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Literary structure (chiasmus, chiasm) of Books of Kings

Chiasmus and Concentric Structure of divided by 2

This central pericope (no. 41, 2 Kings 2:1-25) also becomes the divisional fulcrum of the whole text. Those parts that precede it (pericopes nos. 1 to 41) and follow it (pericopes nos. 41 to 81) constitute concentric structures composed of pericopes. In those two concentric structures, two centers are "Rehoboam reigns over Judah" (pericope no. 21, 1 Kings 14:21-31) and "Menahem reigns over Israel" (no. 61, 2 Kings 15:17-22). These centers include stories about infidelity toward the LORD and invasion by great powers in common (the former is by Egypt, the latter is by Assyria). These structure emphasize those invasion were caused by infidelity toward the LORD.


2-1

1 The struggle for the succession (1K1:1-21)
  2 The accession of Solomon (1K1:22-40)
    3 Fear of Adonijah (1K1:41-53)
      4 Death of David (1K2:1-46)
        5 Solomon's wisdom (1K3:1-28)
          6 Magnificense of Solomon's rule (1K4:1-1K5:14)
            7 Preparation for the Temple (1K5:15-32)
              8 Solomon builds the Temple (1K6:1-38)
                9 Solomon's palace and other buildings (1K7:1-12)
                  10 Products of Hiram the bronzeworker (1K7:13-51)
                    11 Dedication of the Temple (1K8:1-53)
                      12 Solomon blesses the assembly (1K8:54-66)
                        13 God appears again to Solomon (1K9:1-9)
                          14 Other acts of Solomon (1K9:10-28)
                            15 Visits of the queen of Sheba (1K10:1-13)
                              16 Wealth of Solomon (1K10:14-29)
                                17 Solomon's erros (1K11:1-43)
                                  18 The northern tribes secede (1K12:1-19)
                                    19 A man of God from Judah (1K12:20-1K13:34)
                                      20 Judgment on the house of Jeroboam (1K14:1-20)
                                        21 Rehoboam reigns over Judah (1K14:21-31)
                                      22 Abijam reigns over Judah (1K15:1-8)
                                    23 Asa reigns over Judah (1K15:9-24)
                                  24 Nadab reigns over Israel (1K15:25-32)
                                25 Bassha reigns over Israel (1K15:33-1K16:7)
                              26 Elah reigns over Israel (1K16:8-14)
                            27 Zimri reigns over Israel (1K16:15-22)
                          28 Omri reigns over israel (1K16:23-28)
                        29 Ahab reigns over Israel (1K16:29-34)
                      30 Elijah predicts a drought (1K17:1-24)
                    31 Elijah's message to Ahab (1K18:1-15)
                  32 Elijah's triumph over the priests of Baal (1K18:16-40)
                33 The drought ends (1K18:41-46)
              34 Elijah flees from Jezebel (1K19:1-21)
            35 Ahab's woars with the Arameans (1K20:1-43)
          36 Naboth's vineyard (1K21:1-29)
        37 Defeat and death of Ahab (1K22:1-40)
      38 Jehoshaphat reigns over Judah (1K22:41-51)
    39 Ahaziah reigns over Israel (1K22:52-54)
  40 Elijah denounces Ahaziah (2K1:1-18)
41 Elisha secceeds Elijah (2K2:1-25)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 The struggle for the succession (1K1:1-21)
1K1:17"My lord, you swore to me your handmaid by the LORD, your God, that my son Solomon should reign after you and sit upon your throne.
Hope to become successor41 Elisha secceeds Elijah (2K2:1-25)
2K2:9Elisha answered, "May I receive a double portion of your spirit."
2 The accession of Solomon (1K1:22-40)
1K1:29"As the LORD lives, who has delivered me from all distress,
Saving a life40 Elijah denounces Ahaziah (2K1:1-18)
2K1:13"Man of God," he implored him, "let my life and the lives of these fifty men, your servants, count for something in your sight!
3 Fear of Adonijah (1K1:41-53)
1K1:52But if he is found guilty of crime, he shall die."
Evil39 Ahaziah reigns over Israel (1K22:52-54)
1K22:53 He did evil in the sight of the LORD, behaving like his father, his mother, and Jeroboam, son of Nebat, who caused Israel to sin.
3 Fear of Adonijah (1K1:41-53)
1K1:43 "On the contrary!" Jonathan answered him. "Our lord, King David, has made Solomon king.
Becoming a king39 Ahaziah reigns over Israel (1K22:52-54)
1K22:52 Ahaziah, son of Ahab, began to reign over Israel in Samaria in the seventeenth year of Jehoshaphat, king of Judah;
4 Death of David (1K2:1-46)
1K2:3 Keep the mandate of the LORD, your God, following his ways and observing his statutes, commands, ordinances, and decrees as they are written in the law of Moses,
Following the ways of the Lord38 Jehoshaphat reigns over Judah (1K22:41-51)
1K22:43 He followed all the ways of his father Asa unswervingly, doing what was right in the LORD'S sight.
5 Solomon's wisdom (1K3:1-28)
When all Israel heard the judgment the king had given, they were in awe of him, because they saw that the king had in him the wisdom of God for giving judgment. (1K3:28)
King judges righteously / wrongly37 Defeat and death of Ahab (1K22:1-40)
The king of Israel then said, "Seize Micaiah and take him back to Amon, prefect of the city, and to Joash, the kings son, 22:27and say, This is the kings order: Put this man in prison and feed him scanty rations of bread and water until I return in safety." (1K22:26-27)
6 Magnificense of Solomon's rule (1K4:1-1K5:14)
Geber, son of Uri, in the land of Gilead, the land of Sihon, king of the Amorites, and of Og, king of Bashan. There was one prefect besides, in the king's own land. (1K4:19)
Exiled Amorites36 Naboth's vineyard (1K21:1-29)
He became completely abominable by following idols, just as the Amorites had done, whom the LORD drove out before the Israelites. (1K21:26)
7 Preparation for the Temple (1K5:15-32)
1K5:22 Hiram then sent word to Solomon, "I agree to the proposal you sent me, and I will provide all the cedars and fir trees you wish. 5:23 My servants shall bring them down from the Lebanon to the sea, and I will arrange them into rafts in the sea and bring them wherever you say. There I will break up the rafts, and you shall take the lumber. You, for your part, shall furnish the provisions I desire for my household."
Agreement with foreign country35 Ahab's woars with the Arameans (1K20:1-43)
1K20:34 he made an agreement with him and then set him free.
8 Solomon builds the Temple (1K6:1-38)
1K6:20 twenty cubits long, twenty wide, and twenty high.(1K6:20)
The altar34 Elijah flees from Jezebel (1K19:1-21)
1K19:10 He answered: "I have been most zealous for the LORD, the God of hosts, but the Israelites have forsaken your covenant, torn down your altars, and put your prophets to the sword. I alone am left, and they seek to take my life." (1K19:10)
9 Solomon's palace and other buildings (1K7:1-12)
1K7:6 The porch of the columned hall he made fifty cubits long and thirty wide. The porch extended the width of the columned hall, and there was a canopy in front.(1K7:6)
Clouds (ab)33 The drought ends (1K18:41-46)
1K18:44 And the seventh time the youth reported, "There is a cloud as small as a man's hand rising from the sea." Elijah said, "Go and say to Ahab, 'Harness up and leave the mountain before the rain stops you.'" (1K18:44)
10 Products of Hiram the bronzeworker (1K7:13-51)
1K7:48 Solomon had all the articles made for the interior of the temple of the LORD: the golden altar; the golden table on which the showbread lay; (1K7:48)
The altar32 Elijah's triumph over the priests of Baal (1K18:16-40)
1K18:30 Then Elijah said to all the people, "Come here to me." When they had done so, he repaired the altar of the LORD which had been destroyed. (1K18:30)
11 Dedication of the Temple (1K8:1-53)
1K8:5 King Solomon and the entire community of Israel present for the occasion sacrificed before the ark sheep and oxen too many to number or count. (1K8:5)
Death of livestock31 Elijah's message to Ahab (1K18:1-15)
1K18:5 Ahab said to Obadiah, "Come, let us go through the land to all sources of water and to all the streams. We may find grass and save the horses and mules, so that we shall not have to slaughter any of the beasts." (1K18:5)
12 Solomon blesses the assembly (1K8:54-66)
1K8:59 May this prayer I have offered to the LORD, our God, be present to him day and night, that he may uphold the cause of his servant and of his people Israel as each day requires,
Daily food is given30 Elijah predicts a drought (1K17:1-24)
1K17:4 You shall drink of the stream, and I have commanded ravens to feed you there."
13 God appears again to Solomon (1K9:1-9)
1K9:6 But if you and your descendants ever withdraw from me, fail to keep the commandments and statutes which I set before you, and proceed to venerate and worship strange gods, 9:7 I will cut off Israel from the land I gave them and repudiate the temple I have consecrated to my honor.
Kneeling to other gods29 Ahab reigns over Israel (1K16:29-34)
1K16:31 It was not enough for him to imitate the sins of Jeroboam, son of Nebat. He even married Jezebel, daughter of Ethbaal, king of the Sidonians, and went over to the veneration and worship of Baal.
13 God appears again to Solomon (1K9:1-9)
1K9:3I have consecrated this temple which you have built; I confer my name upon it forever,
Construction of the temple29 Ahab reigns over Israel (1K16:29-34)
1K16:32 Ahab erected an altar to Baal in the temple of Baal which he built in Samaria,
14 Other acts of Solomon (1K9:10-28)
1K9:17 Solomon then rebuilt Gezer), Lower Beth-horon, 9:18 Baalath, Tamar in the desert of Judah, 9:19 all his cities for supplies, cities for chariots and for horses,
Construction of a town28 Omri reigns over israel (1K16:23-28)
1K16:24 He then bought the hill of Samaria from Shemer for two silver talents and built upon the hill,
15 Visits of the queen of Sheba (1K10:1-13)
1K10:9 Blessed be the LORD, your God, whom it has pleased to place you on the throne of Israel.
Wish to make someone king27 Zimri reigns over Israel (1K16:15-22)
1K16:21 At that time the people of Israel were divided, half following Tibni, son of Ginath, to make him king, and half for Omri.
16 Wealth of Solomon (1K10:14-29)
1K10:26 Solomon collected chariots and drivers; he had one thousand four hundred chariots and twelve thousand drivers;
Chariots26 Elah reigns over Israel (1K16:8-14)
1K16:9 His servant Zimri, commander of half his chariots, plotted against him.
17 Solomon's erros (1K11:1-43)
1K11:11"Since this is what you want, and you have not kept my covenant and my statutes which I enjoined on you, I will deprive you of the kingdom and give it to your servant.
Curse for kingdom25 Bassha reigns over Israel (1K15:33-1K16:7)
1K16:3 I will destroy you, Baasha, and your house; 16:4 I will make your house like that of Jeroboam, son of Nebat. If anyone of Baasha's line dies in the city, dogs shall devour him; if he dies in the field, he shall be devoured by the birds of the sky."
18 The northern tribes secede (1K12:1-19)
1K12:15for the LORD brought this about to fulfill the prophecy he had uttered to Jeroboam, son of Nebat, through Ahijah the Shilonite.
Fulfillment of the word of the Lord24 Nadab reigns over Israel (1K15:25-32)
1K15:29according to the warning which the LORD had pronounced through his servant, Ahijah the Shilonite, 15:30 because of the sins Jeroboam committed and caused Israel to commit, by which he provoked the LORD, the God of Israel, to anger.
19 A man of God from Judah (1K12:20-1K13:34)
1K13:2'A child shall be born to the house of David, Josiah by name, who shall slaughter upon you the priests of the high places who offer sacrifice upon you, and he shall burn human bones upon you.'"
Rejecting other gods23 Asa reigns over Judah (1K15:9-24)
1K15:12 banishing the temple prostitutes from the land and removing all the idols his father had made.
19 A man of God from Judah (1K12:20-1K13:34)
1K13:4 When King Jeroboam heard what the man of God was crying out against the altar, he stretched forth his hand from the altar and said, "Seize him!" But the hand he stretched forth against him withered, so that he could not draw it back.
Illness of king23 Asa reigns over Judah (1K15:9-24)
1K15:23In his old age, Asa had an infirmity in his feet.
20 Judgment on the house of Jeroboam (1K14:1-20)
1K14:8Yet you have not been like my servant David, who kept my commandments and followed me with his whole heart, doing only what pleased me. 14:9 You have done worse than all who preceded you: you have gone and made for yourself strange gods and molten images to provoke me; but me you have cast behind your back.
Faithful David, faithless other kings22 Abijam reigns over Judah (1K15:1-8)
1K15:3 He imitated all the sins his father had committed before him, and his heart was not entirely with the LORD, his God, like the heart of his grandfather David.

2-2

41 Elisha secceeds Elijah (2K2:1-25)
  42 Jehoram reigns over Israel (2K3:1-27)
    43 Elisha performs miracles (2K4:1-2K6:7)
      44 The Aramean attack is thwarted (2K6:8-2K7:20)
        45 Elisha performs miracles (2K8:1-15)
          46 Jehoram reigns over Judah (2K8:16-24)
            47 Ahaziah reigns over Judah (2K8:25-29)
              48 Rebellion of Jefu (2K9:1-37)
                49 Slaughter of worshipers of Baal (2K10:1-36)
                  50 Athaliah and Jehoiada (2K11:1-20_2K12:1)
                    51 Joash reigns over Judah (2K12:2-22)
                      52 Jehoahaz reigns over Israel (2K13:1-9)
                        53 Jehoash reigns over Israel (2K13:10-13)
                          54 Death of Elisha (2K13:14-21)
                            55 Israel recaptures cities from Aram (2K13:22-25)
                              56 Amaziah reigns over Judah (2K14:1-22)
                                57 Jeroboam II reigns over Israel (2K14:23-29)
                                  58 Azariah reigns over Judah (2K15:1-7)
                                    59 Zechariah reigns over Israel (2K15:8-12)
                                      60 Shallum reigns over Israel (2K15:13-16)
                                        61 Menahem reigns over Israel (2K15:17-22)
                                      62 Pekahiah reigns over Israel (2K15:23-26)
                                    63 Pekah reigns over Israel (2K15:27-31)
                                  64 Jotham reigns over Judah (2K15:32-38)
                                65 Ahaz reigns over Judah (2K16:1-20)
                              66 Hoshea reigns over Israel (2K17:1-6)
                            67 Israel carried captive to Assyria (2K17:7-41)
                          68 Hezekiah's reign over Judah (2K18:1-16)
                        69 Sennacherib invades Judah (2K18:17-2K19:37)
                      70 Hezekiah's illness (2K20:1-21)
                    71 Manasseh reigns over Judah (2K21:1-18)
                  72 Amon reigns over Judah (2K21:19-26)
                73 Josiah reigns over Judah (2K22:1-20)
              74 Josiah's reformation (2K23:1-30)
            75 Reign and capitivity of Jehoahaz (2K23:31-35)
          76 Jehoiakim reigns over Judah (2K23:36-2K24:7)
        77 Reign and capitivity of Jehoiachin (2K24:8-17)
      78 Zedekiah reigns over Judah (2K24:18-2K25:7)
    79 The fall and captivity of Judah (2K25:8-21)
  80 Gedaliah made governor of Judah (2K25:22-26)
81 Jehoiachin released from prison (2K25:27-30)
Former halfRelationLatter half
41 Elisha secceeds Elijah (2K2:1-25)
2K2:11 As they walked on conversing, a flaming chariot and flaming horses came between them, and Elijah went up to heaven in a whirlwind.
Risen person81 Jehoiachin released from prison (2K25:27-30)
2K25:28 He spoke kindly to him and gave him a throne higher than that of the other kings who were with him in Babylon.
42 Jehoram reigns over Israel (2K3:1-27)
2K3:5 But when Ahab died, the king of Moab had rebelled against the king of Israel.
Resistance to foreign country that rules80 Gedaliah made governor of Judah (2K25:22-26)
2K25:25 But in the seventh month Ishmael, son of Nethaniah, son of Elishama, of royal descent, came with ten men, attacked Gedaliah and killed him,
43 Elisha performs miracles (2K4:1-2K6:7)
2K5:2 Now the Arameans had captured from the land of Israel in a raid a little girl, who became the servant of Naaman's wife.
Captured Israel79 The fall and captivity of Judah (2K25:8-21)
2K25:11 Then Nebuzaradan, captain of the guard, led into exile the last of the people remaining in the city, and those who had deserted to the king of Babylon, and the last of the artisans.
43 Elisha performs miracles (2K4:1-2K6:7)
2K5:23 "Please take two talents," Naaman said, and pressed them upon him. He tied up these silver talents in bags and gave them, with the two festal garments, to two of his servants, who carried them before Gehazi.
Unjust fortune79 The fall and captivity of Judah (2K25:8-21)
2K25:13 The bronze pillars that belonged to the house of the LORD, and the wheeled carts and the bronze sea in the house of the LORD, the Chaldeans broke into pieces; they carried away the bronze to Babylon. 25:14 They took also the pots, the shovels, the snuffers, the bowls, the pans and all the bronze vessels used for service. 25:15 The fire-holders and the bowls which were of gold or silver the captain of the guard also carried off.
44 The Aramean attack is thwarted (2K6:8-2K7:20)
2K6:18 When the Arameans came down to get him, Elisha prayed to the LORD, "Strike this people blind, I pray you." And in answer to the prophet's prayer the LORD struck them blind.
Victory / defeat to foreign country78 Zedekiah reigns over Judah (2K24:18-2K25:7)
2K24:20 The LORD'S anger befell Jerusalem and Judah till he cast them out from his presence. Thus Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.
45 Elisha performs miracles (2K8:1-15)
2K8:6With that the king placed an official at her disposal, saying,
King and eunuch77 Reign and capitivity of Jehoiachin (2K24:8-17)
2K24:12 Then Jehoiachin, king of Judah, together with his mother, his ministers, officers, and functionaries, surrendered to the king of Babylon, who, in the eighth year of his reign, took him captive.
46 Jehoram reigns over Judah (2K8:16-24)
2K8:20 During Jehoram's reign, Edom revolted against the sovereignty of Judah and chose a king of its own.
Resistance to foreign country that rules76 Jehoiakim reigns over Judah (2K23:36-2K24:7)
2K24:1 During his reign Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, moved against him, and Jehoiakim became his vassal for three years. Then Jehoiakim turned and rebelled against him.
46 Jehoram reigns over Judah (2K8:16-24)
2K8:19 Even so, the LORD was unwilling to destroy Judah, because of his servant David.
Not destroying / destroying Judah76 Jehoiakim reigns over Judah (2K23:36-2K24:7)
2K24:2he loosed them against Judah to destroy it, as the LORD had threatened through his servants the prophets.
47 Ahaziah reigns over Judah (2K8:25-29)
He was twenty-two years old when he began his reign, and he reigned one year in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Athaliah; she was daughter of Omri, king of Israel. (2K8:26)
King's mother75 Reign and capitivity of Jehoahaz (2K23:31-35)
Jehoahaz was twenty-three years old when he began to reign, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. His mother, whose name was Hamutal, daughter of Jeremiah, was from Libnah. (2K23:31)
48 Rebellion of Jefu (2K9:1-37)
and, after eating and drinking, he said: "Attend to that accursed woman and bury her; after all, she was a kings daughter." 9:35 But when they went to bury her, they found nothing of her but the skull, the feet, and the hands. (2K9:34-35)
Evildoer becomes a bone74 Josiah's reformation (2K23:1-30)
He slaughtered upon the altars all the priests of the high places that were at the shrines, and burned human bones upon them. Then he returned to Jerusalem. (2K23:20)
49 Slaughter of worshipers of Baal (2K10:1-36)
But Jehu was not careful to observe wholeheartedly the law of the LORD, the God of Israel, since he did not desist from the sins which Jeroboam caused Israel to commit. (2K10:31)
The law of the LORD73 Josiah reigns over Judah (2K22:1-20)
When the king had heard the contents of the book of the law, he tore his garments (2K22:11)
50 Athaliah and Jehoiada (2K11:1-20_2K12:1)
But Jehosheba, daughter of King Jehoram and sister of Ahaziah, took Joash, his son, and spirited him away, along with his nurse, from the bedroom where the princes were about to be slain. She concealed him from Athaliah, and so he did not die. (2K11:2)
Persons who kill and save royal family72 Amon reigns over Judah (2K21:19-26)
Subjects of Amon conspired against him and slew the king in his palace, 21:24 but the people of the land then slew all who had conspired against King Amon, and proclaimed his son Josiah king in his stead. (2K21:23-24)
51 Joash reigns over Judah (2K12:2-22)
Then King Hazael of Aram mounted a siege against Gath. When he had taken it, Hazael decided to go on to attack Jerusalem. (2K12:18)
Attack against Jerusalem71 Manasseh reigns over Judah (2K21:1-18)
I will measure Jerusalem with the same cord as I did Samaria, and with the plummet I used for the house of Ahab. I will wipe Jerusalem clean as one wipes a dish, wiping it inside and out. (2K21:13)
52 Jehoahaz reigns over Israel (2K13:1-9)
No soldiers were left to Jehoahaz, except fifty horsemen with ten chariots and ten thousand foot soldiers, since the king of Aram had destroyed them and trampled them like dust. (2K13:7)
Lost by foreigner's invasion70 Hezekiah's illness (2K20:1-21)
The time is coming when all that is in your house, and everything that your fathers have stored up until this day, shall be carried off to Babylon; nothing shall be left, says the LORD. (2K20:17)
53 Jehoash reigns over Israel (2K13:10-13)
(The rest of the acts of Joash, the valor with which he fought against Amaziah, king of Judah, and all his accomplishments, are recorded in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel. (2K13:12)
War against foreign country69 Sennacherib invades Judah (2K18:17-2K19:37)
That night the angel of the LORD went forth and struck down one hundred and eighty-five thousand men in the Assyrian camp. Early the next morning, there they were, all the corpses of the dead. (2K19:35)
54 Death of Elisha (2K13:14-21)
Then he said to the king of Israel, "Take the arrows," which he did. Elisha said to him, "Strike the ground!" He struck the ground three times and stopped. 13:19 Angry with him, the man of God said: "You should have struck five or six times; you would have defeated Aram completely. Now, you will defeat Aram only three times." (2K13:18-19)
Israel is defeated by foreign country68 Hezekiah's reign over Judah (2K18:1-16)
The king of Assyria then deported the Israelites to Assyria and settled them in Halah, at the Habor, a river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes. (2K18:11)
55 Israel recaptures cities from Aram (2K13:22-25)
But the LORD was merciful with Israel and looked on them with compassion because of his covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. He was unwilling to destroy them or to cast them out from his presence. (2K13:23)
Covenant of the LORD67 Israel carried captive to Assyria (2K17:7-41)
The covenant which I made with you, you must not forget; you must not venerate other gods. (2K17:38)
56 Amaziah reigns over Judah (2K14:1-22)
2K14:13 King Jehoash of Israel captured Amaziah, son of Jehoash, son of Ahaziah, king of Judah, at Beth-shemesh. He went on to Jerusalem where he tore down four hundred cubits of the city wall, from the Gate of Ephraim to the Corner Gate.
Defeat and captivity66 Hoshea reigns over Israel (2K17:1-6)
2K17:6 In the ninth year of Hoshea, the king of Assyria took Samaria, and deported the Israelites to Assyria, settling them in Halah, at the Habor, a river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes.
57 Jeroboam II reigns over Israel (2K14:23-29)
2K14:24 He did evil in the sight of the LORD; he did not desist from any of the sins which Jeroboam, son of Nebat, had caused Israel to commit.
Evil of Israel kings65 Ahaz reigns over Judah (2K16:1-20)
2K16:3 but conducted himself like the kings of Israel, and even immolated his son by fire, in accordance with the abominable practice of the nations whom the LORD had cleared out of the way of the Israelites.
58 Azariah reigns over Judah (2K15:1-7)
2K15:3 He pleased the LORD just as his father Amaziah had done. 15:4 Yet the high places did not disappear; the people continued to sacrifice and to burn incense on them.
King is good, but there is high place for sacrifice64 Jotham reigns over Judah (2K15:32-38)
2K15:34 He pleased the LORD, just as his father Uzziah had done. 15:35 Nevertheless the high places did not disappear and the people continued to sacrifice and to burn incense on them. It was he who built the Upper Gate of the temple of the LORD.
59 Zechariah reigns over Israel (2K15:8-12)
2K15:10 Shallum, son of Jabesh, conspired against Zechariah, attacked and killed him at Ibleam, and reigned in his place.
Death by rebellion63 Pekah reigns over Israel (2K15:27-31)
2K15:30 Hoshea, son of Elah, conspired against Pekah, son of Remaliah; he attacked and killed him, and reigned in his place (in the twentieth year of Jotham, son of Uzziah).
60 Shallum reigns over Israel (2K15:13-16)
2K15:14 Menahem, son of Gadi, came up from Tirzah to Samaria, where he attacked and killed Shallum, son of Jabesh, and reigned in his place.
Death by rebellion62 Pekahiah reigns over Israel (2K15:23-26)
2K15:25 His adjutant Pekah, son of Remaliah, who had with him fifty men from Gilead, conspired against him, killed him within the palace stronghold in Samaria, and reigned in his place.

Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

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Literary Structure of the Bible by Hajime Murai is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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