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Literary structure (chiasmus, chiasm) of Books of Kings

Chiasmus and Concentric Structure of divided by 5

Five centers in divided in five structures are "Solomon's palace and other buildings" (no. 9, 1 Kings 7:1-12), "Bassha reigns over Israel" (no. 25, 1 Kings 15:33-16:7), "Elisha secceeds Elijah" (no. 41, 2 Kings 2:1-25), "Jeroboam II reigns over Israel" (no. 57, 2 Kings 14:23-29), and "Josiah reigns over Judah" (no. 73, 2 Kings 22:1-20). No. 9 is about marriage between Solomon and Pharaoh's daughter, no. 25 is about the wrath of the LORD against Bassha who repeated the sins of Jeroboam, the concentric structure including no. 41 is about struggle against worship for Baal, no. 57 is about story of the LORD who did not destroy sinful Israel because the Lord saw the distress of Israel, and no.73 is about story of Josiah who could escape from disasters because he had repented. Relationships of these structures would indicate the wrath of the LORD against pagan worships and pity for Israel.


5-1

1 The struggle for the succession (1K1:1-21)
  2 The accession of Solomon (1K1:22-40)
    3 Fear of Adonijah (1K1:41-53)
      4 Death of David (1K2:1-46)
        5 Solomon's wisdom (1K3:1-28)
          6 Magnificense of Solomon's rule (1K4:1-1K5:14)
            7 Preparation for the Temple (1K5:15-32)
              8 Solomon builds the Temple (1K6:1-38)
                9 Solomon's palace and other buildings (1K7:1-12)
              10 Products of Hiram the bronzeworker (1K7:13-51)
            11 Dedication of the Temple (1K8:1-53)
          12 Solomon blesses the assembly (1K8:54-66)
        13 God appears again to Solomon (1K9:1-9)
      14 Other acts of Solomon (1K9:10-28)
    15 Visits of the queen of Sheba (1K10:1-13)
  16 Wealth of Solomon (1K10:14-29)
17 Solomon's erros (1K11:1-43)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 The struggle for the succession (1K1:1-21)
The maiden, who was very beautiful, nursed the king and cared for him, but the king did not have relations with her. (1K1:4)
King's wife17 Solomon's erros (1K11:1-43)
King Solomon loved many foreign women besides the daughter of Pharaoh (Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Sidonians, and Hittites), (1K11:1)
1 The struggle for the succession (1K1:1-21)
Adonijah, son of Haggith, began to display his ambition to be king. He acquired chariots, drivers, and fifty henchmen. (1K1:5)
Fight over throne17 Solomon's erros (1K11:1-43)
Solomons servant Jeroboam, son of Nebat, an Ephraimite from Zeredah with a widowed mother, Zeruah, also rebelled against the king. (1K11:26)
2 The accession of Solomon (1K1:22-40)
Then Zadok the priest took the horn of oil from the tent and anointed Solomon. They blew the horn and all the people shouted, "Long live King Solomon!" (1K1:39)
Glory of Solomon16 Wealth of Solomon (1K10:14-29)
Thus King Solomon surpassed in riches and wisdom all the kings of the earth. 10:24 And the whole world sought audience with Solomon, to hear from him the wisdom which God had put in his heart. (1K10:23-24)
3 Fear of Adonijah (1K1:41-53)
and this is what he said: 'Blessed be the LORD, the God of Israel, who has this day seated one of my sons upon my throne, so that I see it with my own eyes.'" (1K1:48)
The LORD is praised because Solomon became a king15 Visits of the queen of Sheba (1K10:1-13)
Blessed be the LORD, your God, whom it has pleased to place you on the throne of Israel. In his enduring love for Israel, the LORD has made you king to carry out judgment and justice. (1K10:9)
4 Death of David (1K2:1-46)
But King Solomon shall be blessed, and Davids throne shall endure before the LORD forever." (1K2:45)
Establishment of kingship14 Other acts of Solomon (1K9:10-28)
other acts of Solomon
5 Solomon's wisdom (1K3:1-28)
In Gibeon the LORD appeared to Solomon in a dream at night. (1K3:5)
The LORD appears13 God appears again to Solomon (1K9:1-9)
the LORD appeared to him a second time, as he had appeared to him in Gibeon. (1K9:2)
6 Magnificense of Solomon's rule (1K4:1-1K5:14)
1K5:5 Thus Judah and Israel lived in security, every man under his vine or under his fig tree from Dan to Beer-sheba, as long as Solomon lived.
Peace12 Solomon blesses the assembly (1K8:54-66)
1K8:56 "Blessed be the LORD who has given rest to his people Israel, just as he promised.
6 Magnificense of Solomon's rule (1K4:1-1K5:14)
1K5:3 ten fatted oxen, twenty pasture-fed oxen, and a hundred sheep, not counting harts, gazelles, roebucks, and fatted fowl.
Many domestic animals12 Solomon blesses the assembly (1K8:54-66)
1K8:63 Solomon offered as peace offerings to the LORD twenty-two thousand oxen and one hundred twenty thousand sheep.
7 Preparation for the Temple (1K5:15-32)
1K5:26 since they were parties to a treaty
Covenants11 Dedication of the Temple (1K8:1-53)
1K8:9 the LORD made a covenant with the Israelites at their departure from the land of Egypt
8 Solomon builds the Temple (1K6:1-38)
1K6:1 In the four hundred and eightieth year from the departure of the Israelites from the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel, in the month of Ziv, which is the second month, the construction of the temple of the LORD was begun.
Construction of the temple10 Products of Hiram the bronzeworker (1K7:13-51)
1K7:51 When all the work undertaken by King Solomon in the temple of the LORD was completed, he brought in the dedicated offerings of his father David, putting the silver, gold, and other articles in the treasuries of the temple of the LORD.

5-1-1

1 The struggle for the succession (1K1:1-21)
  2 The accession of Solomon (1K1:22-40)
    3 Fear of Adonijah (1K1:41-53)
      4 Death of David (1K2:1-46)
        5 Solomon's wisdom (1K3:1-28)
      6 Magnificense of Solomon's rule (1K4:1-1K5:14)
    7 Preparation for the Temple (1K5:15-32)
  8 Solomon builds the Temple (1K6:1-38)
9 Solomon's palace and other buildings (1K7:1-12)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 The struggle for the succession (1K1:1-21)
She answered him: "My lord, you swore to me your handmaid by the LORD, your God, that my son Solomon should reign after you and sit upon your throne. (1K1:17)
For queen9 Solomon's palace and other buildings (1K7:1-12)
A palace like this tribunal was built for Pharaohs daughter, whom Solomon had married. (1K7:8)
2 The accession of Solomon (1K1:22-40)
Then Zadok the priest took the horn of oil from the tent and anointed Solomon. They blew the horn and all the people shouted, "Long live King Solomon!" (1K1:39)
Solomon becomes a king8 Solomon builds the Temple (1K6:1-38)
In the four hundred and eightieth year from the departure of the Israelites from the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel, in the month of Ziv, which is the second month, the construction of the temple of the LORD was begun. (1K6:1)
3 Fear of Adonijah (1K1:41-53)
Solomon answered, "If he proves himself worthy, not a hair shall fall from his head. But if he is found guilty of crime, he shall die." (1K1:52)
There is no enemy7 Preparation for the Temple (1K5:15-32)
But now the LORD, my God, has given me peace on all sides. There is no enemy or threat of danger. (1K5:18)
4 Death of David (1K2:1-46)
The king then gave the order to Benaiah, son of Jehoiada, who struck him dead as he left. (1K2:46)
Establishment of kingship6 Magnificense of Solomon's rule (1K4:1-1K5:14)
Thus Judah and Israel lived in security, every man under his vine or under his fig tree from Dan to Beer-sheba, as long as Solomon lived. (1K5:5)

5-1-2

9 Solomon's palace and other buildings (1K7:1-12)
  10 Products of Hiram the bronzeworker (1K7:13-51)
    11 Dedication of the Temple (1K8:1-53)
      12 Solomon blesses the assembly (1K8:54-66)
        13 God appears again to Solomon (1K9:1-9)
      14 Other acts of Solomon (1K9:10-28)
    15 Visits of the queen of Sheba (1K10:1-13)
  16 Wealth of Solomon (1K10:14-29)
17 Solomon's erros (1K11:1-43)
Former halfRelationLatter half
9 Solomon's palace and other buildings (1K7:1-12)
A palace like this tribunal was built for Pharaoh's daughter, whom Solomon had married. (1K7:8)
Pagan wife of Solomon17 Solomon's erros (1K11:1-43)
King Solomon loved many foreign women besides the daughter of Pharaoh (Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Sidonians, and Hittites), (1K11:1)
10 Products of Hiram the bronzeworker (1K7:13-51)
When all the work undertaken by King Solomon in the temple of the LORD was completed, he brought in the dedicated offerings of his father David, putting the silver, gold, and other articles in the treasuries of the temple of the LORD. (1K7:51)
Treasure16 Wealth of Solomon (1K10:14-29)
In addition, all King Solomons drinking vessels were of gold, and all the utensils in the hall of the Forest of Lebanon were of pure gold. There was no silver, for in Solomons time it was considered worthless. (1K10:21)
11 Dedication of the Temple (1K8:1-53)
sacrificed before the ark sheep and oxen too many to number or count (1K8:5)
Too much15 Visits of the queen of Sheba (1K10:1-13)
Your wisdom and prosperity surpass the report I heard (1K10:7)
12 Solomon blesses the assembly (1K8:54-66)
Solomon offered as peace offerings to the LORD twenty-two thousand oxen and one hundred twenty thousand sheep. Thus the king and all the Israelites dedicated the temple of the LORD. (1K8:63)
Offerings14 Other acts of Solomon (1K9:10-28)
Three times a year Solomon used to offer holocausts and peace offerings on the altar which he had built to the LORD, and to burn incense before the LORD; and he kept the temple in repair. (1K9:25)

5-2

17 Solomon's erros (1K11:1-43)
  18 The northern tribes secede (1K12:1-19)
    19 A man of God from Judah (1K12:20-1K13:34)
      20 Judgment on the house of Jeroboam (1K14:1-20)
        21 Rehoboam reigns over Judah (1K14:21-31)
          22 Abijam reigns over Judah (1K15:1-8)
            23 Asa reigns over Judah (1K15:9-24)
              24 Nadab reigns over Israel (1K15:25-32)
                25 Bassha reigns over Israel (1K15:33-1K16:7)
              26 Elah reigns over Israel (1K16:8-14)
            27 Zimri reigns over Israel (1K16:15-22)
          28 Omri reigns over israel (1K16:23-28)
        29 Ahab reigns over Israel (1K16:29-34)
      30 Elijah predicts a drought (1K17:1-24)
    31 Elijah's message to Ahab (1K18:1-15)
  32 Elijah's triumph over the priests of Baal (1K18:16-40)
33 The drought ends (1K18:41-46)
Former halfRelationLatter half
17 Solomon's erros (1K11:1-43)
1K11:39 I will punish David's line for this, but not forever. (1K11:39)
End of sufferings33 The drought ends (1K18:41-46)
1K18:41 Elijah then said to Ahab, "Go up, eat and drink, for there is the sound of a heavy rain." (1K18:41)
18 The northern tribes secede (1K12:1-19)
1K12:16 When all Israel saw that the king did not listen to them, the people answered the king: "What share have we in David? We have no heritage in the son of Jesse. To your tents, O Israel! Now look to your own house, David."So Israel went off to their tents,(1K12:16)
Division of Israel32 Elijah's triumph over the priests of Baal (1K18:16-40)
1K18:21 Elijah appealed to all the people and said, "How long will you straddle the issue? If the LORD is God, follow him; if Baal, follow him." The people, however, did not answer him. (1K18:21)
19 A man of God from Judah (1K12:20-1K13:34)
1K13:24 set out. But a lion met him on the road, and killed him. (1K13:24)
Death of prophets31 Elijah's message to Ahab (1K18:1-15)
1K18:4 Jezebel was murdering the prophets of the LORD (1K18:4)
20 Judgment on the house of Jeroboam (1K14:1-20)
1K14:17when she reached Tirzah and crossed the threshold of her house, the child died.
Death of child30 Elijah predicts a drought (1K17:1-24)
1K17:17 Some time later the son of the mistress of the house fell sick, and his sickness grew more severe until he stopped breathing.
21 Rehoboam reigns over Judah (1K14:21-31)
1K14:23 They, too, built for themselves high places, pillars, and sacred poles, upon every high hill and under every green tree.
Making an idol29 Ahab reigns over Israel (1K16:29-34)
1K16:33 and also made a sacred pole. He did more to anger the LORD, the God of Israel, than any of the kings of Israel before him.
22 Abijam reigns over Judah (1K15:1-8)
1K15:3 He imitated all the sins his father had committed before him, and his heart was not entirely with the LORD, his God, like the heart of his grandfather David.
Evildoing king28 Omri reigns over israel (1K16:23-28)
1K16:25 But Omri did evil in the LORD'S sight beyond any of his predecessors.
23 Asa reigns over Judah (1K15:9-24)
1K15:17 Baasha, king of Israel, attacked Judah and fortified Ramah to prevent communication with Asa, king of Judah.
Encircled king27 Zimri reigns over Israel (1K16:15-22)
1K16:17 Omri marched up from Gibbethon, accompanied by all Israel, and laid siege to Tirzah.
24 Nadab reigns over Israel (1K15:25-32)
1K15:27 Baasha, son of Ahijah, of the house of Issachar, plotted against him
Rebellion26 Elah reigns over Israel (1K16:8-14)
1K16:9 His servant Zimri, commander of half his chariots, plotted against him.

5-2-1

17 Solomon's erros (1K11:1-43)
  18 The northern tribes secede (1K12:1-19)
    19 A man of God from Judah (1K12:20-1K13:34)
      20 Judgment on the house of Jeroboam (1K14:1-20)
        21 Rehoboam reigns over Judah (1K14:21-31)
      22 Abijam reigns over Judah (1K15:1-8)
    23 Asa reigns over Judah (1K15:9-24)
  24 Nadab reigns over Israel (1K15:25-32)
25 Bassha reigns over Israel (1K15:33-1K16:7)
Former halfRelationLatter half
17 Solomon's erros (1K11:1-43)
see 2-1
see 2-125 Bassha reigns over Israel (1K15:33-1K16:7)
see 2-1
18 The northern tribes secede (1K12:1-19)
see 2-1
see 2-124 Nadab reigns over Israel (1K15:25-32)
see 2-1
19 A man of God from Judah (1K12:20-1K13:34)
see 2-1
see 2-123 Asa reigns over Judah (1K15:9-24)
see 2-1
20 Judgment on the house of Jeroboam (1K14:1-20)
see 2-1
see 2-122 Abijam reigns over Judah (1K15:1-8)
see 2-1

5-2-2

25 Bassha reigns over Israel (1K15:33-1K16:7)
  26 Elah reigns over Israel (1K16:8-14)
    27 Zimri reigns over Israel (1K16:15-22)
      28 Omri reigns over israel (1K16:23-28)
        29 Ahab reigns over Israel (1K16:29-34)
      30 Elijah predicts a drought (1K17:1-24)
    31 Elijah's message to Ahab (1K18:1-15)
  32 Elijah's triumph over the priests of Baal (1K18:16-40)
33 The drought ends (1K18:41-46)
Former halfRelationLatter half
25 Bassha reigns over Israel (1K15:33-1K16:7)
1K16:4 If anyone of Baasha's line dies in the city, dogs shall devour him; if he dies in the field, he shall be devoured by the birds of the sky." (1K16:4)
The sky33 The drought ends (1K18:41-46)
1K18:45 In a trice, the sky grew dark with clouds and wind, and a heavy rain fell. (1K18:45)
26 Elah reigns over Israel (1K16:8-14)
1K16:11 Once he was seated on the royal throne, he killed off the whole house of Baasha, not sparing a single male relative or friend of his. (1K16:11)
Murder32 Elijah's triumph over the priests of Baal (1K18:16-40)
1K18:40 They were seized, and Elijah had them brought down to the brook Kishon and there he slit their throats. (1K18:40)
27 Zimri reigns over Israel (1K16:15-22)
1K16:21 At that time the people of Israel were divided, half following Tibni, son of Ginath, to make him king, and half for Omri.
People are divided31 Elijah's message to Ahab (1K18:1-15)
1K18:6 Dividing the land to explore between them, Ahab went one way by himself, Obadiah another way by himself. (1K18:6)
28 Omri reigns over israel (1K16:23-28)
1K16:26 He closely imitated the sinful conduct of Jeroboam, son of Nebat, causing Israel to sin and to provoke the LORD, the God of Israel, to anger by their idols.
Sins30 Elijah predicts a drought (1K17:1-24)
1K17:18Have you come to me to call attention to my guilt and to kill my son?"

5-3

33 The drought ends (1K18:41-46)
  34 Elijah flees from Jezebel (1K19:1-21)
    35 Ahab's woars with the Arameans (1K20:1-43)
      36 Naboth's vineyard (1K21:1-29)
        37 Defeat and death of Ahab (1K22:1-40)
          38 Jehoshaphat reigns over Judah (1K22:41-51)
            39 Ahaziah reigns over Israel (1K22:52-54)
              40 Elijah denounces Ahaziah (2K1:1-18)
                41 Elisha secceeds Elijah (2K2:1-25)
              42 Jehoram reigns over Israel (2K3:1-27)
            43 Elisha performs miracles (2K4:1-2K6:7)
          44 The Aramean attack is thwarted (2K6:8-2K7:20)
        45 Elisha performs miracles (2K8:1-15)
      46 Jehoram reigns over Judah (2K8:16-24)
    47 Ahaziah reigns over Judah (2K8:25-29)
  48 Rebellion of Jefu (2K9:1-37)
49 Slaughter of worshipers of Baal (2K10:1-36)
Former halfRelationLatter half
33 The drought ends (1K18:41-46)
see 1-1
see 1-149 Slaughter of worshipers of Baal (2K10:1-36)
see 1-1
34 Elijah flees from Jezebel (1K19:1-21)
see 1-1
see 1-148 Rebellion of Jefu (2K9:1-37)
see 1-1
35 Ahab's woars with the Arameans (1K20:1-43)
see 1-1
see 1-147 Ahaziah reigns over Judah (2K8:25-29)
see 1-1
36 Naboth's vineyard (1K21:1-29)
see 1-1
see 1-146 Jehoram reigns over Judah (2K8:16-24)
see 1-1
37 Defeat and death of Ahab (1K22:1-40)
see 1-1
see 1-145 Elisha performs miracles (2K8:1-15)
see 1-1
38 Jehoshaphat reigns over Judah (1K22:41-51)
see 1-1
see 1-144 The Aramean attack is thwarted (2K6:8-2K7:20)
see 1-1
39 Ahaziah reigns over Israel (1K22:52-54)
see 1-1
see 1-143 Elisha performs miracles (2K4:1-2K6:7)
see 1-1
40 Elijah denounces Ahaziah (2K1:1-18)
see 1-1
see 1-142 Jehoram reigns over Israel (2K3:1-27)
see 1-1

5-3-1

33 The drought ends (1K18:41-46)
  34 Elijah flees from Jezebel (1K19:1-21)
    35 Ahab's woars with the Arameans (1K20:1-43)
      36 Naboth's vineyard (1K21:1-29)
        37 Defeat and death of Ahab (1K22:1-40)
      38 Jehoshaphat reigns over Judah (1K22:41-51)
    39 Ahaziah reigns over Israel (1K22:52-54)
  40 Elijah denounces Ahaziah (2K1:1-18)
41 Elisha secceeds Elijah (2K2:1-25)
Former halfRelationLatter half
33 The drought ends (1K18:41-46)
1K18:45 In a trice, the sky grew dark with clouds and wind, and a heavy rain fell. (1K18:45)
The sky41 Elisha secceeds Elijah (2K2:1-25)
2K2:1 When the LORD was about to take Elijah up to heaven in a whirlwind, he and Elisha were on their way from Gilgal.(2K2:1)
34 Elijah flees from Jezebel (1K19:1-21)
1K19:12 After the earthquake there was fire--but the LORD was not in the fire. After the fire there was a tiny whispering sound. (1K19:12)
Fire40 Elijah denounces Ahaziah (2K1:1-18)
2K1:12 "If I am a man of God," Elijah answered him, "may fire come down from heaven and consume you and your fifty men." (2K1:12)
35 Ahab's woars with the Arameans (1K20:1-43)
1K20:2 He sent couriers to Ahab, king of Israel, within the city, (1K20:2)
Ahab39 Ahaziah reigns over Israel (1K22:52-54)
1K22:52 Ahaziah, son of Ahab (1K22:52)
36 Naboth's vineyard (1K21:1-29)
1K21:27 When Ahab heard these words, he tore his garments and put on sackcloth over his bare flesh. He fasted, slept in the sackcloth, and went about subdued.
Repentance38 Jehoshaphat reigns over Judah (1K22:41-51)
1K22:47 He removed from the land the rest of the cult prostitutes who had remained in the reign of his father Asa.

5-3-2

41 Elisha secceeds Elijah (2K2:1-25)
  42 Jehoram reigns over Israel (2K3:1-27)
    43 Elisha performs miracles (2K4:1-2K6:7)
      44 The Aramean attack is thwarted (2K6:8-2K7:20)
        45 Elisha performs miracles (2K8:1-15)
      46 Jehoram reigns over Judah (2K8:16-24)
    47 Ahaziah reigns over Judah (2K8:25-29)
  48 Rebellion of Jefu (2K9:1-37)
49 Slaughter of worshipers of Baal (2K10:1-36)
Former halfRelationLatter half
41 Elisha secceeds Elijah (2K2:1-25)
2K2:11 As they walked on conversing, a flaming chariot and flaming horses came between them, and Elijah went up to heaven in a whirlwind.
Going up into chariot, two persons49 Slaughter of worshipers of Baal (2K10:1-36)
2K10:15Jehonadab gave him his hand, and Jehu drew him up into his chariot. 10:16 "Come with me," he said, "and see my zeal for the LORD."
41 Elisha secceeds Elijah (2K2:1-25)
2K2:24 The prophet turned and saw them, and he cursed them in the name of the LORD. Then two she-bears came out of the woods and tore forty-two of the children to pieces.
42 persons are killed49 Slaughter of worshipers of Baal (2K10:1-36)
2K10:14 "Take them alive," Jehu ordered. They were taken alive, forty-two in number, then slain at the pit of Beth-eked. Not one of them was spared.
42 Jehoram reigns over Israel (2K3:1-27)
2K3:5 But when Ahab died, the king of Moab had rebelled against the king of Israel.
Rebellion48 Rebellion of Jefu (2K9:1-37)
2K9:14 Thus Jehu, son of Jehoshaphat, son of Nimshi, formed a conspiracy against Joram.
42 Jehoram reigns over Israel (2K3:1-27)
2K3:14"The LORD has called these three kings together to put them in the grasp of Moab."
Defeat of kings48 Rebellion of Jefu (2K9:1-37)
2K9:23 Joram reined about and fled, crying to Ahaziah, "Treason, Ahaziah!" 9:24 But Jehu drew his bow and shot Joram between the shoulders,
43 Elisha performs miracles (2K4:1-2K6:7)
2K5:6"With this letter I am sending my servant Naaman to you, that you may cure him of his leprosy."
Going to heal body47 Ahaziah reigns over Judah (2K8:25-29)
2K8:29 King Joram returned to Jezreel to be healed of the wounds which the Arameans had inflicted on him at Ramah in his battle against Hazael, king of Aram.
44 The Aramean attack is thwarted (2K6:8-2K7:20)
2K6:15 Early the next morning, when the attendant of the man of God arose and went out, he saw the force with its horses and chariots surrounding the city.
Surrounding army is defeated46 Jehoram reigns over Judah (2K8:16-24)
2K8:21 Thereupon Jehoram with all his chariots crossed over to Zair. He arose by night and broke through the Edomites when they had surrounded him and the commanders of his chariots.

5-4

49 Slaughter of worshipers of Baal (2K10:1-36)
  50 Athaliah and Jehoiada (2K11:1-20_2K12:1)
    51 Joash reigns over Judah (2K12:2-22)
      52 Jehoahaz reigns over Israel (2K13:1-9)
        53 Jehoash reigns over Israel (2K13:10-13)
          54 Death of Elisha (2K13:14-21)
            55 Israel recaptures cities from Aram (2K13:22-25)
              56 Amaziah reigns over Judah (2K14:1-22)
                57 Jeroboam II reigns over Israel (2K14:23-29)
              58 Azariah reigns over Judah (2K15:1-7)
            59 Zechariah reigns over Israel (2K15:8-12)
          60 Shallum reigns over Israel (2K15:13-16)
        61 Menahem reigns over Israel (2K15:17-22)
      62 Pekahiah reigns over Israel (2K15:23-26)
    63 Pekah reigns over Israel (2K15:27-31)
  64 Jotham reigns over Judah (2K15:32-38)
65 Ahaz reigns over Judah (2K16:1-20)
Former halfRelationLatter half
49 Slaughter of worshipers of Baal (2K10:1-36)
Thus Jehu rooted out the worship of Baal from Israel. (2K10:28)
Destroying / worshiping pagan65 Ahaz reigns over Judah (2K16:1-20)
but conducted himself like the kings of Israel, and even immolated his son by fire, in accordance with the abominable practice of the nations whom the LORD had cleared out of the way of the Israelites. (2K16:3)
50 Athaliah and Jehoiada (2K11:1-20_2K12:1)
The captains did just as Jehoiada the priest commanded. Each one with his men, both those going on duty for the sabbath and those going off duty that week, came to Jehoiada the priest. (2K11:9)
The temple and gate64 Jotham reigns over Judah (2K15:32-38)
It was he who built the Upper Gate of the temple of the LORD. (2K15:35)
51 Joash reigns over Judah (2K12:2-22)
Then King Hazael of Aram mounted a siege against Gath. When he had taken it, Hazael decided to go on to attack Jerusalem. (2K12:18)
Invasion of foreign country63 Pekah reigns over Israel (2K15:27-31)
During the reign of Pekah, king of Israel, Tiglath-pileser, king of Assyria, came and took Ijon, Abel-beth-maacah, Janoah, Kedesh, Hazor, all the territory of Naphtali, Gilead, and Galilee, deporting the inhabitants to Assyria. (2K15:29)
51 Joash reigns over Judah (2K12:2-22)
Certain of his officials entered into a plot against him and killed him at Beth-millo. (2K12:21)
Rebellion63 Pekah reigns over Israel (2K15:27-31)
Hoshea, son of Elah, conspired against Pekah, son of Remaliah; he attacked and killed him, and reigned in his place (2K15:30)
52 Jehoahaz reigns over Israel (2K13:1-9)
He did evil in the LORD'S sight, conducting himself like Jeroboam, son of Nebat, and not renouncing the sin he had caused Israel to commit. (2K13:2)
Sins of Jeroboam62 Pekahiah reigns over Israel (2K15:23-26)
He did evil in the sight of the LORD, not desisting from the sins which Jeroboam, son of Nebat, had caused Israel to commit. (2K15:24)
53 Jehoash reigns over Israel (2K13:10-13)
He did evil in the sight of the LORD; he did not desist from any of the sins which Jeroboam, son of Nebat, had caused Israel to commit, but persisted in them. (2K13:11)
Sins of Jeroboam61 Menahem reigns over Israel (2K15:17-22)
He did evil in the sight of the LORD, not desisting from the sins which Jeroboam, son of Nebat, had caused Israel to commit. During his reign, (2K15:18)
54 Death of Elisha (2K13:14-21)
and said, "Open the window toward the east." He opened it. Elisha said, "Shoot," and he shot. The prophet exclaimed, "The LORD'S arrow of victory! The arrow of victory over Aram! You will completely conquer Aram at Aphec." (2K13:17)
Opening60 Shallum reigns over Israel (2K15:13-16)
At that time, Menahem punished Tappuah, all the inhabitants of the town and of its whole district, because on his way from Tirzah they did not let him in. He punished them even to ripping open all the pregnant women. (2K15:16)
55 Israel recaptures cities from Aram (2K13:22-25)
But the LORD was merciful with Israel and looked on them with compassion because of his covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. He was unwilling to destroy them or to cast them out from his presence. (2K13:23)
Fulfillment of the words of God59 Zechariah reigns over Israel (2K15:8-12)
Thus the LORDS promise to Jehu, "Your descendants to the fourth generation shall sit upon the throne of Israel," was fulfilled. (2K15:12)
56 Amaziah reigns over Judah (2K14:1-22)
He pleased the LORD, yet not like his forefather David, since he did just as his father Joash had done. 14:4 Thus the high places did not disappear, but the people continued to sacrifice and to burn incense on them. (2K14:3-4)
The LORD is pleased58 Azariah reigns over Judah (2K15:1-7)
He pleased the LORD just as his father Amaziah had done. 15:4 Yet the high places did not disappear; the people continued to sacrifice and to burn incense on them. (2K15:3-4)

5-4-1

49 Slaughter of worshipers of Baal (2K10:1-36)
  50 Athaliah and Jehoiada (2K11:1-20_2K12:1)
    51 Joash reigns over Judah (2K12:2-22)
      52 Jehoahaz reigns over Israel (2K13:1-9)
        53 Jehoash reigns over Israel (2K13:10-13)
      54 Death of Elisha (2K13:14-21)
    55 Israel recaptures cities from Aram (2K13:22-25)
  56 Amaziah reigns over Judah (2K14:1-22)
57 Jeroboam II reigns over Israel (2K14:23-29)
Former halfRelationLatter half
49 Slaughter of worshipers of Baal (2K10:1-36)
However, he did not desist from the sins which Jeroboam, son of Nebat, had caused Israel to commit, as regards the golden calves at Bethel and at Dan. (2K10:29)
Sins of Jeroboam57 Jeroboam II reigns over Israel (2K14:23-29)
He did evil in the sight of the LORD; he did not desist from any of the sins which Jeroboam, son of Nebat, had caused Israel to commit. (2K14:24)
49 Slaughter of worshipers of Baal (2K10:1-36)
At that time the LORD began to dismember Israel. Hazael defeated the Israelites throughout their territory (2K10:32 )
Losing / restoring territory 57 Jeroboam II reigns over Israel (2K14:23-29)
He restored the boundaries of Israel from Labo-of-Hamath to the sea of the Arabah, just as the LORD, the God of Israel, had prophesied through his servant, the prophet Jonah, son of Amittai, from Gath-hepher. (2K14:25)
50 Athaliah and Jehoiada (2K11:1-20_2K12:1)
2K11:2She concealed him from Athaliah, and so he did not die.
Children is not killed56 Amaziah reigns over Judah (2K14:1-22)
2K14:6 But the children of the murderers he did not put to death, obeying the LORD'S command written in the book of the law of Moses,
51 Joash reigns over Judah (2K12:2-22)
2K12:19 But King Jehoash of Judah took all the dedicated offerings presented by his forebears, Jehoshaphat, Jehoram, and Ahaziah, kings of Judah, as well as his own, and all the gold there was in the treasuries of the temple and the palace, and sent them to King Hazael of Aram, who then led his forces away from Jerusalem.
Fight with Aram55 Israel recaptures cities from Aram (2K13:22-25)
2K13:25 Joash, son of Jehoahaz, took back from Ben-hadad, son of Hazael, the cities which Hazael had taken in battle from his father Jehoahaz.
52 Jehoahaz reigns over Israel (2K13:1-9)
2K13:5 So the LORD gave Israel a savior, and the Israelites, freed from the power of Aram, dwelt in their own homes as formerly.
God's salvation from Aram54 Death of Elisha (2K13:14-21)
2K13:17 "The LORD'S arrow of victory! The arrow of victory over Aram! You will completely conquer Aram at Aphec."

5-4-2

57 Jeroboam II reigns over Israel (2K14:23-29)
  58 Azariah reigns over Judah (2K15:1-7)
    59 Zechariah reigns over Israel (2K15:8-12)
      60 Shallum reigns over Israel (2K15:13-16)
        61 Menahem reigns over Israel (2K15:17-22)
      62 Pekahiah reigns over Israel (2K15:23-26)
    63 Pekah reigns over Israel (2K15:27-31)
  64 Jotham reigns over Judah (2K15:32-38)
65 Ahaz reigns over Judah (2K16:1-20)
Former halfRelationLatter half
57 Jeroboam II reigns over Israel (2K14:23-29)
see 2-2
see 2-265 Ahaz reigns over Judah (2K16:1-20)
see 2-2
58 Azariah reigns over Judah (2K15:1-7)
see 2-2
see 2-264 Jotham reigns over Judah (2K15:32-38)
see 2-2
59 Zechariah reigns over Israel (2K15:8-12)
see 2-2
see 2-263 Pekah reigns over Israel (2K15:27-31)
see 2-2
60 Shallum reigns over Israel (2K15:13-16)
see 2-2
see 2-262 Pekahiah reigns over Israel (2K15:23-26)
see 2-2

5-5

65 Ahaz reigns over Judah (2K16:1-20)
  66 Hoshea reigns over Israel (2K17:1-6)
    67 Israel carried captive to Assyria (2K17:7-41)
      68 Hezekiah's reign over Judah (2K18:1-16)
        69 Sennacherib invades Judah (2K18:17-2K19:37)
          70 Hezekiah's illness (2K20:1-21)
            71 Manasseh reigns over Judah (2K21:1-18)
              72 Amon reigns over Judah (2K21:19-26)
                73 Josiah reigns over Judah (2K22:1-20)
              74 Josiah's reformation (2K23:1-30)
            75 Reign and capitivity of Jehoahaz (2K23:31-35)
          76 Jehoiakim reigns over Judah (2K23:36-2K24:7)
        77 Reign and capitivity of Jehoiachin (2K24:8-17)
      78 Zedekiah reigns over Judah (2K24:18-2K25:7)
    79 The fall and captivity of Judah (2K25:8-21)
  80 Gedaliah made governor of Judah (2K25:22-26)
81 Jehoiachin released from prison (2K25:27-30)
Former halfRelationLatter half
65 Ahaz reigns over Judah (2K16:1-20)
Meanwhile, Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglath-pileser, king of Assyria, with the plea: "I am your servant and your son. Come up and rescue me from the clutches of the king of Aram and the king of Israel, who are attacking me." (2K16:7)
Obedience to foreign country81 Jehoiachin released from prison (2K25:27-30)
In the thirty-seventh year of the exile of Jehoiachin, king of Judah, on the twenty-seventh day of the twelfth month, Evilmerodach, king of Babylon, in the inaugural year of his own reign, raised up Jehoiachin, king of Judah, from prison. (2K25:27)
66 Hoshea reigns over Israel (2K17:1-6)
In the ninth year of Hoshea, the king of Assyria took Samaria, and deported the Israelites to Assyria, settling them in Halah, at the Habor, a river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes. (2K17:6)
Leaving from the promised land80 Gedaliah made governor of Judah (2K25:22-26)
Then all the people, great and small, left with the army commanders and went to Egypt for fear of the Chaldeans. (2K25:26)
67 Israel carried captive to Assyria (2K17:7-41)
Fall of Samaria
Fall of the capital79 The fall and captivity of Judah (2K25:8-21)
Fall of Jerusalem
68 Hezekiah's reign over Judah (2K18:1-16)
This came about because they had not heeded the warning of the LORD, their God, but violated his covenant, not heeding and not fulfilling the commandments of Moses, the servant of the LORD. (2K18:12)
The LORD casts out people78 Zedekiah reigns over Judah (2K24:18-2K25:7)
The LORD'S anger befell Jerusalem and Judah till he cast them out from his presence. Thus Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon. (2K24:20)
69 Sennacherib invades Judah (2K18:17-2K19:37)
The king of Assyria sent the general, the lord chamberlain, and the commander from Lachish with a great army to King Hezekiah at Jerusalem (2K18:17)
Invasion by foreign country77 Reign and capitivity of Jehoiachin (2K24:8-17)
At that time the officials of Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, attacked Jerusalem, and the city came under siege. (2K24:10)
70 Hezekiah's illness (2K20:1-21)
2K20:3 "O LORD, remember how faithfully and wholeheartedly I conducted myself in your presence, doing what was pleasing to you!"
Eye of the Lord76 Jehoiakim reigns over Judah (2K23:36-2K24:7)
2K23:37 He did evil in the sight of the LORD, just as his forebears had done.
70 Hezekiah's illness (2K20:1-21)
2K20:6I will be a shield to this city for my own sake, and for the sake of my servant David.'"
Ancestors76 Jehoiakim reigns over Judah (2K23:36-2K24:7)
71 Manasseh reigns over Judah (2K21:1-18)
2K21:14 I will cast off the survivors of my inheritance and deliver them into enemy hands, to become a prey and a booty for all their enemies,
Rules by foreign country75 Reign and capitivity of Jehoahaz (2K23:31-35)
2K23:33 Pharaoh Neco took him prisoner at Riblah in the land of Hamath, thus ending his reign in Jerusalem. He imposed a fine upon the land of a hundred talents of silver and a talent of gold.
71 Manasseh reigns over Judah (2K21:1-18)
2K21:2 He did evil in the sight of the LORD, following the abominable practices of the nations whom the LORD had cleared out of the way of the Israelites.
Evil in the sight of the Lord75 Reign and capitivity of Jehoahaz (2K23:31-35)
2K23:32 He did evil in the sight of the LORD, just as his forebears had done.
72 Amon reigns over Judah (2K21:19-26)
2K21:23 Subjects of Amon conspired against him and slew the king in his palace, 21:24 but the people of the land then slew all who had conspired against King Amon, and proclaimed his son Josiah king in his stead.
People selects new king74 Josiah's reformation (2K23:1-30)
2K23:30 His servants brought his body on a chariot from Megiddo to Jerusalem, where they buried him in his own grave. Then the people of the land took Jehoahaz, son of Josiah, anointed him, and proclaimed him king to succeed his father.

5-5-1

65 Ahaz reigns over Judah (2K16:1-20)
  66 Hoshea reigns over Israel (2K17:1-6)
    67 Israel carried captive to Assyria (2K17:7-41)
      68 Hezekiah's reign over Judah (2K18:1-16)
        69 Sennacherib invades Judah (2K18:17-2K19:37)
      70 Hezekiah's illness (2K20:1-21)
    71 Manasseh reigns over Judah (2K21:1-18)
  72 Amon reigns over Judah (2K21:19-26)
73 Josiah reigns over Judah (2K22:1-20)
Former halfRelationLatter half
65 Ahaz reigns over Judah (2K16:1-20)
The bronze altar that stood before the LORD he brought from the front of the temple-- that is, from the space between the new altar and the temple of the LORD-- and set it on the north side of his altar. (2K16:14)
Repair of the temple73 Josiah reigns over Judah (2K22:1-20)
They were to be consigned to the master workmen in the temple of the LORD, who should then pay them out to the carpenters, builders, and lumbermen making repairs on the temple, (2K22:5)
66 Hoshea reigns over Israel (2K17:1-6)
In the ninth year of Hoshea, the king of Assyria took Samaria, and deported the Israelites to Assyria, settling them in Halah, at the Habor, a river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes. (2K17:6)
King is abolished72 Amon reigns over Judah (2K21:19-26)
Subjects of Amon conspired against him and slew the king in his palace, (2K21:23)
67 Israel carried captive to Assyria (2K17:7-41)
till, in his great anger against Israel, the LORD put them away out of his sight. Only the tribe of Judah was left. (2K17:18)
Wrath of God against Israel / Judah71 Manasseh reigns over Judah (2K21:1-18)
I will measure Jerusalem with the same cord as I did Samaria, and with the plummet I used for the house of Ahab. I will wipe Jerusalem clean as one wipes a dish, wiping it inside and out. (2K21:13)
68 Hezekiah's reign over Judah (2K18:1-16)
The king of Assyria then deported the Israelites to Assyria and settled them in Halah, at the Habor, a river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes. (2K18:11)
Captivity70 Hezekiah's illness (2K20:1-21)
The time is coming when all that is in your house, and everything that your fathers have stored up until this day, shall be carried off to Babylon; nothing shall be left, says the LORD. (2K20:17)

5-5-2

73 Josiah reigns over Judah (2K22:1-20)
  74 Josiah's reformation (2K23:1-30)
    75 Reign and capitivity of Jehoahaz (2K23:31-35)
      76 Jehoiakim reigns over Judah (2K23:36-2K24:7)
        77 Reign and capitivity of Jehoiachin (2K24:8-17)
      78 Zedekiah reigns over Judah (2K24:18-2K25:7)
    79 The fall and captivity of Judah (2K25:8-21)
  80 Gedaliah made governor of Judah (2K25:22-26)
81 Jehoiachin released from prison (2K25:27-30)
Former halfRelationLatter half
73 Josiah reigns over Judah (2K22:1-20)
because you were heartsick and have humbled yourself before the LORD when you heard my threats that this place and its inhabitants would become a desolation and a curse; because you tore your garments and wept before me; I in turn have listened, says the LORD. (2K22:19)
Taking off garment81 Jehoiachin released from prison (2K25:27-30)
Jehoiachin took off his prison garb and ate at the king's table as long as he lived. (2K25:29)
74 Josiah's reformation (2K23:1-30)
In his time Pharaoh Neco, king of Egypt, went up toward the river Euphrates to the king of Assyria. King Josiah set out to confront him, but was slain at Megiddo at the first encounter. (2K23:29)
Kiliing a king80 Gedaliah made governor of Judah (2K25:22-26)
But in the seventh month Ishmael, son of Nethaniah, son of Elishama, of royal descent, came with ten men, attacked Gedaliah and killed him, along with the Jews and Chaldeans who were in Mizpah with him. (2K25:25)
75 Reign and capitivity of Jehoahaz (2K23:31-35)
Pharaoh Neco took him prisoner at Riblah in the land of Hamath, thus ending his reign in Jerusalem. He imposed a fine upon the land of a hundred talents of silver and a talent of gold. (2K23:33)
Bringing to Riblah79 The fall and captivity of Judah (2K25:8-21)
The captain of the guard, Nebuzaradan, arrested these and brought them to the king of Babylon at Riblah (2K25:20)
76 Jehoiakim reigns over Judah (2K23:36-2K24:7)
During his reign Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, moved against him, and Jehoiakim became his vassal for three years. Then Jehoiakim turned and rebelled against him. (2K24:1)
Rebellion against foreign country78 Zedekiah reigns over Judah (2K24:18-2K25:7)
The LORD'S anger befell Jerusalem and Judah till he cast them out from his presence. Thus Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon. (2K24:20)

Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

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Literary Structure of the Bible by Hajime Murai is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Caution: The copyright of the cited Bible verses belongs to each translator and publisher.