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Literary structure (chiasmus, chiasm) of Epistle to the Galatians

Chiasmus and Concentric Structure of whole text


1-1

1 Salutation (1:1-5)
  2 There is no other Gospel (1:6-12)
    3 Paul and the other apostles (1:13-2:14)
      4 Jews and gentiles are saved by faith (2:15-21)
        5 Law or faith (3:1-14)
          6 The promise to Abraham (3:15-22)
            7 The heir (3:23-4:7)
          8 Paul reproves the Galatians (4:8-18)
        9 The allegory of Hagar and Sarah (4:19-31_5:1)
      10 The nature of Christian freedom (5:2-14)
    11 Flesh and spirit (5:15-26)
  12 Bear one another's burdens (6:1-10)
13 Final admonitions and benediction (6:11-18)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 Salutation (1:1-5)
grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ, (1:3)
Salutation13 Final admonitions and benediction (6:11-18)
The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit, brothers. Amen. (6:18)
2 There is no other Gospel (1:6-12)
I am amazed that you are so quickly forsaking the one who called you by (the) grace (of Christ) for a different gospel (1:6)
Temptation12 Bear one another's burdens (6:1-10)
Brothers, even if a person is caught in some transgression, you who are spiritual should correct that one in a gentle spirit, looking to yourself, so that you also may not be tempted. (6:1)
3 Paul and the other apostles (1:13-2:14)
to reveal his Son to me, so that I might proclaim him to the Gentiles, I did not immediately consult flesh and blood, (1:16)
Against the flesh11 Flesh and spirit (5:15-26)
For the flesh has desires against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; (5:17)
4 Jews and gentiles are saved by faith (2:15-21)
(yet) who know that a person is not justified by works of the law but through faith in Jesus Christ, (2:16)
The law cannot justify person10 The nature of Christian freedom (5:2-14)
You are separated from Christ, you who are trying to be justified by law; you have fallen from grace. (5:4)
5 Law or faith (3:1-14)
Realize then that it is those who have faith who are children of Abraham. (3:7)
Descendants of Abraham9 The allegory of Hagar and Sarah (4:19-31_5:1)
Now you, brothers, like Isaac, are children of the promise. (4:28)
6 The promise to Abraham (3:15-22)
This is what I mean: the law, which came four hundred and thirty years afterward, does not annul a covenant previously ratified by God, so as to cancel the promise. (3:17)
Does salvation become in vain8 Paul reproves the Galatians (4:8-18)
I am afraid on your account that perhaps I have labored for you in vain. (4:11)

1-1-1

1 Salutation (1:1-5)
  2 There is no other Gospel (1:6-12)
    3 Paul and the other apostles (1:13-2:14)
      4 Jews and gentiles are saved by faith (2:15-21)
    5 Law or faith (3:1-14)
  6 The promise to Abraham (3:15-22)
7 The heir (3:23-4:7)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 Salutation (1:1-5)
who gave himself for our sins that he might rescue us from the present evil age in accord with the will of our God and Father, (1:4)
Ransom by the child of God7 The heir (3:23-4:7)
to ransom those under the law, so that we might receive adoption. (4:5)
2 There is no other Gospel (1:6-12)
(not that there is another). But there are some who are disturbing you and wish to pervert the gospel of Christ. (1:7)
Gospel is not canceled6 The promise to Abraham (3:15-22)
This is what I mean: the law, which came four hundred and thirty years afterward, does not annul a covenant previously ratified by God, so as to cancel the promise. (3:17)
3 Paul and the other apostles (1:13-2:14)
to reveal his Son to me, so that I might proclaim him to the Gentiles, (1:16)
Salvation for gentiles5 Law or faith (3:1-14)
Scripture, which saw in advance that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, foretold the good news to Abraham, saying, "Through you shall all the nations be blessed." (3:8)

1-1-2

7 The heir (3:23-4:7)
  8 Paul reproves the Galatians (4:8-18)
    9 The allegory of Hagar and Sarah (4:19-31_5:1)
      10 The nature of Christian freedom (5:2-14)
    11 Flesh and spirit (5:15-26)
  12 Bear one another's burdens (6:1-10)
13 Final admonitions and benediction (6:11-18)
Former halfRelationLatter half
7 The heir (3:23-4:7)
In the same way we also, when we were not of age, were enslaved to the elemental powers of the world. (4:3)
The world and us13 Final admonitions and benediction (6:11-18)
through which the world has been crucified to me, and I to the world. (6:14)
8 Paul reproves the Galatians (4:8-18)
They show interest in you, but not in a good way; they want to isolate you, so that you may show interest in them. (4:17)
Waring about temptation12 Bear one another's burdens (6:1-10)
Brothers, even if a person is caught in some transgression, you who are spiritual should correct that one in a gentle spirit, looking to yourself, so that you also may not be tempted. (6:1)
9 The allegory of Hagar and Sarah (4:19-31_5:1)
But just as then the child of the flesh persecuted the child of the spirit, it is the same now. (4:29)
Spirit and flesh11 Flesh and spirit (5:15-26)
I say, then: live by the Spirit and you will certainly not gratify the desire of the flesh. (5:16)

Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

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Literary Structure of the Bible by Hajime Murai is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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