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Literary structure (chiasmus, chiasm) of Book of Judith

Chiasmus and Concentric Structure of divided by 2


2-1

1 Attack of Nebuchadnezzar (1:1-3:10)
  2 Prayer of Israel (4:1-15)
    3 Words of Achior (5:1-6:13)
      4 Achior handed over to the Israelites (6:14-21)
    5 Siege of Israel (7:1-32)
  6 Persuasion of Judith (8:1-36)
7 Prayer of Judith (9:1-14)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 Attack of Nebuchadnezzar (1:1-3:10)
2:19 Then he and his whole army proceeded on their expedition in advance of King Nebuchadnezzar, to cover all the western region with their chariots and cavalry and regular infantry. (2:19)
Invasion of Assyria7 Prayer of Judith (9:1-14)
9:7 Here are the Assyrians, a vast force, priding themselves on horse and rider, boasting of the power of their infantry, trusting in shield and spear, bow and sling. (9:7)
2 Prayer of Israel (4:1-15)
4:8 The Israelites carried out the orders given them by Joakim, the high priest, and the senate of the whole people of Israel, which met in Jerusalem.(4:8)
The elders of Israel6 Persuasion of Judith (8:1-36)
8:10 she sent the maid who was in charge of all her things to ask Uzziah, Chabris, and Charmis, the elders of the city, to visit her. (8:10)
3 Words of Achior (5:1-6:13)
5:20 So now, my lord and master, if these people are at fault, and are sinning against their God, and if we verify this offense of theirs, then we shall be able to go up and conquer them. (5:20)
Punishment by the LORD5 Siege of Israel (7:1-32)
7:28 We adjure you by heaven and earth, and by our God, the Lord of our forefathers, who is punishing us for our sins and those of our forefathers, to do as we have proposed, this very day. (7:28)

2-2

7 Prayer of Judith (9:1-14)
  8 Deception of Judith (10:1-12:9)
    9 Death of Holofernes (12:10-13:9)
      10 Return of Judith (13:11-14:10)
    11 Victory of Israel (14:11-15:7)
  12 Song of Judith (15:8-16:20)
13 Life of Judith (16:21-25)
Former halfRelationLatter half
7 Prayer of Judith (9:1-14)
9:14 Let your whole nation and all the tribes know clearly that you are the god of all power and might, and that there is no other who protects the people of Israel but you alone. (9:14)
Protection of Israel13 Life of Judith (16:21-25)
16:25 During the life of Judith and for a long time after her death, no one again disturbed the Israelites.(16:25)
8 Deception of Judith (10:1-12:9)
Deception of Judith
Words of Judith12 Song of Judith (15:8-16:20)
Song of Judith
9 Death of Holofernes (12:10-13:9)
Death of Holofernes
Victory of Israel11 Victory of Israel (14:11-15:7)
15:5 On hearing this, all the Israelites, with one accord, attacked them and cut them down as far as Choba. Even those from Jerusalem and the rest of the mountain region took part in this, for they too had been notified of the happenings in the camp of their enemies. The Gileadites and the Galileans struck the enemy's flanks with great slaughter, even beyond Damascus and its territory. (15:5)

Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

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Literary Structure of the Bible by Hajime Murai is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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