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Literary structure (chiasmus, chiasm) of Epistle to the Hebrews

Chiasmus and Concentric Structure of whole text


1-1

1 God has spoken by his son (1:1-14)
  2 Warning to pay attention (2:1-18)
    3 Moses a servant, Christ a son (3:1-6)
      4 Warning against unbelief (3:7-19)
        5 The rest that God promised (4:1-13)
          6 Juseus the great high priest (4:14-5:10)
            7 Warning against falling away (5:11-6:12)
              8 The certainty of God's promise (6:13-7:10)
                9 The priestly order of Melchizedek (7:11-28)
              10 Mediator of a better covenant (8:1-13)
            11 The earthly and the heavenly sanctuaries (9:1-22)
          12 Christ's sacrifice takes away sin (9:23-28)
        13 Christ's sacrifice once for all (10:1-18)
      14 A call to persevere (10:19-39)
    15 Faith (11:1-40)
  16 Warning against rejecting God's grace (12:1-29)
17 Service well-pleasing to God (13:1-25)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 God has spoken by his son (1:1-14)
Your throne, O God, stands forever and ever; and a righteous scepter is the scepter of your kingdom. (1:8)
Jesus as eternal entity17 Service well-pleasing to God (13:1-25)
May the God of peace, who brought up from the dead the great shepherd of the sheep by the blood of the eternal covenant, Jesus our Lord, (13:20)
2 Warning to pay attention (2:1-18)
but we do see Jesus "crowned with glory and honor" because he suffered death, (2:9)
Passion and glory of Christ16 Warning against rejecting God's grace (12:1-29)
For the sake of the joy that lay before him he endured the cross, despising its shame, and has taken his seat at the right of the throne of God. (12:2)
3 Moses a servant, Christ a son (3:1-6)
who was faithful to the one who appointed him, just as Moses was "faithful in (all) his house." (3:2)
Moses and Jesus15 Faith (11:1-40)
By faith Moses was hidden by his parents for three months after his birth, (11:23)
4 Warning against unbelief (3:7-19)
3:13 Encourage yourselves daily while it is still "today," so that none of you may grow hardened by the deceit of sin. (3:13)
Sins14 A call to persevere (10:19-39)
10:26 If we sin deliberately after receiving knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains sacrifice for sins(10:26)
5 The rest that God promised (4:1-13)
4:5 and again, in the previously mentioned place, "They shall not enter into my rest." (4:5)
Sabbath / Offerings13 Christ's sacrifice once for all (10:1-18)
10:8 First he says, "Sacrifices and offerings, holocausts and sin offerings, you neither desired nor delighted in." These are offered according to the law.(10:8)
6 Juseus the great high priest (4:14-5:10)
Therefore, since we have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus, the Son of God, let us hold fast to our confession. (4:14)
Great high priest12 Christ's sacrifice takes away sin (9:23-28)
Not that he might offer himself repeatedly, as the high priest enters each year into the sanctuary with blood that is not his own; (9:25)
7 Warning against falling away (5:11-6:12)
6:1 Therefore, let us leave behind the basic teaching about Christ and advance to maturity, without laying the foundation all over again: repentance from dead works and faith in God, 6:2 instruction about baptisms and laying on of hands, resurrection of the dead and eternal judgment. (6:1-2)
Baptism, ritual11 The earthly and the heavenly sanctuaries (9:1-22)
but only in matters of food and drink and various ritual washings: regulations concerning the flesh, imposed until the time of the new order. (9:10)
8 The certainty of God's promise (6:13-7:10)
So when God wanted to give the heirs of his promise an even clearer demonstration of the immutability of his purpose, he intervened with an oath, (6:17)
Promise10 Mediator of a better covenant (8:1-13)
Now he has obtained so much more excellent a ministry as he is mediator of a better covenant, enacted on better promises. (8:6)

1-1-1

1 God has spoken by his son (1:1-14)
  2 Warning to pay attention (2:1-18)
    3 Moses a servant, Christ a son (3:1-6)
      4 Warning against unbelief (3:7-19)
        5 The rest that God promised (4:1-13)
      6 Juseus the great high priest (4:14-5:10)
    7 Warning against falling away (5:11-6:12)
  8 The certainty of God's promise (6:13-7:10)
9 The priestly order of Melchizedek (7:11-28)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 God has spoken by his son (1:1-14)
Your throne, O God, stands forever and ever; and a righteous scepter is the scepter of your kingdom. (1:8)
Eternal entity9 The priestly order of Melchizedek (7:11-28)
For the law appoints men subject to weakness to be high priests, but the word of the oath, which was taken after the law, appoints a son, who has been made perfect forever. (7:28)
2 Warning to pay attention (2:1-18)
God added his testimony by signs, wonders, various acts of power, and distribution of the gifts of the holy Spirit according to his will. (2:4)
Sign of salvation8 The certainty of God's promise (6:13-7:10)
So when God wanted to give the heirs of his promise an even clearer demonstration of the immutability of his purpose, he intervened with an oath, (6:17)
3 Moses a servant, Christ a son (3:1-6)
3:6 but Christ was faithful as a son placed over his house. We are his house, if (only) we hold fast to our confidence and pride in our hope.(3:6)
Hope7 Warning against falling away (5:11-6:12)
6:11 We earnestly desire each of you to demonstrate the same eagerness for the fulfillment of hope until the end, (6:11)
4 Warning against unbelief (3:7-19)
3:13 Encourage yourselves daily while it is still "today," so that none of you may grow hardened by the deceit of sin. (3:13)
Sins6 Juseus the great high priest (4:14-5:10)
4:15 For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who has similarly been tested in every way, yet without sin. (4:15)

1-1-2

9 The priestly order of Melchizedek (7:11-28)
  10 Mediator of a better covenant (8:1-13)
    11 The earthly and the heavenly sanctuaries (9:1-22)
      12 Christ's sacrifice takes away sin (9:23-28)
        13 Christ's sacrifice once for all (10:1-18)
      14 A call to persevere (10:19-39)
    15 Faith (11:1-40)
  16 Warning against rejecting God's grace (12:1-29)
17 Service well-pleasing to God (13:1-25)
Former halfRelationLatter half
9 The priestly order of Melchizedek (7:11-28)
You are a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek. (7:17)
Eternal great high priest17 Service well-pleasing to God (13:1-25)
May the God of peace, who brought up from the dead the great shepherd of the sheep by the blood of the eternal covenant, Jesus our Lord, (13:20)
10 Mediator of a better covenant (8:1-13)
Now he has obtained so much more excellent a ministry as he is mediator of a better covenant, enacted on better promises. (8:6)
New covenant16 Warning against rejecting God's grace (12:1-29)
and Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and the sprinkled blood that speaks more eloquently than that of Abel. (12:24)
11 The earthly and the heavenly sanctuaries (9:1-22)
9:15 For this reason he is mediator of a new covenant: since a death has taken place for deliverance from transgressions under the first covenant, those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance.(9:15)
Hope15 Faith (11:1-40)
11:9 By faith he sojourned in the promised land as in a foreign country, dwelling in tents with Isaac and Jacob, heirs of the same promise; (11:9)
12 Christ's sacrifice takes away sin (9:23-28)
9:24 For Christ did not enter into a sanctuary made by hands, a copy of the true one, but heaven itself, that he might now appear before God on our behalf. (9:24)
Entering into a sanctuary14 A call to persevere (10:19-39)
10:19 Therefore, brothers, since through the blood of Jesus we have confidence of entrance into the sanctuary(10:19)

Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

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Literary Structure of the Bible by Hajime Murai is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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