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Literary structure (chiasmus, chiasm) of Books of Samuel

Chiasmus and Concentric Structure of divided by 3

When the whole text is divided in three equivalent pericopes, three concentric structures appear. The three centers are "Saul Defeats The Ammonites" (no. 14, 1 Samuel 11:1-15), "Abner Defects To David" (no. 41, 2 Samuel 3:6-21c), and "The Defeat And Death Of Absalom" (no. 68, 2 Samuel 18:6-18). Those three pericopes have stories about establishment of kingships (Saul royal family, David royal family, end of the civil war).


3-1

1 Prologue Of Samuel's Birth (1S1:1-8)
  2 Samuel's Birth (1S1:9-28)
    3 Hannah's Prayer (1S2:1-10)
      4 The Child Samuel At Shiloh (1S2:11-26)
        5 Prophecy Against Eli's Household (1S2:27-36)
          6 Samuel's Calling And Prophetic Activity (1S3:1-21_1S4:1a)
            7 The Ark Of God Captured (1S4:1b-22)
              8 The Pilistines and the Ark (1S5:1-12)
                9 The Ark Returned To Israel (1S6:1-21_1S7:1)
                  10 Samuel At Judge (1S7:2-17)
                    11 Israel Demands A King (1S8:1-22)
                      12 Saul Chosen To Be King (1S9:1-1S10:16)
                        13 Saul Proclaimed King (1S10:17-27)
                          14 Saul Defeats The Ammonites (1S11:1-15)
                        15 Samuel's Farewell Address (1S12:1-25)
                      16 Saul's Unlawfull Sacrifice (1S13:1-23)
                    17 Jonathan Surprises And Routs The Philistines (1S14:1-46)
                  18 Saul's Continuing Wars (1S14:47-52)
                19 Saul Defeats The Amalekites (1S15:1-35)
              20 David Anointed As King (1S16:1-13)
            21 David Plays The Lyte For Saul (1S16:14-23)
          22 David And Goliath (1S17:1-58)
        23 Saul Tries To Kill David (1S18:1-30)
      24 David Escapes (1S19:1-24)
    25 The Friendship Of David And Jonathan (1S20:1-42)
  26 David and Ahimelech (1S21:1-1S22:23)
27 David at Keilah (1S23:1-14)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 Prologue Of Samuel's Birth (1S1:1-8)
This man regularly went on pilgrimage from his city to worship the LORD of hosts and to sacrifice to him at Shiloh, where the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were ministering as priests of the LORD. (1S1:3)
Priests27 David at Keilah (1S23:1-14)
1S23:9 he said to the priest Abiathar, "Bring forward the ephod." (1S23:9)
2 Samuel's Birth (1S1:9-28)
I prayed for this child, and the LORD granted my request (1S1:27)
Prayer to the LORD26 David and Ahimelech (1S21:1-1S22:23)
He consulted the LORD for him and gave him supplies (1S22:10)
3 Hannah's Prayer (1S2:1-10)
1S2:1 and as she worshiped the LORD, she said:(1S2:1)
Victory against enemies by the LORD25 The Friendship Of David And Jonathan (1S20:1-42)
1S20:15 never withdraw your kindness from my house. And when the LORD exterminates all the enemies of David from the surface of the earth, (1S20:15)
4 The Child Samuel At Shiloh (1S2:11-26)
1S2:25 If a man sins against another man, one can intercede for him with the LORD; but if a man sins against the LORD, who can intercede for him?" But they disregarded their father's warning, since the LORD had decided on their death. (1S2:25)
Sins24 David Escapes (1S19:1-24)
1S19:4 Jonathan then spoke well of David to his father Saul, saying to him: "Let not your majesty sin against his servant David, for he has committed no offense against you, but has helped you very much by his deeds. (1S19:4)
5 Prophecy Against Eli's Household (1S2:27-36)
1S2:30 This, therefore, is the oracle of the LORD, the God of Israel: I said in the past that your family and your fathers family should minister in my presence forever. But now, the LORD declares, away with this! for I will honor those who honor me, but those who spurn me shall be accursed. (1S2:30)
Person according to god and person against god23 Saul Tries To Kill David (1S18:1-30)
1S18:12 Saul then began to fear David, (because the LORD was with him, but had departed from Saul himself.) (1S18:12)
6 Samuel's Calling And Prophetic Activity (1S3:1-21_1S4:1a)
1S3:13 I announce to him that I am condemning his family once and for all, because of this crime: though he knew his sons were blaspheming God, he did not reprove them. (1S3:13)
Punishment of sins22 David And Goliath (1S17:1-58)
1S17:46 Today the LORD shall deliver you into my hand; I will strike you down and cut off your head. This very day I will leave your corpse and the corpses of the Philistine army for the birds of the air and the beasts of the field; thus the whole land shall learn that Israel has a God.(1S17:46)
7 The Ark Of God Captured (1S4:1b-22)
1S4:11 The ark of God was captured, and Eli's two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, were among the dead. (1S4:11)
The Lord departs from21 David Plays The Lyte For Saul (1S16:14-23)
1S16:14The spirit of the LORD had departed from Saul, and he was tormented by an evil spirit sent by the LORD.
8 The Pilistines and the Ark (1S5:1-12)
1S5:10The ark of God was next sent to Ekron; but as it entered that city, the people there cried out, "Why have they brought the ark of the God of Israel here to kill us and our kindred?"
Fear for coming something20 David Anointed As King (1S16:1-13)
1S16:4When he entered Bethlehem, the elders of the city came trembling to meet him and inquired,
9 The Ark Returned To Israel (1S6:1-21_1S7:1)
1S6:15The men of Beth-shemesh also offered other holocausts and sacrifices to the LORD that day.
Offering and rebellion19 Saul Defeats The Amalekites (1S15:1-35)
1S15:22"Does the LORD so delight in holocausts and sacrifices as in obedience to the command of the LORD? Obedience is better than sacrifice, and submission than the fat of rams.
10 Samuel At Judge (1S7:2-17)
1S7:7When the Philistines heard that the Israelites had gathered at Mizpah, their lords went up against Israel.
Fight with Philistines18 Saul's Continuing Wars (1S14:47-52)
1S14:52An unremitting war was waged against the Philistines during Saul's lifetime.
11 Israel Demands A King (1S8:1-22)
1S8:6Samuel was displeased when they asked for a king to judge them.
In the eye (ein) 17 Jonathan Surprises And Routs The Philistines (1S14:1-46)
1S14:40"Do what you think best."
12 Saul Chosen To Be King (1S9:1-1S10:16)
1S10:1Then, from a flask he had with him, Samuel poured oil on Saul's head; he also kissed him, saying: "The LORD anoints you commander over his heritage.
Saul's kingship16 Saul's Unlawfull Sacrifice (1S13:1-23)
1S13:13Had you kept the command the LORD your God gave you, the LORD would now establish your kingship in Israel as lasting;
13 Saul Proclaimed King (1S10:17-27)
1S10:19But today you have rejected your God, who delivers you from all your evils and calamities, by saying to him, Not so, but you must appoint a king over us.
Rejecting the Lord, welcoming king15 Samuel's Farewell Address (1S12:1-25)
1S12:19"Pray to the LORD your God for us, your servants, that we may not die for having added to all our other sins the evil of asking for a king."

3-1-1

1 Prologue Of Samuel's Birth (1S1:1-8)
  2 Samuel's Birth (1S1:9-28)
    3 Hannah's Prayer (1S2:1-10)
      4 The Child Samuel At Shiloh (1S2:11-26)
        5 Prophecy Against Eli's Household (1S2:27-36)
          6 Samuel's Calling And Prophetic Activity (1S3:1-21_1S4:1a)
            7 The Ark Of God Captured (1S4:1b-22)
            8 The Pilistines and the Ark (1S5:1-12)
          9 The Ark Returned To Israel (1S6:1-21_1S7:1)
        10 Samuel At Judge (1S7:2-17)
      11 Israel Demands A King (1S8:1-22)
    12 Saul Chosen To Be King (1S9:1-1S10:16)
  13 Saul Proclaimed King (1S10:17-27)
14 Saul Defeats The Ammonites (1S11:1-15)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 Prologue Of Samuel's Birth (1S1:1-8)
1S1:6Her rival, to upset her, turned it into a constant reproach to her that the LORD had left her barren.
Suffering by insult14 Saul Defeats The Ammonites (1S11:1-15)
1S11:2"This is my condition for a treaty with you: I must gouge out every man's right eye, that I may thus bring ignominy on all Israel."
2 Samuel's Birth (1S1:9-28)
I prayed for this child, and the LORD granted my request (1S1:27)
Wish comes true13 Saul Proclaimed King (1S10:17-27)
1S10:19But today you have rejected your God, who delivers you from all your evils and calamities, by saying to him, Not so, but you must appoint a king over us. Now, therefore, take your stand before the LORD according to tribes and families."
3 Hannah's Prayer (1S2:1-10)
1S2:10 Now may he give strength to his king, and exalt the horn of his anointed (1S2:10)
The Messiah12 Saul Chosen To Be King (1S9:1-1S10:16)
1S9:16whom you are to anoint as commander of my people Israel.
4 The Child Samuel At Shiloh (1S2:11-26)
1S2:12 Now the sons of Eli were wicked; they had respect neither for the LORD (1S2:12)
Wicked sons11 Israel Demands A King (1S8:1-22)
1S8:3 His sons did not follow his example but sought illicit gain and accepted bribes, perverting justice. (1S8:3)
5 Prophecy Against Eli's Household (1S2:27-36)
1S2:35 I will choose a faithful priest who shall do what I have in heart and mind. I will establish a lasting house for him which shall function in the presence of my anointed forever. (1S2:35)
The house of Samuel10 Samuel At Judge (1S7:2-17)
1S7:17 Then he used to return to Ramah, for that was his home. There, too, he judged Israel and built an altar to the LORD.(1S7:17)
6 Samuel's Calling And Prophetic Activity (1S3:1-21_1S4:1a)
1S3:14 Therefore, I swear to the family of Eli that no sacrifice or offering will ever expiate its crime. (1S3:14)
Atonement by offerings9 The Ark Returned To Israel (1S6:1-21_1S7:1)
1S6:15 The Levites, meanwhile, had taken down the ark of God and the box beside it, in which the golden articles were, and had placed them on the great stone. The men of Beth-shemesh also offered other holocausts and sacrifices to the LORD that day. (1S6:15)
7 The Ark Of God Captured (1S4:1b-22)
1S4:11 The ark of God was captured, and Eli's two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, were among the dead. (1S4:11)
The ark of God8 The Pilistines and the Ark (1S5:1-12)
1S5:7"The ark of the God of Israel must not remain with us, for he is handling us and our god Dagon severely."

3-1-2

14 Saul Defeats The Ammonites (1S11:1-15)
  15 Samuel's Farewell Address (1S12:1-25)
    16 Saul's Unlawfull Sacrifice (1S13:1-23)
      17 Jonathan Surprises And Routs The Philistines (1S14:1-46)
        18 Saul's Continuing Wars (1S14:47-52)
          19 Saul Defeats The Amalekites (1S15:1-35)
            20 David Anointed As King (1S16:1-13)
            21 David Plays The Lyte For Saul (1S16:14-23)
          22 David And Goliath (1S17:1-58)
        23 Saul Tries To Kill David (1S18:1-30)
      24 David Escapes (1S19:1-24)
    25 The Friendship Of David And Jonathan (1S20:1-42)
  26 David and Ahimelech (1S21:1-1S22:23)
27 David at Keilah (1S23:1-14)
Former halfRelationLatter half
14 Saul Defeats The Ammonites (1S11:1-15)
Give us seven days to send messengers throughout the territory of Israel. If no one rescues us, we will surrender to you. (1S11:3)
Salvation of Israel27 David at Keilah (1S23:1-14)
Go down to Keilah, for I will deliver the Philistines into your power. (1S23:4)
15 Samuel's Farewell Address (1S12:1-25)
Now you have the king you want, a king the LORD has given you. (1S12:13)
People request the king26 David and Ahimelech (1S21:1-1S22:23)
But the servants of Achish said, "Is this not David, the king of the land? During their dances do they not sing, 'Saul has slain his thousands, but David his ten thousands'? (1S21:12)
16 Saul's Unlawfull Sacrifice (1S13:1-23)
but as things are, your kingdom shall not endure. The LORD has sought out a man after his own heart and has appointed him commander of his people, because you broke the LORDS command. (1S13:14)
End of Sauls kingship25 The Friendship Of David And Jonathan (1S20:1-42)
Why, as long as the son of Jesse lives upon the earth, you cannot make good your claim to the kingship! So send for him, and bring him to me, for he is doomed. (1S20:31)
17 Jonathan Surprises And Routs The Philistines (1S14:1-46)
In this first exploit Jonathan and his armor-bearer slew about twenty men within half a furlong. (1S14:14)
Jonathan's action24 David Escapes (1S19:1-24)
Saul discussed his intention of killing David with his son Jonathan and with all his servants. But Saul's son Jonathan, who was very fond of David, 19:2 told him: "My father Saul is trying to kill you. Therefore, please be on your guard tomorrow morning; get out of sight and remain in hiding. (1S19:1-2)
18 Saul's Continuing Wars (1S14:47-52)
After taking over the kingship of Israel, Saul waged war on all their surrounding enemies-- Moab, the Ammonites, Aram, Beth-rehob, the king of Zobah, and the Philistines. Wherever he turned, he was successful (1S14:47)
Kings victory23 Saul Tries To Kill David (1S18:1-30)
Accordingly, Saul removed him from his presence by appointing him a field officer. So David led the people on their military expeditions, 18:14 and prospered in all his enterprises, for the LORD was with him. (1S18:13-14)
19 Saul Defeats The Amalekites (1S15:1-35)
So Samuel said to him: "The LORD has torn the kingdom of Israel from you this day, and has given it to a neighbor of yours, who is better than you. (1S15:28)
Person who is more excellent than Saul22 David And Goliath (1S17:1-58)
So when David returned from slaying the Philistine, Abner took him and presented him to Saul. David was still holding the Philistine's head. (1S17:57)
20 David Anointed As King (1S16:1-13)
Then Samuel, with the horn of oil in hand, anointed him in the midst of his brothers; and from that day on, the spirit of the LORD rushed upon David. When Samuel took his leave, he went to Ramah. (1S16:13)
The spirit of the LORD21 David Plays The Lyte For Saul (1S16:14-23)
The spirit of the LORD had departed from Saul, and he was tormented by an evil spirit sent by the LORD. (1S16:14)

3-2

28 David at Ziph (1S23:15-28)
  29 David Spares Saul's Life (1S24:1-23)
    30 Death Of Samuel (1S25:1-44)
      31 David Spares Saul's Life A Second Time (1S26:1-25)
        32 David Serves King Achish Of Gath (1S27:1-12)
          33 Saul Consults A Medium (1S28:1-25)
            34 The Philistines Reject David (1S29:1-11)
              35 David Avenges The Destruction Of Ziklag (1S30:1-31)
                36 The Death Of Saul And His Sons (1S31:1-13)
                  37 David Mourns For Saul And Jonathan (2S1:1-27)
                    38 David Anointed King Of Judah (2S2:1-11)
                      39 The Battle Of Gideon (2S2:12-32_2S3:1)
                        40 Birth Of David's Son At Hebron (2S3:2-5)
                          41 Abner Defects To David (2S3:6-21c)
                        42 Abner Id Killed By Joab (2S3:21d-39)
                      43 Ishbaal Assassinated (2S4:1-12)
                    44 David Anointed King Of All Israel (2S5:1-5)
                  45 Jerusalem Made Capital Of The United Kingdom (2S5:6-12)
                46 Birth Of David's Son At Jerusalem (2S5:13-16)
              47 Philistine Attack Repulsed (2S5:17-25)
            48 David Brings The Ark To Jerusalem (2S6:1-15)
          49 Michal Despises (2S6:16-23)
        50 God's Covenant With David (2S7:1-17)
      51 David's Prayer (2S7:18-29)
    52 David's Wars (2S8:1-14)
  53 David's Officers (2S8:15-18)
54 David's Kindness To Mephibosheth (2S9:1-13)
Former halfRelationLatter half
28 David at Ziph (1S23:15-28)
see 1-1
see 1-154 David's Kindness To Mephibosheth (2S9:1-13)
see 1-1
29 David Spares Saul's Life (1S24:1-23)
see 1-1
see 1-153 David's Officers (2S8:15-18)
see 1-1
30 Death Of Samuel (1S25:1-44)
see 1-1
see 1-152 David's Wars (2S8:1-14)
see 1-1
31 David Spares Saul's Life A Second Time (1S26:1-25)
see 1-1
see 1-151 David's Prayer (2S7:18-29)
see 1-1
32 David Serves King Achish Of Gath (1S27:1-12)
see 1-1
see 1-150 God's Covenant With David (2S7:1-17)
see 1-1
33 Saul Consults A Medium (1S28:1-25)
see 1-1
see 1-149 Michal Despises (2S6:16-23)
see 1-1
34 The Philistines Reject David (1S29:1-11)
see 1-1
see 1-148 David Brings The Ark To Jerusalem (2S6:1-15)
see 1-1
35 David Avenges The Destruction Of Ziklag (1S30:1-31)
see 1-1
see 1-147 Philistine Attack Repulsed (2S5:17-25)
see 1-1
36 The Death Of Saul And His Sons (1S31:1-13)
see 1-1
see 1-146 Birth Of David's Son At Jerusalem (2S5:13-16)
see 1-1
37 David Mourns For Saul And Jonathan (2S1:1-27)
see 1-1
see 1-145 Jerusalem Made Capital Of The United Kingdom (2S5:6-12)
see 1-1
38 David Anointed King Of Judah (2S2:1-11)
see 1-1
see 1-144 David Anointed King Of All Israel (2S5:1-5)
see 1-1
39 The Battle Of Gideon (2S2:12-32_2S3:1)
see 1-1
see 1-143 Ishbaal Assassinated (2S4:1-12)
see 1-1
40 Birth Of David's Son At Hebron (2S3:2-5)
see 1-1
see 1-142 Abner Id Killed By Joab (2S3:21d-39)
see 1-1

3-2-1

28 David at Ziph (1S23:15-28)
  29 David Spares Saul's Life (1S24:1-23)
    30 Death Of Samuel (1S25:1-44)
      31 David Spares Saul's Life A Second Time (1S26:1-25)
        32 David Serves King Achish Of Gath (1S27:1-12)
          33 Saul Consults A Medium (1S28:1-25)
            34 The Philistines Reject David (1S29:1-11)
            35 David Avenges The Destruction Of Ziklag (1S30:1-31)
          36 The Death Of Saul And His Sons (1S31:1-13)
        37 David Mourns For Saul And Jonathan (2S1:1-27)
      38 David Anointed King Of Judah (2S2:1-11)
    39 The Battle Of Gideon (2S2:12-32_2S3:1)
  40 Birth Of David's Son At Hebron (2S3:2-5)
41 Abner Defects To David (2S3:6-21c)
Former halfRelationLatter half
28 David at Ziph (1S23:15-28)
You shall be king of Israel and I shall be second to you (1S23:17)
David became the king41 Abner Defects To David (2S3:6-21c)
that is, take away the kingdom from the house of Saul and establish the throne of David over Israel and over Judah from Dan to Beersheba (2S3:10)
29 David Spares Saul's Life (1S24:1-23)
swear to me by the LORD that you will not destroy my descendants and that you will not blot out my name and family. (1S24:22)
King's descendants40 Birth Of David's Son At Hebron (2S3:2-5)
Sons were born to David in Hebron: his first-born, Amnon, of Ahinoam from Jezreel; (2S3:2)
30 Death Of Samuel (1S25:1-44)
Samuel died, and all Israel gathered to mourn him; they buried him at his home in Ramah.Then David went down to the desert of Maon. (1S25:1)
Burial39 The Battle Of Gideon (2S2:12-32_2S3:1)
They took up Asahel and buried him in his fathers tomb in Bethlehem. Joab and his men made an all-night march, and dawn found them in Hebron. (2S2:32)
31 David Spares Saul's Life A Second Time (1S26:1-25)
But David said to Abishai, "Do not harm him, for who can lay hands on the LORD'S anointed and remain unpunished? (1S26:9)
Messiah38 David Anointed King Of Judah (2S2:1-11)
Then the men of Judah came there and anointed David king of the Judahites.A report reached David that the men of Jabesh-gilead had buried Saul. (2S2:4)
32 David Serves King Achish Of Gath (1S27:1-12)
David and his men went up and made raids on the Geshurites, Girzites, and Amalekites-- peoples living in the land between Telam, on the approach to Shur, and the land of Egypt. (1S27:8)
David defeats Amalekite37 David Mourns For Saul And Jonathan (2S1:1-27)
After the death of Saul, David returned from his defeat of the Amalekites and spent two days in Ziklag. (2S1:1)
33 Saul Consults A Medium (1S28:1-25)
Moreover, the LORD will deliver Israel, and you as well, into the clutches of the Philistines. By tomorrow you and your sons will be with me, and the LORD will have delivered the army of Israel into the hands of the Philistines. (1S28:19)
Death of Saul36 The Death Of Saul And His Sons (1S31:1-13)
Thus Saul, his three sons, and his armor-bearer died together on that same day. (1S31:6)
34 The Philistines Reject David (1S29:1-11)
But the Philistine chiefs were angered at this and said to him: "Send that man back! Let him return to the place you picked out for him. He must not go down into battle with us, lest during the battle he become our enemy. For how else can he win back his master's favor, if not with the heads of these men of ours? 29:5 Is this not the David of whom they sing during their dances, 'Saul has slain his thousands, but David his ten thousands'?" (1S29:4-5)
David is denied35 David Avenges The Destruction Of Ziklag (1S30:1-31)
Now David found himself in great difficulty, for the men spoke of stoning him, so bitter were they over the fate of their sons and daughters. But with renewed trust in the LORD his God, (1S30:6)

3-2-2

41 Abner Defects To David (2S3:6-21c)
  42 Abner Id Killed By Joab (2S3:21d-39)
    43 Ishbaal Assassinated (2S4:1-12)
      44 David Anointed King Of All Israel (2S5:1-5)
        45 Jerusalem Made Capital Of The United Kingdom (2S5:6-12)
          46 Birth Of David's Son At Jerusalem (2S5:13-16)
            47 Philistine Attack Repulsed (2S5:17-25)
            48 David Brings The Ark To Jerusalem (2S6:1-15)
          49 Michal Despises (2S6:16-23)
        50 God's Covenant With David (2S7:1-17)
      51 David's Prayer (2S7:18-29)
    52 David's Wars (2S8:1-14)
  53 David's Officers (2S8:15-18)
54 David's Kindness To Mephibosheth (2S9:1-13)
Former halfRelationLatter half
41 Abner Defects To David (2S3:6-21c)
During the war between the house of Saul and that of David, Abner was gaining power in the house of Saul. (2S3:6)
Sauls royal family54 David's Kindness To Mephibosheth (2S9:1-13)
David asked, "Is there any survivor of Sauls house to whom I may show kindness for the sake of Jonathan?" (2S9:1)
42 Abner Id Killed By Joab (2S3:21d-39)
When Abner returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside within the city gate as though to speak with him privately. There he stabbed him in the abdomen, and he died in revenge for the killing of Joab's brother Asahel. (2S3:27)
Joab, son of Zeruiah53 David's Officers (2S8:15-18)
Joab, son of Zeruiah, was in command of the army. Jehoshaphat, son of Ahilud, was chancellor. (2S8:16)
43 Ishbaal Assassinated (2S4:1-12)
They brought the head of Ishbaal to David in Hebron and said to the king: "This is the head of Ishbaal, son of your enemy Saul, who sought your life. Thus has the LORD this day avenged my lord the king on Saul and his posterity. (2S4:8)
Davids victory52 David's Wars (2S8:1-14)
David then placed garrisons in Aram of Damascus, and the Arameans became subjects, tributary to David. The LORD brought David victory in all his undertakings. (2S8:6)
44 David Anointed King Of All Israel (2S5:1-5)
When all the elders of Israel came to David in Hebron, King David made an agreement with them there before the LORD, and they anointed him king of Israel. (2S5:3)
David as king of Israel51 David's Prayer (2S7:18-29)
Your name will be forever great, when men say, 'The LORD of hosts is God of Israel,' and the house of your servant David stands firm before you. (2S7:26)
45 Jerusalem Made Capital Of The United Kingdom (2S5:6-12)
And David knew that the LORD had established him as king of Israel and had exalted his rule for the sake of his people Israel. (2S5:12)
Establishment of David family50 God's Covenant With David (2S7:1-17)
It is he who shall build a house for my name. And I will make his royal throne firm forever. (2S7:13)
46 Birth Of David's Son At Jerusalem (2S5:13-16)
David took more concubines and wives in Jerusalem after he had come from Hebron, and more sons and daughters were born to him in Jerusalem. (2S5:13)
Wife who has child / wife who doesn't have child49 Michal Despises (2S6:16-23)
And so Saul's daughter Michal was childless to the day of her death. (2S6:23)
47 Philistine Attack Repulsed (2S5:17-25)
David then went to Baal-perazim, where he defeated them. He said, "The LORD has scattered my enemies before me like waters that have broken free." That is why the place is called Baal-perazim. (2S5:20)
Etymology of name of a place48 David Brings The Ark To Jerusalem (2S6:1-15)
David was disturbed because the LORD had vented his anger on Uzzah. (The place has been called Perez-uzzah down to the present day.) (2S6:8)

3-3

55 The Ammonites And Arameans Are Defeated (2S10:1-19)
  56 David Commits Adultery With Bathsheba (2S11:1-27)
    57 Nathan Condemns David (2S12:1-14)
      58 Solomon Is Born (2S12:15-25)
        59 The Ammonites Crushed (2S12:26-31)
          60 Amnon And Tamar (2S13:1-22)
            61 Absalom Avenges The Violation Of His Sister (2S13:23-2S14:33)
              62 Absalom Usurps The Throne (2S15:1-12)
                63 David Flees From Jerusalem (2S15:13-29)
                  64 Hushai Becomes David's Spy (2S15:30-37)
                    65 David's Adversaries (2S16:1-14)
                      66 The Counsel Of Ahithophel (2S16:15-2S17:26)
                        67 Preparation For War (2S17:27-2S18:5)
                          68 The Defeat And Death Of Absalom (2S18:6-18)
                        69 David Hears Of Absalom's Death (2S18:19-2S19:9b)
                      70 David Recalled To Jerusalem (2S19:9c-15)
                    71 Simei, Mephibosheth (2S19:16-31)
                  72 Barzillai (2S19:32-40)
                73 Israel And Judah (2S19:41-44)
              74 The Rebellion Of Sheba (2S20:1-22)
            75 David's Officers (2S20:23-26)
          76 David Avenges The Gibeonites (2S21:1-14)
        77 Exploits Of David's Men (2S21:15-22)
      78 David's Song Of Thanksgiving (2S22:1-51)
    79 The Last Words Of David (2S23:1-7)
  80 David's Mighty Men (2S23:8-39)
81 David's Census Of Israel And Judah (2S24:1-25)
Former halfRelationLatter half
55 The Ammonites And Arameans Are Defeated (2S10:1-19)
2S10:12the LORD will do what he judges best."
Let us fall by the hand of God81 David's Census Of Israel And Judah (2S24:1-25)
2S24:14Let us fall by the hand of God, for he is most merciful; but let me not fall by the hand of man."
56 David Commits Adultery With Bathsheba (2S11:1-27)
2S11:3"She is Bathsheba, daughter of Eliam, and wife of (Joab's armor-bearer) Uriah the Hittite."
Uriah the Hittite80 David's Mighty Men (2S23:8-39)
2S23:39Uriah the Hittite
57 Nathan Condemns David (2S12:1-14)
2S12:7I anointed you king of Israel.
Anointed by the Lord79 The Last Words Of David (2S23:1-7)
2S23:1the utterance of the man God raised up, Anointed of the God of Jacob,
57 Nathan Condemns David (2S12:1-14)
2S12:11'I will bring evil upon you out of your own house.
House of David79 The Last Words Of David (2S23:1-7)
2S23:5Is not my house firm before God?
58 Solomon Is Born (2S12:15-25)
2S12:24The LORD loved him 12:25 and sent the prophet Nathan to name him Jedidiah, on behalf of the LORD.
Blessing for descendants of David78 David's Song Of Thanksgiving (2S22:1-51)
2S22:51You who gave great victories to your king and showed kindness to your anointed, to David and his posterity forever."
59 The Ammonites Crushed (2S12:26-31)
2S12:26Joab fought against Rabbah of the Ammonites and captured this royal city.
Victory by David's servants77 Exploits Of David's Men (2S21:15-22)
2S21:22These four were Rephaim in Gath, and they fell at the hands of David and his servants.
60 Amnon And Tamar (2S13:1-22)
2S13:22Absalom, moreover, said nothing at all to Amnon, although he hated him for having shamed his sister Tamar.
Sons76 David Avenges The Gibeonites (2S21:1-14)
2S21:7The king, however, spared Meribbaal, son of Jonathan, son of Saul, because of the LORDS oath that formed a bond between David and Sauls son Jonathan. 21:8 But the king took Armoni and Meribbaal, the two sons that Aiahs daughter Rizpah had borne to Saul, and the five sons of Sauls daughter Merob that she had borne to Adriel, son of Barzillai the Meholathite, 21:9 and surrendered them to the Gibeonites.
61 Absalom Avenges The Violation Of His Sister (2S13:23-2S14:33)
2S13:24Please, your majesty, come with all your retainers to your servant."
David's servants75 David's Officers (2S20:23-26)
list of David's servants
62 Absalom Usurps The Throne (2S15:1-12)
Absaloms rebellion
Rebellion74 The Rebellion Of Sheba (2S20:1-22)
Shebas rebellion
63 David Flees From Jerusalem (2S15:13-29)
Then the king set out, accompanied by his entire household (2S15:16)
Leaving / returnning of David73 Israel And Judah (2S19:41-44)
Finally the king crossed over to Gilgal, accompanied by Chimham. All the people of Judah and half of the people of Israel had escorted the king across. (2S19:41)
64 Hushai Becomes David's Spy (2S15:30-37)
So David's friend Hushai went into the city of Jerusalem as Absalom was about to enter it. (2S15:37)
Separation with loyal subordinate72 Barzillai (2S19:32-40)
Then all the people crossed over the Jordan but the king remained; he kissed Barzillai and bade him Godspeed as he returned to his own district. (2S19:40)
65 David's Adversaries (2S16:1-14)
As David was approaching Bahurim, a man named Shimei, the son of Gera of the same clan as Sauls family, was coming out of the place, cursing as he came. (2S16:5)
Shimei71 Simei, Mephibosheth (2S19:16-31)
Shimei, son of Gera, the Benjaminite from Bahurim, hurried down with the Judahites to meet King David, (2S19:17)
66 The Counsel Of Ahithophel (2S16:15-2S17:26)
This plan was agreeable to Absalom and to all the elders of Israel. (2S17:4)
Proposal to presbyters70 David Recalled To Jerusalem (2S19:9c-15)
David sent word to the priests Zadok and Abiathar: "Say to the elders of Judah: 'Why should you be last to restore the king to his palace? (2S19:12)
67 Preparation For War (2S17:27-2S18:5)
But the king gave this command to Joab, Abishai and Ittai: "Be gentle with young Absalom for my sake." All the soldiers heard the king instruct the various leaders with regard to Absalom. (2S18:5)
David worries about Absalom69 David Hears Of Absalom's Death (2S18:19-2S19:9b)
But the king asked the Cushite, "Is young Absalom safe?" The Cushite replied, "May the enemies of my lord the king and all who rebel against you with evil intent be as that young man!" (2S18:32)

3-3-1

55 The Ammonites And Arameans Are Defeated (2S10:1-19)
  56 David Commits Adultery With Bathsheba (2S11:1-27)
    57 Nathan Condemns David (2S12:1-14)
      58 Solomon Is Born (2S12:15-25)
        59 The Ammonites Crushed (2S12:26-31)
          60 Amnon And Tamar (2S13:1-22)
            61 Absalom Avenges The Violation Of His Sister (2S13:23-2S14:33)
            62 Absalom Usurps The Throne (2S15:1-12)
          63 David Flees From Jerusalem (2S15:13-29)
        64 Hushai Becomes David's Spy (2S15:30-37)
      65 David's Adversaries (2S16:1-14)
    66 The Counsel Of Ahithophel (2S16:15-2S17:26)
  67 Preparation For War (2S17:27-2S18:5)
68 The Defeat And Death Of Absalom (2S18:6-18)
Former halfRelationLatter half
55 The Ammonites And Arameans Are Defeated (2S10:1-19)
But the Arameans gave way before Israel, and David's men killed seven hundred charioteers and forty thousand of the Aramean foot soldiers. Shobach, general of the army, was struck down and died on the field. (2S10:18)
Victory of David68 The Defeat And Death Of Absalom (2S18:6-18)
The forces of Israel were defeated by David's servants, and the casualties there that day were heavy-- twenty thousand men. (2S18:7)
56 David Commits Adultery With Bathsheba (2S11:1-27)
At the turn of the year, when kings go out on campaign, David sent out Joab along with his officers and the army of Israel, and they ravaged the Ammonites and besieged Rabbah. David, however, remained in Jerusalem. (2S11:1)
David doesnt go to the front67 Preparation For War (2S17:27-2S18:5)
David then put a third part of the soldiers under Joabs command, a third under command of Abishai, son of Zeruiah and brother of Joab, and a third under command of Ittai the Gittite. The king then said to the soldiers, "I intend to go out with you myself." 18:3 But they replied: "You must not come out with us. For if we should flee, we shall not count; even if half of us should die, we shall not count. You are equal to ten thousand of us. Therefore it is better that we have you to help us from the city." (2S18:2-3)
57 Nathan Condemns David (2S12:1-14)
The LORD sent Nathan to David, and when he came to him, he said: "Judge this case for me! In a certain town there were two men, one rich, the other poor. (2S12:1)
Advice of subordinate66 The Counsel Of Ahithophel (2S16:15-2S17:26)
Then Absalom and all the Israelites pronounced the counsel of Hushai the Archite better than that of Ahithophel. For the LORD had decided to undo Ahithophel's good counsel, in order thus to bring Absalom to ruin. (2S17:14)
58 Solomon Is Born (2S12:15-25)
2S12:24and she conceived and bore him a son, who was named Solomon.
Prince65 David's Adversaries (2S16:1-14)
2S16:3Then the king said, "And where is your lords son?" Ziba answered the king, "He is staying in Jerusalem, for he said, Now the Israelites will restore to me my fathers kingdom."
59 The Ammonites Crushed (2S12:26-31)
2S12:31David and all the soldiers then returned to Jerusalem.
Entering Jerusalem64 Hushai Becomes David's Spy (2S15:30-37)
2S15:37So David's friend Hushai went into the city of Jerusalem as Absalom was about to enter it.
60 Amnon And Tamar (2S13:1-22)
2S13:9 she took the pan and set out the cakes before him. But Amnon would not eat; he said, "Have everyone leave me."
Women were left63 David Flees From Jerusalem (2S15:13-29)
2S15:16 Then the king set out, accompanied by his entire household, except for ten concubines whom he left behind to take care of the palace
61 Absalom Avenges The Violation Of His Sister (2S13:23-2S14:33)
2S13:29When the servants did to Amnon as Absalom had commanded, all the other princes rose, mounted their mules, and fled.
Rebellion of Absalom62 Absalom Usurps The Throne (2S15:1-12)
2S15:10Then Absalom sent spies throughout the tribes of Israel to say, "When you hear the sound of the horn, declare Absalom king in Hebron."

3-3-2

68 The Defeat And Death Of Absalom (2S18:6-18)
  69 David Hears Of Absalom's Death (2S18:19-2S19:9b)
    70 David Recalled To Jerusalem (2S19:9c-15)
      71 Simei, Mephibosheth (2S19:16-31)
        72 Barzillai (2S19:32-40)
          73 Israel And Judah (2S19:41-44)
            74 The Rebellion Of Sheba (2S20:1-22)
            75 David's Officers (2S20:23-26)
          76 David Avenges The Gibeonites (2S21:1-14)
        77 Exploits Of David's Men (2S21:15-22)
      78 David's Song Of Thanksgiving (2S22:1-51)
    79 The Last Words Of David (2S23:1-7)
  80 David's Mighty Men (2S23:8-39)
81 David's Census Of Israel And Judah (2S24:1-25)
Former halfRelationLatter half
68 The Defeat And Death Of Absalom (2S18:6-18)
Absalom was taken up and cast into a deep pit in the forest, and a very large mound of stones was erected over him. And all the Israelites fled to their own tents. (2S18:17)
Building81 David's Census Of Israel And Judah (2S24:1-25)
Then David built an altar there to the LORD, and offered holocausts and peace offerings. The LORD granted relief to the country, and the plague was checked in Israel. (2S24:25)
69 David Hears Of Absalom's Death (2S18:19-2S19:9b)
by loving those who hate you and hating those who love you. For you have shown today that officers and servants mean nothing to you. Indeed I am now certain that if Absalom were alive today and all of us dead, you would think that more suitable. (2S19:7)
David's mighty men80 David's Mighty Men (2S23:8-39)
These are the names of David's warriors. (2S23:8)
70 David Recalled To Jerusalem (2S19:9c-15)
and Absalom, whom we anointed over us, died in battle. Why, then, should you remain silent about restoring the king to his palace?" When the talk of all Israel reached the king, (2S19:11)
Messiah79 The Last Words Of David (2S23:1-7)
These are the last words of David: "The utterance of David, son of Jesse; the utterance of the man God raised up, Anointed of the God of Jacob, favorite of the Mighty One of Israel. (2S23:1)
71 Simei, Mephibosheth (2S19:16-31)
David replied: "What has come between you and me, sons of Zeruiah, that you would create enmity for me this day? Should anyone die today in Israel? Am I not aware that today I am king of Israel?" (2S19:23)
Salvation day of David78 David's Song Of Thanksgiving (2S22:1-51)
David sang the words of this song to the LORD when the LORD had rescued him from the grasp of all his enemies and from the hand of Saul. (2S22:1)
72 Barzillai (2S19:32-40)
It was Barzillai, a very old man of eighty and very wealthy besides, who had provisioned the king during his stay in Mahanaim. (2S19:33)
Subordinate helps David77 Exploits Of David's Men (2S21:15-22)
but Abishai, son of Zeruiah, came to his assistance and struck and killed the Philistine. Then David's men swore to him, "You must not go out to battle with us again, lest you quench the lamp of Israel." (2S21:17)
73 Israel And Judah (2S19:41-44)
Then the Judahites in turn spoke even more fiercely than the Israelites. (2S19:44)
Anger against companion76 David Avenges The Gibeonites (2S21:1-14)
Saul had attempted to kill them off in his zeal for the men of Israel and Judah.) (2S21:2)
74 The Rebellion Of Sheba (2S20:1-22)
And since Amasa was not on his guard against the sword in Joab's other hand, Joab stabbed him in the abdomen with it, so that his entrails burst forth to the ground, and he died without receiving a second thrust. Then Joab and his brother Abishai pursued Sheba, son of Bichri. (2S20:10)
Joab as commander75 David's Officers (2S20:23-26)
Joab was in command of the whole army of Israel. (2S20:23)

Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

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Literary Structure of the Bible by Hajime Murai is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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