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Literary structure (chiasmus, chiasm) of Book of Amos

Chiasmus and Concentric Structure of divided by 4


4-1

1 Judgment on nations (1:1-2:16)
  2 Sin of Israel (3:1-15)
  3 Unbelief of Israel (4:1-11)
4 Seek the LORD (4:12-5:8)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 Judgment on nations (1:1-2:16)
1:1 The words of Amos, a shepherd from Tekoa, which he received in vision concerning Israel, in the days of Uzziah, king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam, son of Joash, king of Israel, two years before the earthquake: (1:1)
Revealing a plan4 Seek the LORD (4:12-5:8)
4:13 Him who formed the mountains, and created the wind, and declares to man his thoughts; Who made the dawn and the darkness, and strides upon the heights of the earth: The LORD, the God of hosts by name.(4:13)
2 Sin of Israel (3:1-15)
3:9 Proclaim this in the castles of Ashdod, in the castles of the land of Egypt: "Gather about the mountain of Samaria, and see the great disorders within her, the oppression in her midst."(3:9)
The mountain of Samaria3 Unbelief of Israel (4:1-11)
4:1 Hear this word, women of the mountain of Samaria, you cows of Bashan, You who oppress the weak and abuse the needy; Who say to your lords, "Bring drink for us!"(4:1)

4-2

4 Seek the LORD (4:12-5:8)
  5 The day of judgment (5:9-17)
  6 Festival and justice (5:18-27)
7 Judgment on arrogant people (6:1-14)
Former halfRelationLatter half
4 Seek the LORD (4:12-5:8)
5:7 Woe to those who turn judgment to wormwood and cast justice to the ground! (5:7)
Turning judgment7 Judgment on arrogant people (6:1-14)
6:12 Can horses run across a cliff? or can one plow the sea with oxen? Yet you have turned judgment into gall, and the fruit of justice into wormwood.(6:12)
5 The day of judgment (5:9-17)
5:15 Hate evil and love good, and let justice prevail at the gate; Then it may be that the LORD, the God of hosts, will have pity on the remnant of Joseph. (5:15)
Let justice prevail6 Festival and justice (5:18-27)
5:24 then let justice surge like water, and goodness like an unfailing stream.(5:24)

4-3

7 Judgment on arrogant people (6:1-14)
  8 The first and second vision (7:1-6)
  9 The third vision (7:7-9)
10 Amaziah complains to the king (7:10-17)
Former halfRelationLatter half
7 Judgment on arrogant people (6:1-14)
6:7 Therefore, now they shall be the first to go into exile, and their wanton revelry shall be done away with. (6:7)
Captivity10 Amaziah complains to the king (7:10-17)
7:11 For this is what Amos says: Jeroboam shall die by the sword, and Israel shall surely be exiled from its land." (7:11)
8 The first and second vision (7:1-6)
7:6 The LORD repented of this. "This also shall not be," said the Lord GOD. (7:6)
The judgment is postponed / no more postponed9 The third vision (7:7-9)
7:8 The LORD asked me, "What do you see, Amos?" And when I answered, "A plummet," the Lord said: See, I will lay the plummet in the midst of my people Israel; I will forgive them no longer. (7:8)

4-4

10 Amaziah complains to the king (7:10-17)
  11 The fourth vision (8:1-3)
  12 The God of whole world (8:4-9:10)
13 The restoration of David's kingdom (9:11-15)
Former halfRelationLatter half
10 Amaziah complains to the king (7:10-17)
Jeroboam shall die by the sword, and Israel shall surely be exiled from its land. (7:11)
Prophecy of captivity / return13 The restoration of David's kingdom (9:11-15)
I will plant them upon their own ground; never again shall they be plucked From the land I have given them, (9:15)
11 The fourth vision (8:1-3)
The time is ripe to have done with my people Israel; I will forgive them no longer. (8:2)
The end of Israel12 The God of whole world (8:4-9:10)
The eyes of the Lord GOD are on this sinful kingdom; I will destroy it from off the face of the earth. (9:8)

Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

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Literary Structure of the Bible by Hajime Murai is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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