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Literary structure (chiasmus, chiasm) of Book of Tobit

Chiasmus and Concentric Structure of divided by 4


4-1

1 Preface (1:1-8)
  2 History of Tobit (1:9-2:10)
    3 Prayer of Tobit and Sarah (2:11-3:15)
  4 Raphael was sent (3:16-17)
5 Departure of Tobiah (4:1-21_6:1)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 Preface (1:1-8)
1:1 This book tells the story of Tobit, son of Tobiel, son of Hananiel, son of Aduel, son of Gabael of the family of Asiel, of the tribe of Naphtali,(1:1)
Ancestors5 Departure of Tobiah (4:1-21_6:1)
4:12 My boy, keep in mind Noah, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, our fathers from of old: (4:12)
2 History of Tobit (1:9-2:10)
2:10 For four years I was deprived of eyesight, and all my kinsmen were grieved at my condition (2:10)
Blindness4 Raphael was sent (3:16-17)
3:17 to remove the cataracts from Tobit's eyes, so that he might again see God's sunlight (3:17)

4-2

5 Departure of Tobiah (4:1-21_6:1)
  6 Capture of fish (6:2-9)
    7 Recommendation of marriage (6:10-18)
  8 The marriage (7:1-8:3)
9 Prayer of Tobiah and Sarah (8:4-9a)
Former halfRelationLatter half
5 Departure of Tobiah (4:1-21_6:1)
5:17 May God in heaven protect you on the way and bring you back to me safe and sound (5:17)
God in heaven9 Prayer of Tobiah and Sarah (8:4-9a)
8:5 Let the heavens and all your creation praise you forever. (8:5)
6 Capture of fish (6:2-9)
6:8 As regards the fish's heart and liver, if you burn them so that the smoke surrounds a man or a woman who is afflicted by a demon or evil spirit (6:8)
Expelling an evil spirit8 The marriage (7:1-8:3)
8:2 At this point Tobiah, mindful of Raphael's instructions, took the fish's liver and heart from the bag which he had with him, and placed them on the embers for the incense. (8:2)

4-3

9 Prayer of Tobiah and Sarah (8:4-9a)
  10 Gratitude of Raguel (8:9b-21)
    11 Return of Tobiah (9:1-10:13)
  12 Instruction of Raphael (11:1-8)
13 Recovery of Tobit (11:9-18)
Former halfRelationLatter half
9 Prayer of Tobiah and Sarah (8:4-9a)
8:7 Call down your mercy on me and on her, and allow us to live together to a happy old age. (8:7)
Mercy of the LORD13 Recovery of Tobit (11:9-18)
11:17 Before them all Tobit proclaimed how God had mercifully restored sight to his eyes (11:17)
10 Gratitude of Raguel (8:9b-21)
8:14 The maid went out and told the girl's parents that Tobiah was alive, and that there was nothing wrong. (8:14)
To know the safety of Tobiah12 Instruction of Raphael (11:1-8)
11:6 When she saw him coming, she exclaimed to his father, "Tobit, your son is coming, and the man who traveled with him!" (11:6)

4-4

13 Recovery of Tobit (11:9-18)
  14 Identity of the traveler (12:1-22)
    15 Tobit's thanksgiving to God (13:1-18)
  16 Tobit's final counsel (14:1-13)
17 Conclusion (14:14-15)
Former halfRelationLatter half
13 Recovery of Tobit (11:9-18)
11:15 Then Tobit went back in, rejoicing and praising God with full voice. (11:15)
Praise17 Conclusion (14:14-15)
14:15 Tobiah praised God for all that he had done against the citizens of Nineveh and Assyria. Before dying he rejoiced over Ninevehs destruction, and he blessed the Lord God forever and ever. Amen. (14:15)
14 Identity of the traveler (12:1-22)
Exohtation by Raphael
Exohtation16 Tobit's final counsel (14:1-13)
Exohtation by Tobit

Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

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Literary Structure of the Bible by Hajime Murai is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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