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Literary structure (chiasmus, chiasm) of Second Epistle to Timothy

Chiasmus and Concentric Structure of whole text


1-1

1 Thanksgiving and encouragement (1:1-18)
  2 A good soldier of Christ Jesus (2:1-7)
    3 Living with Christ (2:8-14)
      4 Holy ones (2:15-26)
    5 Godlessness in the last days (3:1-11)
  6 Paul's charge to Timothy (3:12-4:8)
7 Personal instructions (4:9-22)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 Thanksgiving and encouragement (1:1-18)
grace, mercy, and peace from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord. (1:2)
Salutation7 Personal instructions (4:9-22)
The Lord be with your spirit. Grace be with all of you. (4:22)
1 Thanksgiving and encouragement (1:1-18)
You know that everyone in Asia deserted me, (1:15)
Person who deserts Paul7 Personal instructions (4:9-22)
for Demas, enamored of the present world, deserted me and went to Thessalonica, Crescens to Galatia, and Titus to Dalmatia. (4:10)
1 Thanksgiving and encouragement (1:1-18)
1:16 May the Lord grant mercy to the family of Onesiphorus because he often gave me new heart and was not ashamed of my chains. 1:17 But when he came to Rome, he promptly searched for me and found me. (1:16-17)
Person who supports Paul7 Personal instructions (4:9-22)
Luke is the only one with me. Get Mark and bring him with you, for he is helpful to me in the ministry. (4:11)
2 A good soldier of Christ Jesus (2:1-7)
Bear your share of hardship along with me like a good soldier of Christ Jesus (2:3)
Good soldier6 Paul's charge to Timothy (3:12-4:8)
I have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith (4:7)
3 Living with Christ (2:8-14)
Therefore, I bear with everything for the sake of those who are chosen, so that they too may obtain the salvation that is in Christ Jesus, together with eternal glory. (2:10)
Endurance5 Godlessness in the last days (3:1-11)
persecutions, and sufferings, such as happened to me in Antioch, Iconium, and Lystra, persecutions that I endured. Yet from all these things the Lord delivered me. (3:11)

1-1-1

1 Thanksgiving and encouragement (1:1-18)
  2 A good soldier of Christ Jesus (2:1-7)
  3 Living with Christ (2:8-14)
4 Holy ones (2:15-26)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 Thanksgiving and encouragement (1:1-18)
You know that everyone in Asia deserted me, including Phygelus and Hermogenes (1:15)
Heresy4 Holy ones (2:15-26)
their teaching will spread like gangrene. Among them are Hymenaeus and Philetus (2:17)
2 A good soldier of Christ Jesus (2:1-7)
Bear your share of hardship along with me like a good soldier of Christ Jesus (2:3)
Sharing hardship with Christ3 Living with Christ (2:8-14)
if we persevere we shall also reign with him. But if we deny him he will deny us (2:12)

1-1-2

4 Holy ones (2:15-26)
  5 Godlessness in the last days (3:1-11)
  6 Paul's charge to Timothy (3:12-4:8)
7 Personal instructions (4:9-22)
Former halfRelationLatter half
4 Holy ones (2:15-26)
who have deviated from the truth by saying that (the) resurrection has already taken place and are upsetting the faith of some (2:18)
Heresy7 Personal instructions (4:9-22)
You too be on guard against him, for he has strongly resisted our preaching (4:15)
5 Godlessness in the last days (3:1-11)
But understand this: there will be terrifying times in the last days (3:1)
Persecution6 Paul's charge to Timothy (3:12-4:8)
In fact, all who want to live religiously in Christ Jesus will be persecuted (3:12)

Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

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Literary Structure of the Bible by Hajime Murai is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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