FAQ       Top  >  Literary Structure of the Bible  >  Book of Hosea  >  1

Literary structure (chiasmus, chiasm) of Book of Hosea

Chiasmus and Concentric Structure of whole text


1-1

1 The family of Hosea (1:1-9)
  2 Betrayal of Israel (2:1-15)
    3 Salvation of Israel (2:16-25)
      4 Further assurance of God's redeeming love (3:1-5)
        5 The idolatry of Israel (4:1-5:7)
          6 Sin and punishment of war (5:8-6:11)
            7 Futil reliance on the nations (7:1-12)
          8 Israel's apostasy (7:13-8:14)
        9 Sin at Baal-peor and Gilgal (9:1-17)
      10 Israel's sin and captivity (10:1-15)
    11 God's compassion despite Israel's ingratitude (11:1-11)
  12 The history of rebellion (12:1-14_14:1)
13 Assurance of forgiveness (14:2-10)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 The family of Hosea (1:1-9)
1:2 In the beginning of the LORD'S speaking to Hosea, the LORD said to Hosea: Go, take a harlot wife and harlot's children, for the land gives itself to harlotry, turning away from the LORD.(1:2)
Love for disobedient person13 Assurance of forgiveness (14:2-10)
14:5 I will heal their defection, I will love them freely; for my wrath is turned away from them. (14:5)
2 Betrayal of Israel (2:1-15)
2:4 Protest against your mother, protest! for she is not my wife, and I am not her husband. Let her remove her harlotry from before her, her adultery from between her breasts,(2:4)
Protest12 The history of rebellion (12:1-14_14:1)
12:3 The LORD has a grievance against Israel: he shall punish Jacob for his conduct, for his deeds he shall repay him.(12:3)
3 Salvation of Israel (2:16-25)
2:17 She shall respond there as in the days of her youth, when she came up from the land of Egypt. (2:17)
Calling from Egypt11 God's compassion despite Israel's ingratitude (11:1-11)
11:1 When Israel was a child I loved him, out of Egypt I called my son.(11:1)
4 Further assurance of God's redeeming love (3:1-5)
3:4 For the people of Israel shall remain many days without king or prince, Without sacrifice or sacred pillar, without ephod or household idols.(3:4)
No king10 Israel's sin and captivity (10:1-15)
10:3 If they would say, "We have no king"-- Since they do not fear the LORD, what can the king do for them? (10:3)
5 The idolatry of Israel (4:1-5:7)
They shall eat but not be satisfied, they shall play the harlot but not increase, Because they have abandoned the LORD (4:10)
Descendants don't increase9 Sin at Baal-peor and Gilgal (9:1-17)
no birth, no carrying in the womb, no conception. Were they to bear children, I would slay the darlings of their womb. (9:11)
6 Sin and punishment of war (5:8-6:11)
5:8 Blow the horn in Gibeah, the trumpet in Ramah! Sound the alarm in Beth-aven: "Look behind you, O Benjamin!"(5:8)
Horn8 Israel's apostasy (7:13-8:14)
8:1 A trumpet to your lips, You who watch over the house of the LORD! Since they have violated my covenant, and sinned against my law, (8:1)

1-1-1

1 The family of Hosea (1:1-9)
  2 Betrayal of Israel (2:1-15)
    3 Salvation of Israel (2:16-25)
      4 Further assurance of God's redeeming love (3:1-5)
    5 The idolatry of Israel (4:1-5:7)
  6 Sin and punishment of war (5:8-6:11)
7 Futil reliance on the nations (7:1-12)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 The family of Hosea (1:1-9)
Give him the name Jezreel, for in a little while I will punish the house of Jehu for the bloodshed at Jezreel And bring to an end the kingdom of the house of Israel; (1:4)
Ruin of rulers7 Futil reliance on the nations (7:1-12)
They are all heated like ovens, and consume their rulers. All their kings have fallen; none of them calls upon me. (7:7)
2 Betrayal of Israel (2:1-15)
I will go back to my first husband (2:9)
To return6 Sin and punishment of war (5:8-6:11)
Come, let us return to the LORD (6:1)
3 Salvation of Israel (2:16-25)
2:24 The earth shall respond to the grain, and wine, and oil, and these shall respond to Jezreel. (2:24)
New wine5 The idolatry of Israel (4:1-5:7)
4:11 to practice harlotry. Old wine and new deprive my people of understanding. (4:11)

1-1-2

7 Futil reliance on the nations (7:1-12)
  8 Israel's apostasy (7:13-8:14)
    9 Sin at Baal-peor and Gilgal (9:1-17)
      10 Israel's sin and captivity (10:1-15)
    11 God's compassion despite Israel's ingratitude (11:1-11)
  12 The history of rebellion (12:1-14_14:1)
13 Assurance of forgiveness (14:2-10)
Former halfRelationLatter half
7 Futil reliance on the nations (7:1-12)
Ephraim is like a dove, silly and senseless; They call upon Egypt, they go to Assyria. (7:11)
Israel relies on Assyria / Assyria doesn't save Israel13 Assurance of forgiveness (14:2-10)
Assyria will not save us, (14:4)
8 Israel's apostasy (7:13-8:14)
With their silver and gold they made idols for themselves, to their own destruction. (8:4)
Making an idol12 The history of rebellion (12:1-14_14:1)
Now they continue to sin, making for themselves molten images, (13:2)
9 Sin at Baal-peor and Gilgal (9:1-17)
9:15 All their wickedness is in Gilgal; yes, there they incurred my hatred. Because of their wicked deeds I will drive them out of my house. I will love them no longer; all their princes are rebels.(9:15)
Don't love people / love people11 God's compassion despite Israel's ingratitude (11:1-11)
11:1 When Israel was a child I loved him, out of Egypt I called my son.(11:1)

Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

Creative Commons License
Literary Structure of the Bible by Hajime Murai is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Caution: The copyright of the cited Bible verses belongs to each translator and publisher.