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Literary structure (chiasmus, chiasm) of Books of Kings

Chiasmus and Concentric Structure of divided by 4

Four centers in divided in four structures are "Dedication of the Temple" (no. 11, 1 Kings 8:1-53), "Elijah's message to Ahab" (no. 31, 1 Kings 18:1-15), "Joash reigns over Judah" (no. 51, 2 Kings 12:2-22), and "Manasseh reigns over Judah" (no. 71, 2 Kings 21:1-18). No. 11 is about dedication of the Temple, no. 31 is about survival of only 100 prophets of the LORD no. 51 is about unrepaired temple of the LORD, and no. 71 is about building pagan altars in the temple of the LORD. Those structures would indicate the declination of the faith to the LORD.


4-1

1 The struggle for the succession (1K1:1-21)
  2 The accession of Solomon (1K1:22-40)
    3 Fear of Adonijah (1K1:41-53)
      4 Death of David (1K2:1-46)
        5 Solomon's wisdom (1K3:1-28)
          6 Magnificense of Solomon's rule (1K4:1-1K5:14)
            7 Preparation for the Temple (1K5:15-32)
              8 Solomon builds the Temple (1K6:1-38)
                9 Solomon's palace and other buildings (1K7:1-12)
                  10 Products of Hiram the bronzeworker (1K7:13-51)
                    11 Dedication of the Temple (1K8:1-53)
                  12 Solomon blesses the assembly (1K8:54-66)
                13 God appears again to Solomon (1K9:1-9)
              14 Other acts of Solomon (1K9:10-28)
            15 Visits of the queen of Sheba (1K10:1-13)
          16 Wealth of Solomon (1K10:14-29)
        17 Solomon's erros (1K11:1-43)
      18 The northern tribes secede (1K12:1-19)
    19 A man of God from Judah (1K12:20-1K13:34)
  20 Judgment on the house of Jeroboam (1K14:1-20)
21 Rehoboam reigns over Judah (1K14:21-31)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 The struggle for the succession (1K1:1-21)
1K1:3 So they sought for a beautiful girl throughout the territory of Israel, and found Abishag the Shunamite, whom they brought to the king.
Selected from Israel21 Rehoboam reigns over Judah (1K14:21-31)
1K14:21Jerusalem, the city in which, out of all the tribes of Israel, the LORD chose to be honored.
2 The accession of Solomon (1K1:22-40)
1K1:28 King David answered, "Call Bathsheba here." When she re-entered the king's presence and stood before him, 1:29 the king swore, "As the LORD lives, who has delivered me from all distress, 1:30 this very day I will fulfill the oath I swore to you by the LORD, the God of Israel, that your son Solomon should reign after me and should sit upon my throne in my place."
Prophecy about child is told to mother 20 Judgment on the house of Jeroboam (1K14:1-20)
1K14:6 So Ahijah, hearing the sound of her footsteps as she entered the door, said, "Come in, wife of Jeroboam. Why are you in disguise? I have been commissioned to give you bitter news.
3 Fear of Adonijah (1K1:41-53)
1K1:50 Adonijah, in fear of Solomon, also left; he went and seized the horns of the altar.
King and altar19 A man of God from Judah (1K12:20-1K13:34)
1K13:1 A man of God came from Judah to Bethel by the word of the LORD, while Jeroboam was standing at the altar to offer sacrifice. 13:2 He cried out against the altar the word of the LORD: "O altar, altar, the LORD says, A child shall be born to the house of David, Josiah by name, who shall slaughter upon you the priests of the high places who offer sacrifice upon you, and he shall burn human bones upon you."
4 Death of David (1K2:1-46)
1K2:4 and the LORD may fulfill the promise he made on my behalf when he said, 'If your sons so conduct themselves that they remain faithful to me with their whole heart and with their whole soul, you shall always have someone of your line on the throne of Israel.'
Promise to David's descendants18 The northern tribes secede (1K12:1-19)
1K12:17 but Rehoboam reigned over the Israelites who lived in the cities of Judah.
5 Solomon's wisdom (1K3:1-28)
Solomon loved the LORD, and obeyed the statutes of his father David; yet he offered sacrifice and burned incense on the high places. (1K3:3)
Love of Solomon17 Solomon's erros (1K11:1-43)
King Solomon loved many foreign women besides the daughter of Pharaoh (Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Sidonians, and Hittites), (1K11:1)
6 Magnificense of Solomon's rule (1K4:1-1K5:14)
Judah and Israel were as numerous as the sands by the sea; they ate and drank and made merry. (1K4:20)
Prosperity of Solomon16 Wealth of Solomon (1K10:14-29)
Thus King Solomon surpassed in riches and wisdom all the kings of the earth. 10:24 And the whole world sought audience with Solomon, to hear from him the wisdom which God had put in his heart. (1K10:23-24)
7 Preparation for the Temple (1K5:15-32)
So Hiram continued to provide Solomon with all the cedars and fir trees he wished; (1K5:24)
Gifts from foreign country15 Visits of the queen of Sheba (1K10:1-13)
Then she gave the king one hundred and twenty gold talents, a very large quantity of spices, and precious stones. Never again did anyone bring such an abundance of spices as the queen of Sheba gave to King Solomon. (1K10:10)
8 Solomon builds the Temple (1K6:1-38)
In the four hundred and eightieth year from the departure of the Israelites from the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel, in the month of Ziv, which is the second month, the construction of the temple of the LORD was begun. (1K6:1)
Building the temple14 Other acts of Solomon (1K9:10-28)
Three times a year Solomon used to offer holocausts and peace offerings on the altar which he had built to the LORD, and to burn incense before the LORD; and he kept the temple in repair. (1K9:25)
9 Solomon's palace and other buildings (1K7:1-12)
His own palace Solomon completed after thirteen years of construction. (1K7:1)
Completing construction of royal palace13 God appears again to Solomon (1K9:1-9)
After Solomon finished building the temple of the LORD, the royal palace, and everything else that he had planned, (1K9:1)
10 Products of Hiram the bronzeworker (1K7:13-51)
When all the work undertaken by King Solomon in the temple of the LORD was completed, he brought in the dedicated offerings of his father David, putting the silver, gold, and other articles in the treasuries of the temple of the LORD. (1K7:51)
Offerings12 Solomon blesses the assembly (1K8:54-66)
Solomon offered as peace offerings to the LORD twenty-two thousand oxen and one hundred twenty thousand sheep. Thus the king and all the Israelites dedicated the temple of the LORD. (1K8:63)

4-1-1

1 The struggle for the succession (1K1:1-21)
  2 The accession of Solomon (1K1:22-40)
    3 Fear of Adonijah (1K1:41-53)
      4 Death of David (1K2:1-46)
        5 Solomon's wisdom (1K3:1-28)
          6 Magnificense of Solomon's rule (1K4:1-1K5:14)
        7 Preparation for the Temple (1K5:15-32)
      8 Solomon builds the Temple (1K6:1-38)
    9 Solomon's palace and other buildings (1K7:1-12)
  10 Products of Hiram the bronzeworker (1K7:13-51)
11 Dedication of the Temple (1K8:1-53)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 The struggle for the succession (1K1:1-21)
1K1:19 He has slaughtered oxen, fatlings, and sheep in great numbers
Sacrifices11 Dedication of the Temple (1K8:1-53)
1K8:5 sacrificed countless, innumerable sheep and oxen
2 The accession of Solomon (1K1:22-40)
So Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah, son of Jehoiada, and the Cherethites and Pelethites went down, and mounting Solomon on King David's mule, escorted him to Gihon. (1K1:38)
Subordinates of Solomon10 Products of Hiram the bronzeworker (1K7:13-51)
King Solomon had Hiram brought from Tyre. (1K7:13)
3 Fear of Adonijah (1K1:41-53)
Solomon answered, "If he proves himself worthy, not a hair shall fall from his head. But if he is found guilty of crime, he shall die." (1K1:52)
Judgment of Solomon9 Solomon's palace and other buildings (1K7:1-12)
He also built the vestibule of the throne where he gave judgment-- that is, the tribunal; it was paneled with cedar from floor to ceiling beams. (1K7:7)
4 Death of David (1K2:1-46)
1K2:24 And now, as the LORD lives, who has seated me firmly on the throne of my father David and made of me a dynasty as he promised,
Lthe Lord's promise8 Solomon builds the Temple (1K6:1-38)
1K6:12 "As to this temple you are building--if you observe my statutes, carry out my ordinances, keep and obey all my commands, I will fulfill toward you the promise I made to your father David.
4 Death of David (1K2:1-46)
1K3:1With the royal power firmly in his grasp
Established firmly8 Solomon builds the Temple (1K6:1-38)
construction of the temple
5 Solomon's wisdom (1K3:1-28)
1K3:1 With the royal power firmly in his grasp, Solomon allied himself by marriage with Pharaoh, king of Egypt. The daughter of Pharaoh, whom he married, he brought to the City of David, until he should finish building his palace, and the temple of the LORD, and the wall around Jerusalem.
Friendly foreign country7 Preparation for the Temple (1K5:15-32)
1K5:15 When Hiram, king of Tyre, heard that Solomon had been anointed king in place of his father, he sent an embassy to him;
5 Solomon's wisdom (1K3:1-28)
1K3:2 However, the people were sacrificing on the high places, for up to that time no temple had been built to the name of the LORD.
There is no temple7 Preparation for the Temple (1K5:15-32)
1K5:17 "You know that my father David, because of the enemies surrounding him on all sides, could not build a temple in honor of the LORD, his God, until such a time as the LORD should put these enemies under the soles of his feet.

4-1-2

11 Dedication of the Temple (1K8:1-53)
  12 Solomon blesses the assembly (1K8:54-66)
    13 God appears again to Solomon (1K9:1-9)
      14 Other acts of Solomon (1K9:10-28)
        15 Visits of the queen of Sheba (1K10:1-13)
          16 Wealth of Solomon (1K10:14-29)
        17 Solomon's erros (1K11:1-43)
      18 The northern tribes secede (1K12:1-19)
    19 A man of God from Judah (1K12:20-1K13:34)
  20 Judgment on the house of Jeroboam (1K14:1-20)
21 Rehoboam reigns over Judah (1K14:21-31)
Former halfRelationLatter half
11 Dedication of the Temple (1K8:1-53)
1K8:3 When all the elders of Israel had arrived, the priests took up the ark; 8:4 they carried the ark of the LORD and the meeting tent with all the sacred vessels that were in the tent. (The priests and Levites carried them.)
Bringing to / robbed from the temple21 Rehoboam reigns over Judah (1K14:21-31)
1K14:26 He took everything, including the treasures of the temple of the LORD and those of the royal palace, as well as all the gold shields made under Solomon.
12 Solomon blesses the assembly (1K8:54-66)
1K8:58 May he draw our hearts to himself, that we may follow him in everything and keep the commands, statutes, and ordinances which he enjoined on our fathers.
Keeping commandments and drawing hearts to God 20 Judgment on the house of Jeroboam (1K14:1-20)
1K14:8Yet you have not been like my servant David, who kept my commandments and followed me with his whole heart, doing only what pleased me. 14:9 You have done worse than all who preceded you: you have gone and made for yourself strange gods and molten images to provoke me; but me you have cast behind your back.
13 God appears again to Solomon (1K9:1-9)
1K9:8 and this temple shall become a heap of ruins. Every passerby shall catch his breath in amazement, and ask, 'Why has the LORD done this to the land and to this temple?'
Temple becomes a heap of ruins because of unbelief19 A man of God from Judah (1K12:20-1K13:34)
1K13:3"This is the sign that the LORD has spoken: The altar shall break up and the ashes on it shall be strewn about.
14 Other acts of Solomon (1K9:10-28)
1K9:22 But Solomon enslaved none of the Israelites, for they were his fighting force, his ministers, commanders, adjutants, chariot officers, and charioteers.
Enslaved Israel18 The northern tribes secede (1K12:1-19)
1K12:14"My father put on you a heavy yoke, but I will make it heavier. My father beat you with whips, but I will beat you with scorpions."
15 Visits of the queen of Sheba (1K10:1-13)
1K10:1 The queen of Sheba, having heard of Solomon's fame, came to test him with subtle questions.
Foreign women and Solomon17 Solomon's erros (1K11:1-43)
1K11:1 King Solomon loved many foreign women besides the daughter of Pharaoh (Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Sidonians, and Hittites),

4-2

21 Rehoboam reigns over Judah (1K14:21-31)
  22 Abijam reigns over Judah (1K15:1-8)
    23 Asa reigns over Judah (1K15:9-24)
      24 Nadab reigns over Israel (1K15:25-32)
        25 Bassha reigns over Israel (1K15:33-1K16:7)
          26 Elah reigns over Israel (1K16:8-14)
            27 Zimri reigns over Israel (1K16:15-22)
              28 Omri reigns over israel (1K16:23-28)
                29 Ahab reigns over Israel (1K16:29-34)
                  30 Elijah predicts a drought (1K17:1-24)
                    31 Elijah's message to Ahab (1K18:1-15)
                  32 Elijah's triumph over the priests of Baal (1K18:16-40)
                33 The drought ends (1K18:41-46)
              34 Elijah flees from Jezebel (1K19:1-21)
            35 Ahab's woars with the Arameans (1K20:1-43)
          36 Naboth's vineyard (1K21:1-29)
        37 Defeat and death of Ahab (1K22:1-40)
      38 Jehoshaphat reigns over Judah (1K22:41-51)
    39 Ahaziah reigns over Israel (1K22:52-54)
  40 Elijah denounces Ahaziah (2K1:1-18)
41 Elisha secceeds Elijah (2K2:1-25)
Former halfRelationLatter half
21 Rehoboam reigns over Judah (1K14:21-31)
1K14:22 Judah did evil in the sight of the LORD, and by their sins angered him even more than their fathers had done. 14:23 They, too, built for themselves high places, pillars, and sacred poles, upon every high hill and under every green tree. 14:24 There were also cult prostitutes in the land. Judah imitated all the abominable practices of the nations whom the LORD had cleared out of the Israelites way. 14:25 In the fifth year of King Rehoboam, Shishak, king of Egypt, attacked Jerusalem. 14:26 He took everything, including the treasures of the temple of the LORD and those of the royal palace, as well as all the gold shields made under Solomon.
Rage and revenge41 Elisha secceeds Elijah (2K2:1-25)
2K2:23 From there Elisha went up to Bethel. While he was on the way, some small boys came out of the city and jeered at him. "Go up, baldhead," they shouted, "go up, baldhead!" 2:24 The prophet turned and saw them, and he cursed them in the name of the LORD. Then two she-bears came out of the woods and tore forty-two of the children to pieces.
22 Abijam reigns over Judah (1K15:1-8)
1K15:3 He imitated all the sins his father had committed before him, and his heart was not entirely with the LORD, his God, like the heart of his grandfather David.
King's heart is not with the Lord40 Elijah denounces Ahaziah (2K1:1-18)
2K1:3'Is it because there is no God in Israel that you are going to inquire of Baalzebub, the god of Ekron?'
23 Asa reigns over Judah (1K15:9-24)
1K15:11 Asa pleased the LORD like his forefather David,
Good / evil in the sight of the Lord like own father39 Ahaziah reigns over Israel (1K22:52-54)
1K22:53 He did evil in the sight of the LORD, behaving like his father, his mother, and Jeroboam, son of Nebat, who caused Israel to sin.
24 Nadab reigns over Israel (1K15:25-32)
1K15:26 He did evil in the LORD'S sight, imitating his father's conduct and the sin which he had caused Israel to commit.
Evil / good in the sight of the Lord like own father38 Jehoshaphat reigns over Judah (1K22:41-51)
1K22:43 He followed all the ways of his father Asa unswervingly, doing what was right in the LORD'S sight.
25 Bassha reigns over Israel (1K15:33-1K16:7)
1K16:4If anyone of Baashas line dies in the city, dogs shall devour him; if he dies in the field, he shall be devoured by the birds of the sky."
Dog eats king37 Defeat and death of Ahab (1K22:1-40)
1K22:37 for the king is dead!" So they went to Samaria, where they buried the king. 22:38 When the chariot was washed at the pool of Samaria, the dogs licked up his blood and harlots bathed there, as the LORD had prophesied.
26 Elah reigns over Israel (1K16:8-14)
1K16:12 Zimri destroyed the entire house of Baasha, as the LORD had prophesied to Baasha through the prophet Jehu,
Prophecy about ruin of house of Baasha36 Naboth's vineyard (1K21:1-29)
1K21:22 I will make your house like that of Jeroboam, son of Nebat, and like that of Baasha, son of Ahijah, because of how you have provoked me by leading Israel into sin."
27 Zimri reigns over Israel (1K16:15-22)
1K16:17 Omri marched up from Gibbethon, accompanied by all Israel, and laid siege to Tirzah. (1K16:17)
Siege35 Ahab's woars with the Arameans (1K20:1-43)
1K20:1 Ben-hadad, king of Aram, gathered all his forces, and accompanied by thirty-two kings with horses and chariotry, proceeded to invest and attack Samaria. (1K20:1)
28 Omri reigns over israel (1K16:23-28)
1K16:26 He closely imitated the sinful conduct of Jeroboam, son of Nebat, causing Israel to sin and to provoke the LORD, the God of Israel, to anger by their idols. (1K16:26)
Sins of Israel34 Elijah flees from Jezebel (1K19:1-21)
1K19:14 But the Israelites have forsaken your covenant, torn down your altars, and put your prophets to the sword. I alone am left (1K19:14)
29 Ahab reigns over Israel (1K16:29-34)
1K16:29 In the thirty-eighth year of Asa, king of Judah, Ahab, son of Omri, became king of Israel; (1K16:29)
Ahab33 The drought ends (1K18:41-46)
1K18:41 Elijah then said to Ahab (1K18:41)
30 Elijah predicts a drought (1K17:1-24)
1K17:21 Then he stretched himself out upon the child three times and called out to the LORD: "O LORD, my God, let the life breath return to the body of this child." (1K17:21)
Repeating three times32 Elijah's triumph over the priests of Baal (1K18:16-40)
1K18:34 "Do it a third time," he said, and they did it a third time. (1K18:34)

4-2-1

21 Rehoboam reigns over Judah (1K14:21-31)
  22 Abijam reigns over Judah (1K15:1-8)
    23 Asa reigns over Judah (1K15:9-24)
      24 Nadab reigns over Israel (1K15:25-32)
        25 Bassha reigns over Israel (1K15:33-1K16:7)
          26 Elah reigns over Israel (1K16:8-14)
        27 Zimri reigns over Israel (1K16:15-22)
      28 Omri reigns over israel (1K16:23-28)
    29 Ahab reigns over Israel (1K16:29-34)
  30 Elijah predicts a drought (1K17:1-24)
31 Elijah's message to Ahab (1K18:1-15)
Former halfRelationLatter half
21 Rehoboam reigns over Judah (1K14:21-31)
14:24 Judah imitated all the abominable practices of the nations whom the LORD had cleared out of the Israelites' way.
King kneels to foreign god31 Elijah's message to Ahab (1K18:1-15)
1K18:4 When Jezebel was murdering the prophets of the LORD (1K18:4)
22 Abijam reigns over Judah (1K15:1-8)
1K15:4 Yet for Davids sake the LORD, his God, gave him a lamp in Jerusalem, raising up his son after him and permitting Jerusalem to endure;
Life of son30 Elijah predicts a drought (1K17:1-24)
1K17:23 Taking the child, Elijah brought him down into the house from the upper room and gave him to his mother. "See!" Elijah said to her, "your son is alive."
23 Asa reigns over Judah (1K15:9-24)
1K15:13 He also deposed his grandmother Maacah from her position as queen mother, because she had made an outrageous object for Asherah. Asa cut down this object and burned it in the Kidron Valley.
Asherah (ashrh)29 Ahab reigns over Israel (1K16:29-34)
1K16:33 and also made a sacred pole. He did more to anger the LORD, the God of Israel, than any of the kings of Israel before him.
23 Asa reigns over Judah (1K15:9-24)
1K15:22 Then King Asa summoned all Judah without exception, and they carried away the stones and beams with which Baasha was fortifying Ramah. With them King Asa built Geba of Benjamin and Mizpeh.
Construction of town29 Ahab reigns over Israel (1K16:29-34)
1K16:34 During his reign, Hiel from Bethel rebuilt Jericho.
24 Nadab reigns over Israel (1K15:25-32)
1K15:30 because of the sins Jeroboam committed and caused Israel to commit, by which he provoked the LORD, the God of Israel, to anger.
Sins of Jeroboam28 Omri reigns over israel (1K16:23-28)
1K16:26 He closely imitated the sinful conduct of Jeroboam, son of Nebat, causing Israel to sin and to provoke the LORD, the God of Israel, to anger by their idols.
25 Bassha reigns over Israel (1K15:33-1K16:7)
1K16:3 I will destroy you, Baasha, and your house; 16:4 I will make your house like that of Jeroboam, son of Nebat.
Ruin of house of Baasha27 Zimri reigns over Israel (1K16:15-22)
1K16:16 when they heard that Zimri had formed a conspiracy and had killed the king.

4-2-2

31 Elijah's message to Ahab (1K18:1-15)
  32 Elijah's triumph over the priests of Baal (1K18:16-40)
    33 The drought ends (1K18:41-46)
      34 Elijah flees from Jezebel (1K19:1-21)
        35 Ahab's woars with the Arameans (1K20:1-43)
          36 Naboth's vineyard (1K21:1-29)
        37 Defeat and death of Ahab (1K22:1-40)
      38 Jehoshaphat reigns over Judah (1K22:41-51)
    39 Ahaziah reigns over Israel (1K22:52-54)
  40 Elijah denounces Ahaziah (2K1:1-18)
41 Elisha secceeds Elijah (2K2:1-25)
Former halfRelationLatter half
31 Elijah's message to Ahab (1K18:1-15)
1K18:12 After I leave you, the spirit of the LORD will carry you to some place I do not know (1K18:12)
Elijah was taken away41 Elisha secceeds Elijah (2K2:1-25)
As they walked on conversing, a flaming chariot and flaming horses came between them, and Elijah went up to heaven in a whirlwind. (2K2:11)
32 Elijah's triumph over the priests of Baal (1K18:16-40)
1K18:38 The LORD'S fire came down and consumed the holocaust, wood, stones, and dust, and it lapped up the water in the trench. (1K18:38)
Fire of the LORD40 Elijah denounces Ahaziah (2K1:1-18)
2K1:10 "If I am a man of God," Elijah answered the captain, "may fire come down from heaven and consume you and your fifty men." And fire came down from heaven and consumed him and his fifty men. (2K1:10)
33 The drought ends (1K18:41-46)
1K18:41 Elijah then said to Ahab (1K18:41)
Ahab39 Ahaziah reigns over Israel (1K22:52-54)
1K22:52 Ahaziah, son of Ahab (1K22:52)
34 Elijah flees from Jezebel (1K19:1-21)
1K19:4 This is enough, O LORD! Take my life, for I am no better than my fathers. (1K19:4)
Ancestors38 Jehoshaphat reigns over Judah (1K22:41-51)
1K22:51 Jehoshaphat rested with his ancestors; he was buried in his forefathers' City of David. His son Jehoram succeeded him as king. (1K22:51)
35 Ahab's woars with the Arameans (1K20:1-43)
1K20:1 Ben-hadad, king of Aram, gathered all his forces (1K20:1)
Wars against Aram37 Defeat and death of Ahab (1K22:1-40)
1K22:1 Three years passed without war between Aram and Israel. (1K22:1)

4-3

41 Elisha secceeds Elijah (2K2:1-25)
  42 Jehoram reigns over Israel (2K3:1-27)
    43 Elisha performs miracles (2K4:1-2K6:7)
      44 The Aramean attack is thwarted (2K6:8-2K7:20)
        45 Elisha performs miracles (2K8:1-15)
          46 Jehoram reigns over Judah (2K8:16-24)
            47 Ahaziah reigns over Judah (2K8:25-29)
              48 Rebellion of Jefu (2K9:1-37)
                49 Slaughter of worshipers of Baal (2K10:1-36)
                  50 Athaliah and Jehoiada (2K11:1-20_2K12:1)
                    51 Joash reigns over Judah (2K12:2-22)
                  52 Jehoahaz reigns over Israel (2K13:1-9)
                53 Jehoash reigns over Israel (2K13:10-13)
              54 Death of Elisha (2K13:14-21)
            55 Israel recaptures cities from Aram (2K13:22-25)
          56 Amaziah reigns over Judah (2K14:1-22)
        57 Jeroboam II reigns over Israel (2K14:23-29)
      58 Azariah reigns over Judah (2K15:1-7)
    59 Zechariah reigns over Israel (2K15:8-12)
  60 Shallum reigns over Israel (2K15:13-16)
61 Menahem reigns over Israel (2K15:17-22)
Former halfRelationLatter half
41 Elisha secceeds Elijah (2K2:1-25)
2K2:7 Fifty of the guild prophets followed,
Fifty61 Menahem reigns over Israel (2K15:17-22)
2K15:20 Menahem secured the money to give to the king of Assyria by exacting it from all the men of substance in the country, fifty silver shekels from each.
42 Jehoram reigns over Israel (2K3:1-27)
2K3:27 So he took his first-born, his heir apparent, and offered him as a holocaust upon the wall.
Killing a child60 Shallum reigns over Israel (2K15:13-16)
2K15:16they did not let him in. He punished them even to ripping open all the pregnant women.
43 Elisha performs miracles (2K4:1-2K6:7)
2K4:16 Elisha promised, "This time next year you will be fondling a baby son." "Please, my lord," she protested, "you are a man of God; do not deceive your servant." 4:17 Yet the woman conceived, and by the same time the following year she had given birth to a son, as Elisha had promised.
Fulfillment of prophecy59 Zechariah reigns over Israel (2K15:8-12)
2K15:12 Thus the LORD'S promise to Jehu, "Your descendants to the fourth generation shall sit upon the throne of Israel," was fulfilled.
44 The Aramean attack is thwarted (2K6:8-2K7:20)
2K7:3 At the city gate were four lepers who were deliberating,
Leper58 Azariah reigns over Judah (2K15:1-7)
2K15:5 The LORD afflicted the king, and he was a leper to the day of his death. He lived in a house apart,
45 Elisha performs miracles (2K8:1-15)
2K8:6"Restore all her property to her, with all that the field produced from the day she left the land until now."
Getting back a land57 Jeroboam II reigns over Israel (2K14:23-29)
2K14:25 He restored the boundaries of Israel from Labo-of-Hamath to the sea of the Arabah, just as the LORD, the God of Israel, had prophesied through his servant, the prophet Jonah, son of Amittai, from Gath-hepher.
46 Jehoram reigns over Judah (2K8:16-24)
2K8:21 Thereupon Jehoram with all his chariots crossed over to Zair. He arose by night and broke through the Edomites when they had surrounded him and the commanders of his chariots. Then his army fled homeward.
Defeated and escaping to a tent56 Amaziah reigns over Judah (2K14:1-22)
2K14:12 Judah was defeated by Israel, and all the Judean soldiery fled homeward.
47 Ahaziah reigns over Judah (2K8:25-29)
He joined Joram, son of Ahab, in battle against Hazael, king of Aram, at Ramoth-gilead, where the Arameans wounded Joram. (2K8:28)
War against Aram55 Israel recaptures cities from Aram (2K13:22-25)
King Hazael of Aram oppressed Israel during the entire reign of Jehoahaz. (2K13:22)
48 Rebellion of Jefu (2K9:1-37)
But when they went to bury her, they found nothing of her but the skull, the feet, and the hands. (2K9:35)
Bone, burial54 Death of Elisha (2K13:14-21)
Once some people were burying a man, when suddenly they spied such a raiding band. So they cast the dead man into the grave of Elisha, and everyone went off. But when the man came in contact with the bones of Elisha, he came back to life and rose to his feet. (2K13:21)
49 Slaughter of worshipers of Baal (2K10:1-36)
However, he did not desist from the sins which Jeroboam, son of Nebat, had caused Israel to commit, as regards the golden calves at Bethel and at Dan. (2K10:29)
Sins of Jeroboam53 Jehoash reigns over Israel (2K13:10-13)
He did evil in the sight of the LORD; he did not desist from any of the sins which Jeroboam, son of Nebat, had caused Israel to commit, but persisted in them. (2K13:11)
50 Athaliah and Jehoiada (2K11:1-20_2K12:1)
But Jehosheba, daughter of King Jehoram and sister of Ahaziah, took Joash, his son, and spirited him away, along with his nurse, from the bedroom where the princes were about to be slain. She concealed him from Athaliah, and so he did not die. (2K11:2)
Salvation, one person52 Jehoahaz reigns over Israel (2K13:1-9)
So the LORD gave Israel a savior, and the Israelites, freed from the power of Aram, dwelt in their own homes as formerly. (2K13:5)

4-3-1

41 Elisha secceeds Elijah (2K2:1-25)
  42 Jehoram reigns over Israel (2K3:1-27)
    43 Elisha performs miracles (2K4:1-2K6:7)
      44 The Aramean attack is thwarted (2K6:8-2K7:20)
        45 Elisha performs miracles (2K8:1-15)
          46 Jehoram reigns over Judah (2K8:16-24)
        47 Ahaziah reigns over Judah (2K8:25-29)
      48 Rebellion of Jefu (2K9:1-37)
    49 Slaughter of worshipers of Baal (2K10:1-36)
  50 Athaliah and Jehoiada (2K11:1-20_2K12:1)
51 Joash reigns over Judah (2K12:2-22)
Former halfRelationLatter half
41 Elisha secceeds Elijah (2K2:1-25)
2K2:9Elisha answered, "May I receive a double portion of your spirit." 2:10 "You have asked something that is not easy," he replied. "Still, if you see me taken up from you, your wish will be granted; otherwise not." 2:11 As they walked on conversing, a flaming chariot and flaming horses came between them, and Elijah went up to heaven in a whirlwind.
Death and successor51 Joash reigns over Judah (2K12:2-22)
2K12:21 Certain of his officials entered into a plot against him and killed him at Beth-millo. 12:22 Jozacar, son of Shimeath, and Jehozabad, son of Shomer, were the officials who killed him. He was buried in his forefathers' City of David, and his son Amaziah succeeded him as king.
42 Jehoram reigns over Israel (2K3:1-27)
2K3:5 But when Ahab died, the king of Moab had rebelled against the king of Israel.
Rebellion50 Athaliah and Jehoiada (2K11:1-20_2K12:1)
2K11:14she tore her garments and cried out, "Treason, treason!"
42 Jehoram reigns over Israel (2K3:1-27)
2K3:27 So he took his first-born, his heir apparent, and offered him as a holocaust upon the wall.
Death / life of princess50 Athaliah and Jehoiada (2K11:1-20_2K12:1)
2K11:2 But Jehosheba, daughter of King Jehoram and sister of Ahaziah, took Joash, his son, and spirited him away, along with his nurse, from the bedroom where the princes were about to be slain. She concealed him from Athaliah, and so he did not die.
43 Elisha performs miracles (2K4:1-2K6:7)
2K4:20he stayed with her until noon, when he died in her lap.
Death of child49 Slaughter of worshipers of Baal (2K10:1-36)
2K10:7 When the letter arrived, they took the princes and slew all seventy of them, put their heads in baskets, and sent them to Jehu in Jezreel.
43 Elisha performs miracles (2K4:1-2K6:7)
2K5:17for I will no longer offer holocaust or sacrifice to any other god except to the LORD.
Offering to foreign god49 Slaughter of worshipers of Baal (2K10:1-36)
2K10:24 Then they proceeded to offer sacrifices and holocausts. Now Jehu had stationed eighty men outside with this warning,
44 The Aramean attack is thwarted (2K6:8-2K7:20)
2K7:20 And that is what happened to him, for the people trampled him to death at the gate.
Fulfillment of prophecy, trampled to death48 Rebellion of Jefu (2K9:1-37)
2K9:33They threw her down, and some of her blood spurted against the wall and against the horses. Jehu rode in over her body
45 Elisha performs miracles (2K8:1-15)
2K8:7 Elisha came to Damascus at a time when Ben-hadad, king of Aram, lay sick.
King's disease47 Ahaziah reigns over Judah (2K8:25-29)
2K8:29Then Ahaziah, son of Jehoram, king of Judah, went down to Jezreel to visit him there in his illness.

4-3-2

51 Joash reigns over Judah (2K12:2-22)
  52 Jehoahaz reigns over Israel (2K13:1-9)
    53 Jehoash reigns over Israel (2K13:10-13)
      54 Death of Elisha (2K13:14-21)
        55 Israel recaptures cities from Aram (2K13:22-25)
          56 Amaziah reigns over Judah (2K14:1-22)
        57 Jeroboam II reigns over Israel (2K14:23-29)
      58 Azariah reigns over Judah (2K15:1-7)
    59 Zechariah reigns over Israel (2K15:8-12)
  60 Shallum reigns over Israel (2K15:13-16)
61 Menahem reigns over Israel (2K15:17-22)
Former halfRelationLatter half
51 Joash reigns over Judah (2K12:2-22)
The priest Jehoiada then took a chest, bored a hole in its lid, and set it beside the stele, on the right as one entered the temple of the LORD. The priests who guarded the entry would put into it all the funds that were brought to the temple of the LORD. (2K12:10)
Money to the LORD / foreign country61 Menahem reigns over Israel (2K15:17-22)
Pul, king of Assyria, invaded the land, and Menahem gave him a thousand talents of silver to have his assistance in strengthening his hold on the kingdom. (2K15:19)
52 Jehoahaz reigns over Israel (2K13:1-9)
No soldiers were left to Jehoahaz, except fifty horsemen with ten chariots and ten thousand foot soldiers, since the king of Aram had destroyed them and trampled them like dust. (2K13:7)
Infringed60 Shallum reigns over Israel (2K15:13-16)
At that time, Menahem punished Tappuah, all the inhabitants of the town and of its whole district, because on his way from Tirzah they did not let him in. He punished them even to ripping open all the pregnant women. (2K15:16)
53 Jehoash reigns over Israel (2K13:10-13)
He did evil in the sight of the LORD; he did not desist from any of the sins which Jeroboam, son of Nebat, had caused Israel to commit, but persisted in them. (2K13:11)
Sins of Jeroboam59 Zechariah reigns over Israel (2K15:8-12)
He did evil in the sight of the LORD as his fathers had done, and did not desist from the sins which Jeroboam, son of Nebat, had caused Israel to commit. (2K15:9)
54 Death of Elisha (2K13:14-21)
When Elisha was suffering from the sickness (2K13:14)
Death and disease58 Azariah reigns over Judah (2K15:1-7)
The LORD afflicted the king, and he was a leper to the day of his death. He lived in a house apart, (2K15:5)
55 Israel recaptures cities from Aram (2K13:22-25)
Joash, son of Jehoahaz, took back from Ben-hadad, son of Hazael, the cities which Hazael had taken in battle from his father Jehoahaz. Joash defeated Ben-hadad three times, and thus recovered the cities of Israel. (2K13:25)
Restoration of territory57 Jeroboam II reigns over Israel (2K14:23-29)
He restored the boundaries of Israel from Labo-of-Hamath to the sea of the Arabah, just as the LORD, the God of Israel, had prophesied through his servant, the prophet Jonah, son of Amittai, from Gath-hepher. (2K14:25)

4-4

61 Menahem reigns over Israel (2K15:17-22)
  62 Pekahiah reigns over Israel (2K15:23-26)
    63 Pekah reigns over Israel (2K15:27-31)
      64 Jotham reigns over Judah (2K15:32-38)
        65 Ahaz reigns over Judah (2K16:1-20)
          66 Hoshea reigns over Israel (2K17:1-6)
            67 Israel carried captive to Assyria (2K17:7-41)
              68 Hezekiah's reign over Judah (2K18:1-16)
                69 Sennacherib invades Judah (2K18:17-2K19:37)
                  70 Hezekiah's illness (2K20:1-21)
                    71 Manasseh reigns over Judah (2K21:1-18)
                  72 Amon reigns over Judah (2K21:19-26)
                73 Josiah reigns over Judah (2K22:1-20)
              74 Josiah's reformation (2K23:1-30)
            75 Reign and capitivity of Jehoahaz (2K23:31-35)
          76 Jehoiakim reigns over Judah (2K23:36-2K24:7)
        77 Reign and capitivity of Jehoiachin (2K24:8-17)
      78 Zedekiah reigns over Judah (2K24:18-2K25:7)
    79 The fall and captivity of Judah (2K25:8-21)
  80 Gedaliah made governor of Judah (2K25:22-26)
81 Jehoiachin released from prison (2K25:27-30)
Former halfRelationLatter half
61 Menahem reigns over Israel (2K15:17-22)
2K15:19 Pul, king of Assyria, invaded the land, and Menahem gave him a thousand talents of silver to have his assistance in strengthening his hold on the kingdom.
Help of foreign country81 Jehoiachin released from prison (2K25:27-30)
2K25:30 The allowance granted him by the king was a perpetual allowance, in fixed daily amounts, for as long as he lived.
62 Pekahiah reigns over Israel (2K15:23-26)
2K15:25 His adjutant Pekah, son of Remaliah, who had with him fifty men from Gilead, conspired against him, killed him within the palace stronghold in Samaria, and reigned in his place.
Leader's death by rebellion80 Gedaliah made governor of Judah (2K25:22-26)
2K25:25 But in the seventh month Ishmael, son of Nethaniah, son of Elishama, of royal descent, came with ten men, attacked Gedaliah and killed him,
63 Pekah reigns over Israel (2K15:27-31)
2K15:29 During the reign of Pekah, king of Israel, Tiglath-pileser, king of Assyria, came and took Ijon, Abel-beth-maacah, Janoah, Kedesh, Hazor, all the territory of Naphtali, Gilead, and Galilee, deporting the inhabitants to Assyria.
Captivity79 The fall and captivity of Judah (2K25:8-21)
2K25:11 Then Nebuzaradan, captain of the guard, led into exile the last of the people remaining in the city, and those who had deserted to the king of Babylon, and the last of the artisans.
64 Jotham reigns over Judah (2K15:32-38)
2K15:37 It was at that time that the LORD first loosed Rezin, king of Aram, and Pekah, son of Remaliah, against Judah.
War with foreign country is caused by the Lord78 Zedekiah reigns over Judah (2K24:18-2K25:7)
2K24:20 The LORD'S anger befell Jerusalem and Judah till he cast them out from his presence. Thus Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.
65 Ahaz reigns over Judah (2K16:1-20)
2K16:8 Ahaz took the silver and gold that were in the temple of the LORD and in the palace treasuries and sent them as a present to the king of Assyria,
Treasures in the palace are robbed by foreign country77 Reign and capitivity of Jehoiachin (2K24:8-17)
2K24:13 He carried off all the treasures of the temple of the LORD and those of the palace, and broke up all the gold utensils that Solomon, king of Israel, had provided in the temple of the LORD, as the LORD had foretold.
66 Hoshea reigns over Israel (2K17:1-6)
2K17:3 Shalmaneser, king of Assyria, advanced against him, and Hoshea became his vassal and paid him tribute.
Invasion of foreign country76 Jehoiakim reigns over Judah (2K23:36-2K24:7)
2K24:1 During his reign Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, moved against him,
67 Israel carried captive to Assyria (2K17:7-41)
This came about because the Israelites sinned against the LORD, their God, who had brought them up from the land of Egypt, from under the domination of Pharaoh, king of Egypt, and because they venerated other gods. (2K17:7)
Pharaoh's rule75 Reign and capitivity of Jehoahaz (2K23:31-35)
Pharaoh Neco took him prisoner at Riblah in the land of Hamath, thus ending his reign in Jerusalem. He imposed a fine upon the land of a hundred talents of silver and a talent of gold. (2K23:33)
68 Hezekiah's reign over Judah (2K18:1-16)
It was he who removed the high places, shattered the pillars, and cut down the sacred poles. He smashed the bronze serpent called Nehushtan which Moses had made, because up to that time the Israelites were burning incense to it. (2K18:4)
Destruction of idols74 Josiah's reformation (2K23:1-30)
From the temple of the LORD he also removed the sacred pole, to the Kidron Valley, outside Jerusalem; there he had it burned and beaten to dust, which was then scattered over the common graveyard. (2K23:6)
69 Sennacherib invades Judah (2K18:17-2K19:37)
Then Isaiah, son of Amoz, sent this message to Hezekiah: "Thus says the LORD, the God of Israel, in answer to your prayer for help against Sennacherib, king of Assyria: I have listened! (2K19:20)
The LORD listens to prayer73 Josiah reigns over Judah (2K22:1-20)
because you were heartsick and have humbled yourself before the LORD when you heard my threats that this place and its inhabitants would become a desolation and a curse; because you tore your garments and wept before me; I in turn have listened, says the LORD. (2K22:19)
70 Hezekiah's illness (2K20:1-21)
Go back and tell Hezekiah, the leader of my people: 'Thus says the LORD, the God of your forefather David: I have heard your prayer and seen your tears. I will heal you. In three days you shall go up to the LORD'S temple; (2K20:5)
Rewards of good / bad72 Amon reigns over Judah (2K21:19-26)
He abandoned the LORD, the God of his fathers, and did not follow the path of the LORD. 21:23 Subjects of Amon conspired against him and slew the king in his palace, (2K21:22-23)

4-4-1

61 Menahem reigns over Israel (2K15:17-22)
  62 Pekahiah reigns over Israel (2K15:23-26)
    63 Pekah reigns over Israel (2K15:27-31)
      64 Jotham reigns over Judah (2K15:32-38)
        65 Ahaz reigns over Judah (2K16:1-20)
          66 Hoshea reigns over Israel (2K17:1-6)
        67 Israel carried captive to Assyria (2K17:7-41)
      68 Hezekiah's reign over Judah (2K18:1-16)
    69 Sennacherib invades Judah (2K18:17-2K19:37)
  70 Hezekiah's illness (2K20:1-21)
71 Manasseh reigns over Judah (2K21:1-18)
Former halfRelationLatter half
61 Menahem reigns over Israel (2K15:17-22)
2K15:18 He did evil in the sight of the LORD, not desisting from the sins which Jeroboam, son of Nebat, had caused Israel to commit.
Evil in the sight of the Lord71 Manasseh reigns over Judah (2K21:1-18)
2K21:2 He did evil in the sight of the LORD, following the abominable practices of the nations whom the LORD had cleared out of the way of the Israelites.
62 Pekahiah reigns over Israel (2K15:23-26)
2K15:24 He did evil in the sight of the LORD, not desisting from the sins which Jeroboam, son of Nebat, had caused Israel to commit.
Evil / good in the sight of the Lord70 Hezekiah's illness (2K20:1-21)
2K20:3 "O LORD, remember how faithfully and wholeheartedly I conducted myself in your presence, doing what was pleasing to you!"
62 Pekahiah reigns over Israel (2K15:23-26)
2K15:25 His adjutant Pekah, son of Remaliah, who had with him fifty men from Gilead, conspired against him, killed him within the palace stronghold in Samaria, and reigned in his place.
King is killed / healed70 Hezekiah's illness (2K20:1-21)
2K20:6"What is the sign that the LORD will heal me and that I shall go up to the temple of the LORD on the third day?"
63 Pekah reigns over Israel (2K15:27-31)
2K15:29 During the reign of Pekah, king of Israel, Tiglath-pileser, king of Assyria, came and took Ijon, Abel-beth-maacah, Janoah, Kedesh, Hazor, all the territory of Naphtali, Gilead, and Galilee, deporting the inhabitants to Assyria.
Invasion of Assyria69 Sennacherib invades Judah (2K18:17-2K19:37)
2K18:17 The king of Assyria sent the general, the lord chamberlain, and the commander from Lachish with a great army to King Hezekiah at Jerusalem
64 Jotham reigns over Judah (2K15:32-38)
2K15:34 He pleased the LORD, just as his father Uzziah had done.
Good in the sight of the Lord68 Hezekiah's reign over Judah (2K18:1-16)
2K18:3 He pleased the LORD, just as his forefather David had done.
65 Ahaz reigns over Judah (2K16:1-20)
2K16:3 but conducted himself like the kings of Israel, and even immolated his son by fire, in accordance with the abominable practice of the nations whom the LORD had cleared out of the way of the Israelites. 16:4 Further, he sacrificed and burned incense on the high places, on hills, and under every leafy tree.
People kneels to foreign idol67 Israel carried captive to Assyria (2K17:7-41)
2K17:7 This came about because the Israelites sinned against the LORD, their God, who had brought them up from the land of Egypt, from under the domination of Pharaoh, king of Egypt, and because they venerated other gods. 17:8 They followed the rites of the nations whom the LORD had cleared out of the way of the Israelites (and the kings of Israel whom they set up).

4-4-2

71 Manasseh reigns over Judah (2K21:1-18)
  72 Amon reigns over Judah (2K21:19-26)
    73 Josiah reigns over Judah (2K22:1-20)
      74 Josiah's reformation (2K23:1-30)
        75 Reign and capitivity of Jehoahaz (2K23:31-35)
          76 Jehoiakim reigns over Judah (2K23:36-2K24:7)
        77 Reign and capitivity of Jehoiachin (2K24:8-17)
      78 Zedekiah reigns over Judah (2K24:18-2K25:7)
    79 The fall and captivity of Judah (2K25:8-21)
  80 Gedaliah made governor of Judah (2K25:22-26)
81 Jehoiachin released from prison (2K25:27-30)
Former halfRelationLatter half
71 Manasseh reigns over Judah (2K21:1-18)
I will cast off the survivors of my inheritance and deliver them into enemy hands, to become a prey and a booty for all their enemies, (2K21:14)
Captivity81 Jehoiachin released from prison (2K25:27-30)
In the thirty-seventh year of the exile of Jehoiachin, king of Judah, on the twenty-seventh day of the twelfth month, Evilmerodach, king of Babylon, in the inaugural year of his own reign, raised up Jehoiachin, king of Judah, from prison. (2K25:27)
72 Amon reigns over Judah (2K21:19-26)
Subjects of Amon conspired against him and slew the king in his palace, (2K21:23)
Rebellion80 Gedaliah made governor of Judah (2K25:22-26)
But in the seventh month Ishmael, son of Nethaniah, son of Elishama, of royal descent, came with ten men, attacked Gedaliah and killed him, along with the Jews and Chaldeans who were in Mizpah with him. (2K25:25)
73 Josiah reigns over Judah (2K22:1-20)
They were to be consigned to the master workmen in the temple of the LORD, who should then pay them out to the carpenters, builders, and lumbermen making repairs on the temple, (2K22:5)
Restoration / robbery of the temple79 The fall and captivity of Judah (2K25:8-21)
The bronze pillars that belonged to the house of the LORD, and the wheeled carts and the bronze sea in the house of the LORD, the Chaldeans broke into pieces; they carried away the bronze to Babylon. 25:14 They took also the pots, the shovels, the snuffers, the bowls, the pans and all the bronze vessels used for service. (2K25:13-14)
74 Josiah's reformation (2K23:1-30)
Yet, because of all the provocations that Manasseh had given, the LORD did not desist from his fiercely burning anger against Judah. (2K23:26)
Wrath of God78 Zedekiah reigns over Judah (2K24:18-2K25:7)
The LORD'S anger befell Jerusalem and Judah till he cast them out from his presence. Thus Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon. (2K24:20)
75 Reign and capitivity of Jehoahaz (2K23:31-35)
Pharaoh Neco took him prisoner at Riblah in the land of Hamath, thus ending his reign in Jerusalem. He imposed a fine upon the land of a hundred talents of silver and a talent of gold. (2K23:33)
Captured by foreign country77 Reign and capitivity of Jehoiachin (2K24:8-17)
Then Jehoiachin, king of Judah, together with his mother, his ministers, officers, and functionaries, surrendered to the king of Babylon, who, in the eighth year of his reign, took him captive. (2K24:12)

Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

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Literary Structure of the Bible by Hajime Murai is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Caution: The copyright of the cited Bible verses belongs to each translator and publisher.