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Literary structure (chiasmus, chiasm) of Book of Hosea

Chiasmus and Concentric Structure of divided by 4


4-1

1 The family of Hosea (1:1-9)
  2 Betrayal of Israel (2:1-15)
  3 Salvation of Israel (2:16-25)
4 Further assurance of God's redeeming love (3:1-5)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 The family of Hosea (1:1-9)
1:2 In the beginning of the LORD'S speaking to Hosea, the LORD said to Hosea: Go, take a harlot wife and harlot's children, for the land gives itself to harlotry, turning away from the LORD.(1:2)
Woman of harlotry4 Further assurance of God's redeeming love (3:1-5)
3:1 Again the LORD said to me: Give your love to a woman beloved of a paramour, an adultress; Even as the LORD loves the people of Israel, though they turn to other gods and are fond of raisin cakes.(3:1)
2 Betrayal of Israel (2:1-15)
Since she has not known that it was I who gave her the grain, the wine, and the oil, And her abundance of silver, and of gold, which they used for Baal, (2:10)
Baal3 Salvation of Israel (2:16-25)
On that day, says the LORD, She shall call me "My husband," and never again "My baal." (2:18)

4-2

4 Further assurance of God's redeeming love (3:1-5)
  5 The idolatry of Israel (4:1-5:7)
  6 Sin and punishment of war (5:8-6:11)
7 Futil reliance on the nations (7:1-12)
Former halfRelationLatter half
4 Further assurance of God's redeeming love (3:1-5)
3:4 For the people of Israel shall remain many days without king or prince, Without sacrifice or sacred pillar, without ephod or household idols.(3:4)
Kings and princes7 Futil reliance on the nations (7:1-12)
7:3 In their wickedness they regale the king, the princes too, with their deceits.(7:3)
5 The idolatry of Israel (4:1-5:7)
They consult their piece of wood, and their wand makes pronouncements for them, For the spirit of harlotry has led them astray; they commit harlotry, forsaking their God. (4:12)
Harlotry of Israel6 Sin and punishment of war (5:8-6:11)
In the house of Israel I have seen a horrible thing: there harlotry is found in Ephraim, Israel is defiled. (6:10)

4-3

7 Futil reliance on the nations (7:1-12)
  8 Israel's apostasy (7:13-8:14)
  9 Sin at Baal-peor and Gilgal (9:1-17)
10 Israel's sin and captivity (10:1-15)
Former halfRelationLatter half
7 Futil reliance on the nations (7:1-12)
7:11 Ephraim is like a dove, silly and senseless; They call upon Egypt, they go to Assyria. (7:11)
Ephraim and Assyria10 Israel's sin and captivity (10:1-15)
10:6 It too shall be carried to Assyria, as an offering to the great king. Ephraim shall be taken into captivity, Israel be shamed by his schemes. (10:6)
8 Israel's apostasy (7:13-8:14)
they shall return to Egypt. (8:13)
Return to Egypt9 Sin at Baal-peor and Gilgal (9:1-17)
They shall not dwell in the LORD'S land; Ephraim shall return to Egypt, and in Assyria they shall eat unclean food. (9:3)

4-4

10 Israel's sin and captivity (10:1-15)
  11 God's compassion despite Israel's ingratitude (11:1-11)
  12 The history of rebellion (12:1-14_14:1)
13 Assurance of forgiveness (14:2-10)
Former halfRelationLatter half
10 Israel's sin and captivity (10:1-15)
10:12 "Sow for yourselves justice, reap the fruit of piety; Break up for yourselves a new field, for it is time to seek the LORD, till he come and rain down justice upon you." (10:12)
Harvest13 Assurance of forgiveness (14:2-10)
14:8 Again they shall dwell in his shade and raise grain; They shall blossom like the vine, and his fame shall be like the wine of Lebanon. (14:8)
11 God's compassion despite Israel's ingratitude (11:1-11)
11:1 When Israel was a child I loved him, out of Egypt I called my son.(11:1)
Leading out from Egypt12 The history of rebellion (12:1-14_14:1)
13:4 I am the LORD, your God, since the land of Egypt; You know no God besides me, and there is no savior but me. (13:4)

Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

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Literary Structure of the Bible by Hajime Murai is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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