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Literary structure (chiasmus, chiasm) of Book of Deuteronomy

Chiasmus and Concentric Structure of divided by 3


3-1

1 Events at Horeb recalled (1:1-8)
  2 Appointment of Tribal Leaders (1:9-18)
    3 Israel's refusal to enter the Land (1:19-33)
      4 The penalty for Israel's rebellion (1:34-45)
        5 The desert years (1:46-2:25)
          6 Defeat of king Sihon (2:26-37)
            7 The land of king Sihon and Og (3:1-22)
              8 Moses views Canaan from Pisgah (3:23-29)
                9 Exhortation to keep the law (4:1-14)
              10 Against idolatry (4:15-31)
            11 Mighty acts of God (4:32-40)
          12 Cities of refuge East of the Jordan (4:41-43)
        13 Transition to the second address (4:44-49)
      14 The ten commandments (5:1-22)
    15 Moses the mediator of God's will (5:23-33)
  16 Don't forget the Lord (6:1-9)
17 Caution against disobedience (6:10-25)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 Events at Horeb recalled (1:1-8)
1:5Moses began to explain the law
Torah17 Caution against disobedience (6:10-25)
6:17 But keep the commandments of the LORD, your God, and the ordinances and statutes he has enjoined on you.
2 Appointment of Tribal Leaders (1:9-18)
1:10 The LORD, your God, has so multiplied you that you are now as numerous as the stars in the sky. 1:11 May the LORD, the God of your fathers, increase you a thousand times over, and bless you as he promised!
Increased Israel16 Don't forget the Lord (6:1-9)
6:3 Hear then, Israel, and be careful to observe them, that you may grow and prosper the more, in keeping with the promise of the LORD, the God of your fathers, to give you a land flowing with milk and honey.
3 Israel's refusal to enter the Land (1:19-33)
1:26 But you refused to go up, and after defying the command of the LORD, your God, 1:27 you set to murmuring in your tents
Disobeying / obeying people15 Moses the mediator of God's will (5:23-33)
5:27 Go closer, you, and hear all that the LORD, our God, will say, and then tell us what the LORD, our God, tells you; we will listen and obey.
4 The penalty for Israel's rebellion (1:34-45)
1:35 and he swore, 'Not one man of this evil generation shall look upon the good land I swore to give to your fathers, 1:36 except Caleb, son of Jephunneh; he shall see it. For to him and to his sons I will give the land he trod upon, because he has followed the LORD unreservedly.'
Punishment for disobeyingand mercy for obeying14 The ten commandments (5:1-22)
5:9 For I, the LORD, your God, am a jealous God, inflicting punishments for their fathers' wickedness on the children of those who hate me, down to the third and fourth generation 5:10 but bestowing mercy, down to the thousandth generation, on the children of those who love me and keep my commandments.
5 The desert years (1:46-2:25)
2:28 we left behind us the Arabah route (2:8)
Arabah13 Transition to the second address (4:44-49)
4:49 all the Arabah east of the Jordan (4:49)
6 Defeat of king Sihon (2:26-37)
2:36From Aroer on the edge of the Wadi Arnon and from the city in the wadi itself, as far as Gilead, no city was too well fortified for us to whom the LORD had delivered them up.
East bank of the Jordan12 Cities of refuge East of the Jordan (4:41-43)
4:43 Bezer in the desert, in the region of the plateau, for the Reubenites; Ramoth in Gilead for the Gadites; and Golan in Bashan for the Manassehites.
7 The land of king Sihon and Og (3:1-22)
3:21'Your eyes have seen all that the LORD, your God, has done to both these kings; so, too, will the LORD do to all the kingdoms which you will encounter over there.
God drives out enemies11 Mighty acts of God (4:32-40)
4:38 driving out of your way nations greater and mightier than you, so as to bring you in and to make their land your heritage, as it is today.
8 Moses views Canaan from Pisgah (3:23-29)
3:24For what god in heaven or on earth can perform deeds as mighty as yours?
Heaven and earth10 Against idolatry (4:15-31)
4:26 I call heaven and earth this day to witness against you,

3-1-1

1 Events at Horeb recalled (1:1-8)
  2 Appointment of Tribal Leaders (1:9-18)
    3 Israel's refusal to enter the Land (1:19-33)
      4 The penalty for Israel's rebellion (1:34-45)
        5 The desert years (1:46-2:25)
      6 Defeat of king Sihon (2:26-37)
    7 The land of king Sihon and Og (3:1-22)
  8 Moses views Canaan from Pisgah (3:23-29)
9 Exhortation to keep the law (4:1-14)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 Events at Horeb recalled (1:1-8)
1:5Moses began to explain the law in the land of Moab beyond the Jordan, as follows:
Torah9 Exhortation to keep the law (4:1-14)
4:8 Or what great nation has statutes and decrees that are as just as this whole law which I am setting before you today?
2 Appointment of Tribal Leaders (1:9-18)
1:13 Choose wise, intelligent and experienced men from each of your tribes, that I may appoint them as your leaders.
Calling8 Moses views Canaan from Pisgah (3:23-29)
3:28 Commission Joshua, and encourage and strengthen him, for he shall cross at the head of this people and shall put them in possession of the land you are to see.
3 Israel's refusal to enter the Land (1:19-33)
1:21 The LORD, your God, has given this land over to you. Go up and occupy it, as the LORD, the God of your fathers, commands you. Do not fear or lose heart.' (1:21)
Do not be afraid and get the land7 The land of king Sihon and Og (3:1-22)
3:22 Fear them not, for the LORD, your God, will fight for you.' (3:22)
4 The penalty for Israel's rebellion (1:34-45)
1:44 Then the Amorites living there came out against you and, like bees, chased you, cutting you down in Seir as far as Hormah.(1:44)
Defeating / defeated by Amorite6 Defeat of king Sihon (2:26-37)
2:32 So Sihon and all his people advanced against us to join battle at Jahaz; 2:33but since the LORD, our God, had delivered him to us, we defeated him and his sons and all his people.

3-1-2

9 Exhortation to keep the law (4:1-14)
  10 Against idolatry (4:15-31)
    11 Mighty acts of God (4:32-40)
      12 Cities of refuge East of the Jordan (4:41-43)
        13 Transition to the second address (4:44-49)
      14 The ten commandments (5:1-22)
    15 Moses the mediator of God's will (5:23-33)
  16 Don't forget the Lord (6:1-9)
17 Caution against disobedience (6:10-25)
Former halfRelationLatter half
9 Exhortation to keep the law (4:1-14)
see 2-1
see 2-117 Caution against disobedience (6:10-25)
see 2-1
10 Against idolatry (4:15-31)
see 2-1
see 2-116 Don't forget the Lord (6:1-9)
see 2-1
11 Mighty acts of God (4:32-40)
see 2-1
see 2-115 Moses the mediator of God's will (5:23-33)
see 2-1
12 Cities of refuge East of the Jordan (4:41-43)
see 2-1
see 2-114 The ten commandments (5:1-22)
see 2-1

3-2

17 Caution against disobedience (6:10-25)
  18 Destroy them (7:1-5)
    19 God chooses Israelites (7:6-15)
      20 Don't be afraid (7:16-26)
        21 God's care in the wilderness (8:1-20)
          22 Warning about perish (9:1-6)
            23 The consequences of rebelling against God (9:7-29)
              24 The second pair of tablets (10:1-11)
                25 The essence of the law (10:12-22)
              26 Great deeds of the Lord (11:1-9)
            27 Blessings and curses (11:10-32)
          28 Correct place for worship (12:1-12)
        29 A prescribed place of worship (12:13-28)
      30 Slaughtering animals (12:29-13:19)
    31 Regulations (14:1-25:16)
  32 Destroy Amalek (25:17-19)
33 First fruits and tithes (26:1-15)
Former halfRelationLatter half
17 Caution against disobedience (6:10-25)
see 1-1
see 1-133 First fruits and tithes (26:1-15)
see 1-1
18 Destroy them (7:1-5)
see 1-1
see 1-132 Destroy Amalek (25:17-19)
see 1-1
19 God chooses Israelites (7:6-15)
see 1-1
see 1-131 Regulations (14:1-25:16)
see 1-1
20 Don't be afraid (7:16-26)
see 1-1
see 1-130 Slaughtering animals (12:29-13:19)
see 1-1
21 God's care in the wilderness (8:1-20)
see 1-1
see 1-129 A prescribed place of worship (12:13-28)
see 1-1
22 Warning about perish (9:1-6)
see 1-1
see 1-128 Correct place for worship (12:1-12)
see 1-1
23 The consequences of rebelling against God (9:7-29)
see 1-1
see 1-127 Blessings and curses (11:10-32)
see 1-1
24 The second pair of tablets (10:1-11)
see 1-1
see 1-126 Great deeds of the Lord (11:1-9)
see 1-1

3-2-1

17 Caution against disobedience (6:10-25)
  18 Destroy them (7:1-5)
    19 God chooses Israelites (7:6-15)
      20 Don't be afraid (7:16-26)
        21 God's care in the wilderness (8:1-20)
      22 Warning about perish (9:1-6)
    23 The consequences of rebelling against God (9:7-29)
  24 The second pair of tablets (10:1-11)
25 The essence of the law (10:12-22)
Former halfRelationLatter half
17 Caution against disobedience (6:10-25)
6:17 But keep the commandments of the LORD, your God, and the ordinances and statutes he has enjoined on you. 6:18 Do what is right and good in the sight of the LORD,
Keeping the commandments25 The essence of the law (10:12-22)
10:13 to keep the commandments and statutes of the LORD which I enjoin on you today for your own good?
18 Destroy them (7:1-5)
7:5 But this is how you must deal with them: Tear down their altars, smash their sacred pillars, chop down their sacred poles, and destroy their idols by fire.
Broken objects24 The second pair of tablets (10:1-11)
10:2 I will write upon the tablets the commandments that were on the former tablets that you broke, and you shall place them in the ark.
18 Destroy them (7:1-5)
7:4 For they would turn your sons from following me to serving other gods, and then the wrath of the LORD would flare up against you and quickly destroy you.
The Lord destroys you24 The second pair of tablets (10:1-11)
10:10 After I had spent these other forty days and forty nights on the mountain, and the LORD had once again heard me and decided not to destroy you
19 God chooses Israelites (7:6-15)
7:12 If you heed these ordinances, by diligently observing them, the LORD your God will maintain with you the covenant loyalty that he swore to your ancestors;(7:12)
The covenant23 The consequences of rebelling against God (9:7-29)
9:9 When I went up the mountain to receive the stone tablets, the tablets of the covenant that the LORD made with you, I remained on the mountain forty days and forty nights; I neither ate bread nor drank water.(9:9)
20 Don't be afraid (7:16-26)
7:16 You shall consume all the nations which the LORD, your God, will deliver up to you. You are not to look on them with pity, lest you be ensnared into serving their gods.
The Lord destroys a nation22 Warning about perish (9:1-6)
9:3 you can drive them out and destroy them quickly, as the LORD promised you (9:3)

3-2-2

25 The essence of the law (10:12-22)
  26 Great deeds of the Lord (11:1-9)
    27 Blessings and curses (11:10-32)
      28 Correct place for worship (12:1-12)
        29 A prescribed place of worship (12:13-28)
      30 Slaughtering animals (12:29-13:19)
    31 Regulations (14:1-25:16)
  32 Destroy Amalek (25:17-19)
33 First fruits and tithes (26:1-15)
Former halfRelationLatter half
25 The essence of the law (10:12-22)
10:22 Your ancestors went down to Egypt seventy persons; and now the LORD your God has made you as numerous as the stars in heaven. (10:22)
To became a great nation33 First fruits and tithes (26:1-15)
26:5 A wandering Aramean was my ancestor; he went down into Egypt and lived there as an alien, few in number, and there he became a great nation, mighty and populous.(26:5)
26 Great deeds of the Lord (11:1-9)
11:4 what he did to the Egyptian army, to their horses and chariots, how he made the water of the Red Sea flow over them as they pursued you, so that the LORD has destroyed them to this day;(11:4)
Gentiles are cleared away32 Destroy Amalek (25:17-19)
25:19 you shall blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven; do not forget. (25:19)
27 Blessings and curses (11:10-32)
11:13If, then, you truly heed my commandments which I enjoin on you today,
Commandments31 Regulations (14:1-25:16)
The book of regulations
28 Correct place for worship (12:1-12)
12:2 Destroy without fail every place on the high mountains, on the hills, and under every leafy tree where the nations you are to dispossess worship their gods.
Do not serve to other god30 Slaughtering animals (12:29-13:19)
12:30 you will be lured into following them. Do not inquire regarding their gods, 'How did these nations worship their gods? I, too, would do the same.'

3-3

33 First fruits and tithes (26:1-15)
  34 Concluding exhortation (26:16-19)
    35 The inscribed stones and altar on Mount Ebal (27:1-10)
      36 Twelve curses (27:11-26)
        37 Blessings for obedience and warnings against disobedience (28:1-46)
          38 Warning against descendants (28:47-68)
            39 The covenant renewed in Moab (28:69-29:28)
              40 With heart and soul (30:1-14)
                41 Life and death (30:15-20)
              42 Joshua becomes Moses' successor (31:1-8)
            43 The law to be read every seventh year (31:9-13)
          44 Introduction to Song of Moses (31:14-23)
        45 Moses prepares to recite his song (31:24-29)
      46 The song of Moses (31:30-32:44)
    47 Moses' death foretold (32:45-52)
  48 Moses' blessing on Israel (33:1-29)
49 Israel mourns the death of Moses (34:1-12)
Former halfRelationLatter half
33 First fruits and tithes (26:1-15)
26:8 The LORD brought us out of Egypt with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm, with a terrifying display of power, and with signs and wonders;(26:8)
Miracles in Egypt49 Israel mourns the death of Moses (34:1-12)
34:11 He was unequaled for all the signs and wonders that the LORD sent him to perform in the land of Egypt, against Pharaoh and all his servants and his entire land,(34:11)
34 Concluding exhortation (26:16-19)
26:18 Today the LORD has obtained your agreement: to be his treasured people, as he promised you, and to keep his commandments;(26:18)
People of the LORD48 Moses' blessing on Israel (33:1-29)
33:29 Happy are you, O Israel! Who is like you, a people saved by the LORD (33:29)
35 The inscribed stones and altar on Mount Ebal (27:1-10)
27:3 You shall write on them all the words of this law when you have crossed over (27:3)
Words of the Law47 Moses' death foretold (32:45-52)
32:46 Take to heart all the words that I am giving in witness against you today; give them as a command to your children, so that they may diligently observe all the words of this law.(32:46)
36 Twelve curses (27:11-26)
Twelve curses
Curses of the LORD46 The song of Moses (31:30-32:44)
32:23 I will heap disasters upon them, spend my arrows against them:(32:23)
37 Blessings for obedience and warnings against disobedience (28:1-46)
28:15 But if you will not obey the LORD your God by diligently observing all his commandments and decrees, which I am commanding you today, then all these curses shall come upon you and overtake you:(28:15)
Curses of the LORD45 Moses prepares to recite his song (31:24-29)
31:29 For I know that after my death you will surely act corruptly, turning aside from the way that I have commanded you. In time to come trouble will befall you, because you will do what is evil in the sight of the LORD, provoking him to anger through the work of your hands. (31:29)
38 Warning against descendants (28:47-68)
28:59 then the LORD will overwhelm both you and your offspring with severe and lasting afflictions and grievous and lasting maladies.(28:59)
Disasters of descendants44 Introduction to Song of Moses (31:14-23)
31:21 And when many terrible troubles come upon them, this song will confront them as a witness, because it will not be lost from the mouths of their descendants. For I know what they are inclined to do even now, before I have brought them into the land that I promised them on oath."(31:21)
39 The covenant renewed in Moab (28:69-29:28)
29:14 I am making this covenant, sworn by an oath, not only with you who stand here with us today before the LORD our God,(29:14)
Future people of Israel43 The law to be read every seventh year (31:9-13)
31:13 and so that their children, who have not known it, may hear and learn to fear the LORD your God (31:13)
40 With heart and soul (30:1-14)
30:5 The LORD your God will bring you into the land that your ancestors possessed, and you will possess it; he will make you more prosperous and numerous than your ancestors.(30:5)
Entering into the land of ancestors42 Joshua becomes Moses' successor (31:1-8)
31:7 Then Moses summoned Joshua and said to him in the sight of all Israel: "Be strong and bold, for you are the one who will go with this people into the land that the LORD has sworn to their ancestors to give them; and you will put them in possession of it.(31:7)

3-3-1

33 First fruits and tithes (26:1-15)
  34 Concluding exhortation (26:16-19)
    35 The inscribed stones and altar on Mount Ebal (27:1-10)
      36 Twelve curses (27:11-26)
        37 Blessings for obedience and warnings against disobedience (28:1-46)
      38 Warning against descendants (28:47-68)
    39 The covenant renewed in Moab (28:69-29:28)
  41 Life and death (30:15-20)
41 Life and death (30:15-20)
Former halfRelationLatter half
33 First fruits and tithes (26:1-15)
see 2-2
see 2-241 Life and death (30:15-20)
see 2-2
34 Concluding exhortation (26:16-19)
see 2-2
see 2-241 Life and death (30:15-20)
see 2-2
35 The inscribed stones and altar on Mount Ebal (27:1-10)
see 2-2
see 2-239 The covenant renewed in Moab (28:69-29:28)
see 2-2
36 Twelve curses (27:11-26)
see 2-2
see 2-238 Warning against descendants (28:47-68)
see 2-2

3-3-2

41 Life and death (30:15-20)
  42 Joshua becomes Moses' successor (31:1-8)
    43 The law to be read every seventh year (31:9-13)
      44 Introduction to Song of Moses (31:14-23)
        45 Moses prepares to recite his song (31:24-29)
      46 The song of Moses (31:30-32:44)
    47 Moses' death foretold (32:45-52)
  48 Moses' blessing on Israel (33:1-29)
49 Israel mourns the death of Moses (34:1-12)
Former halfRelationLatter half
41 Life and death (30:15-20)
30:15 See, I have set before you today life and prosperity, death and adversity.(30:15)
Death49 Israel mourns the death of Moses (34:1-12)
34:5 Then Moses, the servant of the LORD, died there in the land of Moab, at the Lord's command.(34:5)
42 Joshua becomes Moses' successor (31:1-8)
31:1 When Moses had finished speaking all these words to all Israel,(31:1)
Words of Moses48 Moses' blessing on Israel (33:1-29)
33:1 This is the blessing with which Moses, the man of God, blessed the Israelites before his death.(33:1)
43 The law to be read every seventh year (31:9-13)
31:9 Then Moses wrote down this law, and gave it to the priests, the sons of Levi, who carried the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and to all the elders of Israel.(31:9)
Words of the Law47 Moses' death foretold (32:45-52)
32:46Take to heart all the words that I am giving in witness against you today; give them as a command to your children, so that they may diligently observe all the words of this law. (32:46)
44 Introduction to Song of Moses (31:14-23)
31:19 Now therefore write this song, and teach it to the Israelites; put it in their mouths, in order that this song may be a witness for me against the Israelites.(31:19)
The song of Moses46 The song of Moses (31:30-32:44)
The song of Moses

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