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Literary structure (chiasmus, chiasm) of Book of Isaiah

Chiasmus and Concentric Structure of whole text


1-1

1 The wickednedd of Judah (1:1-20)
  2 The degenerate city (1:21-31)
    3 The future house of God (2:1-22)
      4 The daughters of Zion (3:1-26_4:1)
        5 The future glory of the survivors in Zion (4:2-6)
          6 The song of the unfruitiful vineyard (5:1-7)
            7 Social injustice denounced (5:8-25)
              8 Foreign invasion predicted (5:26-30)
                9 A vision of God in the Temple (6:1-13)
                  10 The sign of Immanuel (7:1-25)
                    11 With us is God (8:1-20)
                      12 Waiting for the LORD (8:21-9:6)
                        13 Judgment on arrogance and oppression (9:7-10:4)
                          14 Arrogant Assyria also judged (10:5-19)
                            15 The repentant remnant of Israel (10:20-34)
                              16 The peaceful kingdom (11:1-16)
                                17 Thanksgiving and praise (12:1-6)
                                  18 Proclamation against Babylon (13:1-22)
                                    19 Downfall of the king of Babylon (14:1-27)
                                      20 An oracle concerning Philistia (14:28-32)
                                        21 An oracle concerning Moab (15:1-16:14)
                                          22 An oracle concerning Damascus (17:1-11)
                                            23 An oracle concerning Ethiopia (17:12-18:7)
                                              24 An oracle concerning Egypt (19:1-15)
                                                25 Egypt, Assria and Israel blessed (19:16-25)
                                                  26 Isaiah dramatizes the conquest of Egypt and Ethiopia (20:1-6)
                                                    27 An oracle concerning Babylon (21:1-10)
                                                      28 An oracle concerning Edom (21:11-17)
                                                        29 A warning of destruction of Jerusalem (22:1-14)
                                                          30 Denunciation of self-seeking officials (22:15-25)
                                                            31 An oracle concerning Tyre (23:1-18)
                                                              32 Impending judgment on the Earth (24:1-13)
                                                                33 The songs from the end of the earth (24:14-23)
                                                                  34 Praise for deliverance from oppression (25:1-12)
                                                                    35 Judah's song of victory (26:1-21)
                                                                      36 A vineyard of the LORD (27:1-13)
                                                                        37 Fall of Samaria (28:1-8)
                                                                          38 Judgment on corrupt rulers, priests, and prophets (28:9-13)
                                                                            39 A stone in Zion (28:14-22)
                                                                              40 Farmer's wisdom (28:23-29)
                                                                                41 The siege of Jerusalem (29:1-8)
                                                                              42 Drunken rulers (29:9-14)
                                                                            43 Hope for the future (29:15-24)
                                                                          44 The futility of reliance on Egypt (30:1-5)
                                                                        45 A rebellious people (30:6-18)
                                                                      46 God's promise to Zion (30:19-26)
                                                                    47 Judgment on Assyria (30:27-33)
                                                                  48 Alliance with Egypt is futile (31:1-9)
                                                                49 Complacent women warned of disaster (32:1-20)
                                                              50 The land of the Majestic king (33:1-24)
                                                            51 Judgment on the nations (34:1-17)
                                                          52 The return of the redeemed to Zion (35:1-10)
                                                        53 Sennacherib threatens Jerusalem (36:1-37:38)
                                                      54 Hizekiah's illness (38:1-39:8)
                                                    55 God's people are comforted (40:1-11)
                                                  56 Creation by God (40:12-31)
                                                57 Israel assured of God's help (41:1-26)
                                              58 The servant, a light to the nations (41:27-42:25)
                                            59 Israel's redemption (43:1-28)
                                          60 The absurdity of idol worship (44:1-28)
                                        61 Cyrus, God's instrument (45:1-17)
                                      62 Idols cannot save Babylon (45:18-46:13)
                                    63 The humiliation of Babylon (47:1-15)
                                  64 Fulfillment of the prophecy (48:1-11)
                                65 God the redeemer (48:12-22)
                              66 The servant's mission (49:1-6)
                            67 Zion's children to be brought home (49:7-50:3)
                          68 The sercant's humilitation and vindication (50:4-11)
                        69 Return to Zion (51:1-52:12)
                      70 The suffering servant (52:13-53:12)
                    71 Everlasting mercy (54:1-17)
                  72 Thecovenant extended to all who obey (55:1-56:12)
                73 A promise of help and healing (57:1-58:14)
              74 Injustice and oppression to be punished (59:1-21)
            75 God the glory of Zion (60:1-22)
          76 The good news of deliverance (61:1-11)
        77 The vindication and salvation of Zion (62:1-12)
      78 Vengeance on Edom (63:1-6)
    79 God's mercy remembered (63:7-64:11)
  80 The righteousness of God's judgment (65:1-25)
81 The reign and indignation of God (66:1-24)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 The wickednedd of Judah (1:1-20)
1:11 What care I for the number of your sacrifices? says the LORD. I have had enough of whole-burnt rams and fat of fatlings; In the blood of calves, lambs and goats I find no pleasure.(1:11)
Meaningless sacrifice81 The reign and indignation of God (66:1-24)
66:3 Merely slaughtering an ox is like slaying a man; sacrificing a lamb, like breaking a dog's neck; Bringing a cereal offering, like offering swine's blood; burning incense, like paying homage to an idol. Since these have chosen their own ways and taken pleasure in their own abominations, (66:3)
1 The wickednedd of Judah (1:1-20)
1:17 learn to do good. Make justice your aim: redress the wronged, hear the orphans plea, defend the widow. (1:17)
Afflicted person81 The reign and indignation of God (66:1-24)
66:2 My hand made all these things when all of them came to be, says the LORD. This is the one whom I approve: the lowly and afflicted man who trembles at my word. (66:2)
2 The degenerate city (1:21-31)
1:25 I will turn my hand against you, and refine your dross in the furnace, removing all your alloy. 1:26 I will restore your judges as at first, and your counselors as in the beginning; After that you shall be called city of justice, faithful city. (1:25-26)
New creation, restoration80 The righteousness of God's judgment (65:1-25)
65:17 Lo, I am about to create new heavens and a new earth; The things of the past shall not be remembered or come to mind. (65:17)
3 The future house of God (2:1-22)
2:3 many peoples shall come and say: "Come, let us climb the LORD'S mountain, to the house of the God of Jacob, That he may instruct us in his ways, and we may walk in his paths." For from Zion shall go forth instruction, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.(2:3)
Return to the way to the Lord79 God's mercy remembered (63:7-64:11)
63:17 Why do you let us wander, O LORD, from your ways, and harden our hearts so that we fear you not? Return for the sake of your servants, the tribes of your heritage. (63:17)
4 The daughters of Zion (3:1-26_4:1)
3:18 On that day the LORD will do away with the finery of the anklets, sunbursts, and crescents; (3:18)
The day of vengeance78 Vengeance on Edom (63:1-6)
63:4 For the day of vengeance was in my heart, my year for redeeming was at hand. (63:4)
5 The future glory of the survivors in Zion (4:2-6)
4:3 He who remains in Zion and he that is left in Jerusalem Will be called holy: every one marked down for life in Jerusalem.(4:3)
Holy Jerusalem77 The vindication and salvation of Zion (62:1-12)
62:12 They shall be called the holy people, the redeemed of the LORD, And you shall be called "Frequented," a city that is not forsaken.(62:12)
6 The song of the unfruitiful vineyard (5:1-7)
5:1 Let me now sing of my friend, my friend's song concerning his vineyard. My friend had a vineyard on a fertile hillside;(5:1)
A vineyard76 The good news of deliverance (61:1-11)
61:5 Strangers shall stand ready to pasture your flocks, foreigners shall be your farmers and vinedressers. (61:5)
7 Social injustice denounced (5:8-25)
5:25 Therefore the wrath of the LORD blazes against his people (5:25)
The wrath of the LORD75 God the glory of Zion (60:1-22)
60:10 Though I struck you in my wrath, yet in my good will I have shown you mercy. (60:10)
8 Foreign invasion predicted (5:26-30)
5:30 And if one look to the land-- only darkness and distress; and the light grows dark with clouds.
Darkness74 Injustice and oppression to be punished (59:1-21)
59:9 That is why right is far from us and justice does not reach us. We look for light, and lo, darkness; for brightness, but we walk in gloom!(59:9)
9 A vision of God in the Temple (6:1-13)
6:7 He touched my mouth with it. "See," he said, "now that this has touched your lips, your wickedness is removed, your sin purged."(6:7)
Lips73 A promise of help and healing (57:1-58:14)
57:19 I, the Creator, who gave them life. Peace, peace to the far and the near, says the LORD; and I will heal them. (57:19)
9 A vision of God in the Temple (6:1-13)
6:1 In the year King Uzziah died, I saw the Lord seated on a high and lofty throne, with the train of his garment filling the temple.(6:1)
The Lord seated on a high and lofty throne73 A promise of help and healing (57:1-58:14)
57:15 For thus says he who is high and exalted, living eternally, whose name is the Holy One: On high I dwell, and in holiness, and with the crushed and dejected in spirit, To revive the spirits of the dejected, to revive the hearts of the crushed. (57:15)
10 The sign of Immanuel (7:1-25)
7:18 On that day The LORD shall whistle for the fly that is in the farthest streams of Egypt, and for the bee in the land of Assyria. (7:18)
The Lord gathers foreigners72 Thecovenant extended to all who obey (55:1-56:12)
56:3 Let not the foreigner say, when he would join himself to the LORD, "The LORD will surely exclude me from his people"; Nor let the eunuch say, "See, I am a dry tree."(56:3)
11 With us is God (8:1-20)
8:10 Form a plan, and it shall be thwarted; make a resolve, and it shall not be carried out, for "With us is God!"(8:10)
Being protected from a invader71 Everlasting mercy (54:1-17)
54:15 Should there be any attack, it shall not be of my making; whoever attacks you shall fall before you. (54:15)
12 Waiting for the LORD (8:21-9:6)
9:5 For a child is born to us, a son is given us; upon his shoulder dominion rests. They name him Wonder-Counselor, God-Hero, Father-Forever, Prince of Peace.(9:5)
Servant of the Lord70 The suffering servant (52:13-53:12)
53:2 He grew up like a sapling before him, like a shoot from the parched earth; There was in him no stately bearing to make us look at him, nor appearance that would attract us to him.(53:2)
13 Judgment on arrogance and oppression (9:7-10:4)
9:11 Aram on the east and the Philistines on the west devour Israel with open mouth. For all this, his wrath is not turned back, and his hand is still outstretched!(9:11)
The hand / arm of the Lord69 Return to Zion (51:1-52:12)
52:10 The LORD has bared his holy arm in the sight of all the nations; All the ends of the earth will behold the salvation of our God. (52:10)
14 Arrogant Assyria also judged (10:5-19)
10:17 The Light of Israel will become a fire, Israel's Holy One a flame, That burns and consumes his briers and his thorns in a single day. (10:17)
Fire and light68 The sercant's humilitation and vindication (50:4-11)
50:11 All of you kindle flames and carry about you fiery darts; Walk by the light of your own fire and by the flares you have burnt! This is your fate from my hand: you shall lie down in a place of pain.(50:11)
15 The repentant remnant of Israel (10:20-34)
10:21 A remnant will return, the remnant of Jacob, to the mighty God.(10:21)
Return of the people67 Zion's children to be brought home (49:7-50:3)
49:22They shall bring your sons in their arms, and your daughters shall be carried on their shoulders. (49:22)
16 The peaceful kingdom (11:1-16)
11:10 On that day, The root of Jesse, set up as a signal for the nations, The Gentiles shall seek out, for his dwelling shall be glorious. (11:10)
The servant of the LORD saves all people66 The servant's mission (49:1-6)
49:6 It is too little, he says, for you to be my servant, to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and restore the survivors of Israel; I will make you a light to the nations, that my salvation may reach to the ends of the earth.(49:6)
17 Thanksgiving and praise (12:1-6)
12:6 Shout with exultation, O city of Zion, for great in your midst is the Holy One of Israel!(12:6)
The holy God of Israel65 God the redeemer (48:12-22)
48:17 Thus says the LORD, your redeemer, the Holy One of Israel: I, the LORD, your God, teach you what is for your good, and lead you on the way you should go. (48:17)
18 Proclamation against Babylon (13:1-22)
13:9 the day of the LORD comes, cruel, with wrath and burning anger; To lay waste the land and destroy the sinners within it (13:9)
The wrath of the LORD64 Fulfillment of the prophecy (48:1-11)
48:9 For the sake of my name I restrain my anger, for the sake of my renown I hold it back from you, lest I should destroy you (48:9)
19 Downfall of the king of Babylon (14:1-27)
14:22 I will rise up against them, says the LORD of hosts, and cut off from Babylon name and remnant, progeny and offspring, says the LORD. (14:22)
Ruin of Babylon63 The humiliation of Babylon (47:1-15)
47:1 Come down, sit in the dust, O virgin daughter Babylon; Sit on the ground, dethroned, O daughter of the Chaldeans. No longer shall you be called dainty and delicate.(47:1)
20 An oracle concerning Philistia (14:28-32)
14:31 For there comes a smoke from the north, without a straggler in the ranks. (14:31)
A person who came from foreign country62 Idols cannot save Babylon (45:18-46:13)
46:11 I call from the east a bird of prey, from a distant land, one to carry out my plan. (46:11)
21 An oracle concerning Moab (15:1-16:14)
16:5 A throne shall be set up in mercy, and on it shall sit in fidelity (in David's tent) A judge upholding right and prompt to do justice. (16:5)
To do justice61 Cyrus, God's instrument (45:1-17)
45:13 It was I who stirred up one for the triumph of justice; all his ways I make level. He shall rebuild my city and let my exiles go free Without price or ransom, says the LORD of hosts.(45:13)
22 An oracle concerning Damascus (17:1-11)
17:7 On that day man shall look to his maker, his eyes turned toward the Holy One of Israel. (17:7)
The LORD as the creator60 The absurdity of idol worship (44:1-28)
44:24 Thus says the LORD, your redeemer, who formed you from the womb: I am the LORD, who made all things, who alone stretched out the heavens; when I spread out the earth, who was with me? (44:24)
23 An oracle concerning Ethiopia (17:12-18:7)
18:1 Ah, land of buzzing insects, beyond the rivers of Ethiopia,(18:1)
Ethiopia59 Israel's redemption (43:1-28)
43:3 For I am the LORD, your God, the Holy One of Israel, your savior. I give Egypt as your ransom, Ethiopia and Seba in return for you.(43:3)
24 An oracle concerning Egypt (19:1-15)
19:15 Egypt shall have no work to do for head or tail, palm branch or reed.(19:15)
Empty work (;m][,fh)58 The servant, a light to the nations (41:27-42:25)
41:29 Ah, all of them are nothing, their works are nought, their idols are empty wind!(41:29)
25 Egypt, Assria and Israel blessed (19:16-25)
19:16 On that day the Egyptians shall be like women, trembling with fear, because of the LORD of hosts shaking his fist at them. (19:16)
Trembling with fear57 Israel assured of God's help (41:1-26)
41:5 The coastlands see, and fear; the ends of the earth tremble: these things are near, they come to pass. (41:5)
26 Isaiah dramatizes the conquest of Egypt and Ethiopia (20:1-6)
20:5 They shall be dismayed and ashamed because of Ethiopia, their hope, and because of Egypt, their boast. (20:5)
Hope for foreign country / the Lord56 Creation by God (40:12-31)
40:31 They that hope in the LORD will renew their strength, they will soar as with eagles' wings; They will run and not grow weary, walk and not grow faint.(40:31)
27 An oracle concerning Babylon (21:1-10)
21:9 Here he comes now: a single chariot, a pair of horses; He calls out and says, Fallen, fallen is Babylon, And all the images of her gods are smashed to the ground." (21:9)
Herald of good news55 God's people are comforted (40:1-11)
40:9 Go up onto a high mountain, Zion, herald of glad tidings; Cry out at the top of your voice, Jerusalem, herald of good news! Fear not to cry out and say to the cities of Judah: Here is your God! (40:9)
28 An oracle concerning Edom (21:11-17)
21:12 The watchman replies, "Morning has come, and again night. If you will ask, ask; come back again." (21:12)
Until the dawn54 Hizekiah's illness (38:1-39:8)
38:13 I cry out until the dawn. Like a lion he breaks all my bones; (day and night you give me over to torment). (38:13)
29 A warning of destruction of Jerusalem (22:1-14)
22:2 O city full of noise and chaos, O wanton town! Your slain are not slain with the sword, nor killed in battle. (22:2)
Being struck down by the LORD53 Sennacherib threatens Jerusalem (36:1-37:38)
37:36 The angel of the LORD went forth and struck down one hundred and eighty-five thousand in the Assyrian camp. Early the next morning, there they were, all the corpses of the dead.(37:36)
30 Denunciation of self-seeking officials (22:15-25)
22:23 I will fix him like a peg in a sure spot, to be a place of honor for his family; (22:23)
Glory52 The return of the redeemed to Zion (35:1-10)
35:2 They will bloom with abundant flowers, and rejoice with joyful song. The glory of Lebanon will be given to them, the splendor of Carmel and Sharon; They will see the glory of the LORD, the splendor of our God. (35:2)
31 An oracle concerning Tyre (23:1-18)
Judgment to Tyre
Judgment on foreign country51 Judgment on the nations (34:1-17)
Judgment to Edom
32 Impending judgment on the Earth (24:1-13)
24:6 Therefore a curse devours the earth, and its inhabitants pay for their guilt; Therefore they who dwell on earth turn pale, and few men are left. (24:6)
People were burned out50 The land of the Majestic king (33:1-24)
33:12 The peoples shall be as in a limekiln, like brushwood cut down for burning in the fire. (33:12)
33 The songs from the end of the earth (24:14-23)
24:21 On that day the LORD will punish the host of the heavens in the heavens, and the kings of the earth on the earth.(24:21)
From the heaven49 Complacent women warned of disaster (32:1-20)
32:15 Until the spirit from on high is poured out on us. (32:15)
34 Praise for deliverance from oppression (25:1-12)
25:10 For the hand of the LORD will rest on this mountain, but Moab will be trodden down as a straw is trodden down in the mire.(25:10)
The hand of the LORD and the mountain48 Alliance with Egypt is futile (31:1-9)
31:4 Thus says the LORD to me: As a lion or a lion cub growling over its prey, With a band of shepherds assembled against it, Isneither frightened by their shouts nor disturbed by their noise, So shall the LORD of hosts come down to wage war upon the mountain and hill of Zion. (31:4)
35 Judah's song of victory (26:1-21)
26:11 O LORD, your hand is uplifted, but they behold it not; Let them be shamed when they see your zeal for your people: let the fire prepared for your enemies consume them. (26:11)
The hand of the LORD and fire47 Judgment on Assyria (30:27-33)
30:30 The LORD will make his glorious voice heard, and let it be seen how his arm descends In raging fury and flame of consuming fire, in driving storm and hail. (30:30)
36 A vineyard of the LORD (27:1-13)
27:10 For the fortified city shall be desolate, an abandoned pasture, a forsaken wilderness, where calves shall browse and lie. Its boughs shall be destroyed,(27:10)
Domestic animals and a meadow46 God's promise to Zion (30:19-26)
30:23 On that day your cattle will graze in spacious meadows; (30:23)
37 Fall of Samaria (28:1-8)
28:6 A spirit of justice to him who sits in judgment, And strength to those who turn back the battle at the gate. (28:6)
Protecting at the gate / unable to protect at the gate45 A rebellious people (30:6-18)
30:13 This guilt of yours shall be like a descending rift Bulging out in a high wall whose crash comes suddenly, in an instant. (30:13)
38 Judgment on corrupt rulers, priests, and prophets (28:9-13)
28:12 to whom he said: This is the resting place, give rest to the weary; Here is repose-- but they would not listen. (28:12)
People don't rely on the God44 The futility of reliance on Egypt (30:1-5)
30:2 They go down to Egypt, but my counsel they do not seek. They find their strength in Pharaoh's protection and take refuge in Egypt's shadow; (30:2)
39 A stone in Zion (28:14-22)
28:19 Whenever it passes, it shall take you; morning after morning it shall pass, By day and by night; terror alone shall convey the message. (28:19)
Understanding the word of the God43 Hope for the future (29:15-24)
29:18 On that day the deaf shall hear the words of a book; And out of gloom and darkness, the eyes of the blind shall see. (29:18)
40 Farmer's wisdom (28:23-29)
28:29 This too comes from the LORD of hosts; wonderful is his counsel and great his wisdom.(28:29)
Wondrous greatness of the God42 Drunken rulers (29:9-14)
29:14 Therefore I will again deal with this people in surprising and wondrous fashion: The wisdom of its wise men shall perish and the understanding of its prudent men be hid. (29:14)

Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

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Literary Structure of the Bible by Hajime Murai is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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