6:17-18)      
"The golden tumours paid by the Philistines as a guilt offering" (1S6:17)"   
(אשׁם)
    B'(6:19-20)    "Yahweh struck down seventy of them" (1S6:19)
  A'(6:21-7:1)  "The Philistines have returned the ark of the LORD" (1S6:21)
 
   A: The Philistines have returned the ark of the LORD. B: Disasters by the LORD. C: Guilt offerings. D: The Philistine chiefs. E: Return of the ark of the LORD.

[10]Samuel At Judge  (1 Sam 7:2-17)
 
  A(7:2)  "the whole Israelite population turned to the LORD" (1S7:2)
    B(7:3-4)    
"he will deliver you from the power of the Philistines" (1S7:3)"   
(ויצל)
      C(7:5-6)      
"Samuel began to judge the Israelites" (1S7:6)"   
(וישׁפט)
  A'(7:7-8)  "Implore the LORD our God unceasingly for us" (1S7:8)
    B'(7:9-14)    
"Israel also freed the territory of these cities from the dominion of the Philistines" (1S7:14)"   
(הציל)
      C'(7:15-17)      
"he judged Israel and built an altar to the LORD" (1S7:17)"   
(שׁפט)
 
   A: To turn to the LORD. B: Salvation from the Philistines. C: Judgement of Samuel.

[11]Israel Demands A King  (1 Sam 8:1-22)
 
  A(8:1-3)  "Samuel appointed his sons judges over Israel" (1S8:1)
    B(8:4-6)    The Israelites wanted a king
      C(8:7-9)      
The rights of the king   
(משׁפטהמלך)
        D(8:10)        Samuel told the words of the LORD
      C'(8:11-18)      
The rights of the king   
(משׁפטהמלך)
    B'(8:19-21)    The Israelites wanted a king
  A'(8:19-22)  "Grant their request and appoint a king to rule them" (1S8:22)
 
   A: Choosing a ruler. B: The Israelites wanted a king. C: The rights of the king. D: Samuel told the words of the LORD.

[12]Saul Chosen To Be King  (1 Sam 9:1-10:16)
 
  A(9:1-4)  
"go out and hunt for the asses" (1S9:3)"   
(האתנות)
    B(9:5-10)    
Prophet   
(לנביא)
      C(9:11-14)      "So they went up to the city. As they entered it, Samuel was coming toward them" (1S9:14)
        D(9:15-16)        
"you are to anoint as commander of my people Israel" (1S9:16)"   
(משׁחים)
          E(9:17)          "he is to govern my people" (1S9:17)
            F(9:18-20)            
"Go up ahead of me to the high place and eat with me today" (1S9:19)"   
(ואכלתם)
              G(9:21)              Humility of Saul
            F'(9:22-25)            
"Saul dined with Samuel that day" (1S9:24)"   
(אכל)
          E'(9:26-27)          "I may give you a message from God" (1S9:27)
        D'(10:1-8)        
"Samuel poured oil on Saul's head" (1S10:1)"   
(משׁחך)
      C'(10:9)      "Saul turned to leave Samuel" (1S10:9)
    B'(10:10-12)    
Prophet   
(נבאים)
  A'(10:13-16)  
"He assured us that the asses had been found" (1S10:16)"   
(האתנות)
 
   A: The asses. B: Prophet. C: Meeting with Samuel. D: Pouring oil. E: The words of the LORD. F: Dining. G: Humility of Saul.

[13]Saul Proclaimed King  (1 Sam 10:17-27)
 
  A(10:17-19)  "you must appoint a king over us" (1S10:19)
    B(10:20-22a)    Choosing a king by a lot
      C(10:22b-23)      "Saul stood among the people" (1S10:23)
    B'(10:24)    "Do you see the man whom the LORD has chosen?" (1S10:24)
  A'(10:25-27)  "Samuel next explained to the people the law of royalty" (1S10:25)
 
   A: The kingship. B: The LORD choose a king. C: Saul stood among the people.

[14]Saul Defeats The Ammonites  (1 Sam 11:1-15)
 
  A(11:1-4)  Siege of Jabesh-gilead
    B(11:5-7)    "If anyone does not come out to follow Saul, the same as this will be done to his oxen!" (1S11:7)
      C(11:8)      Soldiers gathered to Saul
  A'(11:9-10)  Salvation for Jabesh-gilead
    B'(11:11-13)    "Who questioned whether Saul should rule over us? Hand over the men and we will put them to death" (1S11:12)
      C'(11:14-15)      People made Saul the king
 
   A: The messenger of Jabesh. B: Opponents against Saul. C: The Israelites gathered.

[15]Samuel's Farewell Address  (1 Sam 12:1-25)
 
  A(12:1-3)  Words of Samuel
    B(12:4)    Words of the people
      C(12:5)      "The LORD is witness against you" (1S12:5)
        D(12:6-17)        Words of Samuel
      C'(12:18)      "the LORD sent thunder and rain" (1S12:18)
    B'(12:19)    Words of the people
  A'(12:20-25)  Words of Samuel
 
   A: Words of Samuel. B: Words of the people. C: The LORD is witness. D: Words of Samuel.

[16]Saul's Unlawfull Sacrifice  (1 Sam 13:1-23)
 
  A(13:1-4)  "Saul chose three thousand men of Israel" (1S13:2)
    B(13:5-7)    Palestine's invasion
      C(13:8-9)      Sin of Saul
        D(13:10-12)        Apology of Saul
      C'(13:13-14)      "You have been foolish!" (1S13:13)
    B'(13:15-18)    Palestine's invasion
  A'(13:19-23)  "neither sword nor spear could be found in the possession of any of the soldiers" (1S13:22)
 
   A: Military forces of Israel. B: Palestine's invasion. C: Sin of Saul. D: Apology of Saul.

[17]Jonathan Surprises And Routs The Philistines  (1 Sam 14:1-46)
 
  A(14:1-7)  "I am with you; our hearts are as one" (1S14:7)
    B(14:6-16)    Jonathan wished a sign of the LORD
      C(14:17-19a)      Saul ordered to bring the ephod
        D(14:19b-23)        "Saul and the whole force with him then formed up and advanced to where the fighting was going on" (1S14:20)
          E(14:24)          "none of the troops tasted food" (1S14:24)
            F(14:25-30)            Jonathan ate honey
          E'(14:31-35)          "the troops were very faint" (1S14:31)
        D'(14:36a)        "Let us go down under cover of dark and plunder the Philistines until dawn" (1S14:36)
      C'(14:36b-40)      Saul sought the divine revelation of God
    B'(14:41-44)    Clarifying responsibility by a lot
  A'(14:45-46)  "the people ransomed Jonathan and he was not put to death" (1S14:45)
 
   A: Jonathan and soldiers. B: The sign. C: Wishing for the LORD. D: Attack of Israel. E: Hunger of soldiers. F: Jonathan ate honey.

[18]Saul's Continuing Wars  (1 Sam 14:47-52)
 
  A(14:47-48)  Saul fought against foreign countries
    B(14:49-51)    List of Saul's family
  A'(14:52)  Saul fought against Palestine
 
   A: Saul fought against foreign countries. B: Saul's family.

[19]Saul Defeats The Amalekites  (1 Sam 15:1-35)
 
  A(15:1)  "The LORD sent me to anoint you king over his people Israel" (1S15:1)
    B(15:2-3)    "Go, now, attack Amalek, and deal with him and all that he has under the ban" (1S15:3)
      C(15:4-9)      Sin of Saul
        D(15:10-11)        "I regret having made Saul king" (1S15:11)
          E(15:12)          "he went to meet Saul" (1S15:12)
            F(15:13)            
"Words of Saul: "I have carried out the command of the LORD" (1S15:13)"   
(דבר)
              G(15:14)              Condemnation of Samuel
                H(15:15)                
Apology of Saul   
(הצאןוהבקר)
                  I(15:16-19)                  Condemnation of Samuel
                H'(15:20-21)                
Apology of Saul   
(צאןובקר)
              G'(15:22-23)              Condemnation of Samuel
            F'(15:24-25)            
"I have sinned; for I have transgressed the commandment of the LORD" (1S15:24)"   
(דבריך)
          E'(15:26)          "I will not return with you" (1S15:26)
        D'(15:27-29)        "The LORD has torn the kingdom of Israel from you this day, and has given it to a neighbor of yours, who is better than you" (1S15:28)
      C'(15:30-31)      Sin of Saul
    B'(15:32-33)    "he cut Agag down" (1S15:33)
  A'(15:34-35)  "the LORD was sorry that he had made Saul king over Israel" (1S15:35)
 
   A: To make a king. B: To destroy Amalek. C: Sin of Saul. D: To destroy the kingdom. E: To meet with Samuel. F: The commandment of the LORD. G: Condemnation of Samuel. H: Apology of Saul. I: Condemnation of Samuel.

[20]David Anointed As King  (1 Sam 16:1-13)
 
  A(16:1-2a)  
"Fill your horn with oil" (1S16:1)"   
(קרנך)
    B(16:2b-3)    
"you are to anoint for me the one I point out to you" (1S16:3)"   
(ומשׁחת)
      C(16:4-5)      Conversation of Samuel and other person
        D1(16:6-7)        Eliab
        D2(16:8)        Abinadab
        D3(16:9)        Shammah
        D4(16:10)        Seven sons
      C'(16:11)      Conversation of Samuel and other person
    B'(16:12)    
"There-- anoint him" (1S16:12)"   
(משׁחהו)
  A'(16:13)  
"Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the presence of his brothers" (1S16:13)"   
(קרן)
 
   A: The horn of oil. B: To anoint. C: Conversation of Samuel and other person. D: Sons.

[21]David Plays The Lyte For Saul  (1 Sam 16:14-23)
 
  A(16:14-16)  
"an evil spirit from the LORD tormented him" (1S16:14)"   
(רוחרעה)
    B(16:17)    Order of Saul
      C(16:18)      Recommendation of the son of Jesse
        D(16:19)        "Send me your son David" (1S16:19)
      C'(16:20-21)      Jesse sent his son
    B'(16:22)    Order of Saul
  A'(16:23)  
"the evil spirit would depart from him" (1S16:23)"   
(רוחהרעה)
 
   A: The evil spirit. B: Orders of Saul. C: The son of Jesse. D: Send me your son David.

[22]David And Goliath  (1 Sam 17:1-58)
 
  A(17:1-11)  
"If he beats me in combat and kills me, we will be your vassals" (1S17:9)"   
(והכני)
    B(17:12-16)    "David was the son of an Ephrathite named Jesse" (1S17:12)
      C(17:17-25)      
"the army, on their way to the battleground, were shouting their battle cry" (1S17:20)"   
(והרעו)
        D(17:26-27)        
"who is this uncircumcised Philistine that he should defy the armies of the living God" (17:26)"   
(חרף)
          E(17:28-30)          Condemnation by Eliab
            F(17:31-32)            Words of David
              G(17:33)              Words of Saul
                H(17:34-36)                
Words of David   
(הארי)
                H'(17:37a)                
Words of David   
(הארי)
              G'(17:37b-38)              Words of Saul
            F'(17:39-40)            Words of David
          E'(17:41-44)          Insult by Goliath
        D'(17:45-47)        
"the God of the armies of Israel that you have insulted" (1S17:45)"   
(חרפת)
      C'(17:48-54)      "the men of Israel and Judah, with loud shouts, went in pursuit of the Philistines" (1S17:52)
    B'(17:55-56)    "whose son is that youth?" (1S17:55)
  A'(17:57-58)  
"David returned from slaying the Philistine" (1S17:57)"   
(מהכות)
 
   A: Slaying Goliath. B: Genealogy of David. C: Battle cry. D: To defy the God. E: Insult against David. F: Words of David. G: Words of Saul. H: Words of David.

[23]Saul Tries To Kill David  (1 Sam 18:1-30)
 
  A(18:1-5)  
Jonathan loved David   
(באהבתו)
    B(18:6-9)    
"Saul has killed his thousands, and David his ten thousands" (1S18:7)"   
(מהכות)
      C(18:10-13)      Saul threw the spear to kill David
        D(18:14-16)        "the LORD was with him but had departed from Saul" (1S18:12)
      C'(18:17-24)      "let the Philistines deal with him" (1S18:17)
    B'(18:25-27)    
"David killed one hundred of the Philistines" (1S18:27)"   
(ויך)
  A'(18:28-30)  
Michal loved David   
(אהבתהו)
 
   A: To love David. B: Victory of David. C: To want to kill David. D: The LORD was with him but had departed from Saul.

[24]David Escapes  (1 Sam 19:1-24)
 
  A(19:1-3)  Jonathan saved David
    B(19:4-7)    Apology of Jonathan
      C(19:8)      Departure of David
        D(19:9-10)        Saul failed to kill David
  A'(19:11-13)  Michal saved David
    B'(19:14-17)    Apology of Michal
      C'(19:18)      Escape of David
        D'(19:19-24)        Saul failed to kill David
 
   A: To save David. B: Apologies. C: Movement of David. D: Saul failed to kill David.

[25]The Friendship Of David And Jonathan  (1 Sam 20:1-42)
 
  A(20:1-11)  The way to know the murderous intent of Saul
    B(20:12-23)    The way to tell the murderous intent of Saul
  A'(20:24-34)  To know the murderous intent of Saul
    B'(20:35-42)    To tell the murderous intent of Saul
 
   A: To know the murderous intent of Saul. B: To tell the murderous intent of Saul.

[26]David and Ahimelech  (1 Sam 21:1-22:23)
 
  A(21:1-5)  David fled after Ahimelech
    B(21:6-8)    Doeg the Edomite
      C(21:9-10)      
The sword of Goliath   
(חרב)
        D(21:11-12)        The servants of Achish
          E(21:13-16)          Achish condemned his servants
            F(22:1-2)            David escaped
              G(22:3-4)              King of Moab protected David's parents
            F'(22:5)            David escaped
          E(22:6-8)          Saul condemned his servants
        D'(22:9-11)        Report of Doeg
      C'(22:12-13)      
"giving him food and a sword and by consulting God for him" (1S22:13)"   
(וחרב)
    B'(22:14-19)    Doeg the Edomite killed priests
  A'(22:20-23)  Abiathar fled after David
 
   A: To escape. B: Doeg the Edomite. C: The sword. D: Words of the servants. E: Kings condemned the servants. F: David escaped. G: King of Moab protected David's parents.

[27]David at Keilah  (1 Sam 23:1-14)
 
  A(23:1)  Announcement about the Philistines
    B(23:2-3)    The oracle of the Lord
      C(23:4)      The oracle of the Lord
        D(23:5)        Victory of David
  A'(23:6-9)  Announcement about Saul
    B'(23:10-11)    The oracle of the Lord
      C'(23:12)      The oracle of the Lord
        D'(23:13-14)        Saul cannnot kill David
 
   A: Announcements. B: The oracle of the Lord. C: The oracle of the Lord. D: Victory of David.

[28]David at Ziph  (1 Sam 23:15-28)
 
  A(23:15-18)  Jonathan broke up with David
    B(23:19-23)    Saul chased David
  A'(23:24-28)  Saul broke up with David
 
   A: Breaking up with David. B: Saul chased David.

[29]David Spares Saul's Life  (1 Sam 24:1-23)
 
  A(24:1-2)  Saul went to kill David
    B(24:3-8)    David didn't kill Saul
      C(24:9-16)      Words of David
    B'(24:17-22)    Saul didn't kill David
  A'(24:23)  Saul returned
 
   A: Saul returned. B: Not to kill. C: Words of David.

[30]Death Of Samuel  (1 Sam 25:1-44)
 
  A(25:1-3)  Nabal and his wife Abigail
    B(25:4-9)    David requested the gifts
      C(25:10-11)      Nabal's rudeness
        D(25:12-13)        David commanded to attack
          E(25:14-19)          Abigail's preparation
        D'(25:20-22)        David's oath
      C'(25:23-31)      Abigail's persuasion
    B'(25:32-35)    David got the gifts
  A'(25:36-44)  David and his wife Abigail
 
   A: Abigail as a wife. B: Gifts for David. C: Rejection / persuasion. D: Attack of David. E: Abigail's preparation.

[31]David Spares Saul's Life A Second Time  (1 Sam 26:1-25)
 
  A(26:1-5)  Saul searched David
    B(26:6-12)    
"who can raise his hand against the LORD's anointed, and be guiltless?" (26:9)"   
(במשׁיח)
      C(26:13-16)      David's words to Abner son of Ner
      C'(26:17-20)      David's words to Saul
    B'(26:21-24)    
"I would not harm the LORD'S anointed" (1S26:23)"   
(במשׁיח)
  A'(26:25)  Return of Saul
 
   A: Movement of Saul. B: Not to kill the LORD's anointed. C: Words of David.

[32]David Serves King Achish Of Gath  (1 Sam 27:1-12)
 
  A(27:1-4)  "When Saul was told that David had fled to Gath, he no longer searched for him" (1S27:4)
    B(27:5-6)    David got Ziklag
  A'(27:7-12)  "Achish trusted David, thinking, "He must certainly be detested by his people Israel. I shall have him as my vassal forever." (1S27:12)
 
   A: David's acts against kings. B: David got Ziklag.

[33]Saul Consults A Medium  (1 Sam 28:1-25)
 
  A(28:1-2)  David joined to the army of Palestine
    B(28:3-6)    
Saul feared the army of Palestine   
(וירא)
      C(28:7-14)      Dialogue with a medium woman
  A'(28:15-19)  "the LORD has torn the kingdom out of your hand, and given it to David" (28:17)
    B'(28:20)    
Saul feared the words of Samuel   
(וירא)
      C'(28:21-25)      Dialogue with a medium woman
 
   A: David. B: Saul feared. C: Dialogue with a medium woman.

[34]The Philistines Reject David  (1 Sam 29:1-11)
 
  A(29:1-2)  David joined to the army of Palestine
    B(29:3a)    Objection of the commanders of the Philistines
      C(29:3b)      Apology of Achish
        D(29:4-5)        "Send that man back" (1S29:4)
        D'(29:6-7)        "Withdraw peaceably" (1S29:7)
      C'(29:8)      Apology of David
    B'(29:9-10)    Objection of the commanders of the Philistines
  A'(29:11)  David separated from the army of Palestine
 
   A: David and the army of Palestine. B: Objection of the commanders of the Philistines. C: Apologies. D: To return.

[35]David Avenges The Destruction Of Ziklag  (1 Sam 30:1-31)
 
  A(30:1-8)  Being deprived of properties
    B(30:9-10)    
People who couldn't cross the river   
(נחל)
      C(30:11-16)      Salvation for an Egyptian
  A'(30:17-20)  Getting back properties
    B'(30:21-25)    
The share of people who couldn't cross the river   
(בנחל)
      C'(30:26-31)      Gifts for elders of other cities
 
   A: The properties. B: People who couldn't cross the river. C: Salvation for others.

[36]The Death Of Saul And His Sons  (1 Sam 31:1-13)
 
  A(31:1-2)  
Mount Gilboa   
(בהרהגלבע)
    B(31:3-6)    Death of Saul
      C(31:7)      "they too abandoned their cities and fled" (1S31:7)
  A'(31:8)  
Mount Gilboa   
(בהרהגלבע)
    B'(31:8-10)    Death of Saul
      C'(31:11-13)      "they took their bones and buried them under the tamarisk tree in Jabesh, and fasted for seven days" (1S31:13)
 
   A: Mount Gilboa. B: Death of Saul. C: Responses of the Israelites.

[37]David Mourns For Saul And Jonathan  (2 Sam 1:1-27)
 
  A(1:1)  Killing Amalekites
    B(1:2-12)    Mourning the death of Saul and Jonathan
  A(1:13-16)  Killing an Amalekite
    B(1:17-27)    Song for mourning the death of Saul and Jonathan
 
   A: Killing Amalekites. B: Mourning the death of Saul and Jonathan.

[38]David Anointed King Of Judah  (2 Sam 2:1-11)
 
  A(2:1-3)  
David went to Hebron   
(חברנה)
    B(2:4a)    "they anointed David king over the house of Judah" (2S2:4)
      C(2:4b-7)      Words of David
    B'(2:8-9)    Making Ishbaal king of Israel
  A'(2:10-11)  
"David's reign over Judah in Hebron" (2S2:11)"   
(בחברון)
 
   A: Hebron. B: To become a king. C: Words of David.

[39]The Battle Of Gideon  (2 Sam 2:12-3:1)
 
  A(2:12-17)  Abner and Joab went to a war
    B(2:18-23a)    Asahel didn't listen to persuasion of Abner
      C(2:23b-24a)      Death of Asahel
    B'(2:24b-28)    Joab listened to persuasion of Abner
  A'(2:29-3:1)  Abner and Joab returned
 
   A: Departure and return. B: Persuasion of Abner. C: Death of Asahel.

[40]Birth Of David's Son At Hebron  (2 Sam 3:2-5)
 
 
   List of David's children

[41]Abner Defects To David  (2 Sam 3:6-21)
 
  A(3:6-11)  Conflict about Rizpah
    B(3:12)    Proposal of Abner
      C(3:13)      Covenant between Abner and David
  A'(3:14-21)  Conflict about Michal
    B'(3:17-18)    Proposal of Abner
      C'(3:19-21)      Banquet of Abner and David
 
   A: Struggle about a woman. B: Proposal of Abner. C: Abner and David.

[42]Abner Id Killed By Joab  (2 Sam 3:22-39)
 
  A(3:22-27)  Joab killed Abner
    B(3:28-30)    "Before the LORD; I and my kingdom are forever innocent" (2S3:28)
      C(3:31-32)      David commanded to mourn the death of Abner
        D(3:32)        Funeral of Abner
      C'(3:33-34)      David's mourning song for Abner
    B'(3:35-37)    "all the people and all Israel came to know that the king had no part in the killing of Abner" (2S3:37)
  A'(3:38-39)  "the sons of Zeruiah, are too ruthless for me" (2S3:39)
 
   A: Abner was killed. B: David is innocent. C: Mourning for Abner. D: Funeral of Abner.

[43]Ishbaal Assassinated  (2 Sam 4:1-12)
 
  A(4:1-3)  Baanah and Rechab
    B(4:4)    "he fell and became lame" (2S4:4)
  A'(4:5-8)  Baanah and Rechab killed Ishbaal
    B'(4:9-12)    "the young men killed them and cut off their hands and feet" (2S4:12)
 
   A: Baanah and Rechab. B: A foot.

[44]David Anointed King Of All Israel  (2 Sam 5:1-5)
 
  A(5:1-2)  "All the tribes of Israel came to David in Hebron" (2S5:1)
  A'(5:3)  "all the elders of Israel came to David in Hebron " (2S5:3)
P(5:4-5)Reign of David
 
   A: To come to David in Hebron.

[45]Jerusalem Made Capital Of The United Kingdom  (2 Sam 5:6-12)
 
  A(5:6)  
"even the blind and the lame will turn you back" (2S5:6)"   
(והפסחים)
    B(5:7)    The city of David
  A'(5:8)  
"attack the lame and the blind" (2S5:8)"   
(הפסחים)
    B'(5:9-12)    The city of David
 
   A: The blind and the lame. B: The city of David.

[46]Birth Of David's Son At Jerusalem  (2 Sam 5:13-16)
 
 
   List of sons of David

[47]Philistine Attack Repulsed  (2 Sam 5:17-25)
 
  A(5:17-18)  Invasion of the Philistines
    B(5:19)    
David inquired to the LORD   
(וישׁאל)
      C(5:20-21)      Victory of David
  A'(5:22)  Invasion of the Philistines
    B'(5:23-24)    
David inquired to the LORD   
(וישׁאל)
      C'(5:25)      Victory of David
 
   A: Invasion of the Philistines. B: David inquired to the LORD. C: Victory of David.

[48]David Brings The Ark To Jerusalem  (2 Sam 6:1-15)
 
  A(6:1-5)  
To bring up the ark of God   
(להעלות)
    B(6:6-8)    "the LORD was angry with Uzzah" (2S6:7)
      C(6:9-10)      "How can the ark of the LORD come to me?" (2S6:9)
    B'(6:11)    "the LORD blessed Obed-edom" (2S6:11)
  A'(6:12-15)  
To bring up the ark of God   
(ויעל)
 
   A: To bring up the ark of God. B: Curse and blessing. C: Giving up.

[49]Michal Despises  (2 Sam 6:16-23)
 
  A(6:16)  Michal despised David
    B(6:17-19)    David's offering
      C(6:20)      Michal's condemnation
    B'(6:21-22)    "I will demean myself even more" (2S6:22)
  A'(6:23)  Michal died without children
 
   A: Michal and shame. B: Humility of David. C: Michal's condemnation.

[50]God's Covenant With David  (2 Sam 7:1-17)
 
  A(7:1-3)  "the LORD spoke to Nathan" (2S7:4)
    B(7:4-7)    
"Should you build me a house to dwell in?" (2S7:5)"   
(תבנהליבית)
      C(7:8-11a)      "to be commander of my people Israel" (2S7:8)
    B'(7:11b-16)    
"It is he who shall build a house for my name" (2S7:13)"   
(יבנהבית)
  A'(7:17)  "Nathan reported all these words to David" (2S7:17)
 
   A: The words of the LORD to Nathan. B: To build a house for the LORD. C: To be commander of Israel.

[51]David's Prayer  (2 Sam 7:18-29)
 
  A(7:18-19a)  
"you have also spoken of the house of your servant for a long time to come" (7:19)"   
(ביתעבדך)
    B(7:19b-20a)    "What more can David say to you?" (7:20)
      C(7:20b-21)      "you have brought about this entire magnificent disclosure" (7:21)
        D(7:22-23)        "What other nation on earth is there like your people Israel" (2S7:23)
        D'(7:24)        "You have established for yourself your people Israel as yours" (2S7:24)
      C'(7:25-26)      "the house of your servant David stands firm before you" (7:26)
    B'(7:27)    " your servant now finds the courage to make this prayer to you" (7:27)
  A'(7:28-29)  
"bless the house of your servant that it may be before you forever" (7:29)"   
(ביתעבדך)
 
   A: The house of your servant. B: A prayer. C: Miracles. D: Your people Israel.

[52]David's Wars  (2 Sam 8:1-14)
 
  A(8:1-6)  "The LORD brought David victory in all his undertakings" (2S8:6)
    B(8:7-8)    
"King David removed a very large quantity of bronze" (2S8:8)"   
(הזהב)
    B'(8:9-12)    
"Hadoram also brought with him articles of silver, gold, and bronze" (2S8:10)"   
(זהב)
  A'(8:13-14)  "the LORD brought David victory in all his undertakings" (2S8:14)
 
   A: Victories of David. B: Metals.

[53]David's Officers  (2 Sam 8:15-18)
 
 
   List of servants of David

[54]David's Kindness To Mephibosheth  (2 Sam 9:1-13)
 
  A(9:1)  "I may show kindness for the sake of Jonathan?" (9:1)
    B(9:2-4)    Dialogue between David and Ziba
      C(9:5-8)      Dialogue between David and Mephibosheth
    B'(9:9-11a)    Dialogue between David and Ziba
  A'(9:11b-13)  Favorable treatment to Mephibosheth
 
   A: Favorable treatment to the children of Jonathan. B: Dialogue between David and Ziba. C: Dialogue between David and Mephibosheth.

[55]The Ammonites And Arameans Are Defeated  (2 Sam 10:1-19)
 
  A(10:1-2a)  "I shall show Hanun son of Nahash the same faithful love as his father showed me" (2S10:2)
    B(10:2b-4)    Insult by the Ammonites
      C(10:5)      
Messenger to David   
(ויגדו)
        D(10:6-8)        Ammon requested reinforcements Aramean
          E(10:9-12)          Words of Joab
        D'(10:13-14)        Victory of Israel
      C'(10:15-17a)      
Messenger to David   
(ויגד)
    B'(10:17b-18)    Arameans went to war
  A'(10:19)  "they made peace with the Israelites and became their subjects" (2S10:19)
 
   A: Obedience to Israel. B: Attack of foreign country. C: Messenger to David. D: Battle and victory. E: Words of Joab.

[56]David Commits Adultery With Bathsheba  (2 Sam 11:1-27)
 
  A(11:1)  "David sent out Joab along with his officers and the army of Israel" (2S11:1)
    B(11:2-5)    Bathsheba conceived
      C(11:6)      Command to sent back Uriah
        D(11:7-9)        
Uriah was loyal to Joab and didn't go home   
(ולאירדאלביתו)
          E(11:10-11)          Words of Uriah
        D'(11:12-13)        
Uriah was loyal to Joab and didn't go home   
(ואלביתולאירד)
      C'(11:14-15)      Command to kill Uriah
    B'(11:16-24)    Uriah was killed
  A'(11:25-27)  "David sent for her and brought her into his house" (2S11:27)
 
   A: David sent out / for. B: Sins of David. C: Commands of David. D: Loyalty of Uriah. E: Words of Uriah.

[57]Nathan Condemns David  (2 Sam 12:1-14)
 
  A(12:1-4)  Words of Nathan
    B(12:5-6)    Words of David
      C(12:7-12)      Words of Nathan
    B'(12:13a)    Words of David
  A'(12:13b-14)  Words of Nathan
 
   A: Words of Nathan. B: Words of David. C: Words of Nathan.

[58]Solomon Is Born  (2 Sam 12:15-25)
 
  A(12:15)  "the child that the wife of Uriah had borne to David" (2S12:15)
    B(12:16-17)    
"David fasted, and went in and lay all night on the ground" (2S12:16)"   
(ויצם)
      C(12:18)      Acts of servants
        D(12:19-20)        "the child was dead" (2S12:19)
      C'(12:21)      Acts of servants
    B'(12:22-23)    
"I fasted and wept, thinking, 'Perhaps the LORD will grant me the child's life.'" (2S12:22)"   
(צמתי)
  A(12:24-25)  "she conceived and bore him a son" (2S12:24)
 
   A: Birth of a child. B: To fast. C: Acts of servants. D: Death of a child.

[59]The Ammonites Crushed  (2 Sam 12:26-31)
 
  A(12:26)  Joab captured Rabbah
    B(12:27-28)    Joab gave honor to David
  A'(12:29)  David captured Rabbah
    B'(12:30-31)    "David took the crown from Milcom's head" (12:30)
 
   A: To capture a town. B: David got honor.

[60]Amnon And Tamar  (2 Sam 13:1-22)
 
  A(13:1-2)  Amnon loved Tamar
    B(13:3-7)    Consult to Jonadab
      C(13:8-9)      Tamar went to Amnon
        D(13:10)        Amnon invited Tamar
          E(13:11)          Amnon wanted to shame Tamar
            F(13:12-13)            Tamar rejected
          E'(13:14)          Amnon shamed Tamar
        D'(13:15-16)        Amnon expelled Tamar
      C'(13:17-19)      Tamar returned
    B'(13:20-21)    Consult to Absalom
  A'(13:22)  Absalom hated Amnon
 
   A: Love and hate. B: Consultation. C: Movement of Tamar. D: Amnon invited Tamar. E: Amnon shamed Tamar. F: Tamar rejected.

[61]Absalom Avenges The Violation Of His Sister  (2 Sam 13:23-14:33)
 
  A(13:23-31)  Violence of Absalom, two years
    B(13:32-33)    Tamar
      C(13:34-39)      Return of princes
        D(14:1-4)        Plot of Joab
          E(14:5-7)          Words of the woman of Tekoa
            F(14:8-12)            Permission of the king
          E'(14:13-17)          Words of the woman of Tekoa
        D'(14:18-20)        Plot of Joab
      C'(14:21-24)      Return of the prince
    B'(14:25-27)    Tamar
  A'(14:28-33)  Violence of Absalom, two years
 
   A: Violence of Absalom, two years. B: Tamar. C: Return of princes. D: Plot of Joab. E: Words of the woman of Tekoa. F: Permission of the king.

[62]Absalom Usurps The Throne  (2 Sam 15:1-12)
 
  A(15:1)  Absalom's fifty henchmen
    B(15:2-6)    "Absalom was stealing away the loyalties of the men of Israel" (2S15:6)
      C(15:7-9)      Going to Hebron
    B'(15:10-11)    "Absalom sent spies throughout the tribes of Israel" (2S15:10)
  A'(15:12)  "the people with Absalom increased in numbers" (2S15:12)
 
   A: People gathered to Absalom. B: The Israelites. C: Going to Hebron.

[63]David Flees From Jerusalem  (2 Sam 15:13-29)
 
  A(15:13-15)  The king's command and servants
    B(15:16-18)    The king set out
      C(15:19-20)      Words of the king
        D(15:21)        Words of Ittai
      C'(15:22)      Words of the king
    B(15:23-24)    The king set out
  A(15:25-29)  The king's command and servants
 
   A: The king's command and servants. B: The king set out. C: Words of the king. D: Words of Ittai.

[64]Hushai Becomes David's Spy  (2 Sam 15:30-37)
 
  A(15:30)  To leave from Jerusalem
    B(15:31)    Words of the king
      C(15:32)      Acts of Hushai
    B'(15:33-36)    Words of the king
  A'(15:37)  To return to Jerusalem
 
   A: Jerusalem. B: Words of the king. C: Acts of Hushai.

[65]David's Adversaries  (2 Sam 16:1-14)
 
  A(16:1-2)  Ziba met David
    B(16:3)    Words of Ziba
      C(16:4)      Permission of the king
  A'(16:5-6)  Shimei attacked David
    B'(16:7-8)    Words of Shimei
      C'(16:9-14)      Permission of the king
 
   A: Correspondence of the Benjaminite. B: Words to the king. C: Permission of the king.

[66]The Counsel Of Ahithophel  (2 Sam 16:15-17:26)
 
  A(16:15-19)  "Absalom, accompanied by Ahithophel, entered Jerusalem with all the Israelites" (2S16:15)
    B(16:20-21)    Plan of Ahithophel
      C(16:22-23)      Concubines of David
        D(17:1-4)        Plan of Ahithophel
          E(17:5-6)          Examination of Absalom
            F(17:7-13)            Plot of Hushai
          E'(17:14)          Examination of Absalom
        D'(17:15-16)        To inform the plan of Ahithophel
      C'(17:17-22)      The housewife at the cistern
    B'(17:23)    Plan of Ahithophel was rejected
  A'(17:24-26)  "Absalom crossed the Jordan accompanied by all the Israelites" (2S17:24)
 
   A: Movement of Absalom and the Israelites. B: Plan of Ahithophel. C: Women. D: Plan of Ahithophel. E: Examination of Absalom. F: Plot of Hushai.

[67]Preparation For War  (2 Sam 17:27-18:5)
 
  A(17:27-29)  Barzillai's kindness for David and soldiers
    B(18:1)    
Groups of a thousand and groups of a hundred    
(מאות)
      C(18:2a)      Abishai Joab and Ittai
  A'(18:2b-3)  Soldier's kindness for David
    B'(18:4)    
Groups of a thousand and groups of a hundred    
(למאות)
      C'(18:5)      Abishai Joab and Ittai
 
   A: Kindness. B: Groups of a thousand and groups of a hundred. C: Abishai Joab and Ittai.

[68]The Defeat And Death Of Absalom  (2 Sam 18:6-18)
 
  A(18:6-8)  The Israelites was defeated
    B(18:9)    Absalom hung between heaven and earth
      C(18:10-14a)      Plot of Joab
    B'(18:14b-15)    Death of Absalom
  A'(18:16-18)  The Israelites fled
 
   A: The Israelites was defeated. B: Death of Absalom. C: Plot of Joab.

[69]David Hears Of Absalom's Death  (2 Sam 18:19-19:9)
 
  A(18:19-23)  Joab persuaded Ahimaaz
    B(18:24-27)    
David waited a report between the two gates   
(השׁערים)
      C(18:28-30)      Report of Ahimaaz
      C'(18:31-32)      Report of Cushite
    B'(19:1-4)    
"David went up to the room over the city gate to weep" (19:1)"   
(השׁער)
  A'(19:5-9)  Joab persuaded David
 
   A: Words of Joab. B: David at the gates. C: Reports.

2 Sam 18:19-32
  A(18:19-21)  Cushite ran
    B(18:22-23)    Ahimaaz ran
      C(18:24-27)      David waited a report between the two gates
    B'(18:28-30)    Report of Ahimaaz
  A'(18:31-32)  Report of Cushite

2 Sam 18:1-9
  A(19:1)  Lamentation of David
    B(19:2-4)    Soidiers mourned
  A'(19:5)  Lamentation of David
    B'(19:6-9)    Joab persuaded David

[70]David Recalled To Jerusalem  (2 Sam 19:10-15)
 
  A(19:10-11)  Israel people wanted return of David
    B(19:12-15a)    Words of David
  A'(19:15b)  Judah people wanted return of David
 
   A: People wanted return of David. B: Words of David.

[71]Simei, Mephibosheth  (2 Sam 19:16-31)
 
  A(19:16-19)  Ziba met David
    B(19:20-21)    Shimei apologised
      C(19:22)      Shimei was condemned
        D(19:23-24)        "Should anyone die today in Israel?" (2S19:23)
      C'(19:25-26)      Mephibosheth was condemned
    B'(19:27-29)    Mephibosheth apologised
  A'(19:30-31)  "You and Ziba shall divide the property" (2S19:30)
 
   A: Ziba. B: Apologies. C: Condemnations. D: Should anyone die today in Israel?

[72]Barzillai  (2 Sam 19:32-40)
 
  A(19:32-33)  Barzillai took leave of David
    B(19:34)    Words of David
      C(19:35-38)      Words of Barzillai
    B'(19:39)    Words of David
  A'(19:40)  Barzillai returned
 
   A: Barzillai took leave of David. B: Words of David. C: Words of Barzillai.

[73]Israel And Judah  (2 Sam 19:41-44)
 
P(19:41)"the king crossed over to Gilgal" (2S19:41)
  A(19:42)  Words of Israel
    B(19:43)    Words of Judah
  A'(19:44a)  Words of Israel
    B'(19:44b)    Words of Judah
 
   A: Words of Israel. B: Words of Judah.

[74]The Rebellion Of Sheba  (2 Sam 20:1-22)
 
  A(20:1-2)  
Sheba sounded a horn   
(בשׁפר)
    B(20:3)    The ten concubines remained in confinement
      C(20:4-5)      "Amasa set out to summon Judah, but delayed beyond the time set for him by David" (2S20:5)
        D(20:6-7)        
Pursuit of Sheba   
(ורדף)
          E(20:8-10a)          Amasa was killed
        D'(20:10b-13)        
Pursuit of Sheba   
(רדף)
      C'(20:14-15)      "David's servants came and besieged him in Abel Beth-maacah" (2S20:15)
    B'(20:16-22a)    The woman in besieged city
  A'(20:22b)  
Joab sounded a horn   
(בשׁופר)
 
   A: A horn. B: Women. C: Gathering the soldiers. D: Pursuit of Sheba. E: Amasa was killed.

[75]David's Officers  (2 Sam 20:23-26)
 
 
   List of servants of David

[76]David Avenges The Gibeonites  (2 Sam 21:1-14)
 
  A(21:1)  "David had recourse to the LORD" (2S21:1)
    B(21:2-6)    Demand to kill seven persons of Saul's family
      C(21:7)      "The king, spared Mephibosheth" (2S21:7)
    B'(21:8-11)    To kill seven persons of Saul's family
  A'(21:12-14)  "God granted relief to the land" (2S21:14)
 
   A: Prayer to the LORD. B: To kill seven persons of Saul's family. C: The king, spared Mephibosheth.

[77]Exploits Of David's Men  (2 Sam 21:15-22)
 
  A(21:15)  "David went down with his servants and fought the Philistines" (2S21:15)
    B1(21:16-17)    Ishbi-benob
    B2(21:18)    Saph
    B3(21:19)    Goliath
    B4(21:20-21)    "a man of great size, who had six fingers" (21:20)
  A'(21:22)  "they fell at the hands of David and his servants" (2S21:22)
 
   A: David and his servants. B: Battles of the servants.

[78]David's Song Of Thanksgiving  (2 Sam 22:1-51)
 
  A(22:1-3)  
"The LORD is my rock, my fortress, and my deliverer" (2S22:2)"   
(צורי)
    B(22:4-20)    Salvation of the LORD from enemy
      C(22:21-28)      Keep the commandments of the LORD
    B'(22:29-46)    Victory against enemy by the LORD
  A'(22:47-51)  
"Blessed be my rock, and exalted be my God, the rock of my salvation" (2S22:47)"   
(צורי)
 
   A: The LORD is my rock. B: Victory against enemy by the LORD. C: Keep the commandments of the LORD.

[79]The Last Words Of David  (2 Sam 23:1-7)
 
  A(23:1-3a)  "Anointed of the God of Jacob" (2S23:1)
    B(23:3b-4)    Good people
  A'(23:5)  "He has made an eternal covenant with me" (2S23:5)
    B'(23:6-7)    Evil people
 
   A: Covenant with the LORD. B: Good people and evil people.

[80]David's Mighty Men  (2 Sam 23:8-39)
 
  A1(23:8)  Josheb-basshebeth
  A2(23:9-10)  Eleazar son of Dodo
  A3(23:11-12)  Shammah son of Agee
    B(23:13-17)    Story of three chiefs
  A4(23:18-19)  Abishai son of Zeruiah
  A5(23:20-23)  Benaiah son of Jehoiada
  A6(23:24-39)  The thirty warriors
 
   A: The warriors. B: Story of three chiefs.

[81]David's Census Of Israel And Judah  (2 Sam 24:1-25)
 
  A(24:1)  The LORD'S anger
    B(24:2-10a)    Sin of David
      C(24:10b-11a)      
Repentance of David   
(חטאתי)
        D(24:11b-13)        The words of the LORD
          E(24:14)          Choice of David
        D'(24:15-16)        The angel brought a pestilence to people of Israel
      C'(24:17)      
Repentance of David   
(חטאתי)
    B'(24:18-25a)    Atonement of David
  A'(24:25a)  "The LORD granted relief to the country" (2S24:25)
 
   A: The LORD'S anger. B: Sin of David. C: Repentance of David. D: Acts of the LORD. E: Choice of David.


Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

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Literary Structure of the Bible by Hajime Murai is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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