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Literary structure (chiasmus, chiasm) of Gospel of John

Chiasmus and Concentric Structure of divided by 3

When the whole text is divided in three equivalent pericopes, three concentric structures appear. Three centers in divided in three structures are "Healing the Official's Son" (no. 14, John 4:46-54), "Jesus raises Lazarus to life" (no. 41, John 11:38-44), "Jesus sentenced to death" (no. 68, John 18:38c-19:16a). The common included theme is the death (and resurrection).


3-1

1 The word became flesh (1:1-18)
  2 The testimony of John the Baptist (1:19-28)
    3 The lamb of God (1:29-34)
      4 The first disciple of Jesus (1:35-42)
        5 Jesus calls Philip and Nathanael (1:43-51)
          6 The wedding at Cana (2:1-12)
            7 Jesus cleanses the temple (2:13-25)
              8 Nicodemus visits Jesus (3:1-21)
                9 John the Baptist's Final Witness (3:22-36)
                  10 Jesus and the Woman of Samaria (4:1-26)
                    11 One sows and another reaps (4:27-38)
                      12 Faith of Samaria (4:39-42)
                        13 Jesus returns to Galilee (4:43-45)
                          14 Healing the Official's Son (4:46-54)
                        15 Jesus heals on the Sabbath (5:1-18)
                      16 The authority of the son (5:19-30)
                    17 Witnesses to Jesus (5:31-47)
                  18 Feeding the five thousand (6:1-15)
                19 Jesus walks on the water (6:16-21)
              20 The bread from heaven (6:22-59)
            21 The words of eternal life (6:60-71)
          22 The unbelief of Jesus' brothers (7:1-9)
        23 Jesus at the festival of booths (7:10-24)
      24 Is this the Christ (7:25-36)
    25 River of living water (7:37-44)
  26 The unbelief of those in authority (7:45-53)
27 The woman caught in adultery (8:1-11)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 The word became flesh (1:1-18)
1:17 because while the law was given through Moses,
Torah27 The woman caught in adultery (8:1-11)
8:5 Now in the law, Moses commanded us to stone such women.
2 The testimony of John the Baptist (1:19-28)
1:26but there is one among you whom you do not recognize,
People don't know26 The unbelief of those in authority (7:45-53)
7:46"Never before has anyone spoken like this one."
3 The lamb of God (1:29-34)
1:34he is the Son of God."
The Son of God / Messiah25 River of living water (7:37-44)
7:41"This is the Messiah."
4 The first disciple of Jesus (1:35-42)
1:41 We have found the Messiah. (1:41)
Messiah24 Is this the Christ (7:25-36)
7:26 Could the authorities have realized that he is the Messiah?(7:26)
5 Jesus calls Philip and Nathanael (1:43-51)
1:45 We have found the one about whom Moses wrote in the law, and also the prophets, Jesus, son of Joseph, from Nazareth. (1:45)
The law of Moses23 Jesus at the festival of booths (7:10-24)
7:19 Did not Moses give you the law? (7:19)
6 The wedding at Cana (2:1-12)
2:4 My hour has not yet come. (2:4)
The time has not yet come22 The unbelief of Jesus' brothers (7:1-9)
7:6 My time is not yet here, but the time is always right for you. (7:6)
7 Jesus cleanses the temple (2:13-25)
2:25 He himself understood it well.(2:25)
Jesus well knows people21 The words of eternal life (6:60-71)
6:64 Jesus knew from the beginning the ones who would not believe and the one who would betray him. (6:64)
8 Nicodemus visits Jesus (3:1-21)
3:13 No one has gone up to heaven except the one who has come down from heaven, the Son of Man. (3:13)
The person who came down from heaven20 The bread from heaven (6:22-59)
6:51 I am the living bread that came down from heaven (6:51)
9 John the Baptist's Final Witness (3:22-36)
3:33 Whoever does accept his testimony certifies that God is trustworthy. (3:33)
To accept Jesus19 Jesus walks on the water (6:16-21)
6:21 They wanted to take him into the boat, but the boat immediately arrived at the shore to which they were heading. (6:21)
10 Jesus and the Woman of Samaria (4:1-26)
4:14 but whoever drinks the water I shall give will never thirst (4:14)
Inexhaustible drink / food18 Feeding the five thousand (6:1-15)
6:13 So they collected them, and filled twelve wicker baskets with fragments from the five barley loaves that had been more than they could eat.(6:13)
11 One sows and another reaps (4:27-38)
4:34 My food is to do the will of the one who sent me and to finish his work. (4:34)
Doing the works of the father17 Witnesses to Jesus (5:31-47)
5:36 The works that the Father gave me to accomplish, these works that I perform testify on my behalf that the Father has sent me.(5:36)
12 Faith of Samaria (4:39-42)
4:41 Many more began to believe in him because of his word (4:41)
To listen words and to believe16 The authority of the son (5:19-30)
5:24 Amen, amen, I say to you, whoever hears my word and believes in the one who sent me has eternal life and will not come to condemnation, but has passed from death to life. (5:24)
13 Jesus returns to Galilee (4:43-45)
4:44 For Jesus himself testified that a prophet has no honor in his native place.(4:44)
People who don't believe Jesus15 Jesus heals on the Sabbath (5:1-18)
5:16 Therefore, the Jews began to persecute Jesus because he did this on a sabbath. (5:16)

3-1-1

1 The word became flesh (1:1-18)
  2 The testimony of John the Baptist (1:19-28)
    3 The lamb of God (1:29-34)
      4 The first disciple of Jesus (1:35-42)
        5 Jesus calls Philip and Nathanael (1:43-51)
          6 The wedding at Cana (2:1-12)
            7 Jesus cleanses the temple (2:13-25)
            8 Nicodemus visits Jesus (3:1-21)
          9 John the Baptist's Final Witness (3:22-36)
        10 Jesus and the Woman of Samaria (4:1-26)
      11 One sows and another reaps (4:27-38)
    12 Faith of Samaria (4:39-42)
  13 Jesus returns to Galilee (4:43-45)
14 Healing the Official's Son (4:46-54)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 The word became flesh (1:1-18)
1:4 through him was life, and this life was the light of the human race (1:4)
The life14 Healing the Official's Son (4:46-54)
4:51 While he was on his way back, his slaves met him and told him that his boy would live. (4:51)
2 The testimony of John the Baptist (1:19-28)
1:23 He said: "I am 'the voice of one crying out in the desert, "Make straight the way of the Lord,"' as Isaiah the prophet said."(1:23)
Prophet13 Jesus returns to Galilee (4:43-45)
4:44 For Jesus himself testified that a prophet has no honor in his native place.(4:44)
3 The lamb of God (1:29-34)
1:29 Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world. (1:29)
The savior12 Faith of Samaria (4:39-42)
4:42 we know that this is truly the savior of the world. (4:42)
4 The first disciple of Jesus (1:35-42)
1:41 We have found the Messiah (1:41)
Messiah11 One sows and another reaps (4:27-38)
4:29 Could he possibly be the Messiah? (4:29)
5 Jesus calls Philip and Nathanael (1:43-51)
1:45 We have found the one about whom Moses wrote in the law, and also the prophets, Jesus, son of Joseph, from Nazareth. (1:45)
Prophet10 Jesus and the Woman of Samaria (4:1-26)
4:19 Sir, I can see that you are a prophet. (4:19)
6 The wedding at Cana (2:1-12)
2:11and his disciples began to believe in him.
Believer9 John the Baptist's Final Witness (3:22-36)
3:18 Whoever believes in him will not be condemned, but whoever does not believe has already been condemned,
7 Jesus cleanses the temple (2:13-25)
2:18 At this the Jews answered and said to him, "What sign can you show us for doing this?"
Sign8 Nicodemus visits Jesus (3:1-21)
2:23 While he was in Jerusalem for the feast of Passover, many began to believe in his name when they saw the signs he was doing.

3-1-2

14 Healing the Official's Son (4:46-54)
  15 Jesus heals on the Sabbath (5:1-18)
    16 The authority of the son (5:19-30)
      17 Witnesses to Jesus (5:31-47)
        18 Feeding the five thousand (6:1-15)
          19 Jesus walks on the water (6:16-21)
            20 The bread from heaven (6:22-59)
            21 The words of eternal life (6:60-71)
          22 The unbelief of Jesus' brothers (7:1-9)
        23 Jesus at the festival of booths (7:10-24)
      24 Is this the Christ (7:25-36)
    25 River of living water (7:37-44)
  26 The unbelief of those in authority (7:45-53)
27 The woman caught in adultery (8:1-11)
Former halfRelationLatter half
14 Healing the Official's Son (4:46-54)
4:50 You may go; your son will live. (4:50)
To save a life27 The woman caught in adultery (8:1-11)
8:11 Neither do I condemn you. (8:11)
15 Jesus heals on the Sabbath (5:1-18)
5:10 It is the sabbath, and it is not lawful for you to carry your mat. (5:10)
The law26 The unbelief of those in authority (7:45-53)
7:49 But this crowd, which does not know the law, is accursed. (7:49)
16 The authority of the son (5:19-30)
5:21 For just as the Father raises the dead and gives life, so also does the Son give life to whomever he wishes.(5:21)
To give a life25 River of living water (7:37-44)
7:38 Whoever believes in me, as scripture says: 'Rivers of living water will flow from within him.'(7:38)
17 Witnesses to Jesus (5:31-47)
5:38 you do not believe in the one whom he has sent. (5:38)
Being sent by the father24 Is this the Christ (7:25-36)
7:28 I did not come on my own, but the one who sent me, whom you do not know, is true. (7:28)
18 Feeding the five thousand (6:1-15)
6:14 This is truly the Prophet, the one who is to come into the world. (6:14)
Who Jesus is23 Jesus at the festival of booths (7:10-24)
7:12 And there was considerable murmuring about him in the crowds. Some said, "He is a good man," (while) others said, "No; on the contrary, he misleads the crowd." (7:12)
19 Jesus walks on the water (6:16-21)
6:19 When they had rowed about three or four miles, they saw Jesus walking on the sea and coming near the boat, and they began to be afraid.(6:19)
People who cannot understand22 The unbelief of Jesus' brothers (7:1-9)
7:5 For his brothers did not believe in him. (7:5)
20 The bread from heaven (6:22-59)
6:27 Do not work for food that perishes but for the food that endures for eternal life, which the Son of Man will give you. (6:27)
Eternal life21 The words of eternal life (6:60-71)
6:68 You have the words of eternal life. (6:68)

3-2

28 Jesus the light of the world (8:12-20)
  29 Jesus foretells his death (8:21-30)
    30 Before Abraham was born, I am (8:31-59)
      31 A man born blind receives sight (9:1-12)
        32 The Pharisees investigate the healing (9:13-34)
          33 Spiritual blindness (9:35-41)
            34 The sheep, the Shepherd, and sheep robbers (10:1-6)
              35 Jesus' application of the parables (10:7-21)
                36 Jesus is rejected by the Jews (10:22-39)
                  37 Across the Jordan (10:40-42)
                    38 The death of Lazarus (11:1-16)
                      39 Dialogs with Martha (11:17-27)
                        40 Dialogs with Mary (11:28-37)
                          41 Jesus raises Lazarus to life (11:38-44)
                        42 The plot to kill Jesus (11:45-57)
                      43 Mary anoints Jesus (12:1-8)
                    44 The plot to kill Lazarus (12:9-11)
                  45 Jesus' triumphal entry into Jerusalem (12:12-19)
                46 Some Greeks wish to see Jesus (12:20-26)
              47 Jesus speaks about his death (12:27-36a)
            48 The unbelief of the people (12:36b-41)
          49 The judgement by word of Jesus (12:42-50)
        50 Jesus washes the disciples' feet (13:1-20)
      51 Jesus foretells his betrayal (13:21-30)
    52 The new commandment (13:31-35)
  53 Jesus foretells Peter's denial (13:36-38)
54 Jesus the way to the father (14:1-14)
Former halfRelationLatter half
28 Jesus the light of the world (8:12-20)
see 1-1
see 1-154 Jesus the way to the father (14:1-14)
see 1-1
29 Jesus foretells his death (8:21-30)
see 1-1
see 1-153 Jesus foretells Peter's denial (13:36-38)
see 1-1
30 Before Abraham was born, I am (8:31-59)
see 1-1
see 1-152 The new commandment (13:31-35)
see 1-1
31 A man born blind receives sight (9:1-12)
see 1-1
see 1-151 Jesus foretells his betrayal (13:21-30)
see 1-1
32 The Pharisees investigate the healing (9:13-34)
see 1-1
see 1-150 Jesus washes the disciples' feet (13:1-20)
see 1-1
33 Spiritual blindness (9:35-41)
see 1-1
see 1-149 The judgement by word of Jesus (12:42-50)
see 1-1
34 The sheep, the Shepherd, and sheep robbers (10:1-6)
see 1-1
see 1-148 The unbelief of the people (12:36b-41)
see 1-1
35 Jesus' application of the parables (10:7-21)
see 1-1
see 1-147 Jesus speaks about his death (12:27-36a)
see 1-1
36 Jesus is rejected by the Jews (10:22-39)
see 1-1
see 1-146 Some Greeks wish to see Jesus (12:20-26)
see 1-1
37 Across the Jordan (10:40-42)
see 1-1
see 1-145 Jesus' triumphal entry into Jerusalem (12:12-19)
see 1-1
38 The death of Lazarus (11:1-16)
see 1-1
see 1-144 The plot to kill Lazarus (12:9-11)
see 1-1
39 Dialogs with Martha (11:17-27)
see 1-1
see 1-143 Mary anoints Jesus (12:1-8)
see 1-1
40 Dialogs with Mary (11:28-37)
see 1-1
see 1-142 The plot to kill Jesus (11:45-57)
see 1-1

3-2-1

28 Jesus the light of the world (8:12-20)
  29 Jesus foretells his death (8:21-30)
    30 Before Abraham was born, I am (8:31-59)
      31 A man born blind receives sight (9:1-12)
        32 The Pharisees investigate the healing (9:13-34)
          33 Spiritual blindness (9:35-41)
            34 The sheep, the Shepherd, and sheep robbers (10:1-6)
            35 Jesus' application of the parables (10:7-21)
          36 Jesus is rejected by the Jews (10:22-39)
        37 Across the Jordan (10:40-42)
      38 The death of Lazarus (11:1-16)
    39 Dialogs with Martha (11:17-27)
  40 Dialogs with Mary (11:28-37)
41 Jesus raises Lazarus to life (11:38-44)
Former halfRelationLatter half
28 Jesus the light of the world (8:12-20)
8:18 I testify on my behalf and so does the Father who sent me."
Testimony that Jesus was sent41 Jesus raises Lazarus to life (11:38-44)
11:42that they may believe that you sent me."
29 Jesus foretells his death (8:21-30)
8:21 you will die in your sin. (8:21)
Death40 Dialogs with Mary (11:28-37)
11:32 Lord, if you had been here, my brother would not have died. (11:32)
30 Before Abraham was born, I am (8:31-59)
8:51 Amen, amen, I say to you, whoever keeps my word will never see death." (8:51)
Immortal39 Dialogs with Martha (11:17-27)
11:26 and everyone who lives and believes in me will never die. (11:26)
31 A man born blind receives sight (9:1-12)
9:3 Neither he nor his parents sinned; it is so that the works of God might be made visible through him. (9:3)
The cause of disease38 The death of Lazarus (11:1-16)
11:4 This illness is not to end in death, but is for the glory of God, that the Son of God may be glorified through it. (11:4)
32 The Pharisees investigate the healing (9:13-34)
9:16 How can a sinful man do such signs? (9:16)
Sign37 Across the Jordan (10:40-42)
10:41 John performed no sign, but everything John said about this man was true.(10:41)
33 Spiritual blindness (9:35-41)
9:35 Do you believe in the Son of Man? (9:35)
The Son of Man / the Son of God36 Jesus is rejected by the Jews (10:22-39)
10:36 I am the Son of God (10:36)
34 The sheep, the Shepherd, and sheep robbers (10:1-6)
10:2 But whoever enters through the gate is the shepherd of the sheep. (10:2)
The shepherd35 Jesus' application of the parables (10:7-21)
10:14 I am the good shepherd (10:14)

3-2-2

41 Jesus raises Lazarus to life (11:38-44)
  42 The plot to kill Jesus (11:45-57)
    43 Mary anoints Jesus (12:1-8)
      44 The plot to kill Lazarus (12:9-11)
        45 Jesus' triumphal entry into Jerusalem (12:12-19)
          46 Some Greeks wish to see Jesus (12:20-26)
            47 Jesus speaks about his death (12:27-36a)
            48 The unbelief of the people (12:36b-41)
          49 The judgement by word of Jesus (12:42-50)
        50 Jesus washes the disciples' feet (13:1-20)
      51 Jesus foretells his betrayal (13:21-30)
    52 The new commandment (13:31-35)
  53 Jesus foretells Peter's denial (13:36-38)
54 Jesus the way to the father (14:1-14)
Former halfRelationLatter half
41 Jesus raises Lazarus to life (11:38-44)
11:42that they may believe that you sent me."
Invitation to faith54 Jesus the way to the father (14:1-14)
14:1You have faith in God; have faith also in me.
42 The plot to kill Jesus (11:45-57)
11:52 and not only for the nation, but also to gather into one the dispersed children of God.
Martyrdom53 Jesus foretells Peter's denial (13:36-38)
13:38"Will you lay down your life for me? Amen, amen, I say to you, the cock will not crow before you deny me three times."
43 Mary anoints Jesus (12:1-8)
12:8 You always have the poor with you, but you do not always have me."
Prophecy of leaving52 The new commandment (13:31-35)
13:33 My children, I will be with you only a little while longer.
44 The plot to kill Lazarus (12:9-11)
12:10 And the chief priests plotted to kill Lazarus too,
Plot to kill Jesus51 Jesus foretells his betrayal (13:21-30)
13:21one of you will betray me."
45 Jesus' triumphal entry into Jerusalem (12:12-19)
12:12when the great crowd that had come to the feast heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem, 12:13 they took palm branches and went out to meet him,
Reciever50 Jesus washes the disciples' feet (13:1-20)
13:20whoever receives the one I send receives me, and whoever receives me receives the one who sent me."
46 Some Greeks wish to see Jesus (12:20-26)
12:25 Whoever loves his life loses it, and whoever hates his life in this world will preserve it for eternal life.
Eternal life49 The judgement by word of Jesus (12:42-50)
12:50 And I know that his commandment is eternal life.
47 Jesus speaks about his death (12:27-36a)
12:28"I have glorified it and will glorify it again."
Glory48 The unbelief of the people (12:36b-41)
12:41 Isaiah said this because he saw his glory and spoke about him.

3-3

55 The promise of the holy spirit (14:15-24)
  56 Do not let your hearts be troubled (14:25-31)
    57 Jesus the true vine (15:1-10)
      58 love one another (15:11-17)
        59 The world's hatred (15:18-16:4a)
          60 The work of the Spirit (16:4b-15)
            61 Sorrow will turn into joy (16:16-33)
              62 Jesus prays for his disciples (17:1-26)
                63 The betrayal and arrest of Jesus (18:1-14)
                  64 Denial of Peter (18:15-18)
                    65 The Jewish Trial and Peter's Denial (18:19-24)
                      66 Denial of Peter again (18:25-27)
                        67 Jesus before Pilate (18:28-38b)
                          68 Jesus sentenced to death (18:38c-19:16a)
                        69 The crucifixion of Jesus (19:16b-22)
                      70 People with crucified Jesus (19:23-27)
                    71 The death of Jesus (19:28-30)
                  72 Jesus' side is pierced (19:31-37)
                73 The burial of Jesus (19:38-42)
              74 The resurrection of Jesus (20:1-10)
            75 Jesus appears to Mary Magdalene (20:11-18)
          76 Jesus appears to the disciple (20:19-23)
        77 Jesus and Thomas (20:24-29)
      78 The purpose of this book (20:30-31)
    79 Jesus appears to seven disciples (21:1-14)
  80 Jesus and Peter (21:15-19)
81 Jesus and the beloved disciple (21:20-25)
Former halfRelationLatter half
55 The promise of the holy spirit (14:15-24)
14:21And whoever loves me will be loved by my Father, and I will love him and reveal myself to him."
Love of Jesus81 Jesus and the beloved disciple (21:20-25)
21:20and saw the disciple following whom Jesus loved,
56 Do not let your hearts be troubled (14:25-31)
14:28' If you loved me, you would rejoice that I am going to the Father;
Love of Jesus80 Jesus and Peter (21:15-19)
21:15"Simon, son of John, do you love me more than these?"
57 Jesus the true vine (15:1-10)
15:5Whoever remains in me and I in him will bear much fruit,
Fruits are gained by connecting Jesus79 Jesus appears to seven disciples (21:1-14)
21:11 So Simon Peter went over and dragged the net ashore full of one hundred fifty-three large fish.
58 love one another (15:11-17)
15:11 "I have told you this so that my joy may be in you and your joy may be complete.
The reason why teachings are told78 The purpose of this book (20:30-31)
20:31 But these are written that you may (come to) believe that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God, and that through this belief you may have life in his name.
59 The world's hatred (15:18-16:4a)
15:24 If I had not done works among them that no one else ever did, they would not have sin; but as it is, they have seen and hated both me and my Father.
Seeing and believing / not believing77 Jesus and Thomas (20:24-29)
20:29Blessed are those who have not seen and have believed."
60 The work of the Spirit (16:4b-15)
But because I told you this, grief has filled your hearts. (Joh 16:6 NAB)
Sorrow / joy of disciples76 Jesus appears to the disciple (20:19-23)
When he had said this, he showed them his hands and his side. The disciples rejoiced when they saw the Lord. (Joh 20:20 NAB)
61 Sorrow will turn into joy (16:16-33)
So some of his disciples said to one another, "What does this mean that he is saying to us, 'A little while and you will not see me, and again a little while and you will see me,' and 'Because I am going to the Father'?" (Joh 16:17 NAB)
Going to the Father75 Jesus appears to Mary Magdalene (20:11-18)
Jesus said to her, "Stop holding on to me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father. But go to my brothers and tell them, 'I am going to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.'" (Joh 20:17 NAB)
62 Jesus prays for his disciples (17:1-26)
17:12 in order that the scripture might be fulfilled. (17:12)
Fulfillment of the Bible74 The resurrection of Jesus (20:1-10)
20:9 For they did not yet understand the scripture that he had to rise from the dead.(20:9)
63 The betrayal and arrest of Jesus (18:1-14)
18:1 When he had said this, Jesus went out with his disciples across the Kidron valley to where there was a garden, into which he and his disciples entered.(18:1)
Entering into a garden73 The burial of Jesus (19:38-42)
19:41 Now in the place where he had been crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb, in which no one had yet been buried. (19:41)
64 Denial of Peter (18:15-18)
Denial of Peter
Fulfillment of the words72 Jesus' side is pierced (19:31-37)
19:36 For this happened so that the scripture passage might be fulfilled (19:36)
65 The Jewish Trial and Peter's Denial (18:19-24)
18:22 When he had said this, one of the temple guards standing there struck Jesus and said, "Is this the way you answer the high priest?" (18:22)
The sufferings71 The death of Jesus (19:28-30)
19:30 When Jesus had taken the wine, he said, "It is finished." And bowing his head, he handed over the spirit.(19:30)
66 Denial of Peter again (18:25-27)
Denial of Peter
Betrayal / obedient disciples70 People with crucified Jesus (19:23-27)
19:27 Then he said to the disciple, "Behold, your mother." And from that hour the disciple took her into his home. (19:27)
67 Jesus before Pilate (18:28-38b)
18:37 You say I am a king.
Jesus as a king69 The crucifixion of Jesus (19:16b-22)
19:19 Jesus the Nazorean, the King of the Jews.

3-3-1

55 The promise of the holy spirit (14:15-24)
  56 Do not let your hearts be troubled (14:25-31)
    57 Jesus the true vine (15:1-10)
      58 love one another (15:11-17)
        59 The world's hatred (15:18-16:4a)
          60 The work of the Spirit (16:4b-15)
            61 Sorrow will turn into joy (16:16-33)
            62 Jesus prays for his disciples (17:1-26)
          63 The betrayal and arrest of Jesus (18:1-14)
        64 Denial of Peter (18:15-18)
      65 The Jewish Trial and Peter's Denial (18:19-24)
    66 Denial of Peter again (18:25-27)
  67 Jesus before Pilate (18:28-38b)
68 Jesus sentenced to death (18:38c-19:16a)
Former halfRelationLatter half
55 The promise of the holy spirit (14:15-24)
14:20 On that day you will realize that I am in my Father and you are in me and I in you.
The Son of God68 Jesus sentenced to death (18:38c-19:16a)
19:7"We have a law, and according to that law he ought to die, because he made himself the Son of God."
56 Do not let your hearts be troubled (14:25-31)
14:30for the ruler of the world is coming. He has no power over me,
Jesus doesn't belong to this world67 Jesus before Pilate (18:28-38b)
18:36"My kingdom does not belong to this world. If my kingdom did belong to this world, my attendants (would) be fighting to keep me from being handed over to the Jews. But as it is, my kingdom is not here."
57 Jesus the true vine (15:1-10)
15:4 Remain in me, as I remain in you. Just as a branch cannot bear fruit on its own unless it remains on the vine, so neither can you unless you remain in me. (15:4)
Obedient / betrayal disciples66 Denial of Peter again (18:25-27)
Denial of Peter
58 love one another (15:11-17)
15:11 I have told you this so that my joy may be in you and your joy may be complete. (15:11)
What Jesus said65 The Jewish Trial and Peter's Denial (18:19-24)
18:21 Ask those who heard me what I said to them. They know what I said. (18:21)
59 The world's hatred (15:18-16:4a)
15:25 But in order that the word written in their law might be fulfilled (15:25)
Fulfillment of the words64 Denial of Peter (18:15-18)
Denial of Peter
60 The work of the Spirit (16:4b-15)
16:15 Everything that the Father has is mine; for this reason I told you that he will take from what is mine and declare it to you. (16:15)
What the Father gave63 The betrayal and arrest of Jesus (18:1-14)
18:11 Shall I not drink the cup that the Father gave me? (18:11)
61 Sorrow will turn into joy (16:16-33)
16:21 When a woman is in labor, she is in anguish because her hour has arrived (16:21)
The hour has come62 Jesus prays for his disciples (17:1-26)
17:1 Father, the hour has come. (17:1)

3-3-2

68 Jesus sentenced to death (18:38c-19:16a)
  69 The crucifixion of Jesus (19:16b-22)
    70 People with crucified Jesus (19:23-27)
      71 The death of Jesus (19:28-30)
        72 Jesus' side is pierced (19:31-37)
          73 The burial of Jesus (19:38-42)
            74 The resurrection of Jesus (20:1-10)
            75 Jesus appears to Mary Magdalene (20:11-18)
          76 Jesus appears to the disciple (20:19-23)
        77 Jesus and Thomas (20:24-29)
      78 The purpose of this book (20:30-31)
    79 Jesus appears to seven disciples (21:1-14)
  80 Jesus and Peter (21:15-19)
81 Jesus and the beloved disciple (21:20-25)
Former halfRelationLatter half
68 Jesus sentenced to death (18:38c-19:16a)
19:11"You would have no power over me if it had not been given to you from above. For this reason the one who handed me over to you has the greater sin."
Betrayer81 Jesus and the beloved disciple (21:20-25)
21:20 Peter turned and saw the disciple following whom Jesus loved, the one who had also reclined upon his chest during the supper and had said, "Master, who is the one who will betray you?"
69 The crucifixion of Jesus (19:16b-22)
19:18 There they crucified him,
Restraint80 Jesus and Peter (21:15-19)
21:18you will stretch out your hands, and someone else will dress you and lead you where you do not want to go."
70 People with crucified Jesus (19:23-27)
19:23 When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they took his clothes and divided them into four shares, a share for each soldier. They also took his tunic, but the tunic was seamless, woven in one piece from the top down.
Cloth79 Jesus appears to seven disciples (21:1-14)
21:7for he was lightly clad, and jumped into the sea.
71 The death of Jesus (19:28-30)
19:30 When Jesus had taken the wine, he said, "It is finished."
Goal and fulfillment78 The purpose of this book (20:30-31)
20:31 But these are written that you may (come to) believe that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God, and that through this belief you may have life in his name.
72 Jesus' side is pierced (19:31-37)
19:35 An eyewitness has testified, and his testimony is true; he knows that he is speaking the truth, so that you also may (come to) believe.
Seeing and believing77 Jesus and Thomas (20:24-29)
20:29"Have you come to believe because you have seen me? Blessed are those who have not seen and have believed."
73 The burial of Jesus (19:38-42)
19:40 They took the body of Jesus and bound it with burial cloths along with the spices, according to the Jewish burial custom.
The body of Jesus76 Jesus appears to the disciple (20:19-23)
20:20 When he had said this, he showed them his hands and his side.
74 The resurrection of Jesus (20:1-10)
20:2"They have taken the Lord from the tomb, and we don't know where they put him."
Empty tomb75 Jesus appears to Mary Magdalene (20:11-18)
20:13 "They have taken my Lord, and I don't know where they laid him."

Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

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Literary Structure of the Bible by Hajime Murai is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Caution: The copyright of the cited Bible verses belongs to each translator and publisher.