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Literary structure (chiasmus, chiasm) of Epistle to the Galatians

Chiasmus and Concentric Structure of divided by 3


3-1

1 Salutation (1:1-5)
  2 There is no other Gospel (1:6-12)
    3 Paul and the other apostles (1:13-2:14)
  4 Jews and gentiles are saved by faith (2:15-21)
5 Law or faith (3:1-14)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 Salutation (1:1-5)
to the churches of Galatia: (1:2)
Galatia5 Law or faith (3:1-14)
O stupid Galatians! (3:1)
2 There is no other Gospel (1:6-12)
I am amazed that you are so quickly forsaking the one who called you by (the) grace (of Christ) for a different gospel (1:6)
Nullifying the grace of God4 Jews and gentiles are saved by faith (2:15-21)
I do not nullify the grace of God; (2:21)

3-1-1

1 Salutation (1:1-5)
  2 There is no other Gospel (1:6-12)
3 Paul and the other apostles (1:13-2:14)
Former halfRelationLatter half
1 Salutation (1:1-5)
Paul, an apostle not from human beings nor through a human being but through Jesus Christ and God the Father who raised him from the dead, (1:1)
Apostles3 Paul and the other apostles (1:13-2:14)
But I did not see any other of the apostles, only James the brother of the Lord. (1:19)

3-1-2

3 Paul and the other apostles (1:13-2:14)
  4 Jews and gentiles are saved by faith (2:15-21)
5 Law or faith (3:1-14)
Former halfRelationLatter half
3 Paul and the other apostles (1:13-2:14)
see 1-1-1
see 1-1-15 Law or faith (3:1-14)
see 1-1-1

3-2

5 Law or faith (3:1-14)
  6 The promise to Abraham (3:15-22)
    7 The heir (3:23-4:7)
  8 Paul reproves the Galatians (4:8-18)
9 The allegory of Hagar and Sarah (4:19-31_5:1)
Former halfRelationLatter half
5 Law or faith (3:1-14)
see 1-1
see 1-19 The allegory of Hagar and Sarah (4:19-31_5:1)
see 1-1
6 The promise to Abraham (3:15-22)
see 1-1
see 1-18 Paul reproves the Galatians (4:8-18)
see 1-1

3-2-1

5 Law or faith (3:1-14)
  6 The promise to Abraham (3:15-22)
7 The heir (3:23-4:7)
Former halfRelationLatter half
5 Law or faith (3:1-14)
Realize then that it is those who have faith who are children of Abraham (3:7)
Children of Abraham / God7 The heir (3:23-4:7)
in order to redeem those who were under the law, so that we might receive adoption as children (4:5)

3-2-2

7 The heir (3:23-4:7)
  8 Paul reproves the Galatians (4:8-18)
9 The allegory of Hagar and Sarah (4:19-31_5:1)
Former halfRelationLatter half
7 The heir (3:23-4:7)
in order to redeem those who were under the law, so that we might receive adoption as children (4:5)
Children of God / children of the promise9 The allegory of Hagar and Sarah (4:19-31_5:1)
Now you, brothers, like Isaac, are children of the promise. (4:28)

3-3

9 The allegory of Hagar and Sarah (4:19-31_5:1)
  10 The nature of Christian freedom (5:2-14)
    11 Flesh and spirit (5:15-26)
  12 Bear one another's burdens (6:1-10)
13 Final admonitions and benediction (6:11-18)
Former halfRelationLatter half
9 The allegory of Hagar and Sarah (4:19-31_5:1)
But just as then the child of the flesh persecuted the child of the spirit, it is the same now. (4:29)
Persecution by the child of the flesh13 Final admonitions and benediction (6:11-18)
It is those who want to make a good appearance in the flesh who are trying to compel you to have yourselves circumcised, only that they may not be persecuted for the cross of Christ. (6:12)
10 The nature of Christian freedom (5:2-14)
For in Christ Jesus, neither circumcision nor uncircumcision counts for anything, but only faith working through love. (5:6)
Love is fulfilling the law of Christ12 Bear one another's burdens (6:1-10)
Bear one another's burdens, and so you will fulfill the law of Christ. (6:2)

3-3-1

9 The allegory of Hagar and Sarah (4:19-31_5:1)
  10 The nature of Christian freedom (5:2-14)
11 Flesh and spirit (5:15-26)
Former halfRelationLatter half
9 The allegory of Hagar and Sarah (4:19-31_5:1)
see 1-1-2
see 1-1-211 Flesh and spirit (5:15-26)
see 1-1-2

3-3-2

11 Flesh and spirit (5:15-26)
  12 Bear one another's burdens (6:1-10)
13 Final admonitions and benediction (6:11-18)
Former halfRelationLatter half
11 Flesh and spirit (5:15-26)
For the flesh has desires against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; (5:17)
The flesh has desires against the Spirit13 Final admonitions and benediction (6:11-18)
It is those who want to make a good appearance in the flesh who are trying to compel you to have yourselves circumcised, only that they may not be persecuted for the cross of Christ. (6:12)

Citations of the Bible are from New American Bible, New Revised Standard Version and New Jerusalem Bible.

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Literary Structure of the Bible by Hajime Murai is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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