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Literary structure (chiasmus, chiasm) of Book of Maccabees 1

Chiasmus and Concentric Structure of divided by 2


2-1

1 Reign of Antiochus (1:1-64)
  2 Mattathias and his Sons (2:1-70)
    3 Judah became the leader (3:1-4:35)
      4 Purification of the sanctuary (4:36-61)
        5 Unification of Israel (5:1-68)
      6 Wars against Antiochus and Demetrius (6:1-7:50)
    7 Alliance with Rome (8:1-32)
  8 The revenge of Judas's death (9:1-73)
9 Jonathan became the high priest (10:1-89)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 Reign of Antiochus (1:1-64)
1:10 There sprang from these a sinful offshoot, Antiochus Epiphanes, son of King Antiochus, once a hostage at Rome. He became king in the year one hundred and thirty-seven of the kingdom of the Greeks.(1:10)
King Epiphanes9 Jonathan became the high priest (10:1-89)
10:1 In the year one hundred and sixty, Alexander, who was called Epiphanes, son of Antiochus, came up and took Ptolemais. He was accepted and began to reign there.(10:1)
2 Mattathias and his Sons (2:1-70)
Death of Mattathias
Death of the leaders8 The revenge of Judas's death (9:1-73)
Death of Judah
3 Judah became the leader (3:1-4:35)
3:9 and was renowned to the ends of the earth; he gathered together those who were perishing. (3:9)
Reputation that reaches far7 Alliance with Rome (8:1-32)
8:1 Judas had heard of the reputation of the Romans. They were valiant fighters and acted amiably to all who took their side. They established a friendly alliance with all who applied to them.(8:1)
4 Purification of the sanctuary (4:36-61)
4:36 Then Judas and his brothers said, "Now that our enemies have been crushed, let us go up to purify the sanctuary and rededicate it."(4:36)
The temple6 Wars against Antiochus and Demetrius (6:1-7:50)
7:35 In a rage he swore: "If Judas and his army are not delivered to me at once, when I return victorious I will burn this temple down." He went away in great anger. (7:35)

2-2

9 Jonathan became the high priest (10:1-89)
  10 Establishment of the position of Jonathan (11:1-74)
    11 Alliance with Rome (12:1-23)
      12 Jonathan was defeated (12:24-53)
        13 Death of Jonathan (13:1-42)
      14 Simon became the leader (13:43-14:15)
    15 The monument (14:16-49)
  16 The wars of Antiochus and Trypho (15:1-41)
17 Death of Simon (16:1-24)
Former halfRelationLatter half
9 Jonathan became the high priest (10:1-89)
10:20 We have therefore appointed you today to be high priest of your nation; you are to be called the King's Friend, and you are to look after our interests and preserve amity with us." He also sent him a purple robe and a crown of gold. (10:20)
To be high priest17 Death of Simon (16:1-24)
16:24 these things are recorded in the chronicle of his pontificate, from the time that he succeeded his father as high priest.(16:24)
10 Establishment of the position of Jonathan (11:1-74)
11:28 Jonathan asked the king to exempt Judea and the three districts of Samaria from tribute, promising him in return three hundred talents. (11:28)
The tax exemptions16 The wars of Antiochus and Trypho (15:1-41)
15:5 "Now, therefore, I confirm to you all the tax exemptions that the kings before me granted you and whatever other privileges they conferred on you. (15:5)
11 Alliance with Rome (12:1-23)
12:2 He also sent letters to Sparta and other places for the same purpose.(12:2)
Alliance with Sparta15 The monument (14:16-49)
14:18 they sent him inscribed tablets of bronze to renew with him the friendship and alliance that they had established with his brothers Judas and Jonathan. (14:18)
12 Jonathan was defeated (12:24-53)
12:24 Jonathan heard that the generals of Demetrius had returned to attack him with a stronger army than before. (12:24)
The army of Demetrius14 Simon became the leader (13:43-14:15)
14:1 In the year one hundred and seventy-two, King Demetrius assembled his army and marched into Media to obtain help so that he could fight Trypho.(14:1)

Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

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