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Literary structure (chiasmus, chiasm) of Book of Isaiah

Chiasmus and Concentric Structure of divided by 4


4-1

1 The wickednedd of Judah (1:1-20)
  2 The degenerate city (1:21-31)
    3 The future house of God (2:1-22)
      4 The daughters of Zion (3:1-26_4:1)
        5 The future glory of the survivors in Zion (4:2-6)
          6 The song of the unfruitiful vineyard (5:1-7)
            7 Social injustice denounced (5:8-25)
              8 Foreign invasion predicted (5:26-30)
                9 A vision of God in the Temple (6:1-13)
                  10 The sign of Immanuel (7:1-25)
                    11 With us is God (8:1-20)
                  12 Waiting for the LORD (8:21-9:6)
                13 Judgment on arrogance and oppression (9:7-10:4)
              14 Arrogant Assyria also judged (10:5-19)
            15 The repentant remnant of Israel (10:20-34)
          16 The peaceful kingdom (11:1-16)
        17 Thanksgiving and praise (12:1-6)
      18 Proclamation against Babylon (13:1-22)
    19 Downfall of the king of Babylon (14:1-27)
  20 An oracle concerning Philistia (14:28-32)
21 An oracle concerning Moab (15:1-16:14)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 The wickednedd of Judah (1:1-20)
1:11 What care I for the number of your sacrifices? says the LORD. I have had enough of whole-burnt rams and fat of fatlings; In the blood of calves, lambs and goats I find no pleasure.(1:11)
Invalidity of rituals21 An oracle concerning Moab (15:1-16:14)
16:12 When Moab grows weary on the high places, he shall enter his sanctuary to pray, but it shall avail him nothing.(16:12)
2 The degenerate city (1:21-31)
1:27 Zion shall be redeemed by judgment, and her repentant ones by justice.(1:27)
Zion20 An oracle concerning Philistia (14:28-32)
14:32 What will one answer the messengers of the nation? "The LORD has established Zion, and in her the afflicted of his people find refuge."(14:32)
3 The future house of God (2:1-22)
2:5 O house of Jacob, come, let us walk in the light of the LORD! (2:5)
The house of Jacob19 Downfall of the king of Babylon (14:1-27)
14:1 When the LORD has pity on Jacob and again chooses Israel and settles them on their own soil, the aliens will join them and be counted with the house of Jacob. (14:1)
4 The daughters of Zion (3:1-26_4:1)
3:16 The LORD said: Because the daughters of Zion are haughty, and walk with necks outstretched Ogling and mincing as they go, their anklets tinkling with every step, (3:16)
Judgement against haughty people18 Proclamation against Babylon (13:1-22)
13:11 Thus I will punish the world for its evil and the wicked for their guilt. I will put an end to the pride of the arrogant, the insolence of tyrants I will humble. (13:11)
5 The future glory of the survivors in Zion (4:2-6)
4:2 On that day, The branch of the LORD will be luster and glory, and the fruit of the earth will be honor and splendor for the survivors of Israel.(4:2)
Salvation for survivors17 Thanksgiving and praise (12:1-6)
12:1 On that day, you will say: I give you thanks, O LORD; though you have been angry with me, your anger has abated, and you have consoled me.(12:1)
6 The song of the unfruitiful vineyard (5:1-7)
5:7 The vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah are his cherished plant; He looked for judgment, but see, bloodshed! for justice, but hark, the outcry! (5:7)
Israel and Judah16 The peaceful kingdom (11:1-16)
11:12 He shall raise a signal to the nations and gather the outcasts of Israel; The dispersed of Judah he shall assemble from the four corners of the earth. (11:12)
7 Social injustice denounced (5:8-25)
5:16 But the LORD of hosts shall be exalted by his judgment, and God the Holy shall be shown holy by his justice. (5:16)
Justice of the Lord of hosts15 The repentant remnant of Israel (10:20-34)
10:22 their destruction is decreed as overwhelming justice demands. 10:23 Yes, the destruction he has decreed, the Lord, the GOD of hosts, will carry out within the whole land. (10:22-23)
8 Foreign invasion predicted (5:26-30)
5:26 He will give a signal to a far-off nation, and whistle to them from the ends of the earth; speedily and promptly will they come.(5:26)
The LORD calls foreigners14 Arrogant Assyria also judged (10:5-19)
10:6 Against an impious nation I send him, and against a people under my wrath I order him To seize plunder, carry off loot, and tread them down like the mud of the streets.(10:6)
9 A vision of God in the Temple (6:1-13)
6:10 You are to make the heart of this people sluggish, to dull their ears and close their eyes; Else their eyes will see, their ears hear, their heart understand, and they will turn and be healed. (6:10)
Stubborn people13 Judgment on arrogance and oppression (9:7-10:4)
9:8 And all the people know it, Ephraim and those who dwell in Samaria, those who say in arrogance and pride of heart, (9:8)
10 The sign of Immanuel (7:1-25)
7:14 Therefore the Lord himself will give you this sign: the virgin shall be with child, and bear a son, and shall name him Immanuel.(7:14)
Birth of a boy12 Waiting for the LORD (8:21-9:6)
9:5 For a child is born to us, a son is given us; upon his shoulder dominion rests. They name him Wonder-Counselor, God-Hero, Father-Forever, Prince of Peace.(9:5)

4-1-1

1 The wickednedd of Judah (1:1-20)
  2 The degenerate city (1:21-31)
    3 The future house of God (2:1-22)
      4 The daughters of Zion (3:1-26_4:1)
        5 The future glory of the survivors in Zion (4:2-6)
          6 The song of the unfruitiful vineyard (5:1-7)
        7 Social injustice denounced (5:8-25)
      8 Foreign invasion predicted (5:26-30)
    9 A vision of God in the Temple (6:1-13)
  10 The sign of Immanuel (7:1-25)
11 With us is God (8:1-20)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 The wickednedd of Judah (1:1-20)
1:7 Your country is waste, your cities burnt with fire; Your land before your eyes strangers devour (a waste, like Sodom overthrown)-- (1:7)
Invasion of foreigners11 With us is God (8:1-20)
8:7 Therefore the LORD raises against them the waters of the River, great and mighty (the king of Assyria and all his power). It shall rise above all its channels, and overflow all its banks; (8:7)
2 The degenerate city (1:21-31)
1:25 I will turn my hand against you, and refine your dross in the furnace, removing all your alloy. (1:25)
Removing unnecessary objects10 The sign of Immanuel (7:1-25)
7:20 On that day the LORD shall shave with the razor hired from across the River (with the king of Assyria) the head, and the hair between the legs. It shall also shave off the beard.(7:20)
3 The future house of God (2:1-22)
2:1 This is what Isaiah, son of Amoz, saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem. (2:1)
The vision of Isaiah9 A vision of God in the Temple (6:1-13)
6:11 In the year King Uzziah died, I saw the Lord seated on a high and lofty throne, with the train of his garment filling the temple (6:1)
4 The daughters of Zion (3:1-26_4:1)
3:18 On that day the LORD will do away with the finery of the anklets, sunbursts, and crescents; (3:18)
Judgement on the day of the LORD8 Foreign invasion predicted (5:26-30)
5:30 (They will roar over it, on that day, with a roaring like that of the sea.)(5:30)
5 The future glory of the survivors in Zion (4:2-6)
4:4 When the Lord washes away the filth of the daughters of Zion, And purges Jerusalem's blood from her midst with a blast of searing judgment, (4:4)
Filth is burnt off7 Social injustice denounced (5:8-25)
5:24 Therefore, as the tongue of fire licks up stubble, as dry grass shrivels in the flame, (5:24)

4-1-2

11 With us is God (8:1-20)
  12 Waiting for the LORD (8:21-9:6)
    13 Judgment on arrogance and oppression (9:7-10:4)
      14 Arrogant Assyria also judged (10:5-19)
        15 The repentant remnant of Israel (10:20-34)
          16 The peaceful kingdom (11:1-16)
        17 Thanksgiving and praise (12:1-6)
      18 Proclamation against Babylon (13:1-22)
    19 Downfall of the king of Babylon (14:1-27)
  20 An oracle concerning Philistia (14:28-32)
21 An oracle concerning Moab (15:1-16:14)
Former halfRelationLatter half
11 With us is God (8:1-20)
8:7 Therefore the LORD raises against them the waters of the River, great and mighty (the king of Assyria and all his power). It shall rise above all its channels, and overflow all its banks; (8:7)
Ruin caused by invader21 An oracle concerning Moab (15:1-16:14)
15:1 Oracle on Moab: Laid waste in a night, Ar of Moab is destroyed; Laid waste in a night, Kir of Moab is destroyed. (15:1)
12 Waiting for the LORD (8:21-9:6)
9:1 The people who walked in darkness have seen a great light; Upon those who dwelt in the land of gloom a light has shone. (9:1)
Salvation for suffering people20 An oracle concerning Philistia (14:28-32)
14:32 What will one answer the messengers of the nation? "The LORD has established Zion, and in her the afflicted of his people find refuge."(14:32)
13 Judgment on arrogance and oppression (9:7-10:4)
9:13 So the LORD severs from Israel head and tail, palm branch and reed in one day. (9:13)
Destroyed by the LORD19 Downfall of the king of Babylon (14:1-27)
14:22 I will rise up against them, says the LORD of hosts, and cut off from Babylon name and remnant, progeny and offspring, says the LORD. (14:22)
14 Arrogant Assyria also judged (10:5-19)
10:12 (But when the LORD has brought to an end all his work on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem, I will punish the utterance of the king of Assyria's proud heart, (10:12)
Punishment against arrogant country18 Proclamation against Babylon (13:1-22)
13:11 Thus I will punish the world for its evil and the wicked for their guilt. I will put an end to the pride of the arrogant, the insolence of tyrants I will humble. (13:11)
15 The repentant remnant of Israel (10:20-34)
10:20 On that day The remnant of Israel, the survivors of the house of Jacob, will no more lean upon him who struck them; But they lean upon the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, in truth. (10:20)
Trust in the Lord17 Thanksgiving and praise (12:1-6)
12:2 God indeed is my savior; I am confident and unafraid. My strength and my courage is the LORD, and he has been my savior. (12:2)

4-2

21 An oracle concerning Moab (15:1-16:14)
  22 An oracle concerning Damascus (17:1-11)
    23 An oracle concerning Ethiopia (17:12-18:7)
      24 An oracle concerning Egypt (19:1-15)
        25 Egypt, Assria and Israel blessed (19:16-25)
          26 Isaiah dramatizes the conquest of Egypt and Ethiopia (20:1-6)
            27 An oracle concerning Babylon (21:1-10)
              28 An oracle concerning Edom (21:11-17)
                29 A warning of destruction of Jerusalem (22:1-14)
                  30 Denunciation of self-seeking officials (22:15-25)
                    31 An oracle concerning Tyre (23:1-18)
                  32 Impending judgment on the Earth (24:1-13)
                33 The songs from the end of the earth (24:14-23)
              34 Praise for deliverance from oppression (25:1-12)
            35 Judah's song of victory (26:1-21)
          36 A vineyard of the LORD (27:1-13)
        37 Fall of Samaria (28:1-8)
      38 Judgment on corrupt rulers, priests, and prophets (28:9-13)
    39 A stone in Zion (28:14-22)
  40 Farmer's wisdom (28:23-29)
41 The siege of Jerusalem (29:1-8)
Former halfRelationLatter half
21 An oracle concerning Moab (15:1-16:14)
16:4 Let the outcasts of Moab live with you, be their shelter from the destroyer. When the struggle is ended, the ruin complete, and they have done with trampling the land, (16:4)
Ruin of destroyers41 The siege of Jerusalem (29:1-8)
29:5 The horde of your arrogant shall be like fine dust, the horde of the tyrants like flying chaff. Then suddenly, in an instant, (29:5)
22 An oracle concerning Damascus (17:1-11)
17:7 On that day man shall look to his maker, his eyes turned toward the Holy One of Israel. (17:7)
Return to the LORD40 Farmer's wisdom (28:23-29)
28:23 Give ear and hear my voice, pay attention and listen to what I say:(28:23)
23 An oracle concerning Ethiopia (17:12-18:7)
17:12 Ah! the roaring of many peoples that roar like the roar of the seas! The surging of nations that surge like the surging of mighty waves!(17:12)
Flood39 A stone in Zion (28:14-22)
28:17 I will make of right a measuring line, of justice a level.-- Hail shall sweep away the refuge of lies, and waters shall flood the hiding place. (28:17)
24 An oracle concerning Egypt (19:1-15)
19:14 The LORD has prepared among them a spirit of dizziness, And they have made Egypt stagger in whatever she does, as a drunkard staggers in his vomit. (19:14)
Stumbling38 Judgment on corrupt rulers, priests, and prophets (28:9-13)
28:13 So for them the word of the LORD shall be: "Command on command, command on command, Rule on rule, rule on rule, here a little, there a little!" So that when they walk, they stumble backward, broken, ensnared, and captured. (28:13)
25 Egypt, Assria and Israel blessed (19:16-25)
19:20 It shall be a sign and a witness to the LORD of hosts in the land of Egypt, when they cry out to the LORD against their oppressors, and he sends them a savior to defend and deliver them. (19:20)
On that day, salvation of the LORD of hosts37 Fall of Samaria (28:1-8)
28:5 On that day the LORD of hosts will be a glorious crown And a brilliant diadem to the remnant of his people, (28:5)
26 Isaiah dramatizes the conquest of Egypt and Ethiopia (20:1-6)
20:4 so shall the king of Assyria lead away captives from Egypt, and exiles from Ethiopia, young and old, naked and barefoot, with buttocks uncovered (the shame of Egypt). (20:4)
Captivity of Assyria and Egypt36 A vineyard of the LORD (27:1-13)
27:13 On that day, A great trumpet shall blow, and the lost in the land of Assyria and the outcasts in the land of Egypt Shall come and worship the LORD on the holy mountain, in Jerusalem.(27:13)
27 An oracle concerning Babylon (21:1-10)
21:3 Therefore my loins are filled with anguish, pangs have seized me like those of a woman in labor; I am too bewildered to hear, too dismayed to look. (21:3)
Pains of birth35 Judah's song of victory (26:1-21)
26:17 As a woman about to give birth writhes and cries out in her pains, so were we in your presence, O LORD. (26:17)
28 An oracle concerning Edom (21:11-17)
21:12 The watchman replies, "Morning has come, and again night. If you will ask, ask; come back again." (21:12)
Waiting for salvation34 Praise for deliverance from oppression (25:1-12)
25:9 On that day it will be said: "Behold our God, to whom we looked to save us! This is the LORD for whom we looked; let us rejoice and be glad that he has saved us!" (25:9)
29 A warning of destruction of Jerusalem (22:1-14)
22:14 This reaches the ears of the LORD of hosts-- You shall not be pardoned this wickedness till you die, says the Lord, the GOD of hosts. (22:14)
Serious sin33 The songs from the end of the earth (24:14-23)
24:20 The earth will reel like a drunkard, and it will sway like a hut; Its rebellion will weigh it down, until it falls, never to rise again." (24:20)
30 Denunciation of self-seeking officials (22:15-25)
22:18 And roll you up and toss you like a ball into an open land To perish there, you and the chariots you glory in, you disgrace to your master's house! (22:18)
Rulers are perished 32 Impending judgment on the Earth (24:1-13)
24:2 Layman and priest alike, servant and master, The maid as her mistress, the buyer as the seller, The lender as the borrower, the creditor as the debtor. (24:2)

4-2-1

21 An oracle concerning Moab (15:1-16:14)
  22 An oracle concerning Damascus (17:1-11)
    23 An oracle concerning Ethiopia (17:12-18:7)
      24 An oracle concerning Egypt (19:1-15)
        25 Egypt, Assria and Israel blessed (19:16-25)
          26 Isaiah dramatizes the conquest of Egypt and Ethiopia (20:1-6)
        27 An oracle concerning Babylon (21:1-10)
      28 An oracle concerning Edom (21:11-17)
    29 A warning of destruction of Jerusalem (22:1-14)
  30 Denunciation of self-seeking officials (22:15-25)
31 An oracle concerning Tyre (23:1-18)
Former halfRelationLatter half
21 An oracle concerning Moab (15:1-16:14)
15:1 Oracle on Moab: Laid waste in a night, Ar of Moab is destroyed; Laid waste in a night, Kir of Moab is destroyed. (15:1)
Oracle on foreign country31 An oracle concerning Tyre (23:1-18)
23:1 Oracle on Tyre: Wail, O ships of Tarshish, for your port is destroyed; From the land of the Kittim the news reaches them.(23:1)
22 An oracle concerning Damascus (17:1-11)
17:9 On that day his strong cities shall be like those abandoned by the Hivites and Amorites When faced with the children of Israel: they shall be laid waste. (17:9)
Judgement on the day of the LORD30 Denunciation of self-seeking officials (22:15-25)
22:25 On that day, says the LORD of hosts, the peg fixed in a sure spot shall give way, break off and fall, and the weight that hung on it shall be done away with; for the LORD has spoken.(22:25)
23 An oracle concerning Ethiopia (17:12-18:7)
17:12 Ah! the roaring of many peoples that roar like the roar of the seas! The surging of nations that surge like the surging of mighty waves!(17:12)
Roaring of many peoples29 A warning of destruction of Jerusalem (22:1-14)
22:2 O city full of noise and chaos, O wanton town! Your slain are not slain with the sword, nor killed in battle. (22:2)
24 An oracle concerning Egypt (19:1-15)
19:1 Oracle on Egypt: See, the LORD is riding on a swift cloud on his way to Egypt; The idols of Egypt tremble before him, the hearts of the Egyptians melt within them. (19:1)
The time has come28 An oracle concerning Edom (21:11-17)
21:12 The watchman replies, "Morning has come, and again night. If you will ask, ask; come back again." (21:12)
25 Egypt, Assria and Israel blessed (19:16-25)
19:16 On that day the Egyptians shall be like women, trembling with fear, because of the LORD of hosts shaking his fist at them. (19:16)
Fear27 An oracle concerning Babylon (21:1-10)
21:4 My mind reels, shuddering assails me; My yearning for twilight has turned into dread. (21:4)

4-2-2

31 An oracle concerning Tyre (23:1-18)
  32 Impending judgment on the Earth (24:1-13)
    33 The songs from the end of the earth (24:14-23)
      34 Praise for deliverance from oppression (25:1-12)
        35 Judah's song of victory (26:1-21)
          36 A vineyard of the LORD (27:1-13)
        37 Fall of Samaria (28:1-8)
      38 Judgment on corrupt rulers, priests, and prophets (28:9-13)
    39 A stone in Zion (28:14-22)
  40 Farmer's wisdom (28:23-29)
41 The siege of Jerusalem (29:1-8)
Former halfRelationLatter half
31 An oracle concerning Tyre (23:1-18)
23:17 At the end of the seventy years the LORD shall visit Tyre. She shall return to her hire and deal with all the world's kingdoms on the face of the earth. (23:17)
The LORD will come41 The siege of Jerusalem (29:1-8)
29:6 you shall be visited by the LORD of hosts, With thunder, earthquake, and great noise, whirlwind, storm, and the flame of consuming fire. (29:6)
32 Impending judgment on the Earth (24:1-13)
24:13 Thus it is within the land, and among the peoples, As with an olive tree after it is beaten, as with a gleaning when the vintage is done. (24:13)
Food disappears40 Farmer's wisdom (28:23-29)
28:28 No, he does not thresh it unendingly, nor does he crush it with his noisy cartwheels and horses. (28:28)
33 The songs from the end of the earth (24:14-23)
24:16 From the end of the earth we hear songs: "Splendor to the Just One!" But I said, "I am wasted, wasted away. Woe is me! The traitors betray: with treachery have the traitors betrayed! (24:16)
Deception39 A stone in Zion (28:14-22)
28:15 Because you say, "We have made a covenant with death, and with the nether world we have made a pact; When the overwhelming scourge passes, it will not reach us; For we have made lies our refuge, and in falsehood we have found a hiding place,"--(28:15)
34 Praise for deliverance from oppression (25:1-12)
25:4 For you are a refuge to the poor, a refuge to the needy in distress; Shelter from the rain, shade from the heat. As with the cold rain, (25:4)
Salvation for suffering people38 Judgment on corrupt rulers, priests, and prophets (28:9-13)
28:12 to whom he said: This is the resting place, give rest to the weary; Here is repose-- but they would not listen. (28:12)
35 Judah's song of victory (26:1-21)
26:9 My soul yearns for you in the night, yes, my spirit within me keeps vigil for you; When your judgment dawns upon the earth, the world's inhabitants learn justice. (26:9)
Judgement, spirit37 Fall of Samaria (28:1-8)
28:6 A spirit of justice to him who sits in judgment, And strength to those who turn back the battle at the gate. (28:6)

4-3

41 The siege of Jerusalem (29:1-8)
  42 Drunken rulers (29:9-14)
    43 Hope for the future (29:15-24)
      44 The futility of reliance on Egypt (30:1-5)
        45 A rebellious people (30:6-18)
          46 God's promise to Zion (30:19-26)
            47 Judgment on Assyria (30:27-33)
              48 Alliance with Egypt is futile (31:1-9)
                49 Complacent women warned of disaster (32:1-20)
                  50 The land of the Majestic king (33:1-24)
                    51 Judgment on the nations (34:1-17)
                  52 The return of the redeemed to Zion (35:1-10)
                53 Sennacherib threatens Jerusalem (36:1-37:38)
              54 Hizekiah's illness (38:1-39:8)
            55 God's people are comforted (40:1-11)
          56 Creation by God (40:12-31)
        57 Israel assured of God's help (41:1-26)
      58 The servant, a light to the nations (41:27-42:25)
    59 Israel's redemption (43:1-28)
  60 The absurdity of idol worship (44:1-28)
61 Cyrus, God's instrument (45:1-17)
Former halfRelationLatter half
41 The siege of Jerusalem (29:1-8)
29:7 Then like a dream, a vision in the night, Shall be the horde of all the nations who war against Ariel with all the earthworks of her besiegers.(29:7)
End of siege by the LORD61 Cyrus, God's instrument (45:1-17)
45:1 Thus says the LORD to his anointed, Cyrus, whose right hand I grasp, Subduing nations before him, and making kings run in his service, Opening doors before him and leaving the gates unbarred:(45:1)
42 Drunken rulers (29:9-14)
29:10 For the LORD has poured out on you a spirit of deep sleep. He has shut your eyes (the prophets) and covered your heads (the seers). (29:10)
Foolishness of wise men60 The absurdity of idol worship (44:1-28)
44:25 It is I who bring to nought the omens of liars, who make fools of diviners; I turn wise men back and make their knowledge foolish. (44:25)
43 Hope for the future (29:15-24)
29:22 Therefore thus says the LORD, the God of the house of Jacob, who redeemed Abraham: Now Jacob shall have nothing to be ashamed of, nor shall his face grow pale.(29:22)
Redemption of Jacob59 Israel's redemption (43:1-28)
43:1 But now, thus says the LORD, who created you, O Jacob, and formed you, O Israel: Fear not, for I have redeemed you; I have called you by name: you are mine. (43:1)
44 The futility of reliance on Egypt (30:1-5)
30:1 Woe to the rebellious children, says the LORD, Who carry out plans that are not mine, who weave webs that are not inspired by me, adding sin upon sin. (30:1)
Spirit of the LORD58 The servant, a light to the nations (41:27-42:25)
42:1 Here is my servant whom I uphold, my chosen one with whom I am pleased, Upon whom I have put my spirit; he shall bring forth justice to the nations,(42:1)
45 A rebellious people (30:6-18)
30:14 It crashes like a potter's jar smashed beyond rescue, And among its fragments cannot be found a sherd to scoop fire from the hearth or dip water from the cistern. (30:14)
Like pottery57 Israel assured of God's help (41:1-26)
41:25 He shall trample the rulers down like red earth, as the potter treads the clay. (41:25)
46 God's promise to Zion (30:19-26)
30:22 And you shall consider unclean your silver-plated idols and your gold-covered images; You shall throw them away like filthy rags to which you say, "Begone!" (30:22)
Golden and silver idols 56 Creation by God (40:12-31)
40:19 An idol, cast by a craftsman, which the smith plates with gold and fits with silver chains? (40:19)
47 Judgment on Assyria (30:27-33)
30:30 The LORD will make his glorious voice heard, and let it be seen how his arm descends In raging fury and flame of consuming fire, in driving storm and hail. (30:30)
The arm of the LORD55 God's people are comforted (40:1-11)
40:10 Here comes with power the Lord GOD, who rules by his strong arm; Here is his reward with him, his recompense before him. (40:10)
48 Alliance with Egypt is futile (31:1-9)
31:8 Assyria shall fall by a sword not wielded by man,. no mortal sword shall devour him; He shall flee before the sword, and his young men shall be impressed as laborers. He shall rush past his crag in panic, and his princes shall flee in terror from his standard, Says the LORD who has a fire in Zion and a furnace in Jerusalem.(31:8)
The LORD saves from Assyria54 Hizekiah's illness (38:1-39:8)
38:6 I will rescue you and this city from the hand of the king of Assyria; I will be a shield to this city." (38:6)
49 Complacent women warned of disaster (32:1-20)
32:6 For the fool speaks foolishly, planning evil in his heart:. How to do wickedness, to speak perversely against the LORD, To let the hungry go empty and the thirsty be without drink, (32:6)
Misleading words53 Sennacherib threatens Jerusalem (36:1-37:38)
36:18 Do not let Hezekiah seduce you by saying, "The LORD will save us." Has any of the gods of the nations ever rescued his land from the hand of the king of Assyria? (36:18)
50 The land of the Majestic king (33:1-24)
33:9 The country languishes in mourning, Lebanon withers with shame; Sharon is like the steppe, Bashan and Carmel are stripped bare.(33:9)
Lebanon ,Sharon and Carmel52 The return of the redeemed to Zion (35:1-10)
35:2 They will bloom with abundant flowers, and rejoice with joyful song. The glory of Lebanon will be given to them, the splendor of Carmel and Sharon; They will see the glory of the LORD, the splendor of our God. (35:2)

4-3-1

41 The siege of Jerusalem (29:1-8)
  42 Drunken rulers (29:9-14)
    43 Hope for the future (29:15-24)
      44 The futility of reliance on Egypt (30:1-5)
        45 A rebellious people (30:6-18)
          46 God's promise to Zion (30:19-26)
        47 Judgment on Assyria (30:27-33)
      48 Alliance with Egypt is futile (31:1-9)
    49 Complacent women warned of disaster (32:1-20)
  50 The land of the Majestic king (33:1-24)
51 Judgment on the nations (34:1-17)
Former halfRelationLatter half
41 The siege of Jerusalem (29:1-8)
29:7 Then like a dream, a vision in the night, Shall be the horde of all the nations who war against Ariel with all the earthworks of her besiegers.(29:7)
Ruin of armies51 Judgment on the nations (34:1-17)
34:2 The LORD is angry with all the nations and is wrathful against all their host; he has doomed them and given them over to slaughter. (34:2)
42 Drunken rulers (29:9-14)
29:14 The wisdom of its wise men shall perish and the understanding of its prudent men be hid. (29:14)
Removing wisdom / giving wisdom50 The land of the Majestic king (33:1-24)
33:6 That which makes her seasons lasting, the riches that save her, are wisdom and knowledge; (33:6)
43 Hope for the future (29:15-24)
29:24 Those who err in spirit shall acquire understanding, and those who find fault shall receive instruction. (29:24)
Wisdom is given49 Complacent women warned of disaster (32:1-20)
32:4 The flighty will become wise and capable, and the stutterers will speak fluently and clearly. (32:4)
44 The futility of reliance on Egypt (30:1-5)
30:3 refuge in Egypt's shadow your disgrace (30:3)
Help of Egypt is vain48 Alliance with Egypt is futile (31:1-9)
31:3 The Egyptians are men, not God, their horses are flesh, not spirit; When the LORD stretches forth his hand, the helper shall stumble, the one helped shall fall, and both of them shall perish together. (31:3)
45 A rebellious people (30:6-18)
30:14 It crashes like a potters jar smashed beyond rescue, And among its fragments cannot be found a sherd to scoop fire from the hearth or dip water from the cistern. (30:14)
Judgement of the LORD47 Judgment on Assyria (30:27-33)
30:30 The LORD will make his glorious voice heard, and let it be seen how his arm descends In raging fury and flame of consuming fire, in driving storm and hail. (30:30)

4-3-2

51 Judgment on the nations (34:1-17)
  52 The return of the redeemed to Zion (35:1-10)
    53 Sennacherib threatens Jerusalem (36:1-37:38)
      54 Hizekiah's illness (38:1-39:8)
        55 God's people are comforted (40:1-11)
          56 Creation by God (40:12-31)
        57 Israel assured of God's help (41:1-26)
      58 The servant, a light to the nations (41:27-42:25)
    59 Israel's redemption (43:1-28)
  60 The absurdity of idol worship (44:1-28)
61 Cyrus, God's instrument (45:1-17)
Former halfRelationLatter half
51 Judgment on the nations (34:1-17)
34:5 When my sword has drunk its fill in the heavens, lo, it shall come down in judgment upon Edom, a people I have doomed. (34:5)
Coming down from the heaven61 Cyrus, God's instrument (45:1-17)
45:8 Let justice descend, O heavens, like dew from above, like gentle rain let the skies drop it down. Let the earth open and salvation bud forth; let justice also spring up! I, the LORD, have created this.(45:8)
52 The return of the redeemed to Zion (35:1-10)
35:10 Those whom the LORD has ransomed will return and enter Zion singing, crowned with everlasting joy; They will meet with joy and gladness, sorrow and mourning will flee.(35:10)
People return to Zion60 The absurdity of idol worship (44:1-28)
44:26 It is I who confirm the words of my servants, I carry out the plan announced by my messengers; I say to Jerusalem: Be inhabited; to the cities of Judah: Be rebuilt; I will raise up their ruins. (44:26)
53 Sennacherib threatens Jerusalem (36:1-37:38)
withdrawal of Sennacherib
The LORD gives victories against foreign country59 Israel's redemption (43:1-28)
43:17 Who leads out chariots and horsemen, a powerful army, Till they lie prostrate together, never to rise, snuffed out and quenched like a wick. (43:17)
54 Hizekiah's illness (38:1-39:8)
39:6 Behold, the days shall come when all that is in your house, and everything that your fathers have stored up until this day, shall be carried off to Babylon; nothing shall be left, says the LORD.(39:6)
Israel is looted58 The servant, a light to the nations (41:27-42:25)
42:24 Who was it that gave Jacob to be plundered, Israel to the despoilers? Was it not the LORD, against whom we have sinned? In his ways they refused to walk, his law they disobeyed. (42:24)
55 God's people are comforted (40:1-11)
40:2 Speak tenderly to Jerusalem, and proclaim to her that her service is at an end, her guilt is expiated; Indeed, she has received from the hand of the LORD double for all her sins.(40:2)
Forgiveness of sin57 Israel assured of God's help (41:1-26)
41:14 Fear not, O worm Jacob, O maggot Israel; I will help you, says the LORD; your redeemer is the Holy One of Israel.(41:14)

4-4

61 Cyrus, God's instrument (45:1-17)
  62 Idols cannot save Babylon (45:18-46:13)
    63 The humiliation of Babylon (47:1-15)
      64 Fulfillment of the prophecy (48:1-11)
        65 God the redeemer (48:12-22)
          66 The servant's mission (49:1-6)
            67 Zion's children to be brought home (49:7-50:3)
              68 The sercant's humilitation and vindication (50:4-11)
                69 Return to Zion (51:1-52:12)
                  70 The suffering servant (52:13-53:12)
                    71 Everlasting mercy (54:1-17)
                  72 Thecovenant extended to all who obey (55:1-56:12)
                73 A promise of help and healing (57:1-58:14)
              74 Injustice and oppression to be punished (59:1-21)
            75 God the glory of Zion (60:1-22)
          76 The good news of deliverance (61:1-11)
        77 The vindication and salvation of Zion (62:1-12)
      78 Vengeance on Edom (63:1-6)
    79 God's mercy remembered (63:7-64:11)
  80 The righteousness of God's judgment (65:1-25)
81 The reign and indignation of God (66:1-24)
Former halfRelationLatter half
61 Cyrus, God's instrument (45:1-17)
45:12 It was I who made the earth and created mankind upon it; It was my hands that stretched out the heavens; I gave the order to all their host. (45:12)
Creation of earth and heaven81 The reign and indignation of God (66:1-24)
66:22 As the new heavens and the new earth which I will make Shall endure before me, says the LORD, so shall your race and your name endure. (66:22)
61 Cyrus, God's instrument (45:1-17)
45:10 Woe to him who asks a father, "What are you begetting?" or a woman, "What are you giving birth to?" (45:10)
Suffering of birth81 The reign and indignation of God (66:1-24)
66:7 Before she comes to labor, she gives birth; Before the pains come upon her, she safely delivers a male child.(66:7)
62 Idols cannot save Babylon (45:18-46:13)
45:18 For thus says the LORD, The creator of the heavens, who is God, The designer and maker of the earth who established it, Not creating it to be a waste, but designing it to be lived in: I am the LORD, and there is no other.(45:18)
Creation of earth and heaven80 The righteousness of God's judgment (65:1-25)
65:17 Lo, I am about to create new heavens and a new earth; The things of the past shall not be remembered or come to mind. (65:17)
63 The humiliation of Babylon (47:1-15)
47:6 Angry at my people, I profaned my inheritance, And I gave them into your hand; but you showed them no mercy, And upon old men you laid a very heavy yoke. (47:6)
Wrath of the LORD79 God's mercy remembered (63:7-64:11)
64:4 Would that you might meet us doing right, that we were mindful of you in our ways! Behold, you are angry, and we are sinful; (64:4)
64 Fulfillment of the prophecy (48:1-11)
48:11 For my sake, for my own sake, I do this; why should I suffer profanation? My glory I will not give to another. (48:11)
The LORD does by himself78 Vengeance on Edom (63:1-6)
63:5 I looked about, but there was no one to help, I was appalled that there was no one to lend support; So my own arm brought about the victory and my own wrath lent me its support. (63:5)
65 God the redeemer (48:12-22)
48:20 Go forth from Babylon, flee from Chaldea! With shouts of joy proclaim this, make it known; Publish it to the ends of the earth, and say, "The LORD has redeemed his servant Jacob. (48:20)
The LORD redeems77 The vindication and salvation of Zion (62:1-12)
62:12 They shall be called the holy people, the redeemed of the LORD, And you shall be called "Frequented," a city that is not forsaken.(62:12)
66 The servant's mission (49:1-6)
49:1 Hear me, O coastlands, listen, O distant peoples. The LORD called me from birth, from my mother's womb he gave me my name.(49:1)
Calling76 The good news of deliverance (61:1-11)
61:1 The spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me, because the LORD has anointed me; He has sent me to bring glad tidings to the lowly, to heal the brokenhearted, To proclaim liberty to the captives and release to the prisoners,(61:1)
67 Zion's children to be brought home (49:7-50:3)
49:20 The children whom you had lost shall yet say to you, "This place is too small for me, make room for me to live in." (49:20)
Return of children75 God the glory of Zion (60:1-22)
60:4 Raise your eyes and look about; they all gather and come to you: Your sons come from afar, and your daughters in the arms of their nurses. (60:4)
68 The sercant's humilitation and vindication (50:4-11)
50:4 Morning after morning he opens my ear that I may hear; (50:4)
Listening to the LORD / the LORD doesn't listen74 Injustice and oppression to be punished (59:1-21)
59:2 Rather, it is your crimes that separate you from your God, It is your sins that make him hide his face so that he will not hear you. (59:2)
69 Return to Zion (51:1-52:12)
51:22 Thus says the LORD, your Master, your God, who defends his people: See, I am taking from your hand the cup of staggering; The bowl of my wrath you shall no longer drink. (51:22)
End of the wrath of the LORD73 A promise of help and healing (57:1-58:14)
57:16 I will not accuse forever, nor always be angry; For their spirits would faint before me, the souls that I have made. (57:16)
70 The suffering servant (52:13-53:12)
53:11 Because of his affliction he shall see the light in fullness of days; Through his suffering, my servant shall justify many, and their guilt he shall bear. (53:11)
Salvation of many people72 Thecovenant extended to all who obey (55:1-56:12)
56:8 Thus says the Lord GOD, who gathers the dispersed of Israel: Others will I gather to him besides those already gathered. (56:8)

4-4-1

61 Cyrus, God's instrument (45:1-17)
  62 Idols cannot save Babylon (45:18-46:13)
    63 The humiliation of Babylon (47:1-15)
      64 Fulfillment of the prophecy (48:1-11)
        65 God the redeemer (48:12-22)
          66 The servant's mission (49:1-6)
        67 Zion's children to be brought home (49:7-50:3)
      68 The sercant's humilitation and vindication (50:4-11)
    69 Return to Zion (51:1-52:12)
  70 The suffering servant (52:13-53:12)
71 Everlasting mercy (54:1-17)
Former halfRelationLatter half
61 Cyrus, God's instrument (45:1-17)
45:11 Thus says the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, his maker: You question me about my children, or prescribe the work of my hands for me! (45:11)
The LORD, the Holy One of Israel71 Everlasting mercy (54:1-17)
54:5 For he who has become your husband is your Maker; his name is the LORD of hosts; Your redeemer is the Holy One of Israel, called God of all the earth.(54:5)
62 Idols cannot save Babylon (45:18-46:13)
46:8 Remember this and be firm, bear it well in mind, you rebels; remember the former things, those long ago: (46:8)
Disobedience70 The suffering servant (52:13-53:12)
53:12 Therefore I will give him his portion among the great, and he shall divide the spoils with the mighty, Because he surrendered himself to death and was counted among the wicked; And he shall take away the sins of many, and win pardon for their offenses.(53:12)
63 The humiliation of Babylon (47:1-15)
47:1 Come down, sit in the dust, O virgin daughter Babylon; Sit on the ground, dethroned, O daughter of the Chaldeans. No longer shall you be called dainty and delicate.(47:1)
Judgement on Babylon / salvation for Jerusalem69 Return to Zion (51:1-52:12)
52:1 Awake, awake! Put on your strength, O Zion; Put on your glorious garments, O Jerusalem, holy city. No longer shall the uncircumcised or the unclean enter you. (52:1)
64 Fulfillment of the prophecy (48:1-11)
48:6 Now that you have heard, look at all this; must you not admit it? From now on I announce new things to you, hidden events of which you knew not. (48:6)
Patience68 The sercant's humilitation and vindication (50:4-11)
50:6 I gave my back to those who beat me, my cheeks to those who plucked my beard; My face I did not shield from buffets and spitting. (50:6)
65 God the redeemer (48:12-22)
48:20 Go forth from Babylon, flee from Chaldea! With shouts of joy proclaim this, make it known; Publish it to the ends of the earth, and say, "The LORD has redeemed his servant Jacob. (48:20)
The LORD redeems Jacob67 Zion's children to be brought home (49:7-50:3)
49:26 I will make your oppressors eat their own flesh, and they shall be drunk with their own blood as with the juice of the grape. All mankind shall know that I, the LORD, am your savior, your redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob.(49:26)

4-4-2

71 Everlasting mercy (54:1-17)
  72 Thecovenant extended to all who obey (55:1-56:12)
    73 A promise of help and healing (57:1-58:14)
      74 Injustice and oppression to be punished (59:1-21)
        75 God the glory of Zion (60:1-22)
          76 The good news of deliverance (61:1-11)
        77 The vindication and salvation of Zion (62:1-12)
      78 Vengeance on Edom (63:1-6)
    79 God's mercy remembered (63:7-64:11)
  80 The righteousness of God's judgment (65:1-25)
81 The reign and indignation of God (66:1-24)
Former halfRelationLatter half
71 Everlasting mercy (54:1-17)
54:1 For more numerous are the children of the deserted wife than the children of her who has a husband, says the LORD.(54:1)
Birth of a child81 The reign and indignation of God (66:1-24)
66:9 Shall I bring a mother to the point of birth, and yet not let her child be born? says the LORD; Or shall I who allow her to conceive, yet close her womb? says your God. (66:9)
72 Thecovenant extended to all who obey (55:1-56:12)
55:1 All you who are thirsty, come to the water! You who have no money, come, receive grain and eat; Come, without paying and without cost, drink wine and milk!(55:1)
Gaining food80 The righteousness of God's judgment (65:1-25)
65:13 therefore thus says the Lord GOD: Lo, my servants shall eat, but you shall go hungry; My servants shall drink, but you shall be thirsty; My servants shall rejoice, but you shall be put to shame; (65:13)
73 A promise of help and healing (57:1-58:14)
57:17 Because of their wicked avarice I was angry, and struck them, hiding myself in wrath, as they went their own rebellious way. 57:18 I saw their ways, but I will heal them and lead them; I will give full comfort to them and to those who mourn for them, (57:17-18)
Wrath and forgiveness of the LORD79 God's mercy remembered (63:7-64:11)
64:4 Would that you might meet us doing right, that we were mindful of you in our ways! Behold, you are angry, and we are sinful; (64:4)
74 Injustice and oppression to be punished (59:1-21)
59:16 He saw that there was no one, and was appalled that there was none to intervene; So his own arm brought about the victory, and his justice lent him its support. (59:16)
There is no one who obey to the LORD78 Vengeance on Edom (63:1-6)
63:5 I looked about, but there was no one to help, I was appalled that there was no one to lend support; So my own arm brought about the victory and my own wrath lent me its support. (63:5)
75 God the glory of Zion (60:1-22)
60:18 No longer shall violence be heard of in your land, or plunder and ruin within your boundaries. You shall call your walls "Salvation" and your gates "Praise." (60:18)
New name of Jerusalem77 The vindication and salvation of Zion (62:1-12)
62:4 No more shall men call you "Forsaken," or your land "Desolate," But you shall be called "My Delight," and your land "Espoused." For the LORD delights in you, and makes your land his spouse. (62:4)

Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

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Literary Structure of the Bible by Hajime Murai is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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