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Literary structure (chiasmus, chiasm) of Book of Daniel

Chiasmus and Concentric Structure of divided by 4


4-1

1 Four young Israerites at the Babylonian court (1:1-21)
  2 Nebuchadnezzar's dream (2:1-49)
    3 The fiery furnace (3:1-30)
  4 Nebuchadnezzar's second dream (3:31-4:25)
5 Nebuchadnezzar's humiliation (4:26-34)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 Four young Israerites at the Babylonian court (1:1-21)
Please test your servants for ten days. Give us vegetables to eat and water to drink. (1:12)
Herbivorous5 Nebuchadnezzar's humiliation (4:26-34)
At once this was fulfilled. Nebuchadnezzar was cast out from among men, he ate grass like an ox (4:30)
2 Nebuchadnezzar's dream (2:1-49)
So he ordered that the magicians, enchanters, sorcerers, and Chaldeans be summoned to interpret the dream for him. (2:2)
King orders to interpret a dream4 Nebuchadnezzar's second dream (3:31-4:25)
So I issued a decree that all the wise men of Babylon should be brought before me to give the interpretation of the dream. (4:3)

4-1-1

1 Four young Israerites at the Babylonian court (1:1-21)
  2 Nebuchadnezzar's dream (2:1-49)
3 The fiery furnace (3:1-30)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 Four young Israerites at the Babylonian court (1:1-21)
The chief chamberlain changed their names: Daniel to Belteshazzar, Hananiah to Shadrach, Mishael to Meshach, and Azariah to Abednego. (1:7)
Three young man3 The fiery furnace (3:1-30)
There are certain Jews whom you have made administrators of the province of Babylon: Shadrach, Meshach, Abednego; these men, O king, have paid no attention to you; they will not serve your god or worship the golden statue which you set up. (3:12)

4-1-2

3 The fiery furnace (3:1-30)
  4 Nebuchadnezzar's second dream (3:31-4:25)
5 Nebuchadnezzar's humiliation (4:26-34)
Former halfRelationLatter half
3 The fiery furnace (3:1-30)
3:5 you are ordered to fall down and worship the golden statue which King Nebuchadnezzar has set up. 3:6 Whoever does not fall down and worship shall be instantly cast into a white-hot furnace. (3:5-6)
Arrogance of Nebuchadnezzar5 Nebuchadnezzar's humiliation (4:26-34)
Babylon the great! Was it not I, with my great strength, who built it as a royal residence for my splendor and majesty? (4:27)

4-2

5 Nebuchadnezzar's humiliation (4:26-34)
  6 The writing on the wall (5:1-29)
    7 Daniel in the Lion's den (6:1-29)
  8 The visions of four beasts (7:1-8)
9 Judgment before the ancient one (7:9-14)
Former halfRelationLatter half
5 Nebuchadnezzar's humiliation (4:26-34)
Therefore, I, Nebuchadnezzar, now praise and exalt and glorify the King of heaven, because all his works are right and his ways just; and those who walk in pride he is able to humble. (4:34)
Judgment on arrogant person9 Judgment before the ancient one (7:9-14)
I watched, then, from the first of the arrogant words which the horn spoke, until the beast was slain and its body thrown into the fire to be burnt up. (7:11)
6 The writing on the wall (5:1-29)
King Belshazzar gave a great banquet for a thousand of his lords, with whom he drank. (5:1)
Belshazzar8 The visions of four beasts (7:1-8)
In the first year of King Belshazzar of Babylon, (7:1)
6 The writing on the wall (5:1-29)
he was cast out from among men and was made insensate as a beast; he lived with wild asses, and ate grass like an ox; his body was bathed with the dew of heaven, until he learned that the Most High God rules over the kingdom of men and appoints over it whom he will. (5:21)
Mind of human and beast8 The visions of four beasts (7:1-8)
The first was like a lion, but with eagle's wings. While I watched, the wings were plucked; it was raised from the ground to stand on two feet like a man, and given a human mind. (7:4)

4-2-1

5 Nebuchadnezzar's humiliation (4:26-34)
  6 The writing on the wall (5:1-29)
7 Daniel in the Lion's den (6:1-29)
Former halfRelationLatter half
5 Nebuchadnezzar's humiliation (4:26-34)
I blessed the Most High, I praised and glorified him who lives forever: His dominion is an everlasting dominion, and his kingdom endures through all generations. (4:31)
Eternal dominion of God7 Daniel in the Lion's den (6:1-29)
For he is the living God, enduring forever; his kingdom shall not be destroyed, and his dominion shall be without end. (6:27)

4-2-2

7 Daniel in the Lion's den (6:1-29)
  8 The visions of four beasts (7:1-8)
9 Judgment before the ancient one (7:9-14)
Former halfRelationLatter half
7 Daniel in the Lion's den (6:1-29)
For he is the living God, enduring forever; his kingdom shall not be destroyed, and his dominion shall be without end. (6:27)
Eternal dominion of God9 Judgment before the ancient one (7:9-14)
He received dominion, glory, and kingship; nations and peoples of every language serve him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion that shall not be taken away, his kingship shall not be destroyed. (7:14)

4-3

9 Judgment before the ancient one (7:9-14)
  10 Daniel's visions interpreted (7:15-28)
    11 Vision of a ram and a goat (8:1-14)
  12 Gabriel interprets the vision (8:15-27)
13 Daniel's prayer for the people (9:1-20)
Former halfRelationLatter half
9 Judgment before the ancient one (7:9-14)
I watched, then, from the first of the arrogant words which the horn spoke, until the beast was slain and its body thrown into the fire to be burnt up. (7:11)
Judgment on leader's sin13 Daniel's prayer for the people (9:1-20)
O LORD, we are shamefaced, like our kings, our princes, and our fathers, for having sinned against you. (9:8)
10 Daniel's visions interpreted (7:15-28)
I approached one of those present and asked him what all this meant in truth; in answer, he made known to me the meaning of the things: (7:16)
Explanation of vision12 Gabriel interprets the vision (8:15-27)
and on the Ulai I heard a human voice that cried out, "Gabriel, explain the vision to this man." (8:16)

4-3-1

9 Judgment before the ancient one (7:9-14)
  10 Daniel's visions interpreted (7:15-28)
11 Vision of a ram and a goat (8:1-14)
Former halfRelationLatter half
9 Judgment before the ancient one (7:9-14)
I watched, then, from the first of the arrogant words which the horn spoke, until the beast was slain and its body thrown into the fire to be burnt up. (7:11)
Arrogant horn11 Vision of a ram and a goat (8:1-14)
The he-goat became very powerful, but at the height of its power the great horn was shattered, and in its place came up four others, facing the four winds of heaven. (8:8)

4-3-2

11 Vision of a ram and a goat (8:1-14)
  12 Gabriel interprets the vision (8:15-27)
13 Daniel's prayer for the people (9:1-20)
Former halfRelationLatter half
11 Vision of a ram and a goat (8:1-14)
For two thousand three hundred evenings and mornings; then the sanctuary shall be purified. (8:14)
Years until the ruin ends13 Daniel's prayer for the people (9:1-20)
in the first year of his reign I, Daniel, tried to understand in the Scriptures the counting of the years of which the LORD spoke to the prophet Jeremiah: that for the ruins of Jerusalem seventy years must be fulfilled. (9:2)

4-4

13 Daniel's prayer for the people (9:1-20)
  14 The seventy weeks (9:21-27)
    15 Vision about the time of the end (10:1-21)
  16 Angel's prophecy (11:1-45)
17 The resurrection of the dead (12:1-13)
Former halfRelationLatter half
13 Daniel's prayer for the people (9:1-20)
in the first year of his reign I, Daniel, tried to understand in the Scriptures the counting of the years of which the LORD spoke to the prophet Jeremiah: that for the ruins of Jerusalem seventy years must be fulfilled. (9:2)
Years until the ruin ends17 The resurrection of the dead (12:1-13)
12:11 From the time that the daily sacrifice is abolished and the horrible abomination is set up, there shall be one thousand two hundred and ninety days. 12:12 Blessed is the man who has patience and perseveres until the one thousand three hundred and thirty-five days. (12:11-12)
14 The seventy weeks (9:21-27)
For one week he shall make a firm compact with the many; Half the week he shall abolish sacrifice and oblation; On the temple wing shall be the horrible abomination until the ruin that is decreed is poured out upon the horror. (9:27)
Blaspheming sanctuary16 Angel's prophecy (11:1-45)
Armed forces shall move at his command and defile the sanctuary stronghold, abolishing the daily sacrifice and setting up the horrible abomination. (11:31)

4-4-1

13 Daniel's prayer for the people (9:1-20)
  14 The seventy weeks (9:21-27)
15 Vision about the time of the end (10:1-21)
Former halfRelationLatter half
13 Daniel's prayer for the people (9:1-20)
I turned to the Lord God, pleading in earnest prayer, with fasting, sackcloth, and ashes. (9:3)
Mourning of Daniel15 Vision about the time of the end (10:1-21)
In those days, I, Daniel, mourned three full weeks. (10:2)

4-4-2

15 Vision about the time of the end (10:1-21)
  16 Angel's prophecy (11:1-45)
17 The resurrection of the dead (12:1-13)
Former halfRelationLatter half
15 Vision about the time of the end (10:1-21)
but I shall tell you what is written in the truthful book. No one supports me against all these except Michael, your prince, (10:21)
Salvation by Michael17 The resurrection of the dead (12:1-13)
At that time there shall arise Michael, the great prince, guardian of your people; (12:1)

Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

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Literary Structure of the Bible by Hajime Murai is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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