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Literary structure (chiasmus, chiasm) of Book of Isaiah

Chiasmus and Concentric Structure of divided by 3


3-1

1 The wickednedd of Judah (1:1-20)
  2 The degenerate city (1:21-31)
    3 The future house of God (2:1-22)
      4 The daughters of Zion (3:1-26_4:1)
        5 The future glory of the survivors in Zion (4:2-6)
          6 The song of the unfruitiful vineyard (5:1-7)
            7 Social injustice denounced (5:8-25)
              8 Foreign invasion predicted (5:26-30)
                9 A vision of God in the Temple (6:1-13)
                  10 The sign of Immanuel (7:1-25)
                    11 With us is God (8:1-20)
                      12 Waiting for the LORD (8:21-9:6)
                        13 Judgment on arrogance and oppression (9:7-10:4)
                          14 Arrogant Assyria also judged (10:5-19)
                        15 The repentant remnant of Israel (10:20-34)
                      16 The peaceful kingdom (11:1-16)
                    17 Thanksgiving and praise (12:1-6)
                  18 Proclamation against Babylon (13:1-22)
                19 Downfall of the king of Babylon (14:1-27)
              20 An oracle concerning Philistia (14:28-32)
            21 An oracle concerning Moab (15:1-16:14)
          22 An oracle concerning Damascus (17:1-11)
        23 An oracle concerning Ethiopia (17:12-18:7)
      24 An oracle concerning Egypt (19:1-15)
    25 Egypt, Assria and Israel blessed (19:16-25)
  26 Isaiah dramatizes the conquest of Egypt and Ethiopia (20:1-6)
27 An oracle concerning Babylon (21:1-10)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 The wickednedd of Judah (1:1-20)
1:1 The vision which Isaiah, son of Amoz, had concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.(1:1)
Isaiah's vision27 An oracle concerning Babylon (21:1-10)
21:1 Oracle on the wastelands by the sea: Like whirlwinds sweeping in waves through the Negeb, there comes from the desert, from the fearful land,(21:1)
2 The degenerate city (1:21-31)
1:29 You shall be ashamed of the terebinths which you prized, and blush for the groves which you chose.(1:29)
A person who doesnt rely on the LORD will be ashamed26 Isaiah dramatizes the conquest of Egypt and Ethiopia (20:1-6)
20:5 They shall be dismayed and ashamed because of Ethiopia, their hope, and because of Egypt, their boast. (20:5)
3 The future house of God (2:1-22)
2:3 many peoples shall come and say: "Come, let us climb the LORD'S mountain, to the house of the God of Jacob, That he may instruct us in his ways, and we may walk in his paths." For from Zion shall go forth instruction, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.(2:3)
Many nations believe the LORD25 Egypt, Assria and Israel blessed (19:16-25)
19:25 when the LORD of hosts blesses it: "Blessed be my people Egypt, and the work of my hands Assyria, and my inheritance, Israel."(19:25)
4 The daughters of Zion (3:1-26_4:1)
3:17 The Lord shall cover the scalps of Zions daughters with scabs, and the LORD shall bare their heads.(3:17)
Judgement of the LORD24 An oracle concerning Egypt (19:1-15)
19:14 The LORD has prepared among them a spirit of dizziness, And they have made Egypt stagger in whatever she does, as a drunkard staggers in his vomit. (19:14)
5 The future glory of the survivors in Zion (4:2-6)
4:6 For over all, his glory will be shelter and protection: shade from the parching heat of day, refuge and cover from storm and rain.(4:6)
Heat23 An oracle concerning Ethiopia (17:12-18:7)
18:4 For thus says the LORD to me: I will quietly look on from where I dwell, Like the glowing heat of sunshine, like a cloud of dew at harvest time. (18:4)
6 The song of the unfruitiful vineyard (5:1-7)
5:2 He spaded it, cleared it of stones, and planted the choicest vines; Within it he built a watchtower, and hewed out a wine press. Then he looked for the crop of grapes, but what it yielded was wild grapes. (5:2)
Poor harvest of grapes22 An oracle concerning Damascus (17:1-11)
17:10 Therefore, though you plant your pagan plants and set out your foreign vine slips,(17:10)
7 Social injustice denounced (5:8-25)
5:15 Men shall be abased, each one brought low, and the eyes of the haughty lowered, (5:15)
Haughty21 An oracle concerning Moab (15:1-16:14)
16:6 We have heard of the pride of Moab, how very proud he is, With his haughty, arrogant insolence that his empty words do not match. (16:6)
8 Foreign invasion predicted (5:26-30)
5:26 He will give a signal to a far-off nation, and whistle to them from the ends of the earth; speedily and promptly will they come.(5:26)
Invader 20 An oracle concerning Philistia (14:28-32)
14:31 Howl, O gate; cry out, O city! Philistia, all of you melts away! For there comes a smoke from the north, without a straggler in the ranks. (14:31)
9 A vision of God in the Temple (6:1-13)
6:12 Until the LORD removes men far away, and the land is abandoned more and more.(6:12)
Captivity / return19 Downfall of the king of Babylon (14:1-27)
14:1 When the LORD has pity on Jacob and again chooses Israel and settles them on their own soil, the aliens will join them and be counted with the house of Jacob. (14:1)
10 The sign of Immanuel (7:1-25)
7:1 In the days of Ahaz, king of Judah, son of Jotham, son of Uzziah, Rezin, king of Aram, and Pekah, king of Israel, son of Remaliah, went up to attack Jerusalem, but they were not able to conquer it.(7:1)
Enemy comes18 Proclamation against Babylon (13:1-22)
13:4 Listen! the rumble on the mountains: that of an immense throng! Listen! the noise of kingdoms, nations assembled! The LORD of hosts is mustering an army for battle. (13:4)
11 With us is God (8:1-20)
8:10 Form a plan, and it shall be thwarted; make a resolve, and it shall not be carried out, for "With us is God!"(8:10)
With us is God17 Thanksgiving and praise (12:1-6)
12:6 Shout with exultation, O city of Zion, for great in your midst is the Holy One of Israel!(12:6)
12 Waiting for the LORD (8:21-9:6)
9:1 The people who walked in darkness have seen a great light; Upon those who dwelt in the land of gloom a light has shone. (9:1)
Salvation for suffered people16 The peaceful kingdom (11:1-16)
11:11 On that day, The Lord shall again take it in hand to reclaim the remnant of his people that is left from Assyria and Egypt, Pathros, Ethiopia, and Elam, Shinar, Hamath, and the isles of the sea.(11:11)
13 Judgment on arrogance and oppression (9:7-10:4)
10:3 What will you do on the day of punishment, when ruin comes from afar? To whom will you flee for help? Where will you leave your wealth, (10:3)
To lean on the day of judgment15 The repentant remnant of Israel (10:20-34)
10:20 On that day The remnant of Israel, the survivors of the house of Jacob, will no more lean upon him who struck them; But they lean upon the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, in truth. (10:20)

3-1-1

1 The wickednedd of Judah (1:1-20)
  2 The degenerate city (1:21-31)
    3 The future house of God (2:1-22)
      4 The daughters of Zion (3:1-26_4:1)
        5 The future glory of the survivors in Zion (4:2-6)
          6 The song of the unfruitiful vineyard (5:1-7)
            7 Social injustice denounced (5:8-25)
            8 Foreign invasion predicted (5:26-30)
          9 A vision of God in the Temple (6:1-13)
        10 The sign of Immanuel (7:1-25)
      11 With us is God (8:1-20)
    12 Waiting for the LORD (8:21-9:6)
  13 Judgment on arrogance and oppression (9:7-10:4)
14 Arrogant Assyria also judged (10:5-19)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 The wickednedd of Judah (1:1-20)
1:7 Your country is waste, your cities burnt with fire; Your land before your eyes strangers devour (a waste, like Sodom overthrown)-- (1:7)
Foreigner's invasion14 Arrogant Assyria also judged (10:5-19)
10:6 Against an impious nation I send him, and against a people under my wrath I order him To seize plunder, carry off loot, and tread them down like the mud of the streets.(10:6)
2 The degenerate city (1:21-31)
1:24 Now, therefore, says the Lord, the LORD of hosts, the Mighty One of Israel: Ah! I will take vengeance on my foes and fully repay my enemies! (1:24)
Judgement against Israel13 Judgment on arrogance and oppression (9:7-10:4)
9:13 So the LORD severs from Israel head and tail, palm branch and reed in one day. (9:13)
3 The future house of God (2:1-22)
2:4 He shall judge between the nations, and impose terms on many peoples. They shall beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks; One nation shall not raise the sword against another, nor shall they train for war again. (2:4)
Peace12 Waiting for the LORD (8:21-9:6)
9:6 His dominion is vast and forever peaceful, From David's throne, and over his kingdom, which he confirms and sustains By judgment and justice, both now and forever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will do this! (9:6)
4 The daughters of Zion (3:1-26_4:1)
3:25 Your men will fall by the sword, and your champions, in war; (3:25)
Fallen people11 With us is God (8:1-20)
8:15 And many among them shall stumble and fall, broken, snared, and captured. (8:15)
5 The future glory of the survivors in Zion (4:2-6)
4:2 On that day, The branch of the LORD will be luster and glory, and the fruit of the earth will be honor and splendor for the survivors of Israel.(4:2)
Servant of the LORD10 The sign of Immanuel (7:1-25)
7:14 Therefore the Lord himself will give you this sign: the virgin shall be with child, and bear a son, and shall name him Immanuel.(7:14)
6 The song of the unfruitiful vineyard (5:1-7)
5:6 Yes, I will make it a ruin: it shall not be pruned or hoed, but overgrown with thorns and briers; I will command the clouds not to send rain upon it.(5:6)
Abandon the people9 A vision of God in the Temple (6:1-13)
6:10 You are to make the heart of this people sluggish, to dull their ears and close their eyes; Else their eyes will see, their ears hear, their heart understand, and they will turn and be healed. (6:10)
7 Social injustice denounced (5:8-25)
5:25 Therefore the wrath of the LORD blazes against his people, he raises his hand to strike them; When the mountains quake, their corpses shall be like refuse in the streets. For all this, his wrath is not turned back, and his hand is still outstretched. (5:25)
Ruin of the people8 Foreign invasion predicted (5:26-30)
5:29 Their roar is that of the lion, like the lion's whelps they roar; They growl and seize the prey, they carry it off and none will rescue it. (5:29)

3-1-2

14 Arrogant Assyria also judged (10:5-19)
  15 The repentant remnant of Israel (10:20-34)
    16 The peaceful kingdom (11:1-16)
      17 Thanksgiving and praise (12:1-6)
        18 Proclamation against Babylon (13:1-22)
          19 Downfall of the king of Babylon (14:1-27)
            20 An oracle concerning Philistia (14:28-32)
            21 An oracle concerning Moab (15:1-16:14)
          22 An oracle concerning Damascus (17:1-11)
        23 An oracle concerning Ethiopia (17:12-18:7)
      24 An oracle concerning Egypt (19:1-15)
    25 Egypt, Assria and Israel blessed (19:16-25)
  26 Isaiah dramatizes the conquest of Egypt and Ethiopia (20:1-6)
27 An oracle concerning Babylon (21:1-10)
Former halfRelationLatter half
14 Arrogant Assyria also judged (10:5-19)
10:11 Just as I treated Samaria and her idols, shall I not do to Jerusalem and her graven images?" (10:11)
Ruin of idols27 An oracle concerning Babylon (21:1-10)
21:9 Here he comes now: a single chariot, a pair of horses; He calls out and says, Fallen, fallen is Babylon, And all the images of her gods are smashed to the ground." (21:9)
15 The repentant remnant of Israel (10:20-34)
10:20 On that day The remnant of Israel, the survivors of the house of Jacob, will no more lean upon him who struck them; But they lean upon the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, in truth. (10:20)
To rely on the LORD / to rely on foreign country 26 Isaiah dramatizes the conquest of Egypt and Ethiopia (20:1-6)
20:5 They shall be dismayed and ashamed because of Ethiopia, their hope, and because of Egypt, their boast. (20:5)
16 The peaceful kingdom (11:1-16)
11:16 There shall be a highway for the remnant of his people that is left from Assyria, As there was for Israel when he came up from the land of Egypt.(11:16)
Assyria, Israel and Egypt25 Egypt, Assria and Israel blessed (19:16-25)
19:24 On that day Israel shall be a third party with Egypt and Assyria, a blessing in the midst of the land, (19:24)
17 Thanksgiving and praise (12:1-6)
12:3 With joy you will draw water at the fountain of salvation, (12:3)
Israel's fountain / Egyptian drought24 An oracle concerning Egypt (19:1-15)
19:5 The waters shall be drained from the sea, the river shall shrivel and dry up; (19:5)
18 Proclamation against Babylon (13:1-22)
13:5 They come from a far-off country, and from the end of the heavens, The LORD and the instruments of his wrath, to destroy all the land. (13:5)
People who come from far away23 An oracle concerning Ethiopia (17:12-18:7)
18:7 Then will gifts be brought to the LORD of hosts from a people tall and bronzed, from a people dreaded near and far, a nation strong and conquering, whose land is washed by rivers-to Mount Zion where dwells the name of the LORD of hosts.(18:7)
19 Downfall of the king of Babylon (14:1-27)
14:4 you will take up this taunt-song against the king of Babylon: How the oppressor has reached his end! how the turmoil is stilled!(14:4)
Ruin of foreign country22 An oracle concerning Damascus (17:1-11)
17:1 Oracle on Damascus: Lo, Damascus shall cease to be a city and become a ruin;(17:1)
20 An oracle concerning Philistia (14:28-32)
14:31 Howl, O gate; cry out, O city! Philistia, all of you melts away! For there comes a smoke from the north, without a straggler in the ranks. (14:31)
Ruin of foreign country21 An oracle concerning Moab (15:1-16:14)
15:1 Oracle on Moab: Laid waste in a night, Ar of Moab is destroyed; Laid waste in a night, Kir of Moab is destroyed. (15:1)

3-2

28 An oracle concerning Edom (21:11-17)
  29 A warning of destruction of Jerusalem (22:1-14)
    30 Denunciation of self-seeking officials (22:15-25)
      31 An oracle concerning Tyre (23:1-18)
        32 Impending judgment on the Earth (24:1-13)
          33 The songs from the end of the earth (24:14-23)
            34 Praise for deliverance from oppression (25:1-12)
              35 Judah's song of victory (26:1-21)
                36 A vineyard of the LORD (27:1-13)
                  37 Fall of Samaria (28:1-8)
                    38 Judgment on corrupt rulers, priests, and prophets (28:9-13)
                      39 A stone in Zion (28:14-22)
                        40 Farmer's wisdom (28:23-29)
                          41 The siege of Jerusalem (29:1-8)
                        42 Drunken rulers (29:9-14)
                      43 Hope for the future (29:15-24)
                    44 The futility of reliance on Egypt (30:1-5)
                  45 A rebellious people (30:6-18)
                46 God's promise to Zion (30:19-26)
              47 Judgment on Assyria (30:27-33)
            48 Alliance with Egypt is futile (31:1-9)
          49 Complacent women warned of disaster (32:1-20)
        50 The land of the Majestic king (33:1-24)
      51 Judgment on the nations (34:1-17)
    52 The return of the redeemed to Zion (35:1-10)
  53 Sennacherib threatens Jerusalem (36:1-37:38)
54 Hizekiah's illness (38:1-39:8)
Former halfRelationLatter half
28 An oracle concerning Edom (21:11-17)
see 1-1
see 1-154 Hizekiah's illness (38:1-39:8)
see 1-1
29 A warning of destruction of Jerusalem (22:1-14)
see 1-1
see 1-153 Sennacherib threatens Jerusalem (36:1-37:38)
see 1-1
30 Denunciation of self-seeking officials (22:15-25)
see 1-1
see 1-152 The return of the redeemed to Zion (35:1-10)
see 1-1
31 An oracle concerning Tyre (23:1-18)
see 1-1
see 1-151 Judgment on the nations (34:1-17)
see 1-1
32 Impending judgment on the Earth (24:1-13)
see 1-1
see 1-150 The land of the Majestic king (33:1-24)
see 1-1
33 The songs from the end of the earth (24:14-23)
see 1-1
see 1-149 Complacent women warned of disaster (32:1-20)
see 1-1
34 Praise for deliverance from oppression (25:1-12)
see 1-1
see 1-148 Alliance with Egypt is futile (31:1-9)
see 1-1
35 Judah's song of victory (26:1-21)
see 1-1
see 1-147 Judgment on Assyria (30:27-33)
see 1-1
36 A vineyard of the LORD (27:1-13)
see 1-1
see 1-146 God's promise to Zion (30:19-26)
see 1-1
37 Fall of Samaria (28:1-8)
see 1-1
see 1-145 A rebellious people (30:6-18)
see 1-1
38 Judgment on corrupt rulers, priests, and prophets (28:9-13)
see 1-1
see 1-144 The futility of reliance on Egypt (30:1-5)
see 1-1
39 A stone in Zion (28:14-22)
see 1-1
see 1-143 Hope for the future (29:15-24)
see 1-1
40 Farmer's wisdom (28:23-29)
see 1-1
see 1-142 Drunken rulers (29:9-14)
see 1-1

3-2-1

28 An oracle concerning Edom (21:11-17)
  29 A warning of destruction of Jerusalem (22:1-14)
    30 Denunciation of self-seeking officials (22:15-25)
      31 An oracle concerning Tyre (23:1-18)
        32 Impending judgment on the Earth (24:1-13)
          33 The songs from the end of the earth (24:14-23)
            34 Praise for deliverance from oppression (25:1-12)
            35 Judah's song of victory (26:1-21)
          36 A vineyard of the LORD (27:1-13)
        37 Fall of Samaria (28:1-8)
      38 Judgment on corrupt rulers, priests, and prophets (28:9-13)
    39 A stone in Zion (28:14-22)
  40 Farmer's wisdom (28:23-29)
41 The siege of Jerusalem (29:1-8)
Former halfRelationLatter half
28 An oracle concerning Edom (21:11-17)
21:16 For thus says the Lord to me: In another year, like those of a hireling, all the glory of Kedar shall come to an end.(21:16)
Ruin of invader41 The siege of Jerusalem (29:1-8)
29:5 The horde of your arrogant shall be like fine dust, the horde of the tyrants like flying chaff. Then suddenly, in an instant, (29:5)
29 A warning of destruction of Jerusalem (22:1-14)
22:11 you made a reservoir between the two walls for the water of the old pool. But you did not look to the city's Maker, nor did you consider him who built it long ago. (22:11)
Don't listen to / listen to40 Farmer's wisdom (28:23-29)
28:23 Give ear and hear my voice, pay attention and listen to what I say:(28:23)
30 Denunciation of self-seeking officials (22:15-25)
22:21 I will clothe him with your robe, and gird him with your sash, and give over to him your authority. He shall be a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to the house of Judah. (22:21)
Foundation of Zion39 A stone in Zion (28:14-22)
28:16 Therefore, thus says the Lord GOD: See, I am laying a stone in Zion, a stone that has been tested, A precious cornerstone as a sure foundation; he who puts his faith in it shall not be shaken. (28:16)
31 An oracle concerning Tyre (23:1-18)
23:12 You shall exult no more, he says, you who are now oppressed, virgin daughter Sidon. Arise, pass over to the Kittim, even there you shall find no rest. (23:12)
Rest38 Judgment on corrupt rulers, priests, and prophets (28:9-13)
28:12 to whom he said: This is the resting place, give rest to the weary; Here is repose-- but they would not listen. (28:12)
32 Impending judgment on the Earth (24:1-13)
24:2 Layman and priest alike, servant and master, The maid as her mistress, the buyer as the seller, The lender as the borrower, the creditor as the debtor. (24:2)
Priests stumble alike37 Fall of Samaria (28:1-8)
28:7 But these also stagger from wine and stumble from strong drink: Priest and prophet stagger from strong drink, overpowered by wine; (28:7)
33 The songs from the end of the earth (24:14-23)
24:23 Then the moon will blush and the sun grow pale, For the LORD of hosts will reign on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem, glorious in the sight of his elders.(24:23)
Jerusalem's glory36 A vineyard of the LORD (27:1-13)
27:13 On that day, A great trumpet shall blow, and the lost in the land of Assyria and the outcasts in the land of Egypt Shall come and worship the LORD on the holy mountain, in Jerusalem.(27:13)
34 Praise for deliverance from oppression (25:1-12)
25:4 For you are a refuge to the poor, a refuge to the needy in distress; Shelter from the rain, shade from the heat. As with the cold rain, (25:4)
Salvation for weak people35 Judah's song of victory (26:1-21)
26:6 It is trampled underfoot by the needy, by the footsteps of the poor. (26:6)

3-2-2

41 The siege of Jerusalem (29:1-8)
  42 Drunken rulers (29:9-14)
    43 Hope for the future (29:15-24)
      44 The futility of reliance on Egypt (30:1-5)
        45 A rebellious people (30:6-18)
          46 God's promise to Zion (30:19-26)
            47 Judgment on Assyria (30:27-33)
            48 Alliance with Egypt is futile (31:1-9)
          49 Complacent women warned of disaster (32:1-20)
        50 The land of the Majestic king (33:1-24)
      51 Judgment on the nations (34:1-17)
    52 The return of the redeemed to Zion (35:1-10)
  53 Sennacherib threatens Jerusalem (36:1-37:38)
54 Hizekiah's illness (38:1-39:8)
Former halfRelationLatter half
41 The siege of Jerusalem (29:1-8)
29:7 Then like a dream, a vision in the night, Shall be the horde of all the nations who war against Ariel with all the earthworks of her besiegers.(29:7)
Salvation for Jerusalem54 Hizekiah's illness (38:1-39:8)
38:6 I will rescue you and this city from the hand of the king of Assyria; I will be a shield to this city." (38:6)
42 Drunken rulers (29:9-14)
29:10 For the LORD has poured out on you a spirit of deep sleep. He has shut your eyes (the prophets) and covered your heads (the seers). (29:10)
Being astray by a spirit53 Sennacherib threatens Jerusalem (36:1-37:38)
37:7 I am about to put in him such a spirit that, when he hears a certain report, he will return to his own land, and there I will cause him to fall by the sword.'" (37:7)
43 Hope for the future (29:15-24)
29:18 On that day the deaf shall hear the words of a book; And out of gloom and darkness, the eyes of the blind shall see. (29:18)
Visible and audible52 The return of the redeemed to Zion (35:1-10)
35:5 Then will the eyes of the blind be opened, the ears of the deaf be cleared; (35:5)
44 The futility of reliance on Egypt (30:1-5)
30:1 Woe to the rebellious children, says the LORD, Who carry out plans that are not mine, who weave webs that are not inspired by me, adding sin upon sin. (30:1)
Spirit of the LORD51 Judgment on the nations (34:1-17)
34:16 Look in the book of the LORD and read: No one of these shall be lacking, For the mouth of the LORD has ordered it, and his spirit shall gather them there.(34:16)
45 A rebellious people (30:6-18)
30:16 "No," you said, "Upon horses we will flee." --Very well, flee! "Upon swift steeds we will ride." --Not so swift as your pursuers. (30:16)
Suffering the consequences50 The land of the Majestic king (33:1-24)
33:1 Woe, O destroyer never destroyed, O traitor never betrayed! When you finish destroying, you will be destroyed; when wearied with betraying, you will be betrayed. (33:1)
46 God's promise to Zion (30:19-26)
30:24 The oxen and the asses that till the ground will eat silage tossed to them with shovel and pitchfork. (30:24)
Rich farm49 Complacent women warned of disaster (32:1-20)
32:20 Happy are you who sow beside every stream, and let the ox and the ass go freely!(32:20)
47 Judgment on Assyria (30:27-33)
30:31 When the LORD speaks, Assyria will be shattered, as he strikes with the rod; (30:31)
The LORD strikes Assyria48 Alliance with Egypt is futile (31:1-9)
31:8 Assyria shall fall by a sword not wielded by man,. no mortal sword shall devour him; He shall flee before the sword, and his young men shall be impressed as laborers. He shall rush past his crag in panic, and his princes shall flee in terror from his standard, Says the LORD who has a fire in Zion and a furnace in Jerusalem.(31:8)

3-3

55 God's people are comforted (40:1-11)
  56 Creation by God (40:12-31)
    57 Israel assured of God's help (41:1-26)
      58 The servant, a light to the nations (41:27-42:25)
        59 Israel's redemption (43:1-28)
          60 The absurdity of idol worship (44:1-28)
            61 Cyrus, God's instrument (45:1-17)
              62 Idols cannot save Babylon (45:18-46:13)
                63 The humiliation of Babylon (47:1-15)
                  64 Fulfillment of the prophecy (48:1-11)
                    65 God the redeemer (48:12-22)
                      66 The servant's mission (49:1-6)
                        67 Zion's children to be brought home (49:7-50:3)
                          68 The sercant's humilitation and vindication (50:4-11)
                        69 Return to Zion (51:1-52:12)
                      70 The suffering servant (52:13-53:12)
                    71 Everlasting mercy (54:1-17)
                  72 Thecovenant extended to all who obey (55:1-56:12)
                73 A promise of help and healing (57:1-58:14)
              74 Injustice and oppression to be punished (59:1-21)
            75 God the glory of Zion (60:1-22)
          76 The good news of deliverance (61:1-11)
        77 The vindication and salvation of Zion (62:1-12)
      78 Vengeance on Edom (63:1-6)
    79 God's mercy remembered (63:7-64:11)
  80 The righteousness of God's judgment (65:1-25)
81 The reign and indignation of God (66:1-24)
Former halfRelationLatter half
55 God's people are comforted (40:1-11)
40:1 Comfort, give comfort to my people, says your God. (40:1)
The LORD comforts the people81 The reign and indignation of God (66:1-24)
66:13 As a mother comforts her son, so will I comfort you; in Jerusalem you shall find your comfort. (66:13)
56 Creation by God (40:12-31)
40:26 Lift up your eyes on high and see who has created these: He leads out their army and numbers them, calling them all by name. By his great might and the strength of his power not one of them is missing! (40:26)
Creator80 The righteousness of God's judgment (65:1-25)
65:17 Lo, I am about to create new heavens and a new earth; The things of the past shall not be remembered or come to mind. (65:17)
57 Israel assured of God's help (41:1-26)
41:25 He shall trample the rulers down like red earth, as the potter treads the clay.(41:25)
Clay and potter79 God's mercy remembered (63:7-64:11)
64:7 Yet, O LORD, you are our father; we are the clay and you the potter: we are all the work of your hands. (64:7)
58 The servant, a light to the nations (41:27-42:25)
41:28 When I look, there is not one, no one of them to give counsel, to make an answer when I question them. (41:28)
There is no one78 Vengeance on Edom (63:1-6)
63:5 I looked about, but there was no one to help, I was appalled that there was no one to lend support; So my own arm brought about the victory and my own wrath lent me its support. (63:5)
59 Israel's redemption (43:1-28)
43:14 Thus says the LORD, your redeemer, the Holy One of Israel: (43:14)
Redemption of the LORD77 The vindication and salvation of Zion (62:1-12)
62:12 They shall be called the holy people, the redeemed of the LORD, And you shall be called "Frequented," a city that is not forsaken. (62:12)
60 The absurdity of idol worship (44:1-28)
44:23 Raise a glad cry, you heavens: the LORD has done this; shout, you depths of the earth. Break forth, you mountains, into song, you forest, with all your trees. For the LORD has redeemed Jacob, and shows his glory through Israel. (44:23)
Gladness and glory76 The good news of deliverance (61:1-11)
61:3 To place on those who mourn in Zion a diadem instead of ashes, To give them oil of gladness in place of mourning, a glorious mantle instead of a listless spirit. They will be called oaks of justice, planted by the LORD to show his glory. (61:3)
61 Cyrus, God's instrument (45:1-17)
45:6 so that toward the rising and the setting of the sun men may know that there is none besides me. (45:6)
Sun rises75 God the glory of Zion (60:1-22)
60:19 No longer shall the sun be your light by day, Nor the brightness of the moon shine upon you at night; (60:19)
62 Idols cannot save Babylon (45:18-46:13)
45:23 By myself I swear, uttering my just decree and my unalterable word: To me every knee shall bend; by me every tongue shall swear, (45:23)
Eternal words of the LORD74 Injustice and oppression to be punished (59:1-21)
59:21 My spirit which is upon you and my words that I have put into your mouth Shall never leave your mouth, nor the mouths of your children Nor the mouths of your children's children from now on and forever, says the LORD.(59:21)
63 The humiliation of Babylon (47:1-15)
47:6 Angry at my people, I profaned my inheritance, And I gave them into your hand; but you showed them no mercy, And upon old men you laid a very heavy yoke. (47:6)
Wrath of the LORD73 A promise of help and healing (57:1-58:14)
57:17 Because of their wicked avarice I was angry, and struck them, hiding myself in wrath, as they went their own rebellious way. (57:17)
64 Fulfillment of the prophecy (48:1-11)
48:3 Things of the past I foretold long ago, they went forth from my mouth, I let you hear of them; then suddenly I took action and they came to be. (48:3)
Fulfillment of words of the LORD72 Thecovenant extended to all who obey (55:1-56:12)
55:11 So shall my word be that goes forth from my mouth; It shall not return to me void, but shall do my will, achieving the end for which I sent it. (55:11)
65 God the redeemer (48:12-22)
48:18 If you would hearken to my commandments, your prosperity would be like a river, and your vindication like the waves of the sea; (48:18)
Peace of people who keep the teaching71 Everlasting mercy (54:1-17)
54:13 All your sons shall be taught by the LORD, and great shall be the peace of your children. (54:13)
66 The servant's mission (49:1-6)
49:6 It is too little, he says, for you to be my servant, to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and restore the survivors of Israel; I will make you a light to the nations, that my salvation may reach to the ends of the earth.(49:6)
Mission of the servant of the LORD70 The suffering servant (52:13-53:12)
53:11 Because of his affliction he shall see the light in fullness of days; Through his suffering, my servant shall justify many, and their guilt he shall bear. (53:11)
67 Zion's children to be brought home (49:7-50:3)
49:13 Sing out, O heavens, and rejoice, O earth, break forth into song, you mountains. For the LORD comforts his people and shows mercy to his afflicted. (49:13)
Rejoice for salvation of the LORD69 Return to Zion (51:1-52:12)
52:9 Break out together in song, O ruins of Jerusalem! For the LORD comforts his people, he redeems Jerusalem. (52:9)

3-3-1

55 God's people are comforted (40:1-11)
  56 Creation by God (40:12-31)
    57 Israel assured of God's help (41:1-26)
      58 The servant, a light to the nations (41:27-42:25)
        59 Israel's redemption (43:1-28)
          60 The absurdity of idol worship (44:1-28)
            61 Cyrus, God's instrument (45:1-17)
            62 Idols cannot save Babylon (45:18-46:13)
          63 The humiliation of Babylon (47:1-15)
        64 Fulfillment of the prophecy (48:1-11)
      65 God the redeemer (48:12-22)
    66 The servant's mission (49:1-6)
  67 Zion's children to be brought home (49:7-50:3)
68 The sercant's humilitation and vindication (50:4-11)
Former halfRelationLatter half
55 God's people are comforted (40:1-11)
40:9 Go up onto a high mountain, Zion, herald of glad tidings; Cry out at the top of your voice, Jerusalem, herald of good news! Fear not to cry out and say to the cities of Judah: Here is your God! (40:9)
Words of servant of the LORD68 The sercant's humilitation and vindication (50:4-11)
50:4 The Lord GOD has given me a well-trained tongue, That I might know how to speak to the weary a word that will rouse them. Morning after morning he opens my ear that I may hear;(50:4)
56 Creation by God (40:12-31)
40:23 He brings princes to nought and makes the rulers of the earth as nothing. (40:23)
Rulers lose authority67 Zion's children to be brought home (49:7-50:3)
49:23 Kings shall be your foster fathers, their princesses your nurses; Bowing to the ground, they shall worship you and lick the dust at your feet. (49:23)
57 Israel assured of God's help (41:1-26)
41:1 Keep silence before me, O coastlands; you peoples, wait for my words! (41:1)
O coastlands66 The servant's mission (49:1-6)
49:1 Hear me, O coastlands, listen, O distant peoples. (49:1)
58 The servant, a light to the nations (41:27-42:25)
42:1 Here is my servant whom I uphold, my chosen one with whom I am pleased, Upon whom I have put my spirit; he shall bring forth justice to the nations,(42:1)
Servant of the LORD65 God the redeemer (48:12-22)
48:20 Go forth from Babylon, flee from Chaldea! With shouts of joy proclaim this, make it known; Publish it to the ends of the earth, and say, "The LORD has redeemed his servant Jacob. (48:20)
59 Israel's redemption (43:1-28)
43:19 See, I am doing something new! (43:19)
Something new64 Fulfillment of the prophecy (48:1-11)
48:6 From now on I announce new things to you, hidden events of which you knew not. (48:6)
60 The absurdity of idol worship (44:1-28)
44:6 Thus says the LORD, Israel's King and redeemer, the LORD of hosts: I am the first and I am the last; there is no God but me. (44:6)
Israel's redeemer63 The humiliation of Babylon (47:1-15)
47:4 Whose name is the LORD of hosts, the Holy One of Israel. (47:4)
61 Cyrus, God's instrument (45:1-17)
45:12 It was I who made the earth and created mankind upon it; It was my hands that stretched out the heavens; I gave the order to all their host. (45:12)
Creator of heaven and earth62 Idols cannot save Babylon (45:18-46:13)
45:18 For thus says the LORD, The creator of the heavens, who is God, The designer and maker of the earth who established it, Not creating it to be a waste, but designing it to be lived in: I am the LORD, and there is no other.(45:18)

3-3-2

68 The sercant's humilitation and vindication (50:4-11)
  69 Return to Zion (51:1-52:12)
    70 The suffering servant (52:13-53:12)
      71 Everlasting mercy (54:1-17)
        72 Thecovenant extended to all who obey (55:1-56:12)
          73 A promise of help and healing (57:1-58:14)
            74 Injustice and oppression to be punished (59:1-21)
            75 God the glory of Zion (60:1-22)
          76 The good news of deliverance (61:1-11)
        77 The vindication and salvation of Zion (62:1-12)
      78 Vengeance on Edom (63:1-6)
    79 God's mercy remembered (63:7-64:11)
  80 The righteousness of God's judgment (65:1-25)
81 The reign and indignation of God (66:1-24)
Former halfRelationLatter half
68 The sercant's humilitation and vindication (50:4-11)
50:6 I gave my back to those who beat me, my cheeks to those who plucked my beard; My face I did not shield from buffets and spitting.(50:6)
The suffering servant of the LORD81 The reign and indignation of God (66:1-24)
66:2 My hand made all these things when all of them came to be, says the LORD. This is the one whom I approve: the lowly and afflicted man who trembles at my word. (66:2)
69 Return to Zion (51:1-52:12)
52:9 Break out together in song, O ruins of Jerusalem! For the LORD comforts his people, he redeems Jerusalem. (52:9)
Jerusalem's redemption80 The righteousness of God's judgment (65:1-25)
65:18 Instead, there shall always be rejoicing and happiness in what I create; For I create Jerusalem to be a joy and its people to be a delight; (65:18)
70 The suffering servant (52:13-53:12)
53:4 Yet it was our infirmities that he bore, our sufferings that he endured, While we thought of him as stricken, as one smitten by God and afflicted.(53:4)
Bore the sin79 God's mercy remembered (63:7-64:11)
63:9 Because of his love and pity he redeemed them himself, Lifting them and carrying them all the days of old. (63:9)
71 Everlasting mercy (54:1-17)
54:8 In an outburst of wrath, for a moment I hid my face from you; But with enduring love I take pity on you, says the LORD, your redeemer. (54:8)
Wrath of the LORD78 Vengeance on Edom (63:1-6)
63:3 "The wine press I have trodden alone, and of my people there was no one with me. I trod them in my anger, and trampled them down in my wrath; Their blood spurted on my garments; all my apparel I stained. (63:3)
72 Thecovenant extended to all who obey (55:1-56:12)
55:1 All you who are thirsty, come to the water! You who have no money, come, receive grain and eat; Come, without paying and without cost, drink wine and milk!(55:1)
Given grain and vine77 The vindication and salvation of Zion (62:1-12)
62:8 No more will I give your grain as food to your enemies; Nor shall foreigners drink your wine, for which you toiled. (62:8)
73 A promise of help and healing (57:1-58:14)
57:15 To revive the spirits of the dejected, to revive the hearts of the crushed. (57:15)
Salvation for crushed people76 The good news of deliverance (61:1-11)
61:1 He has sent me to bring glad tidings to the lowly, to heal the brokenhearted, To proclaim liberty to the captives and release to the prisoners,(61:1)
74 Injustice and oppression to be punished (59:1-21)
59:9 That is why right is far from us and justice does not reach us. We look for light, and lo, darkness; for brightness, but we walk in gloom!(59:9)
Light and darkness75 God the glory of Zion (60:1-22)
60:2 See, darkness covers the earth, and thick clouds cover the peoples; But upon you the LORD shines, and over you appears his glory. (60:2)

Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

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Literary Structure of the Bible by Hajime Murai is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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