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Literary structure (chiasmus, chiasm) of Books of Samuel

Chiasmus and Concentric Structure of divided by 4

The divided in four structures are corresponding to era of Saul royalty, civil war between Saul and David, era of David royalty, and civil war between David and Absalom.


4-1

1 Prologue Of Samuel's Birth (1S1:1-8)
  2 Samuel's Birth (1S1:9-28)
    3 Hannah's Prayer (1S2:1-10)
      4 The Child Samuel At Shiloh (1S2:11-26)
        5 Prophecy Against Eli's Household (1S2:27-36)
          6 Samuel's Calling And Prophetic Activity (1S3:1-21_1S4:1a)
            7 The Ark Of God Captured (1S4:1b-22)
              8 The Pilistines and the Ark (1S5:1-12)
                9 The Ark Returned To Israel (1S6:1-21_1S7:1)
                  10 Samuel At Judge (1S7:2-17)
                    11 Israel Demands A King (1S8:1-22)
                  12 Saul Chosen To Be King (1S9:1-1S10:16)
                13 Saul Proclaimed King (1S10:17-27)
              14 Saul Defeats The Ammonites (1S11:1-15)
            15 Samuel's Farewell Address (1S12:1-25)
          16 Saul's Unlawfull Sacrifice (1S13:1-23)
        17 Jonathan Surprises And Routs The Philistines (1S14:1-46)
      18 Saul's Continuing Wars (1S14:47-52)
    19 Saul Defeats The Amalekites (1S15:1-35)
  20 David Anointed As King (1S16:1-13)
21 David Plays The Lyte For Saul (1S16:14-23)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 Prologue Of Samuel's Birth (1S1:1-8)
1S1:6Her rival, to upset her, turned it into a constant reproach to her that the LORD had left her barren.
Sufferings21 David Plays The Lyte For Saul (1S16:14-23)
1S16:14The spirit of the LORD had departed from Saul, and he was tormented by an evil spirit sent by the LORD.
2 Samuel's Birth (1S1:9-28)
1S1:21 her husband Elkanah was going up with the rest of his household to offer the customary sacrifice to the LORD and to fulfill his vows
To sacrifice to the LORD20 David Anointed As King (1S16:1-13)
1S16:2 Take a heifer along and say, 'I have come to sacrifice to the LORD.'
3 Hannah's Prayer (1S2:1-10)
1S2:10 the LORDS foes shall be shattered.(1S2:10)
Wicked person19 Saul Defeats The Amalekites (1S15:1-35)
1S15:23 For a sin like divination is rebellion, and presumption is the crime of idolatry. Because you have rejected the command of the LORD, he, too, has rejected you as ruler." (1S15:23)
4 The Child Samuel At Shiloh (1S2:11-26)
1S2:21 The LORD favored Hannah so that she conceived and gave birth to three more sons and two daughters, while young Samuel grew up in the service of the LORD.(1S2:21)
Three sons and two daughters18 Saul's Continuing Wars (1S14:47-52)
1S14:49 The sons of Saul were Jonathan, Ishvi, and Malchishua; his two daughters were named, the elder, Merob, and the younger, Michal.(1S14:49)
5 Prophecy Against Eli's Household (1S2:27-36)
1S2:29 Why do you keep a greedy eye on my sacrifices and on the offerings which I have prescribed? And why do you honor your sons in preference to me, fattening yourselves with the choicest part of every offering of my people Israel?' (1S2:29)
Sins of sons17 Jonathan Surprises And Routs The Philistines (1S14:1-46)
1S14:39 As the LORD lives who has given victory to Israel, even if my son Jonathan has committed it, he shall surely die!" But none of the people answered him. (1S14:39)
6 Samuel's Calling And Prophetic Activity (1S3:1-21_1S4:1a)
1S3:20 Thus all Israel from Dan to Beer-sheba came to know that Samuel was an accredited prophet of the LORD. (1S3:20)
Ruling the whole Israel16 Saul's Unlawfull Sacrifice (1S13:1-23)
1S13:1 (Saul was. . . years old when he became king and he reigned. . . (two) years over Israel.)(1S13:1)
7 The Ark Of God Captured (1S4:1b-22)
1S4:10 The Philistines fought and Israel was defeated; every man fled to his own tent. It was a disastrous defeat, in which Israel lost thirty thousand foot soldiers.(1S4:10)
Destruction of Israel15 Samuel's Farewell Address (1S12:1-25)
1S12:25 If instead you continue to do evil, both you and your king shall perish."
8 The Pilistines and the Ark (1S5:1-12)
1S5:6 Now the LORD dealt severely with the people of Ashdod. He ravaged and afflicted the city and its vicinity with hemorrhoids; he brought upon the city a great and deadly plague of mice that swarmed in their ships and overran their fields.(1S5:6)
Salvation by the LORD14 Saul Defeats The Ammonites (1S11:1-15)
1S11:13 But Saul broke in to say, "No man is to be put to death this day, for today the LORD has saved Israel." (1S11:13)
9 The Ark Returned To Israel (1S6:1-21_1S7:1)
when they summoned priests and fortune-tellers to ask, "What shall we do with the ark of the LORD? Tell us what we should send back with it. (1S6:2)
Fortune-telling / lot13 Saul Proclaimed King (1S10:17-27)
Next he had the tribe of Benjamin come forward in clans, and the clan of Matri was chosen, and finally Saul, son of Kish, was chosen. But they looked for him in vain. (1S10:21)
10 Samuel At Judge (1S7:2-17)
Samuel judged Israel as long as he lived. (1S7:15)
Commander of people12 Saul Chosen To Be King (1S9:1-1S10:16)
Then, from a flask he had with him, Samuel poured oil on Saul's head; he also kissed him, saying: "The LORD anoints you commander over his heritage. (1S10:1)

4-1-1

1 Prologue Of Samuel's Birth (1S1:1-8)
  2 Samuel's Birth (1S1:9-28)
    3 Hannah's Prayer (1S2:1-10)
      4 The Child Samuel At Shiloh (1S2:11-26)
        5 Prophecy Against Eli's Household (1S2:27-36)
          6 Samuel's Calling And Prophetic Activity (1S3:1-21_1S4:1a)
        7 The Ark Of God Captured (1S4:1b-22)
      8 The Pilistines and the Ark (1S5:1-12)
    9 The Ark Returned To Israel (1S6:1-21_1S7:1)
  10 Samuel At Judge (1S7:2-17)
11 Israel Demands A King (1S8:1-22)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 Prologue Of Samuel's Birth (1S1:1-8)
This man regularly went on pilgrimage from his city to worship the LORD of hosts and to sacrifice to him at Shiloh, where the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were ministering as priests of the LORD. (1S1:3)
Priests two sons11 Israel Demands A King (1S8:1-22)
In his old age Samuel appointed his sons judges over Israel. 8:2 His first-born was named Joel, his second son, Abijah; they judged at Beer-sheba. (1S8:1-2)
2 Samuel's Birth (1S1:9-28)
She conceived, and at the end of her term bore a son whom she called Samuel, since she had asked the LORD for him. (1S1:20)
Samuel10 Samuel At Judge (1S7:2-17)
Samuel judged Israel as long as he lived. (1S7:15)
3 Hannah's Prayer (1S2:1-10)
1S2:10 the LORD'S foes shall be shattered.(1S2:10)
Killed by the LORD9 The Ark Returned To Israel (1S6:1-21_1S7:1)
1S6:19 The descendants of Jeconiah did not join in the celebration with the inhabitants of Beth-shemesh when they greeted the ark of the LORD, and seventy of them were struck down. The people went into mourning at this great calamity with which the LORD had afflicted them. (1S6:19)
4 The Child Samuel At Shiloh (1S2:11-26)
1S2:25 If a man sins against another man, one can intercede for him with the LORD; but if a man sins against the LORD, who can intercede for him?" But they disregarded their fathers warning, since the LORD had decided on their death. (1S2:25)
Killed by the LORD8 The Pilistines and the Ark (1S5:1-12)
1S5:6 Now the LORD dealt severely with the people of Ashdod. He ravaged and afflicted the city and its vicinity with hemorrhoids; he brought upon the city a great and deadly plague of mice that swarmed in their ships and overran their fields.(1S5:6)
5 Prophecy Against Eli's Household (1S2:27-36)
1S2:34 You shall have a sign in what will happen to your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas: both shall die on the same day. (1S2:34)
Punishment for son of Eli7 The Ark Of God Captured (1S4:1b-22)
1S4:11 The ark of God was captured, and Eli's two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, were among the dead. (1S4:11)

4-1-2

11 Israel Demands A King (1S8:1-22)
  12 Saul Chosen To Be King (1S9:1-1S10:16)
    13 Saul Proclaimed King (1S10:17-27)
      14 Saul Defeats The Ammonites (1S11:1-15)
        15 Samuel's Farewell Address (1S12:1-25)
          16 Saul's Unlawfull Sacrifice (1S13:1-23)
        17 Jonathan Surprises And Routs The Philistines (1S14:1-46)
      18 Saul's Continuing Wars (1S14:47-52)
    19 Saul Defeats The Amalekites (1S15:1-35)
  20 David Anointed As King (1S16:1-13)
21 David Plays The Lyte For Saul (1S16:14-23)
Former halfRelationLatter half
11 Israel Demands A King (1S8:1-22)
1S8:11"The rights of the king who will rule you will be as follows: He will take your sons and assign them to his chariots and horses, and they will run before his chariot.
King takes a son21 David Plays The Lyte For Saul (1S16:14-23)
1S16:21Thus David came to Saul and entered his service. Saul became very fond of him, made him his armor-bearer,
12 Saul Chosen To Be King (1S9:1-1S10:16)
1S10:1Then, from a flask he had with him, Samuel poured oil on Saul's head; he also kissed him, saying:
Anointed20 David Anointed As King (1S16:1-13)
1S16:13Then Samuel, with the horn of oil in hand, anointed him in the midst of his brothers; and from that day on, the spirit of the LORD rushed upon David.
13 Saul Proclaimed King (1S10:17-27)
1S10:19But today you have rejected your God, who delivers you from all your evils and calamities, by saying to him, Not so, but you must appoint a king over us. Now, therefore, take your stand before the LORD according to tribes and families."
Making king19 Saul Defeats The Amalekites (1S15:1-35)
1S15:35Never again, as long as he lived, did Samuel see Saul. Yet he grieved over Saul, because the LORD regretted having made him king of Israel.
14 Saul Defeats The Ammonites (1S11:1-15)
1S11:11On the appointed day, Saul arranged his troops in three companies and invaded the camp during the dawn watch. They slaughtered Ammonites until the heat of the day; by then the survivors were so scattered that no two were left together.
Fight with foreign country and victory18 Saul's Continuing Wars (1S14:47-52)
1S14:47After taking over the kingship of Israel, Saul waged war on all their surrounding enemies--Moab, the Ammonites, Aram, Beth-rehob, the king of Zobah, and the Philistines. Wherever he turned, he was successful
15 Samuel's Farewell Address (1S12:1-25)
1S12:19"Pray to the LORD your God for us, your servants, that we may not die for having added to all our other sins the evil of asking for a king."
Confession of sin and death17 Jonathan Surprises And Routs The Philistines (1S14:1-46)
1S14:43"I only tasted a little honey from the end of the staff I was holding. Am I to die for this?"

4-2

21 David Plays The Lyte For Saul (1S16:14-23)
  22 David And Goliath (1S17:1-58)
    23 Saul Tries To Kill David (1S18:1-30)
      24 David Escapes (1S19:1-24)
        25 The Friendship Of David And Jonathan (1S20:1-42)
          26 David and Ahimelech (1S21:1-1S22:23)
            27 David at Keilah (1S23:1-14)
              28 David at Ziph (1S23:15-28)
                29 David Spares Saul's Life (1S24:1-23)
                  30 Death Of Samuel (1S25:1-44)
                    31 David Spares Saul's Life A Second Time (1S26:1-25)
                  32 David Serves King Achish Of Gath (1S27:1-12)
                33 Saul Consults A Medium (1S28:1-25)
              34 The Philistines Reject David (1S29:1-11)
            35 David Avenges The Destruction Of Ziklag (1S30:1-31)
          36 The Death Of Saul And His Sons (1S31:1-13)
        37 David Mourns For Saul And Jonathan (2S1:1-27)
      38 David Anointed King Of Judah (2S2:1-11)
    39 The Battle Of Gideon (2S2:12-32_2S3:1)
  40 Birth Of David's Son At Hebron (2S3:2-5)
41 Abner Defects To David (2S3:6-21c)
Former halfRelationLatter half
21 David Plays The Lyte For Saul (1S16:14-23)
1S16:21Thus David came to Saul and entered his service. Saul became very fond of him, made him his armor-bearer,
David's promotion41 Abner Defects To David (2S3:6-21c)
2S3:10that is, take away the kingdom from the house of Saul and establish the throne of David over Israel and over Judah from Dan to Beersheba."
22 David And Goliath (1S17:1-58)
1S17:12(David was the son of an Ephrathite named Jesse, who was from Bethlehem in Judah. He had eight sons, and in the days of Saul was old and well on in years. 17:13 The three oldest sons of Jesse had followed Saul to war; these three sons who had gone off to war were named, the first-born Eliab, the second son Abinadab, and the third Shammah. 17:14 David was the youngest.
List of sons40 Birth Of David's Son At Hebron (2S3:2-5)
2S3:2Sons were born to David in Hebron: his first-born, Amnon, of Ahinoam from Jezreel; 3:3 the second, Chileab, of Abigail the widow of Nabal of Carmel; the third, Absalom, son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai, king of Geshur; 3:4 the fourth, Adonijah, son of Haggith; the fifth, Shephatiah, son of Abital; 3:5 and the sixth, Ithream, of Davids wife Eglah. These were born to David in Hebron.
23 Saul Tries To Kill David (1S18:1-30)
1S18:8 Saul was very angry and resentful of the song, for he thought: "They give David ten thousands, but only thousands to me. All that remains for him is the kingship."
Conflict of David and Saul39 The Battle Of Gideon (2S2:12-32_2S3:1)
2S3:1 There followed a long war between the house of Saul and that of David, in which David grew stronger, but the house of Saul weaker (2S3:1)
24 David Escapes (1S19:1-24)
1S19:11The same night, Saul sent messengers to David's house to guard it, that he might kill him in the morning. David's wife Michal informed him, "Unless you save yourself tonight, tomorrow you will be killed." 19:12 Then Michal let David down through a window, and he made his escape in safety.
Escape / return of David38 David Anointed King Of Judah (2S2:1-11)
2S2:1After this David inquired of the LORD, "Shall I go up into one of the cities of Judah?" The LORD replied to him, "Yes." Then David asked, "Where shall I go?" He replied, "To Hebron." 2:2 So David went up there accompanied by his two wives, Ahinoam of Jezreel and Abigail, the widow of Nabal of Carmel.
25 The Friendship Of David And Jonathan (1S20:1-42)
1S20:13Should it please my father to bring any injury upon you, may the LORD do thus and so to Jonathan if I do not apprise you of it and send you on your way in peace. May the LORD be with you even as he was with my father. 20:14 Only this: if I am still alive, may you show me the kindness of the LORD. But if I die, 20:15 never withdraw your kindness from my house. And when the LORD exterminates all the enemies of David from the surface of the earth,
Death of Jonathan37 David Mourns For Saul And Jonathan (2S1:1-27)
2S1:4"Tell me what happened," David bade him. He answered that the soldiers had fled the battle and that many of them had fallen and were dead, among them Saul and his son Jonathan.
26 David and Ahimelech (1S21:1-1S22:23)
1S21:10"The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom you killed in the Vale of the Terebinth, is here (wrapped in a mantle) behind an ephod. If you wish to take that, take it; there is no sword here except that one."
Deprived armor36 The Death Of Saul And His Sons (1S31:1-13)
1S31:10They put his armor in the temple of Astarte, but impaled his body on the wall of Bethshan.
27 David at Keilah (1S23:1-14)
1S23:2 So he consulted the LORD (1S23:2)
Divine revelation35 David Avenges The Destruction Of Ziklag (1S30:1-31)
1S30:8 David inquired of the LORD (1S30:8)
28 David at Ziph (1S23:15-28)
1S23:28 Saul interrupted his pursuit of David and went to meet the Philistines (1S23:28)
Going to Philistines34 The Philistines Reject David (1S29:1-11)
1S29:11 David and his men left early in the morning to return to the land of the Philistines (1S29:11)
29 David Spares Saul's Life (1S24:1-23)
And now, since I know that you shall surely be king and that sovereignty over Israel shall come into your possession, (1S24:21)
David became a king33 Saul Consults A Medium (1S28:1-25)
The LORD has done to you what he foretold through me: he has torn the kingdom from your grasp and has given it to your neighbor David. (1S28:17)
30 Death Of Samuel (1S25:1-44)
and David also married Ahinoam of Jezreel. Thus both of them were his wives; but Saul gave David's wife Michal, Saul's own daughter, to Palti, son of Laish, who was from Gallim. (1S25:43)
David's two wives32 David Serves King Achish Of Gath (1S27:1-12)
David and his men lived in Gath with Achish; each one had his family, and David had his two wives, Ahinoam from Jezreel and Abigail, the widow of Nabal from Carmel. (1S27:3)

4-2-1

21 David Plays The Lyte For Saul (1S16:14-23)
  22 David And Goliath (1S17:1-58)
    23 Saul Tries To Kill David (1S18:1-30)
      24 David Escapes (1S19:1-24)
        25 The Friendship Of David And Jonathan (1S20:1-42)
          26 David and Ahimelech (1S21:1-1S22:23)
        27 David at Keilah (1S23:1-14)
      28 David at Ziph (1S23:15-28)
    29 David Spares Saul's Life (1S24:1-23)
  30 Death Of Samuel (1S25:1-44)
31 David Spares Saul's Life A Second Time (1S26:1-25)
Former halfRelationLatter half
21 David Plays The Lyte For Saul (1S16:14-23)
Whenever the spirit from God seized Saul, David would take the harp and play, and Saul would be relieved and feel better, for the evil spirit would leave him. (1S16:23)
David saves Saul31 David Spares Saul's Life A Second Time (1S26:1-25)
Then Saul said: "I have done wrong. Come back, my son David, I will not harm you again, because you have held my life precious today. Indeed, I have been a fool and have made a serious mistake." (1S26:21)
22 David And Goliath (1S17:1-58)
Saul then asked him, "Whose son are you, young man?" David replied, "I am the son of your servant Jesse of Bethlehem." (1S17:58)
Who is David?30 Death Of Samuel (1S25:1-44)
But Nabal answered the servants of David: "Who is David? Who is the son of Jesse? Nowadays there are many servants who run away from their masters. 25:11 Must I take my bread, my wine, my meat that I have slaughtered for my own shearers, and give them to men who come from I know not where?" (1S25:10-11)
23 Saul Tries To Kill David (1S18:1-30)
Saul then began to fear David, (because the LORD was with him, but had departed from Saul himself.) 18:13 Accordingly, Saul removed him from his presence by appointing him a field officer. So David led the people on their military expeditions, (1S18:12-13)
Saul's hostility29 David Spares Saul's Life (1S24:1-23)
So Saul took three thousand picked men from all Israel and went in search of David and his men in the direction of the wild goat crags. (1S24:3)
24 David Escapes (1S19:1-24)
1S19:10Saul tried to nail David to the wall with the spear, but David eluded Saul, so that the spear struck only the wall, and David got away safe.
David escapes28 David at Ziph (1S23:15-28)
1S23:28 Saul interrupted his pursuit of David and went to meet the Philistines (1S23:28)
25 The Friendship Of David And Jonathan (1S20:1-42)
1S20:31 Why, as long as the son of Jesse lives upon the earth, you cannot make good your claim to the kingship! So send for him, and bring him to me, for he is doomed. (1S20:31)
The plot to kill David27 David at Keilah (1S23:1-14)
1S23:9 David found out that Saul was planning to harm him (1S23:9)

4-2-2

31 David Spares Saul's Life A Second Time (1S26:1-25)
  32 David Serves King Achish Of Gath (1S27:1-12)
    33 Saul Consults A Medium (1S28:1-25)
      34 The Philistines Reject David (1S29:1-11)
        35 David Avenges The Destruction Of Ziklag (1S30:1-31)
          36 The Death Of Saul And His Sons (1S31:1-13)
        37 David Mourns For Saul And Jonathan (2S1:1-27)
      38 David Anointed King Of Judah (2S2:1-11)
    39 The Battle Of Gideon (2S2:12-32_2S3:1)
  40 Birth Of David's Son At Hebron (2S3:2-5)
41 Abner Defects To David (2S3:6-21c)
Former halfRelationLatter half
31 David Spares Saul's Life A Second Time (1S26:1-25)
1S26:5David himself then went to the place where Saul was encamped and examined the spot where Saul and Abner, son of Ner, the general, had their sleeping quarters.
David and Abner41 Abner Defects To David (2S3:6-21c)
2S3:12Then Abner sent messengers to David in Telam, where he was at the moment, to say, "Make an agreement with me, and I will aid you by bringing all Israel over to you."
32 David Serves King Achish Of Gath (1S27:1-12)
1S27:3and David had his two wives, Ahinoam from Jezreel and Abigail, the widow of Nabal from Carmel.
Family of David40 Birth Of David's Son At Hebron (2S3:2-5)
2S3:2his first-born, Amnon, of Ahinoam from Jezreel; 3:3 the second, Chileab, of Abigail the widow of Nabal of Carmel;
33 Saul Consults A Medium (1S28:1-25)
1S28:17he has torn the kingdom from your grasp and has given it to your neighbor David.
Divided kingdom39 The Battle Of Gideon (2S2:12-32_2S3:1)
2S3:1 There followed a long war between the house of Saul and that of David, in which David grew stronger, but the house of Saul weaker (2S3:1)
34 The Philistines Reject David (1S29:1-11)
1S29:11So David and his men left early in the morning to return to the land of the Philistines. The Philistines, however, went on up to Jezreel.
Jezreel, movement of David and his soldier38 David Anointed King Of Judah (2S2:1-11)
2S2:2 So David went up there accompanied by his two wives, Ahinoam of Jezreel and Abigail, the widow of Nabal of Carmel.
35 David Avenges The Destruction Of Ziklag (1S30:1-31)
1S30:17From dawn to sundown David attacked them, putting them under the ban so that none escaped except four hundred young men, who mounted their camels and fled. 30:18 David recovered everything the Amalekites had taken, and rescued his two wives.
Amalekites is killed37 David Mourns For Saul And Jonathan (2S1:1-27)
2S1:13Then David said to the young man who had brought him the information, "Where are you from?" He replied, "I am the son of an Amalekite immigrant." 1:14 David said to him, "How is it that you were not afraid to put forth your hand to desecrate the LORD'S anointed?" 1:15 David then called one of the attendants and said to him, "Come, strike him down"; and the youth struck him a mortal blow.

4-3

41 Abner Defects To David (2S3:6-21c)
  42 Abner Id Killed By Joab (2S3:21d-39)
    43 Ishbaal Assassinated (2S4:1-12)
      44 David Anointed King Of All Israel (2S5:1-5)
        45 Jerusalem Made Capital Of The United Kingdom (2S5:6-12)
          46 Birth Of David's Son At Jerusalem (2S5:13-16)
            47 Philistine Attack Repulsed (2S5:17-25)
              48 David Brings The Ark To Jerusalem (2S6:1-15)
                49 Michal Despises (2S6:16-23)
                  50 God's Covenant With David (2S7:1-17)
                    51 David's Prayer (2S7:18-29)
                  52 David's Wars (2S8:1-14)
                53 David's Officers (2S8:15-18)
              54 David's Kindness To Mephibosheth (2S9:1-13)
            55 The Ammonites And Arameans Are Defeated (2S10:1-19)
          56 David Commits Adultery With Bathsheba (2S11:1-27)
        57 Nathan Condemns David (2S12:1-14)
      58 Solomon Is Born (2S12:15-25)
    59 The Ammonites Crushed (2S12:26-31)
  60 Amnon And Tamar (2S13:1-22)
61 Absalom Avenges The Violation Of His Sister (2S13:23-2S14:33)
Former halfRelationLatter half
41 Abner Defects To David (2S3:6-21c)
Enraged at the words of Ishbaal, Abner said, "Am I a dogs head in Judah? At present I am doing a kindness to the house of your father Saul, to his brothers and his friends, by keeping you out of Davids clutches; yet this day you charge me with a crime involving a woman! 3:9 May God do thus and so to Abner if I do not carry out for David what the LORD swore to him-- (2S3:8-9)
Revenge61 Absalom Avenges The Violation Of His Sister (2S13:23-2S14:33)
But he had instructed his servants: "Now watch! When Amnon is merry with wine and I say to you, Kill Amnon, put him to death. Do not be afraid, for it is I who order you to do it. Be resolute and act manfully." (2S13:28)
42 Abner Id Killed By Joab (2S3:21d-39)
When Abner returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside within the city gate as though to speak with him privately. There he stabbed him in the abdomen, and he died in revenge for the killing of Joab's brother Asahel. (2S3:27)
Hostility60 Amnon And Tamar (2S13:1-22)
Absalom, moreover, said nothing at all to Amnon, although he hated him for having shamed his sister Tamar. (2S13:22)
43 Ishbaal Assassinated (2S4:1-12)
They brought the head of Ishbaal to David in Hebron and said to the king: "This is the head of Ishbaal, son of your enemy Saul, who sought your life. Thus has the LORD this day avenged my lord the king on Saul and his posterity. (2S4:8)
Killing a king59 The Ammonites Crushed (2S12:26-31)
he took the crown from Milcoms head. It weighed a talent, of gold and precious stones; it was placed on Davids head. He brought out immense booty from the city, (2S12:30)
44 David Anointed King Of All Israel (2S5:1-5)
All the tribes of Israel came to David in Hebron and said: "Here we are, your bone and your flesh. (2S5:1)
David's relatives58 Solomon Is Born (2S12:15-25)
Then David comforted his wife Bathsheba. He went and slept with her; and she conceived and bore him a son, who was named Solomon. The LORD loved him (2S12:24)
45 Jerusalem Made Capital Of The United Kingdom (2S5:6-12)
David grew steadily more powerful, for the LORD of hosts was with him. (2S5:10)
The LORD is together / not is together57 Nathan Condemns David (2S12:1-14)
Then David said to Nathan, "I have sinned against the LORD." Nathan answered David: "The LORD on his part has forgiven your sin: you shall not die. (2S12:13)
46 Birth Of David's Son At Jerusalem (2S5:13-16)
David took more concubines and wives in Jerusalem after he had come from Hebron, and more sons and daughters were born to him in Jerusalem. (2S5:13)
Birth of David's child56 David Commits Adultery With Bathsheba (2S11:1-27)
But once the mourning was over, David sent for her and brought her into his house. She became his wife and bore him a son. But the LORD was displeased with what David had done. (2S11:27)
47 Philistine Attack Repulsed (2S5:17-25)
David obeyed the LORDS command and routed the Philistines from Gibeon as far as Gezer. (2S5:25)
Victory against foreigners55 The Ammonites And Arameans Are Defeated (2S10:1-19)
Davids men killed seven hundred charioteers and forty thousand of the Aramean foot soldiers. Shobach, general of the army, was struck down and died on the field. (2S10:18)
48 David Brings The Ark To Jerusalem (2S6:1-15)
When it was reported to King David that the LORD had blessed the family of Obed-edom and all that belonged to him, David went to bring up the ark of God from the house of Obed-edom into the City of David amid festivities. (2S6:12)
Bringing54 David's Kindness To Mephibosheth (2S9:1-13)
So King David sent for him and had him brought from the house of Machir, son of Ammiel, in Lodebar. (2S9:5)
49 Michal Despises (2S6:16-23)
When David returned to bless his own family, Saul's daughter Michal came out to meet him and said, "How the king of Israel has honored himself today, exposing himself to the view of the slave girls of his followers, as a commoner might do!" (2S6:20)
David's subordinate53 David's Officers (2S8:15-18)
David's officers
50 God's Covenant With David (2S7:1-17)
And when your time comes and you rest with your ancestors, I will raise up your heir after you, sprung from your loins, and I will make his kingdom firm. (2S7:12)
God blesses David52 David's Wars (2S8:1-14)
after which he placed garrisons in Edom. Thus all the Edomites became Davids subjects, and the LORD brought David victory in all his undertakings. (2S8:14)

4-3-1

41 Abner Defects To David (2S3:6-21c)
  42 Abner Id Killed By Joab (2S3:21d-39)
    43 Ishbaal Assassinated (2S4:1-12)
      44 David Anointed King Of All Israel (2S5:1-5)
        45 Jerusalem Made Capital Of The United Kingdom (2S5:6-12)
          46 Birth Of David's Son At Jerusalem (2S5:13-16)
        47 Philistine Attack Repulsed (2S5:17-25)
      48 David Brings The Ark To Jerusalem (2S6:1-15)
    49 Michal Despises (2S6:16-23)
  50 God's Covenant With David (2S7:1-17)
51 David's Prayer (2S7:18-29)
Former halfRelationLatter half
41 Abner Defects To David (2S3:6-21c)
2S3:9May God do thus and so to Abner if I do not carry out for David what the LORD swore to him--
The Lord's promise to David51 David's Prayer (2S7:18-29)
2S7:25And now, LORD God, confirm for all time the prophecy you have made concerning your servant and his house, and do as you have promised.
42 Abner Id Killed By Joab (2S3:21d-39)
2S3:28"Before the LORD; I and my kingdom are forever innocent.
Eternity of Davids kingdom50 God's Covenant With David (2S7:1-17)
2S7:12And when your time comes and you rest with your ancestors, I will raise up your heir after you, sprung from your loins, and I will make his kingdom firm.
43 Ishbaal Assassinated (2S4:1-12)
2S4:7and entered the house while Ishbaal was lying asleep in his bedroom. They struck and killed him, and cut off his head.
Ruin of Saul's descendants49 Michal Despises (2S6:16-23)
2S6:23And so Saul's daughter Michal was childless to the day of her death.
44 David Anointed King Of All Israel (2S5:1-5)
2S5:5seven years and six months in Hebron over Judah, and thirty-three years in Jerusalem over all Israel and Judah.
Going to Jerusalem48 David Brings The Ark To Jerusalem (2S6:1-15)
2S6:12David went to bring up the ark of God from the house of Obed-edom into the City of David amid festivities.
45 Jerusalem Made Capital Of The United Kingdom (2S5:6-12)
2S5:7But David did take the stronghold of Zion, which is the City of David.
Great victory to foreign country47 Philistine Attack Repulsed (2S5:17-25)
2S5:20David then went to Baal-perazim, where he defeated them. He said,

4-3-2

51 David's Prayer (2S7:18-29)
  52 David's Wars (2S8:1-14)
    53 David's Officers (2S8:15-18)
      54 David's Kindness To Mephibosheth (2S9:1-13)
        55 The Ammonites And Arameans Are Defeated (2S10:1-19)
          56 David Commits Adultery With Bathsheba (2S11:1-27)
        57 Nathan Condemns David (2S12:1-14)
      58 Solomon Is Born (2S12:15-25)
    59 The Ammonites Crushed (2S12:26-31)
  60 Amnon And Tamar (2S13:1-22)
61 Absalom Avenges The Violation Of His Sister (2S13:23-2S14:33)
Former halfRelationLatter half
51 David's Prayer (2S7:18-29)
Do, then, bless the house of your servant that it may be before you forever; for you, Lord GOD, have promised, and by your blessing the house of your servant shall be blessed forever." (2S7:29)
Prosperity / fight of David family61 Absalom Avenges The Violation Of His Sister (2S13:23-2S14:33)
When the servants did to Amnon as Absalom had commanded, all the other princes rose, mounted their mules, and fled. 13:30 While they were still on the road, a report reached David that Absalom had killed all the princes and that not one of them had survived. (2S13:29-30)
52 David's Wars (2S8:1-14)
David also took away the golden shields used by Hadadezer's servants and brought them to Jerusalem. (These Shishak, king of Egypt, took away when he came to Jerusalem in the days of Rehoboam, son of Solomon.) 8:8 From Tebah and Berothai, towns of Hadadezer, King David removed a very large quantity of bronze. (2S8:7-8)
Depriving60 Amnon And Tamar (2S13:1-22)
Not heeding her plea, he overpowered her; he shamed her and had relations with her. (2S13:14)
53 David's Officers (2S8:15-18)
2S8:15David reigned over all Israel, judging and administering justice to all his people.
David as king59 The Ammonites Crushed (2S12:26-31)
2S12:30he took the crown from Milcoms head. It weighed a talent, of gold and precious stones; it was placed on Davids head.
54 David's Kindness To Mephibosheth (2S9:1-13)
2S9:3"There is still Jonathan's son, whose feet are crippled."
Son58 Solomon Is Born (2S12:15-25)
2S12:24Then David comforted his wife Bathsheba. He went and slept with her; and she conceived and bore him a son, who was named Solomon.
55 The Ammonites And Arameans Are Defeated (2S10:1-19)
2S10:1Some time later the king of the Ammonites died, and his son Hanun succeeded him as king.
Death of parent / child57 Nathan Condemns David (2S12:1-14)
2S12:14 the child born to you must surely die

4-4

61 Absalom Avenges The Violation Of His Sister (2S13:23-2S14:33)
  62 Absalom Usurps The Throne (2S15:1-12)
    63 David Flees From Jerusalem (2S15:13-29)
      64 Hushai Becomes David's Spy (2S15:30-37)
        65 David's Adversaries (2S16:1-14)
          66 The Counsel Of Ahithophel (2S16:15-2S17:26)
            67 Preparation For War (2S17:27-2S18:5)
              68 The Defeat And Death Of Absalom (2S18:6-18)
                69 David Hears Of Absalom's Death (2S18:19-2S19:9b)
                  70 David Recalled To Jerusalem (2S19:9c-15)
                    71 Simei, Mephibosheth (2S19:16-31)
                  72 Barzillai (2S19:32-40)
                73 Israel And Judah (2S19:41-44)
              74 The Rebellion Of Sheba (2S20:1-22)
            75 David's Officers (2S20:23-26)
          76 David Avenges The Gibeonites (2S21:1-14)
        77 Exploits Of David's Men (2S21:15-22)
      78 David's Song Of Thanksgiving (2S22:1-51)
    79 The Last Words Of David (2S23:1-7)
  80 David's Mighty Men (2S23:8-39)
81 David's Census Of Israel And Judah (2S24:1-25)
Former halfRelationLatter half
61 Absalom Avenges The Violation Of His Sister (2S13:23-2S14:33)
2S14:32Absalom answered Joab: "I was summoning you to come here, that I may send you to the king to say: 'Why did I come back from Geshur? I would be better off if I were still there!' Now, let me appear before the king. If I am guilty, let him put me to death." 14:33 Joab went to the king and reported this. The king then called Absalom, who came to him and in homage fell on his face to the ground before the king. Then the king kissed him.
Forgiveness of sin81 David's Census Of Israel And Judah (2S24:1-25)
2S24:16But when the angel stretched forth his hand toward Jerusalem to destroy it, the LORD regretted the calamity and said to the angel causing the destruction among the people, "Enough now! Stay your hand." The angel of the LORD was then standing at the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite. 24:17 When David saw the angel who was striking the people, he said to the LORD: "It is I who have sinned; it is I, the shepherd, who have done wrong. But these are sheep; what have they done? Punish me and my kindred."
62 Absalom Usurps The Throne (2S15:1-12)
2S15:12Absalom also sent to Ahithophel the Gilonite, Davids counselor, an invitation to come from his town, Giloh, for the sacrifices he was about to offer.
Ahithophel the Gilonite80 David's Mighty Men (2S23:8-39)
2S23:34Eliam, son of Ahithophel, from Gilo;
63 David Flees From Jerusalem (2S15:13-29)
2S15:14 Up! Let us take flight, or none of us will escape from Absalom.
To avoid evils79 The Last Words Of David (2S23:1-7)
2S23:6 the wicked are all like thorns to be cast away; they cannot be taken up by hand
64 Hushai Becomes David's Spy (2S15:30-37)
2S15:31When David was informed that Ahithophel was among the conspirators with Absalom, he said, "O LORD, turn the counsel of Ahithophel to folly!"
Calling the Lord in suffering78 David's Song Of Thanksgiving (2S22:1-51)
2S22:7In my distress I called upon the LORD and cried out to my God; From his temple he heard my voice, and my cry reached his ears.
65 David's Adversaries (2S16:1-14)
2S16:1David had gone a little beyond the top when Ziba, the servant of Meribbaal, met him with saddled asses laden with two hundred loaves of bread, an ephah of cakes of pressed raisins, an ephah of summer fruits, and a skin of wine.
Help for David77 Exploits Of David's Men (2S21:15-22)
2S21:17but Abishai, son of Zeruiah, came to his assistance and struck and killed the Philistine.
66 The Counsel Of Ahithophel (2S16:15-2S17:26)
When Ahithophel saw that his counsel was not acted upon, he saddled his ass and departed, going to his home in his own city. Then, having left orders concerning his family, he hanged himself. And so he died and was buried in his father's tomb. (2S17:23)
Buried in father's tomb76 David Avenges The Gibeonites (2S21:1-14)
Then the bones of Saul and of his son Jonathan were buried in the tomb of his father Kish at Zela in the territory of Benjamin. After all that the king commanded had been carried out, God granted relief to the land. (2S21:14)
67 Preparation For War (2S17:27-2S18:5)
David then put a third part of the soldiers under Joabs command, a third under command of Abishai, son of Zeruiah and brother of Joab, and a third under command of Ittai the Gittite. The king then said to the soldiers, "I intend to go out with you myself." (2S18:2)
Davids officers75 David's Officers (2S20:23-26)
Joab was in command of the whole army of Israel. (2S20:23)
68 The Defeat And Death Of Absalom (2S18:6-18)
Joab replied, "I will not waste time with you in this way." And taking three pikes in hand, he thrust for the heart of Absalom, still hanging from the tree alive. (2S18:14)
Killing a enemy general74 The Rebellion Of Sheba (2S20:1-22)
She went to all the people with her advice, and they cut off the head of Sheba, son of Bichri, and threw it out to Joab. He then sounded the horn, and they scattered from the city to their own tents, while Joab returned to Jerusalem to the king. (2S20:22)
69 David Hears Of Absalom's Death (2S18:19-2S19:9b)
So the king stepped out and sat at the gate. When all the people were informed that the king was sitting at the gate, they came into his presence. Now the Israelites had fled to their separate tents, (2S19:9)
Soldiers of Israel and Judah73 Israel And Judah (2S19:41-44)
Finally the king crossed over to Gilgal, accompanied by Chimham. All the people of Judah and half of the people of Israel had escorted the king across. (2S19:41)
70 David Recalled To Jerusalem (2S19:9c-15)
He won over all the Judahites as one man, and so they summoned the king to return, with all his servants. (2S19:15)
Return of a king72 Barzillai (2S19:32-40)
Then all the people crossed over the Jordan but the king remained; he kissed Barzillai and bade him Godspeed as he returned to his own district. (2S19:40)

4-4-1

61 Absalom Avenges The Violation Of His Sister (2S13:23-2S14:33)
  62 Absalom Usurps The Throne (2S15:1-12)
    63 David Flees From Jerusalem (2S15:13-29)
      64 Hushai Becomes David's Spy (2S15:30-37)
        65 David's Adversaries (2S16:1-14)
          66 The Counsel Of Ahithophel (2S16:15-2S17:26)
        67 Preparation For War (2S17:27-2S18:5)
      68 The Defeat And Death Of Absalom (2S18:6-18)
    69 David Hears Of Absalom's Death (2S18:19-2S19:9b)
  70 David Recalled To Jerusalem (2S19:9c-15)
71 Simei, Mephibosheth (2S19:16-31)
Former halfRelationLatter half
61 Absalom Avenges The Violation Of His Sister (2S13:23-2S14:33)
Then the king said to Joab: "I hereby grant this request. Go, therefore, and bring back young Absalom." (2S14:21)
David forgives sin71 Simei, Mephibosheth (2S19:16-31)
David replied: "What has come between you and me, sons of Zeruiah, that you would create enmity for me this day? Should anyone die today in Israel? Am I not aware that today I am king of Israel?" (2S19:23)
62 Absalom Usurps The Throne (2S15:1-12)
When you hear the sound of the horn, declare Absalom king in Hebron. (2S15:10)
Absalom became king70 David Recalled To Jerusalem (2S19:9c-15)
Absalom, whom we anointed over us, died in battle (2S19:11)
63 David Flees From Jerusalem (2S15:13-29)
An informant came to David with the report (2S15:13)
Messages to the king69 David Hears Of Absalom's Death (2S18:19-2S19:9b)
The lookout shouted to inform the king, who said, "If he is alone, he has good news to report."(2S18:25)
64 Hushai Becomes David's Spy (2S15:30-37)
When David reached the top, where men used to worship God, Hushai the Archite was there to meet him, with rent garments and dirt upon his head. (2S15:32)
Thing that gets twisted to head68 The Defeat And Death Of Absalom (2S18:6-18)
Absalom unexpectedly came up against David's servants. He was mounted on a mule, and, as the mule passed under the branches of a large terebinth, his hair caught fast in the tree. He hung between heaven and earth while the mule he had been riding ran off. (2S18:9)
65 David's Adversaries (2S16:1-14)
David had gone a little beyond the top when Ziba, the servant of Meribbaal, met him with saddled asses laden with two hundred loaves of bread, an ephah of cakes of pressed raisins, an ephah of summer fruits, and a skin of wine. (2S16:1)
Offering a meal67 Preparation For War (2S17:27-2S18:5)
When David came to Mahanaim, Shobi, son of Nahash from Rabbah of the Ammonites, Machir, son of Ammiel from Lodebar, and Barzillai, the Gileadite from Rogelim, 17:28 brought couches, coverlets, basins and earthenware, as well as wheat, barley, flour, roasted grain, beans, lentils, 17:29 honey, butter and cheese from the flocks and herds, for David and those who were with him to eat; for they said, "The people have been hungry and tired and thirsty in the desert." (2S17:27-29)

4-4-2

71 Simei, Mephibosheth (2S19:16-31)
  72 Barzillai (2S19:32-40)
    73 Israel And Judah (2S19:41-44)
      74 The Rebellion Of Sheba (2S20:1-22)
        75 David's Officers (2S20:23-26)
          76 David Avenges The Gibeonites (2S21:1-14)
        77 Exploits Of David's Men (2S21:15-22)
      78 David's Song Of Thanksgiving (2S22:1-51)
    79 The Last Words Of David (2S23:1-7)
  80 David's Mighty Men (2S23:8-39)
81 David's Census Of Israel And Judah (2S24:1-25)
Former halfRelationLatter half
71 Simei, Mephibosheth (2S19:16-31)
and said to him: "May my lord not hold me guilty, and may he not remember and take to heart the wrong that your servant did the day my lord the king left Jerusalem. (2S19:20)
Asking for forgiveness of sin81 David's Census Of Israel And Judah (2S24:1-25)
When David saw the angel who was striking the people, he said to the LORD: "It is I who have sinned; it is I, the shepherd, who have done wrong. But these are sheep; what have they done? Punish me and my kindred." (2S24:17)
72 Barzillai (2S19:32-40)
2S19:33It was Barzillai, a very old man of eighty and very wealthy besides, who had provisioned the king during his stay in Mahanaim.
Help for David80 David's Mighty Men (2S23:8-39)
2S23:8These are the names of David's warriors.
73 Israel And Judah (2S19:41-44)
2S19:44The Israelites answered the Judahites: "We have ten shares in the king. Also, we are the first-born rather than you.
David as king of Israel79 The Last Words Of David (2S23:1-7)
2S23:1"The utterance of David, son of Jesse; the utterance of the man God raised up, Anointed of the God of Jacob,
74 The Rebellion Of Sheba (2S20:1-22)
2S20:22She went to all the people with her advice, and they cut off the head of Sheba, son of Bichri, and threw it out to Joab.
Arrogant person is punished78 David's Song Of Thanksgiving (2S22:1-51)
2S22:28You save lowly people, though on the lofty your eyes look down.
75 David's Officers (2S20:23-26)
2S20:23Joab was in command of the whole army of Israel. Benaiah, son of Jehoiada, was in command of the Cherethites and Pelethites.
Activity of David's vassal77 Exploits Of David's Men (2S21:15-22)
2S21:22These four were Rephaim in Gath, and they fell at the hands of David and his servants.

Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

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Literary Structure of the Bible by Hajime Murai is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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