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Literary structure (chiasm, chiasmus) of Book of Amos

Chiastic Structure and Concentric Structure and Parallel of each pericope

[1]Judgment on nations  (Amos 1:1-2:16)
 
P(1:1-2)1:1 The words of Amos, a shepherd from Tekoa (1:1)
  A1(1:3-5)  Damascus
  A2(1:6-8)  Gaza
  A3(1:9-10)  Tyre
  A4(1:11-12)  Edom
  A5(1:13-15)  Ammonites
  A6(2:1-3)  Moab
  A7(2:4-5)  Judah
  A8(2:6-16)  Israel
 
   A: Nations.

[2]Sin of Israel  (Amos 3:1-15)
 
  A(3:1-2)  
3:2 Therefore I will punish you for all your crimes.(3:2)   
(אפקד)
    B(3:3-8)    
3:4 Does a lion roar in the forest when it has no prey(3:4)   
(אריה)
      C(3:9-10)      3:10 Storing up in their castles what they have extorted and robbed. (3:10)
    B'(3:11-12)    
3:12 As the shepherd snatches from the mouth of the lion (3:12)   
(הארי)
  A'(3:13-15)  
"3:14 On the day when I punish Israel for his crimes, I will visit also the altars of Bethel (3:14)"   
(פקדי)
 
   A: Punishments. B: Lions. C: Evils.

[3]Unbelief of Israel  (Amos 4:1-11)
 
P(4:1-5)4:1 Hear this word (4:1)
  A1(4:6)  4:6 Yet you returned not to me, says the LORD. (4:6)
  A2(4:7-8)  4:8 Yet you returned not to me, says the LORD. (4:8)
  A3(4:9)  4:9 Yet you returned not to me, says the LORD. (4:9)
  A4(4:10)  4:10 Yet you returned not to me, says the LORD. (4:10)
  A5(4:11)  4:11 Yet you returned not to me, says the LORD. (4:11)
 
   A: Not to return.

[4]Seek the LORD  (Amos 4:12-5:8)
 
  A(4:12-13)  
"4:13 The LORD, the God of hosts by name.(4:13)"   
(שׁמו)
    B(5:1-2)    5:2 She is fallen, to rise no more, the virgin Israel; She lies abandoned upon her land (5:2)
      C(5:3)      The words of the LORD
      C'(5:4-5)      The words of the LORD
    B'(5:6-7)    5:7 Woe to those who turn judgment to wormwood and cast justice to the ground! (5:7)
  A'(5:8)  
5:8 the LORD is his name (5:8)   
(שׁמו)
 
   A: The name of the LORD. B: To cast to the ground. C: The words of the LORD.

[5]The day of judgment  (Amos 5:9-17)
 
  A(5:9-13)  
"Though you have planted choice vineyards, you shall not drink their wine(5:11)"   
(כרמי)
    B(5:14)    
Seek good and not evil(5:14)   
(טוב)
    B'(5:15)    
Hate evil and love good (5:15)   
(טוב)
  A'(5:16-17)  
And in every vineyard there shall be lamentation (5:17)   
(כרמים)
 
   A: Vineyard. B: Good and evil.

[6]Festival and justice  (Amos 5:18-27)
 
  A(5:18-20)  As if a man went to flee from a lion, and a bear should meet him (5:19)
    B(5:21-23)    
"I hate, I spurn your feasts (5:21)"   
(ומנחתיכם)
      C(5:24)      let justice surge like water, and goodness like an unfailing stream (5:24)
    B'(5:25-26)    
"Did you bring me sacrifices and offerings for forty years in the desert, O house of Israel?(5:25)"   
(ומנחה)
  A'(5:27)  For I will exile you beyond Damascus (5:27)
 
   A: Sufferings. B: Offerings. C: Justice.

[7]Judgment on arrogant people  (Amos 6:1-14)
 
  A(6:1-2)  to whom the people of Israel have recourse (6:1)
    B(6:3-7)    you hasten the reign of violence (6:3)
      C(6:8-11)      I give over the city with everything in it (6:8)
    B'(6:12)    Yet you have turned judgment into gall, and the fruit of justice into wormwood (6:12)
  A'(6:13-14)  A nation that shall oppress you (6:14)
 
   A: Oppression of foreign nations. B: Evils. C: Destruction of the city.

[8]The first and second vision  (Amos 7:1-6)
 
  A(7:1)  
7:1 This is what the Lord GOD showed me (7:1)   
(הראני)
    B(7:2)    Request of Amos
      C(7:3)      
7:3 It shall not be (7:3)   
(לאתהיה)
  A'(7:4)  
7:4 Then the Lord GOD showed me this (7:4)   
(הראני)
    B'(7:5)    Request of Amos
      C'(7:6)      
7:6 This also shall not be (7:6)   
(לאתהיה)
 
   A: The Lord GOD showed. B: Requests of Amos. C: It shall not be.

[9]The third vision  (Amos 7:7-9)
 
  A(7:7-8a)  The words of the LORD
    B(7:8b)    Response of Amos
  A'(7:8c-9)  The words of the LORD
 
   A: The words of the LORD. B: Response of Amos.

[10]Amaziah complains to the king  (Amos 7:10-17)
 
  A(7:10-11)  Prophecy of destruction
    B(7:12-13)    7:13 but never again prophesy in Bethel (7:13)
      C(7:14-15)      7:14 I was no prophet (7:14)
    B'(7:16)    7:16 prophesy not against Israel (7:16)
  A'(7:17)  Prophecy of destruction
 
   A: Prophecy of destruction. B: Don't prophesy. C: I was no prophet.

[11]The fourth vision  (Amos 8:1-3)
 
  A(8:1-2a)  The words of the LORD
    B(8:2b)    Response of Amos
  A'(8:2c-3)  The words of the LORD
 
   A: The words of the LORD. B: Response of Amos.

[12]The God of whole world  (Amos 8:4-9:10)
 
  A(8:4-7)  8:7 Never will I forget a thing they have done! (8:7)
    B(8:8)    
"8:8 Shall not the land tremble because of this, and all who dwell in it mourn (8:8)"   
(ואבל)
      C(8:9-12)      Sufferings
        D(8:13-14)        8:14 those shall fall, never to rise again(8:14)
      C'(9:1-4)      Sufferings
    B'(9:5-6)    
"9:5 I melt the earth with my touch, so that all who dwell on it mourn (9:5)"   
(ואבלו)
  A'(9:7-10)  9:8 The eyes of the Lord GOD are on this sinful kingdom; I will destroy it from off the face of the earth (9:8)
 
   A: The eyes of the Lord GOD are on them. B: Mourning. C: Sufferings. D: Never to rise again.

[13]The restoration of David's kingdom  (Amos 9:11-15)
 
  A(9:11)  Restoration
    B(9:12)    Ownership of land
  A'(9:13-14)  Restoration
    B'(9:15)    Ownership of land
 
   A: Restoration. B: Ownership of land.


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