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Literary structure (chiasmus, chiasm) of Book of Isaiah

Chiasmus and Concentric Structure of divided by 5


5-1

1 The wickednedd of Judah (1:1-20)
  2 The degenerate city (1:21-31)
    3 The future house of God (2:1-22)
      4 The daughters of Zion (3:1-26_4:1)
        5 The future glory of the survivors in Zion (4:2-6)
          6 The song of the unfruitiful vineyard (5:1-7)
            7 Social injustice denounced (5:8-25)
              8 Foreign invasion predicted (5:26-30)
                9 A vision of God in the Temple (6:1-13)
              10 The sign of Immanuel (7:1-25)
            11 With us is God (8:1-20)
          12 Waiting for the LORD (8:21-9:6)
        13 Judgment on arrogance and oppression (9:7-10:4)
      14 Arrogant Assyria also judged (10:5-19)
    15 The repentant remnant of Israel (10:20-34)
  16 The peaceful kingdom (11:1-16)
17 Thanksgiving and praise (12:1-6)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 The wickednedd of Judah (1:1-20)
1:18 Come now, let us set things right, says the LORD: Though your sins be like scarlet, they may become white as snow; Though they be crimson red, they may become white as wool. (1:18)
Forgiveness of sin17 Thanksgiving and praise (12:1-6)
12:1 On that day, you will say: I give you thanks, O LORD; though you have been angry with me, your anger has abated, and you have consoled me.(12:1)
2 The degenerate city (1:21-31)
1:27 Zion shall be redeemed by judgment, and her repentant ones by justice.(1:27)
Redemption16 The peaceful kingdom (11:1-16)
11:11 On that day, The Lord shall again take it in hand to reclaim the remnant of his people that is left from Assyria and Egypt, Pathros, Ethiopia, and Elam, Shinar, Hamath, and the isles of the sea.(11:11)
3 The future house of God (2:1-22)
2:3 many peoples shall come and say: "Come, let us climb the LORD'S mountain, to the house of the God of Jacob, That he may instruct us in his ways, and we may walk in his paths." For from Zion shall go forth instruction, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.(2:3)
Return of the people15 The repentant remnant of Israel (10:20-34)
10:20 On that day The remnant of Israel, the survivors of the house of Jacob, will no more lean upon him who struck them; But they lean upon the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, in truth. (10:20)
4 The daughters of Zion (3:1-26_4:1)
3:16 The LORD said: Because the daughters of Zion are haughty, and walk with necks outstretched Ogling and mincing as they go, their anklets tinkling with every step, (3:16)
Haughty people14 Arrogant Assyria also judged (10:5-19)
10:12 (But when the LORD has brought to an end all his work on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem, I will punish the utterance of the king of Assyrias proud heart, (10:12)
5 The future glory of the survivors in Zion (4:2-6)
4:2 On that day, The branch of the LORD will be luster and glory, and the fruit of the earth will be honor and splendor for the survivors of Israel.(4:2)
Parable of a branch13 Judgment on arrogance and oppression (9:7-10:4)
9:13 So the LORD severs from Israel head and tail, palm branch and reed in one day. (9:13)
6 The song of the unfruitiful vineyard (5:1-7)
5:7 The vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah are his cherished plant; He looked for judgment, but see, bloodshed! for justice, but hark, the outcry!(5:7)
Judgment and justice12 Waiting for the LORD (8:21-9:6)
9:6 His dominion is vast and forever peaceful, From David's throne, and over his kingdom, which he confirms and sustains By judgment and justice, both now and forever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will do this! (9:6)
7 Social injustice denounced (5:8-25)
5:25 Therefore the wrath of the LORD blazes against his people, he raises his hand to strike them; When the mountains quake, their corpses shall be like refuse in the streets. For all this, his wrath is not turned back, and his hand is still outstretched. (5:25)
Judgment of the LORD11 With us is God (8:1-20)
8:7 Therefore the LORD raises against them the waters of the River, great and mighty (the king of Assyria and all his power). It shall rise above all its channels, and overflow all its banks; (8:7)
8 Foreign invasion predicted (5:26-30)
5:26 He will give a signal to a far-off nation, and whistle to them from the ends of the earth;
Whistle10 The sign of Immanuel (7:1-25)
7:18 On that day The LORD shall whistle for the fly that is in the farthest streams of Egypt, and for the bee in the land of Assyria

5-1-1

1 The wickednedd of Judah (1:1-20)
  2 The degenerate city (1:21-31)
    3 The future house of God (2:1-22)
      4 The daughters of Zion (3:1-26_4:1)
        5 The future glory of the survivors in Zion (4:2-6)
      6 The song of the unfruitiful vineyard (5:1-7)
    7 Social injustice denounced (5:8-25)
  8 Foreign invasion predicted (5:26-30)
9 A vision of God in the Temple (6:1-13)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 The wickednedd of Judah (1:1-20)
1:4 Ah! sinful nation, people laden with wickedness, evil race, corrupt children! They have forsaken the LORD, spurned the Holy One of Israel, apostatized.(1:4)
Wickedness and sin9 A vision of God in the Temple (6:1-13)
6:7 He touched my mouth with it. "See," he said, "now that this has touched your lips, your wickedness is removed, your sin purged."(6:7)
2 The degenerate city (1:21-31)
1:24 Now, therefore, says the Lord, the LORD of hosts, the Mighty One of Israel: Ah! I will take vengeance on my foes and fully repay my enemies! (1:24)
Punishment by the LORD8 Foreign invasion predicted (5:26-30)
5:30 (They will roar over it, on that day, with a roaring like that of the sea.)(5:30)
3 The future house of God (2:1-22)
2:3 For from Zion shall go forth instruction, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem (2:3)
Teachings of the LORD7 Social injustice denounced (5:8-25)
5:24 For they have spurned the law of the LORD of hosts, and scorned the word of the Holy One of Israel (5:24)
4 The daughters of Zion (3:1-26_4:1)
3:18 On that day the LORD will do away with the finery of the anklets, sunbursts, and crescents; (3:18)
Judgement of the LORD6 The song of the unfruitiful vineyard (5:1-7)
5:5 Now, I will let you know what I mean to do to my vineyard: Take away its hedge, give it to grazing, break through its wall, let it be trampled! (5:5)

5-1-2

9 A vision of God in the Temple (6:1-13)
  10 The sign of Immanuel (7:1-25)
    11 With us is God (8:1-20)
      12 Waiting for the LORD (8:21-9:6)
        13 Judgment on arrogance and oppression (9:7-10:4)
      14 Arrogant Assyria also judged (10:5-19)
    15 The repentant remnant of Israel (10:20-34)
  16 The peaceful kingdom (11:1-16)
17 Thanksgiving and praise (12:1-6)
Former halfRelationLatter half
9 A vision of God in the Temple (6:1-13)
6:13 If there be still a tenth part in it, then this in turn shall be laid waste; As with a terebinth or an oak whose trunk remains when its leaves have fallen. (Holy offspring is the trunk.)(6:13)
End of the wrath of the LORD17 Thanksgiving and praise (12:1-6)
12:1 On that day, you will say: I give you thanks, O LORD; though you have been angry with me, your anger has abated, and you have consoled me.(12:1)
10 The sign of Immanuel (7:1-25)
7:14 Therefore the Lord himself will give you this sign: the virgin shall be with child, and bear a son, and shall name him Immanuel.(7:14)
Servants and the LORD16 The peaceful kingdom (11:1-16)
11:1 But a shoot shall sprout from the stump of Jesse, and from his roots a bud shall blossom.(11:1)
11 With us is God (8:1-20)
8:13 But with the LORD of hosts make your alliance-- for him be your fear and your awe. (8:13)
Leaning on the LORD15 The repentant remnant of Israel (10:20-34)
10:20 On that day The remnant of Israel, the survivors of the house of Jacob, will no more lean upon him who struck them; But they lean upon the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, in truth. (10:20)
12 Waiting for the LORD (8:21-9:6)
9:3 For the yoke that burdened them, the pole on their shoulder, And the rod of their taskmaster you have smashed, as on the day of Midian. (9:3)
Rod and stuff14 Arrogant Assyria also judged (10:5-19)
10:5 Woe to Assyria! My rod in anger, my staff in wrath. (10:5)

5-2

17 Thanksgiving and praise (12:1-6)
  18 Proclamation against Babylon (13:1-22)
    19 Downfall of the king of Babylon (14:1-27)
      20 An oracle concerning Philistia (14:28-32)
        21 An oracle concerning Moab (15:1-16:14)
          22 An oracle concerning Damascus (17:1-11)
            23 An oracle concerning Ethiopia (17:12-18:7)
              24 An oracle concerning Egypt (19:1-15)
                25 Egypt, Assria and Israel blessed (19:16-25)
              26 Isaiah dramatizes the conquest of Egypt and Ethiopia (20:1-6)
            27 An oracle concerning Babylon (21:1-10)
          28 An oracle concerning Edom (21:11-17)
        29 A warning of destruction of Jerusalem (22:1-14)
      30 Denunciation of self-seeking officials (22:15-25)
    31 An oracle concerning Tyre (23:1-18)
  32 Impending judgment on the Earth (24:1-13)
33 The songs from the end of the earth (24:14-23)
Former halfRelationLatter half
17 Thanksgiving and praise (12:1-6)
12:6 Shout with exultation, O city of Zion, for great in your midst is the Holy One of Israel!(12:6)
Song of praise33 The songs from the end of the earth (24:14-23)
24:16 From the end of the earth we hear songs: "Splendor to the Just One!" But I said, "I am wasted, wasted away. Woe is me! The traitors betray: with treachery have the traitors betrayed! (24:16)
18 Proclamation against Babylon (13:1-22)
13:9 Lo, the day of the LORD comes, cruel, with wrath and burning anger; To lay waste the land and destroy the sinners within it! (13:9)
Ruin as punishment of sins32 Impending judgment on the Earth (24:1-13)
24:6 Therefore a curse devours the earth, and its inhabitants pay for their guilt; Therefore they who dwell on earth turn pale, and few men are left. (24:6)
19 Downfall of the king of Babylon (14:1-27)
14:27 The LORD of hosts has planned; who can thwart him? His hand is stretched out; who can turn it back? (14:27)
Judgement by the LORD of hosts31 An oracle concerning Tyre (23:1-18)
23:9 The LORD of hosts has planned it, to disgrace all pride of majesty, to degrade all the earth's honored men. (23:9)
20 An oracle concerning Philistia (14:28-32)
14:32 What will one answer the messengers of the nation? "The LORD has established Zion, and in her the afflicted of his people find refuge."(14:32)
Foundation of Zion30 Denunciation of self-seeking officials (22:15-25)
22:21 I will clothe him with your robe, and gird him with your sash, and give over to him your authority. He shall be a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to the house of Judah. (22:21)
21 An oracle concerning Moab (15:1-16:14)
15:3 In the streets they wear sackcloth, lamenting and weeping; On the rooftops and in the squares everyone wails. (15:3)
Wearing sackcloth and lamenting29 A warning of destruction of Jerusalem (22:1-14)
22:12 On that day the Lord, the GOD of hosts, called on you To weep and mourn, to shave your head and put on sackcloth. (22:12)
22 An oracle concerning Damascus (17:1-11)
17:4 On that day The glory of Jacob shall fade, and his full body grow thin, (17:4)
Debilitation on that day28 An oracle concerning Edom (21:11-17)
21:16 For thus says the Lord to me: In another year, like those of a hireling, all the glory of Kedar shall come to an end.(21:16)
23 An oracle concerning Ethiopia (17:12-18:7)
18:2 Sending ambassadors by sea, in papyrus boats on the waters! Go, swift messengers, to a nation tall and bronzed, To a people dreaded near and far, a nation strong and conquering, whose land is washed by rivers. (18:2)
Person who come from fearful land27 An oracle concerning Babylon (21:1-10)
21:1 Oracle on the wastelands by the sea: Like whirlwinds sweeping in waves through the Negeb, there comes from the desert, from the fearful land,(21:1)
24 An oracle concerning Egypt (19:1-15)
19:4 I will deliver Egypt into the power of a cruel master, A harsh king who shall rule over them, says the Lord, the LORD of hosts.(19:4)
Egypt is dominated26 Isaiah dramatizes the conquest of Egypt and Ethiopia (20:1-6)
20:4 so shall the king of Assyria lead away captives from Egypt, and exiles from Ethiopia, young and old, naked and barefoot, with buttocks uncovered (the shame of Egypt). (20:4)

5-2-1

17 Thanksgiving and praise (12:1-6)
  18 Proclamation against Babylon (13:1-22)
    19 Downfall of the king of Babylon (14:1-27)
      20 An oracle concerning Philistia (14:28-32)
        21 An oracle concerning Moab (15:1-16:14)
      22 An oracle concerning Damascus (17:1-11)
    23 An oracle concerning Ethiopia (17:12-18:7)
  24 An oracle concerning Egypt (19:1-15)
25 Egypt, Assria and Israel blessed (19:16-25)
Former halfRelationLatter half
17 Thanksgiving and praise (12:1-6)
see 2-1
see 2-125 Egypt, Assria and Israel blessed (19:16-25)
see 2-1
18 Proclamation against Babylon (13:1-22)
see 2-1
see 2-124 An oracle concerning Egypt (19:1-15)
see 2-1
19 Downfall of the king of Babylon (14:1-27)
see 2-1
see 2-123 An oracle concerning Ethiopia (17:12-18:7)
see 2-1
20 An oracle concerning Philistia (14:28-32)
see 2-1
see 2-122 An oracle concerning Damascus (17:1-11)
see 2-1

5-2-2

25 Egypt, Assria and Israel blessed (19:16-25)
  26 Isaiah dramatizes the conquest of Egypt and Ethiopia (20:1-6)
    27 An oracle concerning Babylon (21:1-10)
      28 An oracle concerning Edom (21:11-17)
        29 A warning of destruction of Jerusalem (22:1-14)
      30 Denunciation of self-seeking officials (22:15-25)
    31 An oracle concerning Tyre (23:1-18)
  32 Impending judgment on the Earth (24:1-13)
33 The songs from the end of the earth (24:14-23)
Former halfRelationLatter half
25 Egypt, Assria and Israel blessed (19:16-25)
19:24 On that day Israel shall be a third party with Egypt and Assyria, a blessing in the midst of the land, (19:24)
Many nations obey to the LORD33 The songs from the end of the earth (24:14-23)
24:21 On that day the LORD will punish the host of the heavens in the heavens, and the kings of the earth on the earth.(24:21)
26 Isaiah dramatizes the conquest of Egypt and Ethiopia (20:1-6)
20:4 so shall the king of Assyria lead away captives from Egypt, and exiles from Ethiopia, young and old, naked and barefoot, with buttocks uncovered (the shame of Egypt). (20:4)
Captivity32 Impending judgment on the Earth (24:1-13)
24:1 Lo, the LORD empties the land and lays it waste; he turns it upside down, scattering its inhabitants:(24:1)
27 An oracle concerning Babylon (21:1-10)
21:3 Therefore my loins are filled with anguish, pangs have seized me like those of a woman in labor; I am too bewildered to hear, too dismayed to look. (21:3)
Suffering of birth31 An oracle concerning Tyre (23:1-18)
23:4 Shame, O Sidon, fortress on the sea, for the sea has spoken: "I have not been in labor, nor given birth, nor raised young men, nor reared virgins."(23:4)
28 An oracle concerning Edom (21:11-17)
21:16 For thus says the Lord to me: In another year, like those of a hireling, all the glory of Kedar shall come to an end.(21:16)
End of the glory30 Denunciation of self-seeking officials (22:15-25)
22:25 On that day, says the LORD of hosts, the peg fixed in a sure spot shall give way, break off and fall, and the weight that hung on it shall be done away with; for the LORD has spoken.(22:25)

5-3

33 The songs from the end of the earth (24:14-23)
  34 Praise for deliverance from oppression (25:1-12)
    35 Judah's song of victory (26:1-21)
      36 A vineyard of the LORD (27:1-13)
        37 Fall of Samaria (28:1-8)
          38 Judgment on corrupt rulers, priests, and prophets (28:9-13)
            39 A stone in Zion (28:14-22)
              40 Farmer's wisdom (28:23-29)
                41 The siege of Jerusalem (29:1-8)
              42 Drunken rulers (29:9-14)
            43 Hope for the future (29:15-24)
          44 The futility of reliance on Egypt (30:1-5)
        45 A rebellious people (30:6-18)
      46 God's promise to Zion (30:19-26)
    47 Judgment on Assyria (30:27-33)
  48 Alliance with Egypt is futile (31:1-9)
49 Complacent women warned of disaster (32:1-20)
Former halfRelationLatter half
33 The songs from the end of the earth (24:14-23)
see 1-1
see 1-149 Complacent women warned of disaster (32:1-20)
see 1-1
34 Praise for deliverance from oppression (25:1-12)
see 1-1
see 1-148 Alliance with Egypt is futile (31:1-9)
see 1-1
35 Judah's song of victory (26:1-21)
see 1-1
see 1-147 Judgment on Assyria (30:27-33)
see 1-1
36 A vineyard of the LORD (27:1-13)
see 1-1
see 1-146 God's promise to Zion (30:19-26)
see 1-1
37 Fall of Samaria (28:1-8)
see 1-1
see 1-145 A rebellious people (30:6-18)
see 1-1
38 Judgment on corrupt rulers, priests, and prophets (28:9-13)
see 1-1
see 1-144 The futility of reliance on Egypt (30:1-5)
see 1-1
39 A stone in Zion (28:14-22)
see 1-1
see 1-143 Hope for the future (29:15-24)
see 1-1
40 Farmer's wisdom (28:23-29)
see 1-1
see 1-142 Drunken rulers (29:9-14)
see 1-1

5-3-1

33 The songs from the end of the earth (24:14-23)
  34 Praise for deliverance from oppression (25:1-12)
    35 Judah's song of victory (26:1-21)
      36 A vineyard of the LORD (27:1-13)
        37 Fall of Samaria (28:1-8)
      38 Judgment on corrupt rulers, priests, and prophets (28:9-13)
    39 A stone in Zion (28:14-22)
  40 Farmer's wisdom (28:23-29)
41 The siege of Jerusalem (29:1-8)
Former halfRelationLatter half
33 The songs from the end of the earth (24:14-23)
24:21 On that day the LORD will punish the host of the heavens in the heavens, and the kings of the earth on the earth.(24:21)
Ruin of foreign army41 The siege of Jerusalem (29:1-8)
29:5 The horde of your arrogant shall be like fine dust, the horde of the tyrants like flying chaff. Then suddenly, in an instant, (29:5)
34 Praise for deliverance from oppression (25:1-12)
25:7 On this mountain he will destroy the veil that veils all peoples, The web that is woven over all nations; (25:7)
Wonderful wisdom of the LORD40 Farmer's wisdom (28:23-29)
28:29 This too comes from the LORD of hosts; wonderful is his counsel and great his wisdom.(28:29)
35 Judah's song of victory (26:1-21)
26:4 Trust in the LORD forever! For the LORD is an eternal Rock. (26:4)
Trust in the LORD39 A stone in Zion (28:14-22)
28:16 Therefore, thus says the Lord GOD: See, I am laying a stone in Zion, a stone that has been tested, A precious cornerstone as a sure foundation; he who puts his faith in it shall not be shaken.(28:16)
36 A vineyard of the LORD (27:1-13)
27:5 Or shall he cling to me for refuge? He must make peace with me; peace shall he make with me!(27:5)
Forgiveness of the LORD38 Judgment on corrupt rulers, priests, and prophets (28:9-13)
28:12 to whom he said: This is the resting place, give rest to the weary; Here is repose-- but they would not listen. (28:12)

5-3-2

41 The siege of Jerusalem (29:1-8)
  42 Drunken rulers (29:9-14)
    43 Hope for the future (29:15-24)
      44 The futility of reliance on Egypt (30:1-5)
        45 A rebellious people (30:6-18)
      46 God's promise to Zion (30:19-26)
    47 Judgment on Assyria (30:27-33)
  48 Alliance with Egypt is futile (31:1-9)
49 Complacent women warned of disaster (32:1-20)
Former halfRelationLatter half
41 The siege of Jerusalem (29:1-8)
29:8 As when a hungry man dreams he is eating and awakens with an empty stomach, Or when a thirsty man dreams he is drinking and awakens faint and dry, So shall the horde of all the nations be, who make war against Zion. (29:8)
Invisible / visible49 Complacent women warned of disaster (32:1-20)
32:3 The eyes of those who see will not be closed;. the ears of those who hear will be attentive, (32:3)
42 Drunken rulers (29:9-14)
29:10 For the LORD has poured out on you a spirit of deep sleep. He has shut your eyes (the prophets) and covered your heads (the seers). (29:10)
Deluded by the spirit of the Lord48 Alliance with Egypt is futile (31:1-9)
31:3 The Egyptians are men, not God, their horses are flesh, not spirit; When the LORD stretches forth his hand, the helper shall stumble, the one helped shall fall, and both of them shall perish together. (31:3)
43 Hope for the future (29:15-24)
29:19 The lowly will ever find joy in the LORD, and the poor rejoice in the Holy One of Israel. (29:19)
Salvation by the LORD47 Judgment on Assyria (30:27-33)
30:29 You will sing as on a night when a feast is observed, And be merry of heart, as one marching along with a flute Toward the mountain of the LORD, toward the Rock of Israel, accompanied by the timbrels and lyres. (30:29)
44 The futility of reliance on Egypt (30:1-5)
30:2 They go down to Egypt, but my counsel they do not seek. They find their strength in Pharaoh's protection and take refuge in Egypt's shadow; (30:2)
Don't listen / listen46 God's promise to Zion (30:19-26)
30:21 While from behind, a voice shall sound in your ears: "This is the way; walk in it," when you would turn to the right or to the left. (30:21)

5-4

49 Complacent women warned of disaster (32:1-20)
  50 The land of the Majestic king (33:1-24)
    51 Judgment on the nations (34:1-17)
      52 The return of the redeemed to Zion (35:1-10)
        53 Sennacherib threatens Jerusalem (36:1-37:38)
          54 Hizekiah's illness (38:1-39:8)
            55 God's people are comforted (40:1-11)
              56 Creation by God (40:12-31)
                57 Israel assured of God's help (41:1-26)
              58 The servant, a light to the nations (41:27-42:25)
            59 Israel's redemption (43:1-28)
          60 The absurdity of idol worship (44:1-28)
        61 Cyrus, God's instrument (45:1-17)
      62 Idols cannot save Babylon (45:18-46:13)
    63 The humiliation of Babylon (47:1-15)
  64 Fulfillment of the prophecy (48:1-11)
65 God the redeemer (48:12-22)
Former halfRelationLatter half
49 Complacent women warned of disaster (32:1-20)
32:17 Justice will bring about peace; right will produce calm and security. (32:17)
Peace65 God the redeemer (48:12-22)
48:18 If you would hearken to my commandments, your prosperity would be like a river, and your vindication like the waves of the sea; (48:18)
50 The land of the Majestic king (33:1-24)
33:14 On Zion sinners are in dread, trembling grips the impious: "Who of us can live with the consuming fire? who of us can live with the everlasting flames?" (33:14)
Fire and furnace64 Fulfillment of the prophecy (48:1-11)
48:10 See, I have refined you like silver, tested you in the furnace of affliction. (48:10)
51 Judgment on the nations (34:1-17)
34:8 For the LORD has a day of vengeance, a year of requital by Zion's defender. (34:8)
Vengeance63 The humiliation of Babylon (47:1-15)
47:3 Your nakedness shall be uncovered and your shame be seen; I will take vengeance, I will yield to no entreaty, says our redeemer, (47:3)
52 The return of the redeemed to Zion (35:1-10)
35:10 enter Zion singing, crowned with everlasting joy; They will meet with joy and gladness, sorrow and mourning will flee.(35:10)
Salvation of Zion62 Idols cannot save Babylon (45:18-46:13)
46:13 I will put salvation within Zion, and give to Israel my glory (46:13)
53 Sennacherib threatens Jerusalem (36:1-37:38)
defeat of Sennacherib
Victory against foreigners by the LORD61 Cyrus, God's instrument (45:1-17)
freed by Cyrus
54 Hizekiah's illness (38:1-39:8)
38:7 (Isaiah answered:) "This will be the sign for you from the LORD that he will do what he has promised: (38:7)
Sign of the LORD / omens of liars60 The absurdity of idol worship (44:1-28)
44:25 It is I who bring to nought the omens of liars, who make fools of diviners; I turn wise men back and make their knowledge foolish. (44:25)
55 God's people are comforted (40:1-11)
40:3 A voice cries out: In the desert prepare the way of the LORD! Make straight in the wasteland a highway for our God!(40:3)
Preparing a road in desert59 Israel's redemption (43:1-28)
43:19 See, I am doing something new! Now it springs forth, do you not perceive it? In the desert I make a way, in the wasteland, rivers. (43:19)
56 Creation by God (40:12-31)
40:19 An idol, cast by a craftsman, which the smith plates with gold and fits with silver chains? (40:19)
Making an idol58 The servant, a light to the nations (41:27-42:25)
41:29 Ah, all of them are nothing, their works are nought, their idols are empty wind!(41:29)

5-4-1

49 Complacent women warned of disaster (32:1-20)
  50 The land of the Majestic king (33:1-24)
    51 Judgment on the nations (34:1-17)
      52 The return of the redeemed to Zion (35:1-10)
        53 Sennacherib threatens Jerusalem (36:1-37:38)
      54 Hizekiah's illness (38:1-39:8)
    55 God's people are comforted (40:1-11)
  56 Creation by God (40:12-31)
57 Israel assured of God's help (41:1-26)
Former halfRelationLatter half
49 Complacent women warned of disaster (32:1-20)
32:1 See, a king will reign justly and princes will rule rightly. (32:1)
Ruled by the king57 Israel assured of God's help (41:1-26)
41:2 To him he delivers the nations and subdues the kings; With his sword he reduces them to dust, with his bow, to driven straw.(41:2)
50 The land of the Majestic king (33:1-24)
33:2 O LORD, have pity on us, for you we wait. Be our strength every morning, our salvation in time of trouble! (33:2)
The LORD gives a power56 Creation by God (40:12-31)
40:31 They that hope in the LORD will renew their strength, they will soar as with eagles' wings; They will run and not grow weary, walk and not grow faint.(40:31)
51 Judgment on the nations (34:1-17)
34:8 For the LORD has a day of vengeance, a year of requital by Zions defender. (34:8)
The day of Zions salvation55 God's people are comforted (40:1-11)
40:9 Go up onto a high mountain, Zion, herald of glad tidings; Cry out at the top of your voice, Jerusalem, herald of good news! Fear not to cry out and say to the cities of Judah: Here is your God! (40:9)
52 The return of the redeemed to Zion (35:1-10)
35:5 Then will the eyes of the blind be opened, the ears of the deaf be cleared; (35:5)
Miracle of healing54 Hizekiah's illness (38:1-39:8)
38:9 The song of Hezekiah, king of Judah, after he had been sick and had recovered from his illness: (38:9)

5-4-2

57 Israel assured of God's help (41:1-26)
  58 The servant, a light to the nations (41:27-42:25)
    59 Israel's redemption (43:1-28)
      60 The absurdity of idol worship (44:1-28)
        61 Cyrus, God's instrument (45:1-17)
      62 Idols cannot save Babylon (45:18-46:13)
    63 The humiliation of Babylon (47:1-15)
  64 Fulfillment of the prophecy (48:1-11)
65 God the redeemer (48:12-22)
Former halfRelationLatter half
57 Israel assured of God's help (41:1-26)
see 2-2
see 2-265 God the redeemer (48:12-22)
see 2-2
58 The servant, a light to the nations (41:27-42:25)
see 2-2
see 2-264 Fulfillment of the prophecy (48:1-11)
see 2-2
59 Israel's redemption (43:1-28)
see 2-2
see 2-263 The humiliation of Babylon (47:1-15)
see 2-2
60 The absurdity of idol worship (44:1-28)
see 2-2
see 2-262 Idols cannot save Babylon (45:18-46:13)
see 2-2

5-5

65 God the redeemer (48:12-22)
  66 The servant's mission (49:1-6)
    67 Zion's children to be brought home (49:7-50:3)
      68 The sercant's humilitation and vindication (50:4-11)
        69 Return to Zion (51:1-52:12)
          70 The suffering servant (52:13-53:12)
            71 Everlasting mercy (54:1-17)
              72 Thecovenant extended to all who obey (55:1-56:12)
                73 A promise of help and healing (57:1-58:14)
              74 Injustice and oppression to be punished (59:1-21)
            75 God the glory of Zion (60:1-22)
          76 The good news of deliverance (61:1-11)
        77 The vindication and salvation of Zion (62:1-12)
      78 Vengeance on Edom (63:1-6)
    79 God's mercy remembered (63:7-64:11)
  80 The righteousness of God's judgment (65:1-25)
81 The reign and indignation of God (66:1-24)
Former halfRelationLatter half
65 God the redeemer (48:12-22)
48:19 Your descendants would be like the sand, and those born of your stock like its grains, Their name never cut off or blotted out from my presence. (48:19)
Flourish of descendants81 The reign and indignation of God (66:1-24)
66:22 As the new heavens and the new earth which I will make Shall endure before me, says the LORD, so shall your race and your name endure. (66:22)
66 The servant's mission (49:1-6)
49:4 Though I thought I had toiled in vain, and for nothing, uselessly, spent my strength, Yet my reward is with the LORD, my recompense is with my God. (49:4)
Toils is not in vain80 The righteousness of God's judgment (65:1-25)
65:23 They shall not toil in vain, nor beget children for sudden destruction; For a race blessed by the LORD are they and their offspring. (65:23)
67 Zion's children to be brought home (49:7-50:3)
49:26 I will make your oppressors eat their own flesh, and they shall be drunk with their own blood as with the juice of the grape. All mankind shall know that I, the LORD, am your savior, your redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob.(49:26)
The LORD saves and redeems79 God's mercy remembered (63:7-64:11)
63:9 in their every affliction. It was not a messenger or an angel, but he himself who saved them. Because of his love and pity he redeemed them himself, Lifting them and carrying them all the days of old. (63:9)
68 The sercant's humilitation and vindication (50:4-11)
50:8 He is near who upholds my right; if anyone wishes to oppose me, let us appear together. Who disputes my right? Let him confront me. (50:8)
The LORD is only help78 Vengeance on Edom (63:1-6)
63:5 I looked about, but there was no one to help, I was appalled that there was no one to lend support; So my own arm brought about the victory and my own wrath lent me its support. (63:5)
69 Return to Zion (51:1-52:12)
52:7 How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him who brings glad tidings, Announcing peace, bearing good news, announcing salvation, and saying to Zion, "Your God is King!"(52:7)
Saying for Zion77 The vindication and salvation of Zion (62:1-12)
62:1 For Zion's sake I will not be silent, for Jerusalem's sake I will not be quiet, Until her vindication shines forth like the dawn and her victory like a burning torch. (62:1)
70 The suffering servant (52:13-53:12)
53:5 But he was pierced for our offenses, crushed for our sins, Upon him was the chastisement that makes us whole, by his stripes we were healed. (53:5)
Crushed person76 The good news of deliverance (61:1-11)
61:1 The spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me, because the LORD has anointed me; He has sent me to bring glad tidings to the lowly, to heal the brokenhearted, To proclaim liberty to the captives and release to the prisoners,(61:1)
71 Everlasting mercy (54:1-17)
54:7 For a brief moment I abandoned you, but with great tenderness I will take you back. (54:7)
Objects which were once abandoned75 God the glory of Zion (60:1-22)
60:15 Once you were forsaken, hated and unvisited, Now I will make you the pride of the ages, a joy to generation after generation. (60:15)
72 Thecovenant extended to all who obey (55:1-56:12)
55:3 Come to me heedfully, listen, that you may have life. I will renew with you the everlasting covenant, the benefits assured to David. (55:3)
Covenant74 Injustice and oppression to be punished (59:1-21)
59:21 This is the covenant with them which I myself have made, says the LORD: My spirit which is upon you and my words that I have put into your mouth Shall never leave your mouth, nor the mouths of your children Nor the mouths of your children's children from now on and forever, says the LORD.(59:21)

5-5-1

65 God the redeemer (48:12-22)
  66 The servant's mission (49:1-6)
    67 Zion's children to be brought home (49:7-50:3)
      68 The sercant's humilitation and vindication (50:4-11)
        69 Return to Zion (51:1-52:12)
      70 The suffering servant (52:13-53:12)
    71 Everlasting mercy (54:1-17)
  72 Thecovenant extended to all who obey (55:1-56:12)
73 A promise of help and healing (57:1-58:14)
Former halfRelationLatter half
65 God the redeemer (48:12-22)
48:18 If you would hearken to my commandments, your prosperity would be like a river, and your vindication like the waves of the sea; (48:18)
Peace73 A promise of help and healing (57:1-58:14)
57:19 I, the Creator, who gave them life. Peace, peace to the far and the near, says the LORD; and I will heal them. (57:19)
66 The servant's mission (49:1-6)
49:5 For now the LORD has spoken who formed me as his servant from the womb, That Jacob may be brought back to him and Israel gathered to him; And I am made glorious in the sight of the LORD, and my God is now my strength! (49:5)
Gathering Israel72 Thecovenant extended to all who obey (55:1-56:12)
56:8 Thus says the Lord GOD, who gathers the dispersed of Israel: Others will I gather to him besides those already gathered. (56:8)
67 Zion's children to be brought home (49:7-50:3)
49:21 You shall ask yourself: "Who has borne me these? I was bereft and barren (exiled and repudiated); who has reared them? I was left all alone; where then do these come from?" (49:21)
Return of lost children71 Everlasting mercy (54:1-17)
54:1 Raise a glad cry, you barren one who did not bear, break forth in jubilant song, you who were not in labor, For more numerous are the children of the deserted wife than the children of her who has a husband, says the LORD.(54:1)
68 The sercant's humilitation and vindication (50:4-11)
50:10 Who among you fears the LORD, heeds his servant's voice, And walks in darkness without any light, Trusting in the name of the LORD and relying on his God?(50:10)
Servant of the LORD70 The suffering servant (52:13-53:12)
53:11 Because of his affliction he shall see the light in fullness of days; Through his suffering, my servant shall justify many, and their guilt he shall bear. (53:11)

5-5-2

73 A promise of help and healing (57:1-58:14)
  74 Injustice and oppression to be punished (59:1-21)
    75 God the glory of Zion (60:1-22)
      76 The good news of deliverance (61:1-11)
        77 The vindication and salvation of Zion (62:1-12)
      78 Vengeance on Edom (63:1-6)
    79 God's mercy remembered (63:7-64:11)
  80 The righteousness of God's judgment (65:1-25)
81 The reign and indignation of God (66:1-24)
Former halfRelationLatter half
73 A promise of help and healing (57:1-58:14)
57:13 They shall not help you when you cry out, nor save you in your distress. All these the wind shall carry off, the breeze shall bear away; But he who takes refuge in me shall inherit the land, and possess my holy mountain.(57:13)
Idolatry81 The reign and indignation of God (66:1-24)
66:3 Merely slaughtering an ox is like slaying a man; sacrificing a lamb, like breaking a dogs neck; Bringing a cereal offering, like offering swines blood; burning incense, like paying homage to an idol. Since these have chosen their own ways and taken pleasure in their own abominations, (66:3)
74 Injustice and oppression to be punished (59:1-21)
59:20 He shall come to Zion a redeemer to those of Jacob who turn from sin, says the LORD. (59:20)
A person who is selected by the LORD80 The righteousness of God's judgment (65:1-25)
65:9 From Jacob I will save offspring, from Judah, those who are to inherit my mountains; My chosen ones shall inherit the land, my servants shall dwell there. (65:9)
75 God the glory of Zion (60:1-22)
60:10 Foreigners shall rebuild your walls, and their kings shall be your attendants; Though I struck you in my wrath, yet in my good will I have shown you mercy. (60:10)
Mercy of the LORD79 God's mercy remembered (63:7-64:11)
63:7 The favors of the LORD I will recall, the glorious deeds of the LORD, Because of all he has done for us; for he is good to the house of Israel, He has favored us according to his mercy and his great kindness.(63:7)
76 The good news of deliverance (61:1-11)
61:2 To announce a year of favor from the LORD and a day of vindication by our God, to comfort all who mourn; (61:2)
The day of vengeance of the LORD78 Vengeance on Edom (63:1-6)
63:4 For the day of vengeance was in my heart, my year for redeeming was at hand. (63:4)

Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

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Literary Structure of the Bible by Hajime Murai is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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