FAQ       Top  >  Literary Structure of the Bible  >  Song of Songs  >  4

Literary structure (chiasmus, chiasm) of Song of Songs

Chiasmus and Concentric Structure of divided by 4


4-1

1 1 (1:1-8)
  2 2 (1:9-17)
    3 3 (2:1-7)
  4 4 (2:8-17)
5 5 (3:1-5)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 1 (1:1-8)
Let him kiss me with kisses of his mouth! (1:2)
Desire of lover5 5 (3:1-5)
my lover, Like a gazelle or a young stag upon the mountains of Bether (2:17)
2 2 (1:9-17)
1:15 your eyes are doves!(1:15)
Metaphors of doves4 4 (2:8-17)
2:14 O my dove in the clefts of the rock (2:14)

4-1-1

1 1 (1:1-8)
  2 2 (1:9-17)
3 3 (2:1-7)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 1 (1:1-8)
1:5 B I am as dark-but lovely, O daughters of Jerusalem - As the tents of Kedar, as the curtains of Salma.(1:5)
Daughters of Jerusalem3 3 (2:1-7)
2:7 I adjure you, daughters of Jerusalem, by the gazelles and hinds of the field, Do not arouse, do not stir up love before its own time.(2:7)

4-1-2

3 3 (2:1-7)
  4 4 (2:8-17)
5 5 (3:1-5)
Former halfRelationLatter half
3 3 (2:1-7)
2:7Do not arouse, do not stir up love before its own time.(2:7)
Do not stir up love5 5 (3:1-5)
3:5 Do not arouse, do not stir up love before its own time.(3:5)

4-2

5 5 (3:1-5)
  6 6 (3:6-11)
    7 7 (4:1-7)
  8 8 (4:8-16_5:1)
9 9 (5:2-8)
Former halfRelationLatter half
5 5 (3:1-5)
3:3 The watchmen came upon me as they made their rounds of the city: (3:3)
The watchmen9 9 (5:2-8)
5:7 The watchmen came upon me as they made their rounds of the city; (5:7)
6 6 (3:6-11)
What is this coming up from the desert, like a column of smoke Laden with myrrh, with frankincense, and with the perfume of every exotic dust? (3:6)
Myrrh8 8 (4:8-16_5:1)
Nard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon, with all kinds of incense; Myrrh and aloes, with all the finest spices. (4:14)

4-2-1

5 5 (3:1-5)
  6 6 (3:6-11)
7 7 (4:1-7)
Former halfRelationLatter half
5 5 (3:1-5)
3:4 I took hold of him and would not let him go till I should bring him to the home of my mother, to the room of my parent. (3:4)
Encounter7 7 (4:1-7)
4:6 Until the day breathes cool and the shadows lengthen, I will go to the mountain of myrrh, to the hill of incense (4:6)

4-2-2

7 7 (4:1-7)
  8 8 (4:8-16_5:1)
9 9 (5:2-8)
Former halfRelationLatter half
7 7 (4:1-7)
4:1 Your eyes are doves behind your veil (4:1)
Doves9 9 (5:2-8)
5:2 Open to me, my sister, my beloved, my dove, my perfect one! (5:2)

4-3

9 9 (5:2-8)
  10 10 (5:9-6:3)
    11 11 (6:4-10)
  12 12 (6:11-7:14)
13 13 (8:1-4)
Former halfRelationLatter half
9 9 (5:2-8)
5:8 I adjure you, daughters of Jerusalem (5:8)
Daughters of Jerusalem13 13 (8:1-4)
8:4 I adjure you, daughters of Jerusalem (8:4)
10 10 (5:9-6:3)
5:14 His arms are rods of gold adorned with chrysolites. His body is a work of ivory covered with sapphires.(5:14)
Metaphors of the lovers12 12 (6:11-7:14)
7:5 Your neck is like a tower of ivory. Your eyes are like the pools in Heshbon by the gate of Bath-rabbim. Your nose is like the tower on Lebanon that looks toward Damascus.(7:5)

4-3-1

9 9 (5:2-8)
  10 10 (5:9-6:3)
11 11 (6:4-10)
Former halfRelationLatter half
9 9 (5:2-8)
5:2 my beloved, my dove, my perfect one! (5:2)
My perfect one11 11 (6:4-10)
6:9 One alone is my dove, my perfect one (6:9)

4-3-2

11 11 (6:4-10)
  12 12 (6:11-7:14)
13 13 (8:1-4)
Former halfRelationLatter half
11 11 (6:4-10)
6:9 One alone is my dove, my perfect one, her mother's chosen, the dear one of her parent. (6:9)
Mother13 13 (8:1-4)
8:2 I would lead you, bring you in to the home of my mother. (8:2)

4-4

13 13 (8:1-4)
  14 14 (8:5-7)
    15 15 (8:8-10)
  16 16 (8:11-12)
17 17 (8:13-14)
Former halfRelationLatter half
13 13 (8:1-4)
8:1 O that his left hand were under my head, and that his right hand embraced me! (8:3)
Wish of woman17 17 (8:13-14)
8:14 Make haste, my beloved, and be like a gazelle or a young stag upon the mountains of spices! (8:14)
14 14 (8:5-7)
8:7 Were one to offer all he owns to purchase love, he would be roundly mocked.(8:7)
To give (ntn)16 16 (8:11-12)
8:11 he gave over the vineyard to caretakers. (8:11)

4-4-1

13 13 (8:1-4)
  14 14 (8:5-7)
15 15 (8:8-10)
Former halfRelationLatter half
13 13 (8:1-4)
8:1 Oh, that you were my brother, nursed at my mother's breasts! (8:1)
Breasts15 15 (8:8-10)
8:8 Our sister is little and she has no breasts as yet. (8:8)

4-4-2

15 15 (8:8-10)
  16 16 (8:11-12)
17 17 (8:13-14)
Former halfRelationLatter half
15 15 (8:8-10)
8:8 What shall we do for our sister when her courtship begins?(8:8)
Words17 17 (8:13-14)
8:13 O garden-dweller, my friends are listening for your voice, let me hear it!

Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

Creative Commons License
Literary Structure of the Bible by Hajime Murai is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Caution: The copyright of the cited Bible verses belongs to each translator and publisher.