FAQ       Top  >  Literary Structure of the Bible  >  Book of Judith  >  3

Literary structure (chiasmus, chiasm) of Book of Judith

Chiasmus and Concentric Structure of divided by 3


3-1

1 Attack of Nebuchadnezzar (1:1-3:10)
  2 Prayer of Israel (4:1-15)
    3 Words of Achior (5:1-6:13)
  4 Achior handed over to the Israelites (6:14-21)
5 Siege of Israel (7:1-32)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 Attack of Nebuchadnezzar (1:1-3:10)
2:19 Then he and his whole army proceeded on their expedition in advance of King Nebuchadnezzar, to cover all the western region with their chariots and cavalry and regular infantry. (2:19)
Invasion of Assyria5 Siege of Israel (7:1-32)
7:1 The following day Holofernes ordered his whole army, and all the allied troops that had come to his support, to move against Bethulia, seize the mountain passes, and engage the Israelites in battle. (7:1)
2 Prayer of Israel (4:1-15)
4:15 With ashes upon their turbans, they cried to the Lord with all their strength to look with favor on the whole house of Israel.(4:15)
Wish for salvation of the LORD4 Achior handed over to the Israelites (6:14-21)
6:21 Uzziah brought him from the assembly to his home, where he gave a banquet for the elders. That whole night they called upon the God of Israel for help.(6:21)

3-2

5 Siege of Israel (7:1-32)
  6 Persuasion of Judith (8:1-36)
    7 Prayer of Judith (9:1-14)
  8 Deception of Judith (10:1-12:9)
9 Death of Holofernes (12:10-13:9)
Former halfRelationLatter half
5 Siege of Israel (7:1-32)
see 1-1
see 1-19 Death of Holofernes (12:10-13:9)
see 1-1
6 Persuasion of Judith (8:1-36)
see 1-1
see 1-18 Deception of Judith (10:1-12:9)
see 1-1

3-3

9 Death of Holofernes (12:10-13:9)
  10 Return of Judith (13:11-14:10)
    11 Victory of Israel (14:11-15:7)
  12 Song of Judith (15:8-16:20)
13 Life of Judith (16:21-25)
Former halfRelationLatter half
9 Death of Holofernes (12:10-13:9)
Death of Holofernes
Salvation from foreign country13 Life of Judith (16:21-25)
16:25 During the life of Judith and for a long time after her death, no one again disturbed the Israelites.(16:25)
10 Return of Judith (13:11-14:10)
13:17 They bowed down and worshiped God, saying with one accord, "Blessed are you, our God, who today have brought to nought the enemies of your people." (13:17)
Worship12 Song of Judith (15:8-16:20)
16:18 The people then went to Jerusalem to worship God; when they were purified, they offered their holocausts, freewill offerings, and gifts. (16:18)

Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

Creative Commons License
Literary Structure of the Bible by Hajime Murai is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Caution: The copyright of the cited Bible verses belongs to each translator and publisher.