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Literary structure (chiasm, chiasmus) of Book of Esther

Chiastic Structure and Concentric Structure and Parallel of each pericope

[1]Banquet of the king  (Esth 1:1-22)
 
  A(1:1-9)  During the reign of Ahasuerus-this was the Ahasuerus who ruled over a hundred and twenty-seven provinces from India to Ethiopia (1:1)
    B(1:10-11)    The seven eunuchs
      C(1:12-13)      Refusal of the queen
    B'(1:14-20)    The seven officials
  A'(1:21-22)  He sent letters to all the royal provinces, to each province in its own script and to each people in its own language (1:22)
 
   A: Domination on different ethnic groups. B: Seven servants. C: Refusal of the queen.

[2]Esther becomes queen  (Esth 2:1-18)
 
  A(2:1-4)  Then the girl who pleases the king shall reign in place of Vashti. (2:4)
    B(2:5-7)    Beauty of the Esther
      C(2:8-10)      Esther in the Royal Palace
        D(2:11)        2:11 Day by day Mordecai would walk about in front of the court of the harem (2:11)
      C'(2:12-14)      Esther in the Royal Palace
    B'(2:15-16)    Beauty of the Esther
  A'(2:17-18)  So he placed the royal diadem on her head and made her queen in place of Vashti (2:17)
 
   A: The new queen. B: Beauty of the Esther. C: Esther in the Royal Palace. D: Anxiety of Mordecai.

[3]Contribution of Mordecai  (Esth 2:19-23)
 
  A(2:19)  Mordecai in front of the palace
    B(2:20)    Esther obeyed to Mordecai
  A'(2:21)  Mordecai in front of the palace
    B'(2:22-23)    Esther obeyed to Mordecai
 
   A: Mordecai in front of the palace. B: Esther obeyed to Mordecai.

[4]Haman undertakes to destroy the Jews  (Esth 3:1-15)
 
  A(3:1)  3:1 King Ahasuerus raised Haman, son of Hammedatha the Agagite, to high rank
    B(3:2-7)    
"3:6 he sought to destroy all the Jews, Mordecai's people, throughout the realm of King Ahasuerus. (3:6)"   
(להשׁמיד)
      C(3:8-11)      Permission of the king
    B'(3:12-15a)    
"3:13 all the Jews, young and old, including women and children, should be killed, destroyed, wiped out in one day"   
(להשׁמיד)
  A'(3:15b)  3:15 The king and Haman then sat down to feast
 
   A: The king and Haman. B: Plot to kill the Jews. C: Permission of theking.

[5]Esther agrees to help the Jews  (Esth 4:1-17)
 
  A(4:1-3)  Acts of Mordecai
    B(4:4-5)    Messages of Eshter
      C(4:6-9)      Request of Mordecai
        D(4:10-12)        Messages of Eshter
      C'(4:13-14)      Request of Mordecai
    B'(4:15-16)    Messages of Eshter
  A'(4:17)  Acts of Mordecai
 
   A: Acts of Mordecai. B: Messages of Eshter. C: Request of Mordecai. D: Messages of Eshter.

[6]Esther's banquet  (Esth 5:1-14)
 
  A(5:1-2)  5:1 Esther put on her royal garments and stood in the inner courtyard, looking toward the royal palace
    B(5:3-8)    
Banquet of Esther   
(המשׁתה)
  A'(5:9)  5:9 Mordecai at the royal gate did not rise, and showed no fear of him (5:9)
    B'(5:10-14)    
Banquet of Haman   
(המשׁתה)
 
   A: Esther and Mordecai in front of the palace. B: Banquets.

[7]The honor of Mordecai  (Esth 6:1-14)
 
  A(6:1-3)  
The royal eunuchs   
(סריסי)
    B(6:4-5)    6:4 to suggest to the king that Mordecai should be hanged on the gibbet he had raised for him.
      C(6:6)      Words of the king
        D(6:7-9)        Words of Haman
      C'(6:10)      Words of the king
    B'(6:11-13)    6:11 So Haman took the robe and horse, clothed Mordecai, had him ride in the public square of the city, and cried out before him, "This is what is done for the man whom the king wishes to reward!"
  A'(6:14)  
The royal eunuchs   
(וסריסי)
 
   A: The royal eunuchs. B: Treatment of Mordecai. C: Words of the king. D: Words of Haman.

[8]Haman's downfall  (Esth 7:1-10)
 
  A(7:1-4)  Proposal to the king
    B(7:5)    Words of the king
      C(7:6-7)      Words of Esther
    B'(7:8)    Words of the king
  A'(7:9-10)  Proposal to the king
 
   A: Proposal to the king. B: Words of the king. C: Words of Esther.

[9]Esther saves the Jews  (Esth 8:1-8)
 
  A(8:1-2)  
"8:2 The king removed his signet ring from Haman, and transferred it into the keeping of Mordecai"   
(טבעתו)
    B(8:3-6)    8:4 The king stretched forth the golden scepter to Esther (8:4)
  A'(8:7-8)  
8:8 you in turn may write in the king's name what you see fit concerning the Jews and seal the letter with the royal signet ring.   
(בטבעת)
 
   A: The royal signet ring. B: Permission of the king.

[10]Pleasure of Jews  (Esth 8:9-17)
 
  A(8:9-10)  
"8:10 These letters, he sent by mounted couriers riding thoroughbred royal steeds. "   
(הרכשׁ)
    B(8:11)    8:11 the Jews in each and every city to group together and defend their lives, and to kill, destroy, wipe out
      C(8:12)      8:12 the thirteenth of the twelfth month, Adar.
    B'(8:13)    8:13 the Jews might be prepared on that day to avenge themselves on their enemies.
  A'(8:14-17)  
8:14 Couriers mounted on royal steeds sped forth in haste at the king's order    
(הרכשׁ)
 
   A: The royal steeds. B: To avenge. C: The thirteenth of the twelfth month, Adar.

[11]Destruction of the Enemies of the Jews  (Esth 9:1-19)
 
  A(9:1-4)  The thirteenth day of the twelfth month, Adar
    B(9:5-10)    To kill enemies
      C(9:11-14)      Permission of the king
    B'(9:15-16)    To kill enemies
  A'(9:17-19)  The thirteenth day of the twelfth month, Adar
 
   A: The thirteenth day of the twelfth month, Adar. B: To kill enemies. C: Permission of the king.

[12]The feast of Purim inaugurated  (Esth 9:20-32)
 
  A(9:20-22)  
"9:20 Mordecai recorded these events and sent letters to all the Jews, both near and far, in all the provinces of King Ahasuerus.(9:20)"   
(וישׁלחספרים)
    B(9:23)    
9:23 The Jews took upon themselves for the future this observance which they instituted at the written direction of Mordecai. (9:23)   
(וקבל)
      C(9:24-26a)      9:26 And so these days have been named Purim after the word pur. (9:26)
    B'(9:26b-28)    
9:27 the inviolable obligation of celebrating these two days every year in the manner prescribed by this letter (9:27)   
(וקבל)
  A'(9:29-32)  
9:30 when Mordecai sent documents concerning peace and security to all the Jews in the hundred and twenty-seven provinces of Ahasuerus' kingdom.(9:30)   
(וישׁלחספרים)
 
   A: To send the document. B: Enactment of the festival. C: Purim.

[13]The honor of Mordecai  (Esth 10:1-3)
 
 
   Reign of King Ahasuerus


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