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Literary structure (chiasm, chiasmus) of Book of Malachi

Chiastic Structure and Concentric Structure and Parallel of each pericope

[1]Corruption of the priesthood  (Mal 1:1-13)
 
P(1:1)1:1 An oracle. The word of the LORD to Israel through Malachi. (1:1)
  A(1:2-4)  1:2 I have loved you, says the LORD (1:2)
    B(1:5-6)    1:5 Great is the LORD, even beyond the land of Israel (1:5)
      C(1:7-8)      
1:7 offering polluted food on my altar (1:7)   
(מגאל)
  A'(1:9-10)  1:9 So now if you implore God for mercy on us (1:9)
    B'(1:11)    1:11 For from the rising of the sun, even to its setting, my name is great among the nations (1:11)
      C'(1:12-13)      
1:12 its offering may be polluted (1:12)   
(מגאל)
 
   A: The love of the LORD. B: The name of the LORD is great among the nations. C: Polluted altar.

[2]Exhortation to priests  (Mal 1:14-2:9)
 
  A(1:14)  1:14 under his vow sacrifices to the LORD a gelding (1:14)
    B(2:1-2)    
2:1 Athis commandment is for you (2:1)   
(המצות)
      C(2:3)      2:3 I am going to break your arm (2:3)
    B'(2:4-7)    
2:4 I sent you this commandment because I have a covenant with Levi (2:4)   
(המצות)
  A'(2:8-9)  2:9 I, therefore, have made you contemptible and base before all the people (2:9)
 
   A: Contemptible. B: Commandments. C: Punishments.

[3]Do not betray  (Mal 2:10-16)
 
  A(2:10-12)  
"2:10 Why then do we break faith with each other, violating the covenant of our fathers?(2:10)"   
(נבגד)
    B(2:13)    2:13 the altar of the LORD you cover with tears, weeping and groaning (2:13)
  A'(2:14-16)  
"2:14 Because the LORD is witness between you and the wife of your youth, With whom you have broken faith though she is your companion, your betrothed wife. (2:14)"   
(בגדתה)
 
   A: Betrayal. B: The altar of the LORD you cover with tears.

[4]The coming messenger  (Mal 2:17-3:15)
 
  A(2:17)  Words of the people
    B(3:1-4)    3:4 The offering of Judah and Jerusalem will then be acceptable to Yahweh as in former days, as in the years of old (3:4)
      C(3:5)      3:5 I will draw near to you for judgment (3:5)
        D(3:6-7)        3:7 Return to me (3:7)
      C'(3:8-9)      3:8 Yet you are robbing me! And you say, "How do we rob you?" (3:8)
    B'(3:10-12)    3:12 you will be a delightful land (3:12)
  A'(3:13-15)  Words of the people
 
   A: Words of the people. B: Restoration. C: Sins of the people. D: Return to me.

[5]The day of the LORD  (Mal 3:16-24)
 
  A(3:16-18)  3:17 I shall spare them in the way a man spares the son who serves him (3:17)
    B(3:19-21)    3:20 But for you who fear my name, there will arise the sun of justice with its healing rays (3:20)
  A'(3:22-24)  3:24 He will reconcile parents to their children and children to their parents, to forestall my putting the country under the curse of destruction. (3:24)
 
   A: The parent and the son. B: To fear the LORD.


Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

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