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Literary structure (chiasmus, chiasm) of Books of Samuel

Chiasmus and Concentric Structure of divided by 5

Five centers in divided in five structures are "The Ark Returned To Israel" (no. 9, 1 Samuel 6:1-7:1), "The Friendship Of David And Jonathan" (no. 25, 1 Samuel 20:1-42), "Abner Defects To David" (no. 41, 2 Samuel 3:6-21c), "Nathan Condemns David" (no. 57, 2 Samuel 12:1-14), and "Israel And Judah" (no. 73, 2 Samuel 19:41-44). Because the Ark also has a function as a symbol of Israel kingdom, those pericopes are all related to struggles about kingships.


5-1

1 Prologue Of Samuel's Birth (1S1:1-8)
  2 Samuel's Birth (1S1:9-28)
    3 Hannah's Prayer (1S2:1-10)
      4 The Child Samuel At Shiloh (1S2:11-26)
        5 Prophecy Against Eli's Household (1S2:27-36)
          6 Samuel's Calling And Prophetic Activity (1S3:1-21_1S4:1a)
            7 The Ark Of God Captured (1S4:1b-22)
              8 The Pilistines and the Ark (1S5:1-12)
                9 The Ark Returned To Israel (1S6:1-21_1S7:1)
              10 Samuel At Judge (1S7:2-17)
            11 Israel Demands A King (1S8:1-22)
          12 Saul Chosen To Be King (1S9:1-1S10:16)
        13 Saul Proclaimed King (1S10:17-27)
      14 Saul Defeats The Ammonites (1S11:1-15)
    15 Samuel's Farewell Address (1S12:1-25)
  16 Saul's Unlawfull Sacrifice (1S13:1-23)
17 Jonathan Surprises And Routs The Philistines (1S14:1-46)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 Prologue Of Samuel's Birth (1S1:1-8)
1S1:3 This man regularly went on pilgrimage from his city to worship the LORD of hosts and to sacrifice to him at Shiloh, where the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were ministering as priests of the LORD. (1S1:3)
Sons of a priest17 Jonathan Surprises And Routs The Philistines (1S14:1-46)
1S14:3 Ahijah, son of Ahitub, brother of Ichabod, who was the son of Phinehas, son of Eli, the priest of the LORD at Shiloh, was wearing the ephod.) Nor did the soldiers know that Jonathan had gone. (1S14:3)
2 Samuel's Birth (1S1:9-28)
1S1:21 The next time her husband Elkanah was going up with the rest of his household to offer the customary sacrifice to the LORD and to fulfill his vows, (1S1:21)
Offerings16 Saul's Unlawfull Sacrifice (1S13:1-23)
1S13:9 He then said, "Bring me the holocaust and peace offerings," and he offered up the holocaust.(1S13:9)
3 Hannah's Prayer (1S2:1-10)
1S2:10 the LORD'S foes shall be shattered.(1S2:10)
Messiah15 Samuel's Farewell Address (1S12:1-25)
1S12:3 Here I stand! Answer me in the presence of the LORD and of his anointed. Whose ox have I taken? Whose ass have I taken? Whom have I cheated? Whom have I oppressed? From whom have I accepted a bribe and overlooked his guilt? I will make restitution to you." (1S12:3)
4 The Child Samuel At Shiloh (1S2:11-26)
1S2:25 If a man sins against another man, one can intercede for him with the LORD; but if a man sins against the LORD, who can intercede for him?" But they disregarded their fathers warning, since the LORD had decided on their death. (1S2:25)
To kill / not to kill14 Saul Defeats The Ammonites (1S11:1-15)
1S11:13 But Saul broke in to say, "No man is to be put to death this day, for today the LORD has saved Israel." (1S11:13)
5 Prophecy Against Eli's Household (1S2:27-36)
1S2:27 A man of God came to Eli and said to him: "This is what the LORD says: 'I went so far as to reveal myself to your father's family when they were in Egypt as slaves to the house of Pharaoh.(1S2:27)
Exodus13 Saul Proclaimed King (1S10:17-27)
1S10:18 and addressed the Israelites: "Thus says the LORD, the God of Israel, 'It was I who brought Israel up from Egypt and delivered you from the power of the Egyptians and from the power of all the kingdoms that oppressed you.' (1S10:18)
6 Samuel's Calling And Prophetic Activity (1S3:1-21_1S4:1a)
1S3:20 Thus all Israel from Dan to Beer-sheba came to know that Samuel was an accredited prophet of the LORD. (1S3:20)
To become a leader of the people12 Saul Chosen To Be King (1S9:1-1S10:16)
1S10:1 Then, from a flask he had with him, Samuel poured oil on Sauls head; he also kissed him, saying: "The LORD anoints you commander over his heritage. You are to govern the LORDS people Israel, and to save them from the grasp of their enemies round about. "This will be the sign for you that the LORD has anointed you commander over his heritage: (1S10:1)
7 The Ark Of God Captured (1S4:1b-22)
1S4:22 She said, "Gone is the glory from Israel," because the ark of God had been captured.(1S4:22)
The LORD left11 Israel Demands A King (1S8:1-22)
1S8:18 When this takes place, you will complain against the king whom you have chosen, but on that day the LORD will not answer you." (1S8:18)
8 The Pilistines and the Ark (1S5:1-12)
1S5:6 Now the LORD dealt severely with the people of Ashdod. He ravaged and afflicted the city and its vicinity with hemorrhoids; he brought upon the city a great and deadly plague of mice that swarmed in their ships and overran their fields.(1S5:6)
Salvation by the LORD10 Samuel At Judge (1S7:2-17)
1S7:10 While Samuel was offering the holocaust, the Philistines advanced to join battle with Israel. That day, however, the LORD thundered loudly against the Philistines, and threw them into such confusion that they were defeated by Israel. (1S7:10)

5-1-1

1 Prologue Of Samuel's Birth (1S1:1-8)
  2 Samuel's Birth (1S1:9-28)
    3 Hannah's Prayer (1S2:1-10)
      4 The Child Samuel At Shiloh (1S2:11-26)
        5 Prophecy Against Eli's Household (1S2:27-36)
      6 Samuel's Calling And Prophetic Activity (1S3:1-21_1S4:1a)
    7 The Ark Of God Captured (1S4:1b-22)
  8 The Pilistines and the Ark (1S5:1-12)
9 The Ark Returned To Israel (1S6:1-21_1S7:1)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 Prologue Of Samuel's Birth (1S1:1-8)
This man regularly went on pilgrimage from his city to worship the LORD of hosts and to sacrifice to him at Shiloh, where the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were ministering as priests of the LORD. (1S1:3)
Offering sacrifice9 The Ark Returned To Israel (1S6:1-21_1S7:1)
The Levites, meanwhile, had taken down the ark of God and the box beside it, in which the golden articles were, and had placed them on the great stone. The men of Beth-shemesh also offered other holocausts and sacrifices to the LORD that day. (1S6:15)
2 Samuel's Birth (1S1:9-28)
1S1:22 Once the child is weaned, I will take him to appear before the LORD and to remain there forever
Offering to the LORD8 The Pilistines and the Ark (1S5:1-12)
1S5:11 Send away the ark of the God of Israel. Let it return to its own place
3 Hannah's Prayer (1S2:1-10)
1S2:8 He raises the needy from the dust;(1S2:8)
The glory7 The Ark Of God Captured (1S4:1b-22)
1S4:22 She said, "Gone is the glory from Israel," because the ark of God had been captured.(1S4:22)
4 The Child Samuel At Shiloh (1S2:11-26)
1S2:18 Meanwhile the boy Samuel, girt with a linen apron, was serving in the presence of the LORD.(1S2:18)
Mainly to Samuel serves to the LORD 6 Samuel's Calling And Prophetic Activity (1S3:1-21_1S4:1a)
1S3:1 During the time young Samuel was minister to the LORD under Eli, a revelation of the LORD was uncommon and vision infrequent.(1S3:1)

5-1-2

9 The Ark Returned To Israel (1S6:1-21_1S7:1)
  10 Samuel At Judge (1S7:2-17)
    11 Israel Demands A King (1S8:1-22)
      12 Saul Chosen To Be King (1S9:1-1S10:16)
        13 Saul Proclaimed King (1S10:17-27)
      14 Saul Defeats The Ammonites (1S11:1-15)
    15 Samuel's Farewell Address (1S12:1-25)
  16 Saul's Unlawfull Sacrifice (1S13:1-23)
17 Jonathan Surprises And Routs The Philistines (1S14:1-46)
Former halfRelationLatter half
9 The Ark Returned To Israel (1S6:1-21_1S7:1)
when they summoned priests and fortune-tellers to ask, "What shall we do with the ark of the LORD? Tell us what we should send back with it." (1S6:2)
Moving the ark of the LORD17 Jonathan Surprises And Routs The Philistines (1S14:1-46)
Saul then said to Ahijah, "Bring the ephod here." (Ahijah was wearing the ephod in front of the Israelites at that time.) (1S14:18)
10 Samuel At Judge (1S7:2-17)
Samuel therefore took an unweaned lamb and offered it entire as a holocaust to the LORD. He implored the LORD for Israel, and the LORD heard him. (1S7:9)
Offering for war16 Saul's Unlawfull Sacrifice (1S13:1-23)
He then said, "Bring me the holocaust and peace offerings," and he offered up the holocaust. (1S13:9)
11 Israel Demands A King (1S8:1-22)
Samuel was displeased when they asked for a king to judge them. He prayed to the LORD, however, (1S8:6)
Sin of requesting a king15 Samuel's Farewell Address (1S12:1-25)
They said to Samuel, "Pray to the LORD your God for us, your servants, that we may not die for having added to all our other sins the evil of asking for a king." (1S12:19)
12 Saul Chosen To Be King (1S9:1-1S10:16)
Then, from a flask he had with him, Samuel poured oil on Saul's head; he also kissed him, saying: "The LORD anoints you commander over his heritage. (1S10:1)
Saul becomes a king14 Saul Defeats The Ammonites (1S11:1-15)
So all the people went to Gilgal, where, in the presence of the LORD, they made Saul king. (1S11:15)

5-2

17 Jonathan Surprises And Routs The Philistines (1S14:1-46)
  18 Saul's Continuing Wars (1S14:47-52)
    19 Saul Defeats The Amalekites (1S15:1-35)
      20 David Anointed As King (1S16:1-13)
        21 David Plays The Lyte For Saul (1S16:14-23)
          22 David And Goliath (1S17:1-58)
            23 Saul Tries To Kill David (1S18:1-30)
              24 David Escapes (1S19:1-24)
                25 The Friendship Of David And Jonathan (1S20:1-42)
              26 David and Ahimelech (1S21:1-1S22:23)
            27 David at Keilah (1S23:1-14)
          28 David at Ziph (1S23:15-28)
        29 David Spares Saul's Life (1S24:1-23)
      30 Death Of Samuel (1S25:1-44)
    31 David Spares Saul's Life A Second Time (1S26:1-25)
  32 David Serves King Achish Of Gath (1S27:1-12)
33 Saul Consults A Medium (1S28:1-25)
Former halfRelationLatter half
17 Jonathan Surprises And Routs The Philistines (1S14:1-46)
So Saul inquired of God: "Shall I go down in pursuit of the Philistines? Will you deliver them into the power of Israel?" But he received no answer on this occasion. (1S14:37)
Inquiring but receiving no answer33 Saul Consults A Medium (1S28:1-25)
When Saul saw the camp of the Philistines, he was dismayed and lost heart completely. (1S28:5)
18 Saul's Continuing Wars (1S14:47-52)
and fought bravely. He defeated Amalek and delivered Israel from the hands of those who were plundering them. (1S14:48)
Defeating Amalek32 David Serves King Achish Of Gath (1S27:1-12)
David and his men went up and made raids on the Geshurites, Girzites, and Amalekites-- peoples living in the land between Telam, on the approach to Shur, and the land of Egypt. (1S27:8)
19 Saul Defeats The Amalekites (1S15:1-35)
But Samuel said to Saul, "I will not return with you, because you rejected the command of the LORD and the LORD rejects you as king of Israel." (1S15:26)
Saul is rejected31 David Spares Saul's Life A Second Time (1S26:1-25)
Then Saul said to David: "Blessed are you, my son David! You shall certainly succeed in whatever you undertake." David went his way, and Saul returned to his home. (1S26:25)
20 David Anointed As King (1S16:1-13)
Then Samuel, with the horn of oil in hand, anointed him in the midst of his brothers; (1S16:13)
David becomes a king30 Death Of Samuel (1S25:1-44)
And when the LORD carries out for my lord the promise of success he has made concerning you, and appoints you as commander over Israel, (1S25:30)
21 David Plays The Lyte For Saul (1S16:14-23)
and sent Jesse the message, "Allow David to remain in my service, for he meets with my approval." (1S16:22)
Saul approves David29 David Spares Saul's Life (1S24:1-23)
Saul then said to David: "You are in the right rather than I; you have treated me generously, while I have done you harm. (1S24:18)
22 David And Goliath (1S17:1-58)
1S17:12 David was the son of an Ephrathite named Jesse, who was from Bethlehem in Judah (1S17:12)
David of Judah28 David at Ziph (1S23:15-28)
1S23:23 If he is in the region, I will search him out among all the families of Judah. (1S23:23)
23 Saul Tries To Kill David (1S18:1-30)
1S18:10while Saul was holding his spear. 18:11 Saul poised the spear, thinking to nail David to the wall, but twice David escaped him.)
Saul cannot kill David27 David at Keilah (1S23:1-14)
1S23:14 Though Saul sought him continually, the LORD did not deliver David into his grasp (1S23:14)
24 David Escapes (1S19:1-24)
1S19:23As he set out from the hilltop toward the sheds, the spirit of God came upon him also, and he continued on in a prophetic condition until he reached the spot. At the sheds near Ramah 19:24 he, too, stripped himself of his garments and he, too, remained in the prophetic state in the presence of Samuel; all that day and night he lay naked.
Insanity of king26 David and Ahimelech (1S21:1-1S22:23)
1S21:14So, as they watched, he feigned insanity and acted like a madman in their hands, drumming on the doors of the gate and drooling onto his beard.

5-2-1

17 Jonathan Surprises And Routs The Philistines (1S14:1-46)
  18 Saul's Continuing Wars (1S14:47-52)
    19 Saul Defeats The Amalekites (1S15:1-35)
      20 David Anointed As King (1S16:1-13)
        21 David Plays The Lyte For Saul (1S16:14-23)
      22 David And Goliath (1S17:1-58)
    23 Saul Tries To Kill David (1S18:1-30)
  24 David Escapes (1S19:1-24)
25 The Friendship Of David And Jonathan (1S20:1-42)
Former halfRelationLatter half
17 Jonathan Surprises And Routs The Philistines (1S14:1-46)
see 2-1
see 2-125 The Friendship Of David And Jonathan (1S20:1-42)
see 2-1
18 Saul's Continuing Wars (1S14:47-52)
see 2-1
see 2-124 David Escapes (1S19:1-24)
see 2-1
19 Saul Defeats The Amalekites (1S15:1-35)
see 2-1
see 2-123 Saul Tries To Kill David (1S18:1-30)
see 2-1
20 David Anointed As King (1S16:1-13)
see 2-1
see 2-122 David And Goliath (1S17:1-58)
see 2-1

5-2-2

25 The Friendship Of David And Jonathan (1S20:1-42)
  26 David and Ahimelech (1S21:1-1S22:23)
    27 David at Keilah (1S23:1-14)
      28 David at Ziph (1S23:15-28)
        29 David Spares Saul's Life (1S24:1-23)
      30 Death Of Samuel (1S25:1-44)
    31 David Spares Saul's Life A Second Time (1S26:1-25)
  32 David Serves King Achish Of Gath (1S27:1-12)
33 Saul Consults A Medium (1S28:1-25)
Former halfRelationLatter half
25 The Friendship Of David And Jonathan (1S20:1-42)
Why, as long as the son of Jesse lives upon the earth, you cannot make good your claim to the kingship! So send for him, and bring him to me, for he is doomed." (1S20:31)
Kingship of David33 Saul Consults A Medium (1S28:1-25)
The LORD has done to you what he foretold through me: he has torn the kingdom from your grasp and has given it to your neighbor David. (1S28:17)
26 David and Ahimelech (1S21:1-1S22:23)
So, as they watched, he feigned insanity and acted like a madman in their hands, drumming on the doors of the gate and drooling onto his beard. (1S21:14)
Cheating foreigners32 David Serves King Achish Of Gath (1S27:1-12)
who asked, "Whom did you raid this time?" And David answered, "The Negeb of Judah," or "The Negeb of Jerahmeel," or "The Negeb of the Kenites." (1S27:10)
27 David at Keilah (1S23:1-14)
When Saul was informed that David had escaped from Keilah, he abandoned the expedition (1S23:13)
Life of David31 David Spares Saul's Life A Second Time (1S26:1-25)
David went his way, and Saul returned to his home (1S26:25)
28 David at Ziph (1S23:15-28)
He said to him: "Have no fear, my father Saul shall not lay a hand to you. You shall be king of Israel and I shall be second to you. Even my father Saul knows this." (1S23:17)
Giving up killing David30 Death Of Samuel (1S25:1-44)
And when the LORD carries out for my lord the promise of success he has made concerning you, and appoints you as commander over Israel, (1S25:30)

5-3

33 Saul Consults A Medium (1S28:1-25)
  34 The Philistines Reject David (1S29:1-11)
    35 David Avenges The Destruction Of Ziklag (1S30:1-31)
      36 The Death Of Saul And His Sons (1S31:1-13)
        37 David Mourns For Saul And Jonathan (2S1:1-27)
          38 David Anointed King Of Judah (2S2:1-11)
            39 The Battle Of Gideon (2S2:12-32_2S3:1)
              40 Birth Of David's Son At Hebron (2S3:2-5)
                41 Abner Defects To David (2S3:6-21c)
              42 Abner Id Killed By Joab (2S3:21d-39)
            43 Ishbaal Assassinated (2S4:1-12)
          44 David Anointed King Of All Israel (2S5:1-5)
        45 Jerusalem Made Capital Of The United Kingdom (2S5:6-12)
      46 Birth Of David's Son At Jerusalem (2S5:13-16)
    47 Philistine Attack Repulsed (2S5:17-25)
  48 David Brings The Ark To Jerusalem (2S6:1-15)
49 Michal Despises (2S6:16-23)
Former halfRelationLatter half
33 Saul Consults A Medium (1S28:1-25)
see 1-1
see 1-149 Michal Despises (2S6:16-23)
see 1-1
34 The Philistines Reject David (1S29:1-11)
see 1-1
see 1-148 David Brings The Ark To Jerusalem (2S6:1-15)
see 1-1
35 David Avenges The Destruction Of Ziklag (1S30:1-31)
see 1-1
see 1-147 Philistine Attack Repulsed (2S5:17-25)
see 1-1
36 The Death Of Saul And His Sons (1S31:1-13)
see 1-1
see 1-146 Birth Of David's Son At Jerusalem (2S5:13-16)
see 1-1
37 David Mourns For Saul And Jonathan (2S1:1-27)
see 1-1
see 1-145 Jerusalem Made Capital Of The United Kingdom (2S5:6-12)
see 1-1
38 David Anointed King Of Judah (2S2:1-11)
see 1-1
see 1-144 David Anointed King Of All Israel (2S5:1-5)
see 1-1
39 The Battle Of Gideon (2S2:12-32_2S3:1)
see 1-1
see 1-143 Ishbaal Assassinated (2S4:1-12)
see 1-1
40 Birth Of David's Son At Hebron (2S3:2-5)
see 1-1
see 1-142 Abner Id Killed By Joab (2S3:21d-39)
see 1-1

5-3-1

33 Saul Consults A Medium (1S28:1-25)
  34 The Philistines Reject David (1S29:1-11)
    35 David Avenges The Destruction Of Ziklag (1S30:1-31)
      36 The Death Of Saul And His Sons (1S31:1-13)
        37 David Mourns For Saul And Jonathan (2S1:1-27)
      38 David Anointed King Of Judah (2S2:1-11)
    39 The Battle Of Gideon (2S2:12-32_2S3:1)
  40 Birth Of David's Son At Hebron (2S3:2-5)
41 Abner Defects To David (2S3:6-21c)
Former halfRelationLatter half
33 Saul Consults A Medium (1S28:1-25)
1S28:17The LORD has done to you what he foretold through me: he has torn the kingdom from your grasp and has given it to your neighbor David
The Lord's swear to make David king41 Abner Defects To David (2S3:6-21c)
2S3:9May God do thus and so to Abner if I do not carry out for David what the LORD swore to him-- 3:10 that is, take away the kingdom from the house of Saul and establish the throne of David over Israel and over Judah from Dan to Beersheba."
34 The Philistines Reject David (1S29:1-11)
1S29:1and the Israelites were encamped at the spring of Harod near Jezreel.
Jezreel40 Birth Of David's Son At Hebron (2S3:2-5)
2S3:2his first-born, Amnon, of Ahinoam from Jezreel;
35 David Avenges The Destruction Of Ziklag (1S30:1-31)
1S30:10David continued the pursuit with four hundred men, but two hundred were too exhausted to cross the Wadi Besor and remained behind.
Pursuit39 The Battle Of Gideon (2S2:12-32_2S3:1)
2S2:19set out after Abner, turning neither right nor left in his pursuit.
36 The Death Of Saul And His Sons (1S31:1-13)
1S31:12removed the bodies of Saul and his sons from the wall of Beth-shan, and brought them to Jabesh, where they cremated them.
Burial of Saul38 David Anointed King Of Judah (2S2:1-11)
2S2:4A report reached David that the men of Jabesh-gilead had buried Saul.

5-3-2

41 Abner Defects To David (2S3:6-21c)
  42 Abner Id Killed By Joab (2S3:21d-39)
    43 Ishbaal Assassinated (2S4:1-12)
      44 David Anointed King Of All Israel (2S5:1-5)
        45 Jerusalem Made Capital Of The United Kingdom (2S5:6-12)
      46 Birth Of David's Son At Jerusalem (2S5:13-16)
    47 Philistine Attack Repulsed (2S5:17-25)
  48 David Brings The Ark To Jerusalem (2S6:1-15)
49 Michal Despises (2S6:16-23)
Former halfRelationLatter half
41 Abner Defects To David (2S3:6-21c)
2S3:10that is, take away the kingdom from the house of Saul and establish the throne of David over Israel and over Judah from Dan to Beersheba."
David as leader of Israel49 Michal Despises (2S6:16-23)
2S6:21"I was dancing before the LORD. As the LORD lives, who preferred me to your father and his whole family when he appointed me commander of the LORD'S people, Israel, not only will I make merry before the LORD,
42 Abner Id Killed By Joab (2S3:21d-39)
2S3:31Then David said to Joab and to all the people who were with him, "Rend your garments, gird yourselves with sackcloth, and mourn over Abner." King David himself followed the bier.
Procession48 David Brings The Ark To Jerusalem (2S6:1-15)
2S6:13As soon as the bearers of the ark of the LORD had advanced six steps, he sacrificed an ox and a fatling. 6:14 Then David, girt with a linen apron, came dancing before the LORD with abandon, 6:15 as he and all the Israelites were bringing up the ark of the LORD with shouts of joy and to the sound of the horn.
43 Ishbaal Assassinated (2S4:1-12)
2S4:8"This is the head of Ishbaal, son of your enemy Saul, who sought your life.
Plot to kill David47 Philistine Attack Repulsed (2S5:17-25)
2S5:17they all took the field in search of him.
44 David Anointed King Of All Israel (2S5:1-5)
2S5:5seven years and six months in Hebron over Judah, and thirty-three years in Jerusalem over all Israel and Judah.
From Hebron to Jerusalem46 Birth Of David's Son At Jerusalem (2S5:13-16)
2S5:13David took more concubines and wives in Jerusalem after he had come from Hebron, and more sons and daughters were born to him in Jerusalem.

5-4

49 Michal Despises (2S6:16-23)
  50 God's Covenant With David (2S7:1-17)
    51 David's Prayer (2S7:18-29)
      52 David's Wars (2S8:1-14)
        53 David's Officers (2S8:15-18)
          54 David's Kindness To Mephibosheth (2S9:1-13)
            55 The Ammonites And Arameans Are Defeated (2S10:1-19)
              56 David Commits Adultery With Bathsheba (2S11:1-27)
                57 Nathan Condemns David (2S12:1-14)
              58 Solomon Is Born (2S12:15-25)
            59 The Ammonites Crushed (2S12:26-31)
          60 Amnon And Tamar (2S13:1-22)
        61 Absalom Avenges The Violation Of His Sister (2S13:23-2S14:33)
      62 Absalom Usurps The Throne (2S15:1-12)
    63 David Flees From Jerusalem (2S15:13-29)
  64 Hushai Becomes David's Spy (2S15:30-37)
65 David's Adversaries (2S16:1-14)
Former halfRelationLatter half
49 Michal Despises (2S6:16-23)
When David returned to bless his own family, Saul's daughter Michal came out to meet him and said, "How the king of Israel has honored himself today, exposing himself to the view of the slave girls of his followers, as a commoner might do!" (2S6:20)
Abusing of Saul's family65 David's Adversaries (2S16:1-14)
As David was approaching Bahurim, a man named Shimei, the son of Gera of the same clan as Saul's family, was coming out of the place, cursing as he came. 16:6 He threw stones at David and at all the king's officers, even though all the soldiers, including the royal guard, were on David's right and on his left. (2S16:5-6)
50 God's Covenant With David (2S7:1-17)
he said to Nathan the prophet, "Here I am living in a house of cedar, while the ark of God dwells in a tent!" (2S7:2)
The house of God64 Hushai Becomes David's Spy (2S15:30-37)
When David reached the top, where men used to worship God, Hushai the Archite was there to meet him, with rent garments and dirt upon his head. (2S15:32)
51 David's Prayer (2S7:18-29)
you are God and your words are truth (2S7:28)
Truth of the LORD63 David Flees From Jerusalem (2S15:13-29)
may the LORD be kind and faithful to you (2S15:20)
52 David's Wars (2S8:1-14)
he hamstrung all the chariot horses, preserving only enough for a hundred chariots (2S8:4)
The chariot and the horses62 Absalom Usurps The Throne (2S15:1-12)
Absalom provided himself with chariots, horses, and fifty henchmen (2S15:1)
53 David's Officers (2S8:15-18)
Joab, son of Zeruiah, was in command of the army. (2S8:16)
Joab, son of Zeruiah61 Absalom Avenges The Violation Of His Sister (2S13:23-2S14:33)
When Joab, son of Zeruiah, observed how the king felt toward Absalom, 14:2 he sent to Tekoa and brought from there a gifted woman, to whom he said: (2S14:1-2)
54 David's Kindness To Mephibosheth (2S9:1-13)
But Meribbaal lived in Jerusalem, because he always ate at the king's table. He was lame in both feet. (2S9:13)
Eating together60 Amnon And Tamar (2S13:1-22)
So Amnon lay down and pretended to be sick. When the king came to visit him, Amnon said to the king, "Please let my sister Tamar come and prepare some fried cakes before my eyes, that I may take nourishment from her hand." (2S13:6)
55 The Ammonites And Arameans Are Defeated (2S10:1-19)
But the Arameans gave way before Israel, and Davids men killed seven hundred charioteers and forty thousand of the Aramean foot soldiers. Shobach, general of the army, was struck down and died on the field. (2S10:18)
Victory of David59 The Ammonites Crushed (2S12:26-31)
So David assembled the rest of the soldiers and went to Rabbah. When he had fought against it and captured it, (2S12:29)
56 David Commits Adultery With Bathsheba (2S11:1-27)
But once the mourning was over, David sent for her and brought her into his house. She became his wife and bore him a son. But the LORD was displeased with what David had done. (2S11:27)
Child of Bathsheba58 Solomon Is Born (2S12:15-25)
Then David comforted his wife Bathsheba. He went and slept with her; and she conceived and bore him a son, who was named Solomon. (2S12:24)

5-4-1

49 Michal Despises (2S6:16-23)
  50 God's Covenant With David (2S7:1-17)
    51 David's Prayer (2S7:18-29)
      52 David's Wars (2S8:1-14)
        53 David's Officers (2S8:15-18)
      54 David's Kindness To Mephibosheth (2S9:1-13)
    55 The Ammonites And Arameans Are Defeated (2S10:1-19)
  56 David Commits Adultery With Bathsheba (2S11:1-27)
57 Nathan Condemns David (2S12:1-14)
Former halfRelationLatter half
49 Michal Despises (2S6:16-23)
2S6:23And so Saul's daughter Michal was childless to the day of her death.
No child57 Nathan Condemns David (2S12:1-14)
2S12:14 the child born to you must surely die
50 God's Covenant With David (2S7:1-17)
2S7:12And when your time comes and you rest with your ancestors, I will raise up your heir after you, sprung from your loins, and I will make his kingdom firm.
Successor of David56 David Commits Adultery With Bathsheba (2S11:1-27)
2S11:27But once the mourning was over, David sent for her and brought her into his house. She became his wife and bore him a son.
51 David's Prayer (2S7:18-29)
2S7:23so that you have made yourself renowned by doing this magnificent deed, and by doing awe-inspiring things as you cleared nations and their gods out of the way of your people, which you redeemed for yourself from Egypt?
Alien's fear for miracle55 The Ammonites And Arameans Are Defeated (2S10:1-19)
2S10:19All of Hadadezer's vassal kings, in view of their defeat by Israel, then made peace with the Israelites and became their subjects. And the Arameans were afraid to give further aid to the Ammonites.
52 David's Wars (2S8:1-14)
2S8:6and the Arameans became subjects, tributary to David.
Becoming slave54 David's Kindness To Mephibosheth (2S9:1-13)
2S9:10You and your sons and servants must till the land for him. You shall bring in the produce, which shall be food for your lords family to eat.

5-4-2

57 Nathan Condemns David (2S12:1-14)
  58 Solomon Is Born (2S12:15-25)
    59 The Ammonites Crushed (2S12:26-31)
      60 Amnon And Tamar (2S13:1-22)
        61 Absalom Avenges The Violation Of His Sister (2S13:23-2S14:33)
      62 Absalom Usurps The Throne (2S15:1-12)
    63 David Flees From Jerusalem (2S15:13-29)
  64 Hushai Becomes David's Spy (2S15:30-37)
65 David's Adversaries (2S16:1-14)
Former halfRelationLatter half
57 Nathan Condemns David (2S12:1-14)
see 2-2
see 2-265 David's Adversaries (2S16:1-14)
see 2-2
58 Solomon Is Born (2S12:15-25)
see 2-2
see 2-264 Hushai Becomes David's Spy (2S15:30-37)
see 2-2
59 The Ammonites Crushed (2S12:26-31)
see 2-2
see 2-263 David Flees From Jerusalem (2S15:13-29)
see 2-2
60 Amnon And Tamar (2S13:1-22)
see 2-2
see 2-262 Absalom Usurps The Throne (2S15:1-12)
see 2-2

5-5

65 David's Adversaries (2S16:1-14)
  66 The Counsel Of Ahithophel (2S16:15-2S17:26)
    67 Preparation For War (2S17:27-2S18:5)
      68 The Defeat And Death Of Absalom (2S18:6-18)
        69 David Hears Of Absalom's Death (2S18:19-2S19:9b)
          70 David Recalled To Jerusalem (2S19:9c-15)
            71 Simei, Mephibosheth (2S19:16-31)
              72 Barzillai (2S19:32-40)
                73 Israel And Judah (2S19:41-44)
              74 The Rebellion Of Sheba (2S20:1-22)
            75 David's Officers (2S20:23-26)
          76 David Avenges The Gibeonites (2S21:1-14)
        77 Exploits Of David's Men (2S21:15-22)
      78 David's Song Of Thanksgiving (2S22:1-51)
    79 The Last Words Of David (2S23:1-7)
  80 David's Mighty Men (2S23:8-39)
81 David's Census Of Israel And Judah (2S24:1-25)
Former halfRelationLatter half
65 David's Adversaries (2S16:1-14)
2S16:7"Away, away, you murderous and wicked man!
Sin of David81 David's Census Of Israel And Judah (2S24:1-25)
2S24:10"I have sinned grievously in what I have done. But now, LORD, forgive the guilt of your servant,
66 The Counsel Of Ahithophel (2S16:15-2S17:26)
2S17:15Then Hushai said to the priests Zadok and Abiathar: "This is the counsel Ahithophel gave Absalom and the elders of Israel, and this is what I counseled. 17:16 So send a warning to David immediately, not to spend the night at the fords near the desert, but to cross over without fail. Otherwise the king and all the people with him will be destroyed."
Working for David80 David's Mighty Men (2S23:8-39)
2S23:8These are the names of David's warriors.
67 Preparation For War (2S17:27-2S18:5)
2S17:27When David came to Mahanaim, Shobi, son of Nahash from Rabbah of the Ammonites, Machir, son of Ammiel from Lodebar, and Barzillai, the Gileadite from Rogelim, 17:28 brought couches, coverlets, basins and earthenware, as well as wheat, barley, flour, roasted grain, beans, lentils, 17:29 honey, butter and cheese from the flocks and herds, for David and those who were with him to eat; for they said, "The people have been hungry and tired and thirsty in the desert."
Salvation for David79 The Last Words Of David (2S23:1-7)
2S23:5Will he not bring to fruition all my salvation and my every desire?
68 The Defeat And Death Of Absalom (2S18:6-18)
2S18:7The forces of Israel were defeated by David's servants, and the casualties there that day were heavy--twenty thousand men.
Victory of David78 David's Song Of Thanksgiving (2S22:1-51)
2S22:1David sang the words of this song to the LORD when the LORD had rescued him from the grasp of all his enemies and from the hand of Saul.
69 David Hears Of Absalom's Death (2S18:19-2S19:9b)
2S18:24Now David was sitting between the two gates,
David doesnt go to fight77 Exploits Of David's Men (2S21:15-22)
2S21:17"You must not go out to battle with us again, lest you quench the lamp of Israel."
70 David Recalled To Jerusalem (2S19:9c-15)
Also say to Amasa: 'Are you not my bone and flesh? May God do thus and so to me, if you do not become my general permanently in place of Joab. (2S19:14)
Bone76 David Avenges The Gibeonites (2S21:1-14)
he went and obtained the bones of Saul and of his son Jonathan from the citizens of Jabesh-gilead (2S21:12)
71 Simei, Mephibosheth (2S19:16-31)
Shimei, son of Gera, the Benjaminite from Bahurim, hurried down with the Judahites to meet King David, 19:18 accompanied by a thousand men from Benjamin. Ziba, too, the servant of the house of Saul, accompanied by his fifteen sons and twenty servants, hastened to the Jordan before the king. (2S19:17-18)
Followers of David75 David's Officers (2S20:23-26)
Officers of David
72 Barzillai (2S19:32-40)
2S19:40Then all the people crossed over the Jordan but the king remained; he kissed Barzillai and bade him Godspeed as he returned to his own district.
Leaving David, and returning to hometown74 The Rebellion Of Sheba (2S20:1-22)
2S20:1"We have no portion in David, nor any share in the son of Jesse. Every man to his tent, O Israel!"

5-5-1

65 David's Adversaries (2S16:1-14)
  66 The Counsel Of Ahithophel (2S16:15-2S17:26)
    67 Preparation For War (2S17:27-2S18:5)
      68 The Defeat And Death Of Absalom (2S18:6-18)
        69 David Hears Of Absalom's Death (2S18:19-2S19:9b)
      70 David Recalled To Jerusalem (2S19:9c-15)
    71 Simei, Mephibosheth (2S19:16-31)
  72 Barzillai (2S19:32-40)
73 Israel And Judah (2S19:41-44)
Former halfRelationLatter half
65 David's Adversaries (2S16:1-14)
2S16:3 Then the king said, "And where is your lord's son?" Ziba answered the king, "He is staying in Jerusalem, for he said, 'Now the Israelites will restore to me my father's kingdom.'"
The king returns73 Israel And Judah (2S19:41-44)
2S19:44 The Israelites answered the Judahites: "We have ten shares in the king. Also, we are the first-born rather than you. Why do you slight us? Were we not first to speak of restoring the king?" Then the Judahites in turn spoke even more fiercely than the Israelites.
66 The Counsel Of Ahithophel (2S16:15-2S17:26)
2S17:22So David and all his people moved on and crossed the Jordan.
Crossing the Jordan river72 Barzillai (2S19:32-40)
2S19:40Then all the people crossed over the Jordan but the king remained;
67 Preparation For War (2S17:27-2S18:5)
When David came to Mahanaim, Shobi, son of Nahash from Rabbah of the Ammonites, Machir, son of Ammiel from Lodebar, and Barzillai, the Gileadite from Rogelim, 17:28 brought couches, coverlets, basins and earthenware, as well as wheat, barley, flour, roasted grain, beans, lentils, 17:29 honey, butter and cheese from the flocks and herds, for David and those who were with him to eat; for they said, "The people have been hungry and tired and thirsty in the desert." (2S17:27-29)
David is welcomed71 Simei, Mephibosheth (2S19:16-31)
Shimei, son of Gera, the Benjaminite from Bahurim, hurried down with the Judahites to meet King David, 19:18 accompanied by a thousand men from Benjamin. Ziba, too, the servant of the house of Saul, accompanied by his fifteen sons and twenty servants, hastened to the Jordan before the king. (2S19:17-18)
68 The Defeat And Death Of Absalom (2S18:6-18)
And taking three pikes in hand, he thrust for the heart of Absalom, still hanging from the tree alive. (2S18:14)
Death of Absalom70 David Recalled To Jerusalem (2S19:9c-15)
and Absalom, whom we anointed over us, died in battle. (2S19:11)

5-5-2

73 Israel And Judah (2S19:41-44)
  74 The Rebellion Of Sheba (2S20:1-22)
    75 David's Officers (2S20:23-26)
      76 David Avenges The Gibeonites (2S21:1-14)
        77 Exploits Of David's Men (2S21:15-22)
      78 David's Song Of Thanksgiving (2S22:1-51)
    79 The Last Words Of David (2S23:1-7)
  80 David's Mighty Men (2S23:8-39)
81 David's Census Of Israel And Judah (2S24:1-25)
Former halfRelationLatter half
73 Israel And Judah (2S19:41-44)
2S19:41All the people of Judah and half of the people of Israel had escorted the king across.
Soldier of Israel and Judah81 David's Census Of Israel And Judah (2S24:1-25)
2S24:9in Israel, eight hundred thousand men fit for military service; in Judah, five hundred thousand.
74 The Rebellion Of Sheba (2S20:1-22)
2S20:7So Joab and the Cherethites and Pelethites and all the warriors marched out behind Abishai from Jerusalem to campaign in pursuit of Sheba, son of Bichri.
David's hero80 David's Mighty Men (2S23:8-39)
2S23:8These are the names of David's warriors.
75 David's Officers (2S20:23-26)
2S20:23Joab was in command of the whole army of Israel. Benaiah, son of Jehoiada, was in command of the Cherethites and Pelethites.
Role79 The Last Words Of David (2S23:1-7)
2S23:1"The utterance of David, son of Jesse; the utterance of the man God raised up, Anointed of the God of Jacob,
76 David Avenges The Gibeonites (2S21:1-14)
2S21:14After all that the king commanded had been carried out, God granted relief to the land.
God hears prayer78 David's Song Of Thanksgiving (2S22:1-51)
2S22:7In my distress I called upon the LORD and cried out to my God; From his temple he heard my voice, and my cry reached his ears.

Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

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Literary Structure of the Bible by Hajime Murai is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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