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Literary structure (chiasm, chiasmus) of Second Epistle to the Thessalonians

Chiastic Structure and Concentric Structure and Parallel of each pericope

[1]Salutation  (2 Thess 1:1-2)
  A(1:1)  1:1God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ (1:1)   (θεῷ πατρὶ ἡμῶν καὶ κυρίῳ Ἰησοῦ ξριστω)
  A'(1:2)  1:2God Father and the Lord Jesus Christ (1:2)   (θεοῦ πατρὸς καὶ κυρίου Ἰησοῦ Ξριστου)
   A: God Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

[2]The judgment at Christ's coming  (2 Thess 1:3-12)
  A(1:3)  1:3 your faith flourishes ever more (1:3)   (πίστις)
    B(1:4-5)    1:5 This is evidence of the just judgment of God (1:5)   (ἔνδειγμα)
      C(1:6-7)      1:6 to repay with afflictions those who are afflicting you, (1:6)"   (ἀνταποδοῦναι)
      C'(1:8-9)      1:8 inflicting punishment on those who do not acknowledge God and on those who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus. (1:8)   (ἐκδίκησιν)
    B'(1:10)    1:10 for our testimony to you was believed.(1:10)   (μαρτύριον)
  A'(1:11-12)  1:11 our God may make you worthy of his calling and powerfully bring to fulfillment every good purpose and every effort of faith (1:11)   (πίστεως)
   A: Faith. B: Evidence. C: Rewards and punishments.

[3]The man of lawlessness  (2 Thess 2:1-17)
  A(2:1-2)  2:2 a letter allegedly from us (2:2)   (ἐπιστολῆς)
    B(2:3-4)    2:3 For unless the apostasy comes first and the lawless one is revealed, the one doomed to perdition,(2:3)"   (ἀπωλείας)
      C(2:5-8)      2:8 And then the lawless one will be revealed, whom the Lord (Jesus) will kill with the breath of his mouth and render powerless by the manifestation of his coming, (2:8)
    B'(2:9-12)    2:10 in every wicked deceit for those who are perishing (2:10)   (ἀπολλυμένοις)
  A'(2:13-17)  2:15 a letter of ours. (2:15)   (ἐπιστολῆς)
   A: A letter. B: Opponents. C: Perish of opponents.

[4]Request for prayer  (2 Thess 3:1-15)
  A(3:1-3)  3:2 we may be delivered from perverse and wicked people (3:2)
    B(3:4-5)    3:4 what we instruct you, you (both) are doing and will continue to do. (3:4)
      C(3:6)      3:6 to shun any brother who conducts himself in a disorderly way (3:6)   (ἀτάκτως)
        D(3:7-9)        3:8 in toil and drudgery, night and day we worked, so as not to burden any of you. (3:8)
      C'(3:10-11)      3:11 We hear that some are conducting themselves among you in a disorderly way (3:11)   (ἀτάκτως)
    B'(3:12-13)    3:13 you, brothers, do not be remiss in doing good. (3:13)
  A'(3:14-15)  3:14 If anyone does not obey our word as expressed in this letter, take note of this person not to associate with him (3:14)
   A: Avoiding evils. B: Doing good. C: Disorderly way. D: Diligent way.

[5]Final greetings and benediction  (2 Thess 3:16-18)
  A(3:16)  3:16 The Lord be with all of you. (3:16)   (μετὰ πάντων ἡμῶν)
    B(3:17)    3:17 This greeting is in my own hand, Paul's (3:17)
  A'(3:18)  3:18 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with all of you.(3:18)   (μετὰ πάντων ἡμῶν)
   A: The Lord be with you. B: Greeting of Paul.

Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

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Literary Structure of the Bible by Hajime Murai is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
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