Top  >  Literary Structures of the Bible  >  Book of Amos  >  Pericope

Literary structure (chiasm, chiasmus) of Book of Amos

Chiastic Structure and Concentric Structure and Parallel of each pericope

[1]Judgment on nations  (Amos 1:1-2:5)
P(1:1-2)1:1 The words of Amos, a shepherd from Tekoa (1:1)
  A1(1:3-5)  Damascus
  A2(1:6-8)  Gaza
  A3(1:9-10)  Tyre
  A4(1:11-12)  Edom
  A5(1:13-15)  Ammonites
  A6(2:1-3)  Moab
  A7(2:4-5)  Judah
   A: Nations.

[2]Judgment on Israel  (Amos 2:6-16)
  A(2:6-8)  Sins of Israel
    B(2:9-11)    Acts of the LORD
  A'(2:12)  Sins of Israel
    B'(2:13-16)    Acts of the LORD
   A: Sins of Israel. B: Acts of the LORD.

[3]Sin of Israel  (Amos 3:1-15)
3:2 Therefore I will punish you for all your crimes.(3:2)   
3:4 Does a lion roar in the forest when it has no prey(3:4)   
      C(3:9-10)      3:10 Storing up in their castles what they have extorted and robbed. (3:10)
3:12 As the shepherd snatches from the mouth of the lion (3:12)   
"3:14 On the day when I punish Israel for his crimes, I will visit also the altars of Bethel (3:14)"   
   A: Punishments. B: Lions. C: Evils.

[4]Unbelief of Israel  (Amos 4:1-11)
P(4:1-5)4:1 Hear this word (4:1)
  A1(4:6)  4:6 Yet you returned not to me, says the LORD. (4:6)
  A2(4:7-8)  4:8 Yet you returned not to me, says the LORD. (4:8)
  A3(4:9)  4:9 Yet you returned not to me, says the LORD. (4:9)
  A4(4:10)  4:10 Yet you returned not to me, says the LORD. (4:10)
  A5(4:11)  4:11 Yet you returned not to me, says the LORD. (4:11)
   A: Not to return.

[5]Seek the LORD  (Amos 4:12-5:8)
"4:13 The LORD, the God of hosts by name.(4:13)"   
    B(5:1-2)    5:2 She is fallen, to rise no more, the virgin Israel; She lies abandoned upon her land (5:2)
      C(5:3)      The words of the LORD
      C'(5:4-5)      The words of the LORD
    B'(5:6-7)    5:7 Woe to those who turn judgment to wormwood and cast justice to the ground! (5:7)
5:8 the LORD is his name (5:8)   
   A: The name of the LORD. B: To cast to the ground. C: The words of the LORD.

[6]The day of judgment  (Amos 5:9-17)
"Though you have planted choice vineyards, you shall not drink their wine(5:11)"   
Seek good and not evil(5:14)   
Hate evil and love good (5:15)   
And in every vineyard there shall be lamentation (5:17)   
   A: Vineyard. B: Good and evil.

[7]Festival and justice  (Amos 5:18-27)
  A(5:18-20)  As if a man went to flee from a lion, and a bear should meet him (5:19)
"I hate, I spurn your feasts (5:21)"   
      C(5:24)      let justice surge like water, and goodness like an unfailing stream (5:24)
"Did you bring me sacrifices and offerings for forty years in the desert, O house of Israel?(5:25)"   
  A'(5:27)  For I will exile you beyond Damascus (5:27)
   A: Sufferings. B: Offerings. C: Justice.

[8]Judgment on arrogant people  (Amos 6:1-14)
  A(6:1-2)  to whom the people of Israel have recourse (6:1)
    B(6:3-7)    you hasten the reign of violence (6:3)
      C(6:8-11)      I give over the city with everything in it (6:8)
    B'(6:12)    Yet you have turned judgment into gall, and the fruit of justice into wormwood (6:12)
  A'(6:13-14)  A nation that shall oppress you (6:14)
   A: Oppression of foreign nations. B: Evils. C: Destruction of the city.

[9]The first, second and third vision  (Amos 7:1-6)
7:1 This is what the Lord GOD showed me (7:1)   
    B(7:2)    Request of Amos
7:3 It shall not be (7:3)   
7:4 Then the Lord GOD showed me this (7:4)   
    B'(7:5)    Request of Amos
7:6 This also shall not be (7:6)   
7:7 This is what the Lord GOD showed me (7:7)   
    B''(7:8b)    Response of Amos
      C''(7:8c-9)      never again will I overlook (7:8)
   A: The Lord GOD showed. B: Requests of Amos. C: Results.

[10]Amaziah complains to the king  (Amos 7:10-17)
  A(7:10-11)  Prophecy of destruction
    B(7:12-13)    7:13 but never again prophesy in Bethel (7:13)
      C(7:14-15)      7:14 I was no prophet (7:14)
    B'(7:16)    7:16 prophesy not against Israel (7:16)
  A'(7:17)  Prophecy of destruction
   A: Prophecy of destruction. B: Don't prophesy. C: I was no prophet.

[11]The fourth vision  (Amos 8:1-14)
  A(8:1-3)  The day of the LORD
    B(8:4-7)    Sins of the people
  A'(8:8-14)  The day of the LORD
   A: The day of the LORD. B: Sins of the people.

[12]The God of whole world  (Amos 9:1-10)
  A(9:1-4)  The words of the LORD
Acts of the LORD   
  A'(9:7-10)  The words of the LORD
   A: The words of the LORD. B: Acts of the LORD.

[13]The restoration of David's kingdom  (Amos 9:11-15)
  A(9:11)  Restoration
    B(9:12)    Ownership of land
  A'(9:13-14)  Restoration
    B'(9:15)    Ownership of land
   A: Restoration. B: Ownership of land.

Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

Creative Commons License
Literary Structure of the Bible by Hajime Murai is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Caution: The copyright of the cited Bible verses belongs to each translator and publisher.