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Literary structure (chiasmus, chiasm) of Book of Amos

Chiasmus and Concentric Structure of divided by 3


3-1

1 Judgment on nations (1:1-2:16)
  2 Sin of Israel (3:1-15)
    3 Unbelief of Israel (4:1-11)
  4 Seek the LORD (4:12-5:8)
5 The day of judgment (5:9-17)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 Judgment on nations (1:1-2:16)
2:6 Thus says the LORD: For three crimes of Israel, and for four, I will not revoke my word; Because they sell the just man for silver, and the poor man for a pair of sandals.(2:6)
Sin5 The day of judgment (5:9-17)
5:12 Yes, I know how many are your crimes, how grievous your sins: Oppressing the just, accepting bribes, repelling the needy at the gate! (5:12)
2 Sin of Israel (3:1-15)
3:14 On the day when I punish Israel for his crimes, I will visit also the altars of Bethel: The horns of the altar shall be broken off and fall to the ground. (3:14)
Judgement against Bethel4 Seek the LORD (4:12-5:8)
5:6 Seek the LORD, that you may live, lest he come upon the house of Joseph like a fire That shall consume, with none to quench it for the house of Israel:(5:6)

3-1-1

1 Judgment on nations (1:1-2:16)
  2 Sin of Israel (3:1-15)
3 Unbelief of Israel (4:1-11)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 Judgment on nations (1:1-2:16)
2:4 Thus says the LORD: For three crimes of Judah, and for four, I will not revoke my word; Because they spurned the law of the LORD, and did not keep his statutes; Because the lies which their fathers followed have led them astray,(2:4)
Sin of the people3 Unbelief of Israel (4:1-11)
4:4 Come to Bethel and sin, to Gilgal, and sin the more; Each morning bring your sacrifices, every third day, your tithes;(4:4)

3-1-2

3 Unbelief of Israel (4:1-11)
  4 Seek the LORD (4:12-5:8)
5 The day of judgment (5:9-17)
Former halfRelationLatter half
3 Unbelief of Israel (4:1-11)
see 1-1-1
see 1-1-15 The day of judgment (5:9-17)
see 1-1-1

3-2

5 The day of judgment (5:9-17)
  6 Festival and justice (5:18-27)
    7 Judgment on arrogant people (6:1-14)
  8 The first and second vision (7:1-6)
9 The third vision (7:7-9)
Former halfRelationLatter half
5 The day of judgment (5:9-17)
see 1-1
see 1-19 The third vision (7:7-9)
see 1-1
6 Festival and justice (5:18-27)
see 1-1
see 1-18 The first and second vision (7:1-6)
see 1-1

3-2-1

5 The day of judgment (5:9-17)
  6 Festival and justice (5:18-27)
7 Judgment on arrogant people (6:1-14)
Former halfRelationLatter half
5 The day of judgment (5:9-17)
5:9 Who flashes destruction upon the strong, and brings ruin upon the fortress; whose name is LORD. (5:9)
Destruction of buildings7 Judgment on arrogant people (6:1-14)
6:8 The Lord GOD has sworn by his very self, say I, the LORD, the God of hosts: I abhor the pride of Jacob, I hate his castles, and I give over the city with everything in it; (6:8)

3-2-2

7 Judgment on arrogant people (6:1-14)
  8 The first and second vision (7:1-6)
9 The third vision (7:7-9)
Former halfRelationLatter half
7 Judgment on arrogant people (6:1-14)
6:14 Beware, I am raising up against you, O house of Israel, say I, the LORD, the God of hosts, A nation that shall oppress you from Labo of Hamath even to the Wadi Arabah.(6:14)
Pproclamation of judgment9 The third vision (7:7-9)
7:8 The LORD asked me, "What do you see, Amos?" And when I answered, "A plummet," the Lord said: See, I will lay the plummet in the midst of my people Israel; I will forgive them no longer. 7:9 The high places of Isaac shall be laid waste, and the sanctuaries of Israel made desolate; I will attack the house of Jeroboam with the sword. (7:8-9)

3-3

9 The third vision (7:7-9)
  10 Amaziah complains to the king (7:10-17)
    11 The fourth vision (8:1-3)
  12 The God of whole world (8:4-9:10)
13 The restoration of David's kingdom (9:11-15)
Former halfRelationLatter half
9 The third vision (7:7-9)
7:9 The high places of Isaac shall be laid waste, and the sanctuaries of Israel made desolate; I will attack the house of Jeroboam with the sword. (7:9)
Ruins13 The restoration of David's kingdom (9:11-15)
9:14 they shall rebuild and inhabit their ruined cities, (9:14)
10 Amaziah complains to the king (7:10-17)
7:14 Amos answered Amaziah, "I was no prophet, nor have I belonged to a company of prophets; I was a shepherd and a dresser of sycamores.(7:14)
The words against unjust rulers12 The God of whole world (8:4-9:10)
8:4 Hear this, you who trample upon the needy and destroy the poor of the land! (8:4)

3-3-1

9 The third vision (7:7-9)
  10 Amaziah complains to the king (7:10-17)
11 The fourth vision (8:1-3)
Former halfRelationLatter half
9 The third vision (7:7-9)
see 1-1-2
see 1-1-211 The fourth vision (8:1-3)
see 1-1-2

3-3-2

11 The fourth vision (8:1-3)
  12 The God of whole world (8:4-9:10)
13 The restoration of David's kingdom (9:11-15)
Former halfRelationLatter half
11 The fourth vision (8:1-3)
8:3 The temple songs shall become wailings on that day, says the Lord GOD. Many shall be the corpses, strewn everywhere.--Silence! (8:3)
The day of the judgment / restoration13 The restoration of David's kingdom (9:11-15)
9:13 Yes, days are coming, says the LORD, When the plowman shall overtake the reaper, and the vintager, him who sows the seed; (9:13)

Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

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Literary Structure of the Bible by Hajime Murai is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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